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London Presentation - Case Study Higher Geography


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A presentation illustrating the main features of Greater London in detail

A presentation illustrating the main features of Greater London in detail

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  • 1. London
  • 2. CENTRAL LONDON ● Buckingham Palace ● Westminster Palace ● Buckingham Palace is the official London residence of the ● The Palace of Westminster, also known as the Houses British Monarch. The palace is a setting for state occasions of Parliament or Westminster Palace, in London, is and royal entertaining, and a major tourist attraction. It where the two Houses of the Parliament of the United has been a rallying point for the British people at times of Kingdom (the House of Lords and the House of national rejoicing and crisis. Commons) meet. The palace lies on the north bank of the River Thames. ● 10 Downing Street ● 10 Downing Street is the residence and office of the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, it is situated on Downing Street in the City of Westminster in London
  • 3. ● Big Ben ● St Paul's Cathedral ● The Clock Tower is the world's biggest four- ● St Paul's Cathedral is an Anglican cathedral in the faced, chiming clock. The structure is City of London, and the seat of the Bishop of London. situated at the north-eastern end of the The cathedral is one of London's most visited sites Houses of Parliament Reuters Building Daily Express Building Market ● Covent Garden ● Fleet Street ● Covent Garden is a district in London. The area is ● Fleet Street is a street in London named after the River dominated by shopping, street performers and Fleet. It was the home of the British press until the 1980s. entertainment facilities and contains an entrance to ● The term Fleet Street is also used to indicate that a the Royal Opera House Covent Garden, which is also journalist is a member of the generation that worked on widely known simply as quot;Covent Gardenquot; - an opera newspapers prior to their move away from the area house and major performing arts venue
  • 4. ● London University ● The Opera House ● A university based primarily in London. It is the largest ● The Royal Opera House is an opera house and university in the United Kingdom by number of full time major performing arts venue in the London students district of Covent Garden, one of the foremost opera houses in the world. It is the ● The University of London owns home of the Royal Opera and the Royal Ballet a considerable estate of 160 buildings centered on the Bloomsbury district of central London ● London Zoo ● London Eye ● London Zoo is the world's oldest scientific ● The London Eye, also known as the Millennium Wheel, is zoo and was originally intended to be used as the tallest (135 metres) Ferris wheel in Europe, and a collection for scientific study. It was has become the most popular paid tourist attraction in eventually made open to the public in 1847 the UK, visited by over 3 million people a year.
  • 5. ● The Bank of England ● Guildhall ● The Bank of England is the central bank of ● The Guildhall is a building in the City of the United Kingdom London and has been used as a town hall for several hundred years, and is still the ● It controls (i) the supply of money, ceremonial and administrative centre of the (ii) availability of money, and (iii) cost of City of London money or rate of interest, to attain the growth and stability of the economy. ● The Gherkin ● 30 St Mary Axe is a ● Lloyds Building skyscraper in London's main financial district, the ● The Lloyd's Building is the home City of London. It is widely of the insurance institution known by the nickname Lloyd's of London, and is located quot;The Gherkinquot;. at One Lime Street, in the City of London
  • 6. ● Kensington ● Mayfair ● Kensington is a district of West London ● Mayfair is an area of ● An affluent and densely-populated area, its central London, within commercial heart is Kensington High Street the City of Westminster ● There are many major shopping streets such as Bond Street, Regent Street and Oxford Street Oxford Street Kensington High Street ● Soho ● Sloane Square ● Soho is an area in the centre of the West End of London, in ● Sloane Square is a small hard-landscaped the City of Westminster square on the boundaries of the fashionable London districts of Knightsbridge, Belgravia ● It is an entertainment district which and has a reputation and Chelsea for its night life and film industry
  • 7. ● The Barbican Complex in the City of London: ● Bloomsbury ● The Barbican Estate is a residential estate in ● Bloomsbury is an area of central London notable for its the City of London, in an area densely packed array of gardened squares, its literary connections and with commerce and finance its numerous hospitals and academic institutions ● The Barbican Centre is the largest performing arts centre in Europe ● Islington Upper Street ● Holburn High Holburn ● Islington is an inner-city district in London ● Holborn is an area of Central London ● Upper Street is the main shopping street of the Islington borough of inner north London ● In the modern era High Holborn has become a centre for entertainment venues
  • 8. ● Fulham ● The Strand ● Fulham is an area of south-west London in the ● The Strand is a street in the City of London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham Westminster which became popular in Victorian times, but now has many prominent ● Having been through many transformations, today buildings such as Australia House, Bush it is a green London suburb within close reach of House, King's College London and the Savoy areas such as Chelsea and Kensington which is Hotel reflected in local house prices Craven Cottage Australia House Bush House ● Piccadilly Circus ● Piccadilly Circus is a famous road junction and public space of London's West End in the City of Westminster ● The Circus is close to major shopping and entertainment areas in a central location at the heart of the West End. Its status as a major traffic intersection has made Piccadilly Circus a busy meeting point and a tourist ● Leicester Square attraction in its own right ● Leicester Square is a pedestrianised square in the West End of London ● Leicester Square is the centre of London's cinema land and is the prime location in London for major film premieres
  • 9. ● Trafalgar Square ● Regent Street ● Trafalgar Square is a square in central London. With its ● Regent Street is a major shopping street and position in the heart of London, it is a popular tourist thoroughfare in London's West End, notable shops attraction; its trademarks are Nelson's Column, which include Hamleys stands in the centre, the four lion statues that guard the Column, and the large number of pigeons that live in the square ● Bond Street ● Knightsbridge ● Bond Street is also a major shopping street in London, ● Knightsbridge is a famous London street one of the principal streets and district, the district is notable as an in the West End shopping expensive residential area, and for the district and is more density of its upmarket retail outlets, upmarket than nearby Regent famously Harrods and Harvey Nichols Street and Oxford Street ● Knightsbridge is home to many of the world's richest people. It has some of the highest property prices in the world
  • 10. ● Oxford Street ● Oxford Street is a major thoroughfare in London in the City of Westminster. With over 300 shops, it is Europe's busiest shopping street, as well as the most dense ● Oxford Street is home to major department stores and numerous brands' flagship stores, as well as hundreds of smaller shops. It is the major shopping street in central London, though not the most expensive or fashionable
  • 11. ● Tunnels Under the Thames ● Blackwall Tunnel ● Greenwich Foot Tunnel ● The Blackwall Tunnel is a pair of road tunnels underneath the River Thames in east London, ● The Greenwich foot tunnel is a pedestrian tunnel crossing linking the London Borough of Tower Hamlets beneath the River Thames in South East London, linking the with the London Borough of Greenwich London Borough of Greenwich in the south with the London Borough of Tower Hamlets to the north ● It is part of the A102 road
  • 12. ● Famous London Bridges ● London Bridge ● London Bridge is a bridge in London, over the River Thames, between the City of London and Southwark ● Tower Bridge ● Tower Bridge is a combined movable bridge and suspension bridge in London, England over the River Thames ● It is close to the Tower of London, which gives it its name. It has become an iconic symbol of London ● Westminster Bridge ● Westminster Bridge is a road and foot traffic bridge over the River Thames between Westminster and Lambeth in Greater London
  • 13. ● With increasing urbanisation of London, some of the Royal Parks of London were preserved as freely ● Royal London Parks accessible open space and became public parks ● The open spaces of Kensington Gardens, Hyde Park, Green Park and St. James's Park together form an almost continuous quot;green lungquot; in the heart of London between Kensington and Westminster. ● Hyde Park ● Hyde Park is one of the largest parks in central London and is used for recreation, concerts and has sites of interest ● Kensington Gardens ● Kensington Gardens, once the private gardens of Kensington Palace, is one of the Royal Parks of London, lying immediately to the west of Hyde Park. ● Richmond Park ● Richmond Park is a 955 hectare urban park near central London ● It is Britain's largest urban walled park, as well as the largest of the Royal Parks in London. The park is also famous for its Red and Fallow Deer
  • 14. ● Victoria Coach Station ● Victoria Bus Station ● Victoria Coach Station is the largest and ● Victoria Bus Station is the busiest in London most significant coach station in London ● The second busiest is the iconic Vauxhall ● It serves long distance coach services Station ● Victoria Bus Station ● Vauxhall Transport Interchange
  • 15. ● 2 London Hospitals ● Royal London Hospital ● Great Ormond Street Hospital ● The Royal London provides district general hospital services for the City and Tower ● Great Ormond Street Hospital is thought to Hamlets and specialist tertiary care services be the first hospital providing in-patient for patients from across London and beds specifically for children in the English- elsewhere speaking world ● Planning permission was granted for a £1 billion redevelopment and expansion of The Royal London Hospital. On completion of the project, the hospital will have London’s leading trauma and emergency care centre, one of Europe’s largest renal services and the capital’s second biggest paediatric service.
  • 16. ● 5 Main Railway Stations ● Liverpool Street Station ● Based on Annual entry/exit ● City of London ● 18 platforms in use, 50.5 million passengers ● London Bridge Station ● Southwark ● London Waterloo Station ● 15 platforms in use, 37 million ● London Borough of passengers Lambeth ● 19 platforms in use, 62.4 million passengers ● London Victoria Station ● Charing Cross Railway Station ● London Victoria is a major London Underground, ● Westminster National Rail and Coach station in the City of ● 6 platforms in use, Westminster 28.8 million passengers ● 19 platforms in use, 48 million passengers
  • 17. ● 3 Museums In The City ● Museum of London ● There are over 240 museums in London, England, ● The Museum of London documents a number of them in 'Museum Mile' - a nickname the history of London from the for the area centered around South Kensington, Prehistoric to the present day. London, England, between Cromwell Road and Kensington Gore, which contains a large number of educational and cultural sites ● London Transport Museum ● The London Transport Museum, in Covent Garden, London, seeks to conserve and explain the transport heritage of Britain's capital city ● Tate Modern ● The Tate Modern in London is Britain's national museum of international modern art ● Text
  • 18. ● London Underground Zone 1
  • 19. ● 3 Underground Lines in the CBD ● London effectively has two city centres, the City of London and the medieval City of Westminster ● The shape and type of a CBD or downtown almost always closely reflect the city's history ● Circle line (London Underground) ● Bakerloo line ● Colour on map Yellow ● Colour on map Brown ● The Cirle Line forms a loop line around the ● Runs partly on the surface and partly at deep centre of London on the north side of the level, from the south-east to the north-west River Thames of London ● 8th busiest line on the network ● 7th busiest line on the network ● Jubilee line ● Colour on map Grey ● It was built in two major sections - initially to Charing Cross in Central London, and later extended to Stratford in East London
  • 20. ● Tower of London LONDON DOCKLANDS ● One Canada Square ● Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress, more commonly known as the Tower of ● One Canada Square (also known as the Canary London is a historic monument in central Wharf Tower) is a skyscraper in Canary London on the north bank of the River Wharf, London. It is the tallest building in Thames. England and the United Kingdom at 235.1 metres above ground  Wapping The studios were the home for the first nine series of Spitting Image from 1984 to  1989 and the first series of Whose Line Is It Anyway? in ● Limehouse Studios 1989.  Wapping is a place in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets ● Limehouse Studios was an independently-  Wapping was devastated by German bombing in World War II and by owned television studio complex built in the the post-war closure of the docks. It remained a run-down and South Quay Import Dock. This was located at the eastern end of Canary Wharf, opened derelict area into the 1980s in 1983. The building was demolished just six  Printing plant was nicknamed quot;Fortress Wappingquot; when sacked print years later, in 1989, to make way for the massive development of Canary Wharf which workers besieged it, with round-the-clock pickets and blockades in now occupies the site. an ultimately unsuccessful attempt to prevent the move
  • 21. ● London Arena ● The London Dockland Arena was an indoor ● Butler's Wharf arena and exhibition centre on the Isle of Dogs in London ● Butler's Wharf is an area on the south bank of the river Thames just ● The London Arena was demolished in June east of London's Tower Bridge 2006 and is set to be replaced by a mainly residential development. ● The main thoroughfare through the area is the historic and picturesque street Shad Thames  St Katherine's Docks  Beckton  St Katharine's Docks, in the London  Beckton is a place in the London Borough of Newham Borough of Tower Hamlets, were one of the commercial docks serving  Situated north and east of the Royal Docks, the area was London, on the north side of the river Thames just east formerly heavily industrialised, and was the location of (downstream) of the Tower Beckton Gas Works of London and Tower Bridge.  In more recent times, industry has left the area, leaving huge  They were part of the Port areas of brownfield land, and Beckton has been redeveloped as of London, in the area now known as the part of the Docklands project. It now comprises mainly Docklands, and are now a popular housing housing and several out-of-town shopping centres and leisure complex
  • 22. ● Silvertown ● City Airport ● Silvertown is an industrialised district in the London Borough of Newham dominated by the Tate & Lyle sugar ● London City Airport is a single-runway refinery airport, principally serving the financial districts of London. It is ● The area has been transformed since the 1970s by the located on a former Docklands site, in construction of the Thames Barrier, an adjacent park, new the London Borough of Newham in housing areas and the London City Airport East London  Heron Quays  Heron Quays forms part of the Canary Wharf area the Docklands, East London. Three skyscrapers dominate the area: 25 Bank Street, 40 Bank Street and 10 Upper Bank Street.  Isle of Dogs  The Isle of Dogs is a former island in the East End of London that is surrounded on three sides (east, south and west) by one of the largest meanders in the River Thames.  It was the site of the highest concentration of council housing in England, but is now best known as the location of the prestigious Canary Wharf office complex
  • 23. ● Docklands Light Railway ● The Docklands Light Railway is a light rail system serving the redeveloped Docklands area of East London. It opened on August 31, 1987. DLR track and trains are not ● Poplar compatible with those of London ● Poplar is an area of the East End of London Underground, but the DLR is shown on the in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets London Underground Tube map. ● During the development of the Isle of Dogs ● The trains are computer-controlled and the street signs pointed to the new normally have no driver development (by the London Docklands Development Corporation), and Poplar was lost for a decade or more  Canary Wharf contains the  Canary Wharf UK's three tallest buildings  Canary Wharf is a large business and shopping development in London, located in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, centred on the old West India Docks in the London Docklands  Canary Wharf is built on the site of the old West India Docks on the Isle of Dogs. From 1802 to 1980, the area was one of the busiest docks in the world  During WWII, the docks area was bombed heavily and nearly all the original warehouses were destroyed or badly damaged. The port industry began to decline
  • 24. ● The Millennium Dome (Now the The O2 Arena)  Rotherhithe – Southwark ● The Millennium Dome, is the original name of a large dome-  Rotherhithe is a district of central south-east shaped building, originally used to house the Millennium London in the London Borough of Southwark. It is Experience, a major exhibition celebrating the beginning of located on a peninsula on the south bank of the the third millennium. The project and exhibition was the Thames, facing Wapping and the Isle of Dogs on the subject of considerable political controversy as it failed to north bank, and is a part of the Docklands area attract the number of visitors anticipated, leading to recurring financial problems  Because much of the former Surrey Docks had ● The O2 arena is a multi-purpose indoor arena located at the strong trade links to Scandinavia and the Baltic centre of The O2, a large entertainment complex on the region the area is still home to a thriving Greenwich peninsula in south-east London Scandinavian community - Rotherhithe is home to a Norwegian, a Finnish and a Swedish church.
  • 25. ● Wimbledon SUBURBS ● Northwood ● Wimbledon is a suburb of London, part of the London Borough of Merton ● Northwood is a suburb of London in the London Borough of Hillingdon. ● Wimbledon's attraction remains its combination of convenient access to central London with the ● Northwood is the home to Northwood benefit of plentiful recreational facilities. Strong Headquarters, which is the location of the demand for homes, especially the larger properties British Armed Forces Permanent Joint in the Wimbledon Village and Wimbledon Park areas, Headquarters for planning and controlling has seen prices increase to amongst the highest in overseas military operations. the outer London area Northwood: High Street Harrow Harrow is a town in the London  Hendon Borough of Harrow, North West London  Hendon is a London suburban development Harrow features a moderately large  Hendon’s claim to fame is in flying and shopping area in the town centre. Hendon Aerodrome is now the RAF Museum.
  • 26. ● Enfield ● Golders Green ● The London Borough of Enfield ● Golders Green is an area in the London is the most northerly London Borough of Barnet in London, England. borough and forms part of Outer Although having some earlier existence, it is London essentially a 19th-century suburban development ● Enfield used to be a small market town on the edge of the forest about a day's travel north of London. As Greater London ● Golders Green also has a sizeable Japanese, has grown, Enfield has become a residential suburb, with fast Polish and Korean population transport links into central London. Borehamwood Borehamwood is a town in southern Hertfordshire, situated 16 miles north of London. It is part of the borough of Hertsmere within the London commuter belt Dartford  Dartford Dartford is the principal town in the borough of Dartford. It is situated in the northwest corner of Kent, England, 16 miles east south-east of central London.
  • 28. AIRPORTS ● Heathrow ● Stansted ● London Heathrow Airport is the principal and ● London Stansted Airport is a passenger airport located biggest airport serving the United Kingdom in Essex about 30 miles north-east of London ● Heathrow is the world's third busiest airport for passenger traffic ● Gatwick ● Gatwick Airport is London's second largest airport and the second busiest airport in the United Kingdom ● This year Gatwick celebrates 50 years of operations ● City Airport ● London City Airport is a single-runway airport, intended for principally serving the financial districts of London
  • 29. NEW TOWNS ● Croydon ● St Albans ● Croydon is a large town and major ● St Albans is the main urban area of the City commercial centre in South London, and the and District of St Albans in southern principal settlement of the London Borough Hertfordshire around 22 miles north of of Croydon. central London ● Population 64,038 ● Hemel Hempstead ● Hemel Hempstead is a town in Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom with a population of 81,143 at the United Kingdom Census 2001 ● On 11 December 2005 it was brought into the news by the Hertfordshire Oil Storage Terminal fire. ● Hatfield ● Hatfield, originally Bishop's Hatfield, is in Hertfordshire, ● Harlow in the south of England ● Harlow is a new town in Essex, England. It is located in the ● Population 27,883 west of the county and on the border with Hertfordshire ● The town is near the M11 motorway and forms part of the London commuter belt
  • 31. M25 ● The M25 motorway is a 117 mile (188 km) orbitaL bypass motorway which encircles the city of London, United Kingdom. It is one of the busiest stretches of the British motorway network, and almost completely encircles London