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21st century learning skills are called the 4 C’s: critical
These skills help students learn and they are vital to success
in school and beyond. They involve learning how to learn
and developing learner autonomy.
Learning skills can be artistic, cultural, linguistic, scientific,
Learners understand and learn by interacting with people
and exploring the environment, they are part of ACTIVE
Careful analysis of
understand it better.
(what people call “left brain activity!)
Some of these abilities are:
•Comparing and contrasting
(“right brain activity”)
Improvising a solution.
(telling stories, making jokes,
singing songs, playing games,
acting out parts, and making
- Allows minds to tune to each other, thinking together.
• Analyzing the situation
• Choosing a medium (the most
switching from receiving ideas
to providing ideas)
appropriate way to deliver a
• Evaluating messages
• Following conventions (using • Using technology
the expected norms for the
• Listening actively
Working together with others to achieve a common goal.
Allocating resources and
Brainstorming ideas in a group
(what outcome is desired)
Leading a group.
Evaluating the products,
processes, and members of the
Carrying out investigations: collect information, classify it and
get a conclusion”
Cooperating with other: Group presentations
Data handling: transferring information about international
prefixes to a spreadsheet
Estimating, measuring and checking measurements: Calculate
the distance between a specific place to another
Organising information: Sorting questionnaire data about the local area
by different sex groups
Reviewing work: Thinking about how you sang a pop song in the class
and deciding how to make it sound like a rap instead.
Summarising: Providing the key points from a debate about the new
Using knowledge: Separating different materials into separate recycling
Key Concepts in the CLIL classroom
• In CLIL, learners also have to develop learning skills in a nonnative language
• They need support and encouragement to develop them and apply
them in different contexts.
• Learning skills need to be planned with other teachers
• Learners might have different needs.
• Encourage an enquiry approach---) problem-based or task-based
• All learners need access to learning skills that are required in their
community (data handling, using information…)
• Different skills required in different subjects (Mathematics vs. art /
objectivity vs. creativity)
Are the ways learners choose to learn new
It´s known that effective learners are aware of
how they learn and think about which learning
strategies they use for different tasks.
WHICH LEARNING STRATEGIES DO YOU USE
TO LEARN A NEW SUBJECT?
-Selecting and setting
-Deciding on criteria to
measure how well a task
can be done
-Analysing the task, its
purpose and what has to be
-Working out timing of stages
-Identifying key content
-Asking for clasification
After doing taks
prompts aid memory
-Reviewing work alone
or in small groups
-Comparing work with
previous work and
deciding how it has
KEY CONCEPTS AND THE CLIL CLASSROOM
Learners need opportunities in class to try out and talk
about new problems and then to think about how
effective they were. In this process of choosing,
using, reflecting, learners can continue to develop
and build on their use of learning strategies for the
-Preparing and planning for learning
-Selecting and using strategies
Do you agree with these comments? Work in groups (45) and discuss your opinions. Then share it with the
rest of the class:
• If I give learners time to give their opinions, give reasons
and evaluate each others’ work, then I can understand
their learning needs better.
• Learning cannot be done for the student; it has to be done
by the student
What learning skill will you be using
Reading web pages to find out which
paintings are in your nearest museum
c)Cooperating with others
Why do you think is so important to
develop learning skills? Why? Can you give
examples of any of them applied to your