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  • 1. Learning skills and learner autonomy Raquel Zazo Serrano Yasmina Ruiz Pacheco
  • 2. Learning Skills
  • 3. Learning skills   21st century learning skills are called the 4 C’s: critical thinking, creative thinking, communicating, and collaborating. These skills help students learn and they are vital to success in school and beyond. They involve learning how to learn and developing learner autonomy.  Learning skills can be artistic, cultural, linguistic, scientific, social…  Learners understand and learn by interacting with people and exploring the environment, they are part of ACTIVE learning.
  • 4. Critical Thinking Careful analysis of understand it better. something to (what people call “left brain activity!) Some of these abilities are: •Analyzing •Arguing •Classifying •Comparing and contrasting •Defining •Describing •Evaluating •Explaining •Problem solving
  • 5. Creative Thinking (“right brain activity”) Brainstorming.  Imagining ideas Creating Improvising a solution. Designing. Innovating Entertaining others Overturning (getting (telling stories, making jokes, singing songs, playing games, acting out parts, and making conversation) perspective) Questioning  a new
  • 6. Communicating - Allows minds to tune to each other, thinking together. • Analyzing the situation • Turn taking (effectively • Choosing a medium (the most switching from receiving ideas to providing ideas) appropriate way to deliver a message) • Evaluating messages • Reading • Speaking • Following conventions (using • Using technology the expected norms for the medium chosen) • Listening actively • Writing 
  • 7. Collaborating Working together with others to achieve a common goal.  Allocating resources and responsibilities  Brainstorming ideas in a group  Decision-making.  Goal setting (what outcome is desired)  Leading a group.  Delegating  Managing time  Evaluating the products,  Resolving conflicts processes, and members of the group  Team building  
  • 8. SOME EXAMPLES: Carrying out investigations: collect information, classify it and get a conclusion” Cooperating with other: Group presentations Data handling: transferring information about international prefixes to a spreadsheet Estimating, measuring and checking measurements: Calculate the distance between a specific place to another
  • 9. Organising information: Sorting questionnaire data about the local area by different sex groups Reviewing work: Thinking about how you sang a pop song in the class and deciding how to make it sound like a rap instead. Summarising: Providing the key points from a debate about the new Education law Using knowledge: Separating different materials into separate recycling bins
  • 10. Key Concepts in the CLIL classroom • In CLIL, learners also have to develop learning skills in a nonnative language • They need support and encouragement to develop them and apply them in different contexts. • Learning skills need to be planned with other teachers • Learners might have different needs.
  • 11. • Encourage an enquiry approach---) problem-based or task-based learning • All learners need access to learning skills that are required in their community (data handling, using information…) • Different skills required in different subjects (Mathematics vs. art / objectivity vs. creativity)
  • 12. Learning strategies   Are the ways learners choose to learn new subject content. It´s known that effective learners are aware of how they learn and think about which learning strategies they use for different tasks.
  • 13. WHICH LEARNING STRATEGIES DO YOU USE TO LEARN A NEW SUBJECT?  Before task -Selecting and setting learning goals -Deciding on criteria to measure how well a task can be done -Analysing the task, its purpose and what has to be done -Working out timing of stages
  • 14.  During task -Identifying key content vocabulary -Asking for clasification -Paraphrasing -Drafting work -Note taking -Organising work
  • 15. After doing taks -Making visual prompts aid memory -Reviewing work alone or in small groups -Comparing work with previous work and deciding how it has improved 
  • 16. KEY CONCEPTS AND THE CLIL CLASSROOM Learners need opportunities in class to try out and talk about new problems and then to think about how effective they were. In this process of choosing, using, reflecting, learners can continue to develop and build on their use of learning strategies for the future.
  • 17. Metacognition -Preparing and planning for learning -Selecting and using strategies -Monitoring learning -Integrating strategies -Evaluating learning
  • 18. ACTIVITIES Do you agree with these comments? Work in groups (45) and discuss your opinions. Then share it with the rest of the class: • If I give learners time to give their opinions, give reasons and evaluate each others’ work, then I can understand their learning needs better. • Learning cannot be done for the student; it has to be done by the student
  • 19. What learning skill will you be using when… Reading web pages to find out which paintings are in your nearest museum a)Summarising information b)Checking information c)Cooperating with others
  • 20. Why do you think is so important to develop learning skills? Why? Can you give examples of any of them applied to your day-to-day?
  • 21. TOPICS New technologies Colours Body parts Science