A podcast is an audio file that you download from the Internet.
Podcasting is the publishing of audio or video via the Internet, designed to be downloaded and listened to on a portable mp3 player of any type, or on a personal computer (for example, an iPod or iRiver).
“ What puts podcasting apart from other ways of delivering audio online, such as streaming, is the idea of automatically downloaded content.”
Recording of lectures, review notes, or preparatory materials
Have students produce podcast about specific topics of their studies
Tynan & Colbarn (2006)
Identified podcast as m-learning instead of e-learning
PODCAST & ESL / ELT
Can be used creatively to encourage students to practice language outside of the classroom
ESL podcast / Teacher podcast
Native-English podcast / Authentic podcast
Podcast for test preparation
Student produced podcast
PODCAST & ESL / ELT
to teach English as a second language by providing audio lessons or themes, such as"giving directions" or English idioms.
Produced for an audience that is fluent in English.
Learners of English can learn the language in an authentic context
Test Preparation podcasts
Many universities request that non-native speakers pass an English test by approved examination bodies, such as IELTS and TOEFL, before they admit them.
Podcasts focusing on test preparation are available for students preparing for such tests.
produced by the students themselves as part of a task.
PODCAST & ESL/ELT
Podcasting should not, however, be the centre of attention in an English language course.
Instead, it should be integrated into the curriculum, and, essentially, be invisible [O’Bryan, Hegelheimer, 2007].
The advantage of podcasts over other invisible tools (for example, compact discs) is their mobility.
For example, a podcast is a tool that can be used to assist with listening exercises, which is similar to the ways a compact disc or projector are tools used in the classroom.
SAMPLE PODCAST SITES
Use available podcasts specially made for ESL learning
Use native speakers podcast e.g. news broadcast, lectures/talks by prominent figures
Conversations / dialogue
Poem recitation / monologue
Radio broadcast / show
PRODUCING YOUR OWN PODCAST
Producing a radio- a long popular project choice, especially with young learners.
Now students have the opportunity to reach a wider audience by offering their radio show as a podcast on the World Wide Web.
One advantage of recording a show and uploading it to the Web
Students will probably take more care with the preparation, knowing that it could be potentially listened to by people all over the world.
Involve discussing and planning the contents, writing and rewriting scripts which they will revise with their classmates (and later their teacher) ensuring that the content is understandable and there are no mistakes.
Rehearse the show before finally recording it.
Finally, the students can invite their family and friends to listen to it. The fact that they have a real audience for their show should act as a great motivator
WHAT DO YOU NEED
To be able to produce your own podcast, you require:
A means of recording audio in the mp3 file format You can do this on a PC equipped with speakers and a microphone. However, if you want to record students in your classroom, you will need a handheld mp3 player with recording facilities.
Audio editing software The program Audacity is a powerful free tool that is popular with many podcasters. Although you can simply record the show in order, using a tool such as Audacity allows you to edit out the mistakes, change the order of students and add music and sound effects, creating a more professional show. Don't worry, Audacity is remarkably easy to use.
A weblog This is your podcast's home on the Web. Here you can publish show notes to accompany the podcast.
An RSS feed A subscription feed that supports 'enclosures' is available free at Feedburner. Feedburner makes it very easy to produce the feed that people use to subscribe to podcasts. The feed is created by ticking checkboxes in a list.
Space online to store the audio files There are now some sites such as Our Media that offer this for free.