Lecture 7 Reading Syllabus


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Lecture 7 Reading Syllabus

  1. 1. Reading Syllabus in Malaysian Secondary Schools
  2. 2. Kurikulum Bersepadu Sekolah Menengah (KBSM) – implemented in 1988 in accordance with the NEP Aims: The syllabus aims to extend learners’ English language proficiency in order to meet their needs to use English in certain situations in everyday life, for knowledge acquisition, and for future workplace needs. Reading Syllabus in Malaysian Secondary Schools
  3. 3. <ul><li>KBSM – Objectives: </li></ul><ul><li>Form & maintain relationships through conversations & correspondence; take part in social interaction; & interact to obtain goods & services; </li></ul><ul><li>Obtain, process & use information from various audio-visual & print sources, & present the information in spoken & written form; </li></ul><ul><li>Listen to, view, read & respond to different texts, & express ideas, opinions, thoughts & feelings imaginatively & creatively in spoken & written form; and </li></ul><ul><li>Show an awareness & appreciation of moral values & love towards the nation. </li></ul>Reading Syllabus in Malaysian Secondary Schools
  4. 4. <ul><li>Curriculum is developed in line with: </li></ul><ul><li>how English is used in society in everyday life; </li></ul><ul><li>when interacting with people; </li></ul><ul><li>when accessing information; and </li></ul><ul><li>when understanding & responding to literary </li></ul><ul><li>works. </li></ul>Reading Syllabus in Malaysian Secondary Schools
  5. 5. <ul><li>KBSM – Emphases (Chitravelu et al., 2005): </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>- exposure to various activities & materials </li></ul><ul><li>- promote lifelong learning </li></ul><ul><li>b. Thinking Abilities </li></ul><ul><li>- provide opportunities to enhance their thinking abilities </li></ul><ul><li>- able to think clearly, objectively, rationally & creatively </li></ul><ul><li>- have an open mind & make sound judgments </li></ul><ul><li>c. Moral & Ethical Values </li></ul><ul><li>- develop humane & morally upright persons </li></ul><ul><li>- knowing oneself better & contribute to the betterment & harmony of the society & nation </li></ul><ul><li>d. Reading Habit </li></ul><ul><li>- inculcate reading habit among students </li></ul><ul><li>- exercises, tasks & materials encourage further </li></ul><ul><li>readings & research. </li></ul>Reading Syllabus in Malaysian Secondary Schools
  6. 6. CURRICULUM Reading Syllabus in Malaysian Secondary Schools
  7. 7. THEMES Based on the themes, topics are drawn for meaningful tasks & activities– incorporating all language skills, moral values & socio-cultural elements. Reading Syllabus in Malaysian Secondary Schools
  8. 8. THEMES & TOPICS People F1: Self, family & friends (personal details, interests, recounting personal experiences) F2: People & who they are F3: Well-known personalities & their achievements F4: Intercultural understanding at national & international levels Relationship with parents & friends F5: Planning for a career Reading Syllabus in Malaysian Secondary Schools
  9. 9. THEMES & TOPICS Environment F1: Care of open/common grounds in the community F2: Developments in one’s community F3: Natural phenomena F4: Conservation Pollution F5: Protecting our rivers, lakes & oceans in order that they continue to play a useful role in the lives of people living near them Reading Syllabus in Malaysian Secondary Schools
  10. 10. Reading Syllabus in Malaysian Secondary Schools THEMES & TOPICS Social Issues F1: Road safety Personal discipline at home & in school F2: Using time wisely Choosing friends wisely F3: Problems facing young people today & how to overcome these problems F4: Care for the old folk & disabled children Consumerism Drug abuse F5: Social freedom & responsibility
  11. 11. THEMES & TOPICS Values F1: Patriotism & citizenship Compassion, responsibility, physical & mental cleanliness F4: Patriotism & citizenship (understanding debatable national issues) Love for world peace & harmony, cooperation & respect Reading Syllabus in Malaysian Secondary Schools
  12. 12. THEMES & TOPICS Health F1: Healthy lifestyle F2: Knowing oneself, one’s behavior towards others Liking oneself (self-image & self-esteem) F3: Problems of growing up among young people F4: Diseases & illnesses Impact on society, preventive measures F5: Dangers of getting into bad habits Reading Syllabus in Malaysian Secondary Schools
  13. 13. THEMES & TOPICS Science & Technology F1: Discoveries – inventions that have changed the lifestyle of people F2: Plants F3: What we know of the seas & oceans of the world F4: Malaysian industries F5: Responsible waste management Reading Syllabus in Malaysian Secondary Schools
  14. 14. <ul><li>Class Activity </li></ul><ul><li>Dancing with wolves is a Native American folklore describing the differences between good and evil. </li></ul><ul><li>Is this material suitable to be used in the secondary level classroom? </li></ul><ul><li>What kinds of integrated language activity might emerge from it? </li></ul><ul><li>How does it relate to the educational emphases outlined in the KBSM syllabus? </li></ul>Reading Syllabus in Malaysian Secondary Schools
  15. 15. Reading Syllabus in Malaysian Secondary Schools Native Americans, unlike most other cultures, revere the wolf, imbuing the animal with almost mystical and spiritual qualities – both good and evil. One evening, an old Cherokee told his grandson about the eternal battle that goes on inside people. He said, “My boy, the battle is between two wolves inside us all.” “ One is Evil. It is anger, envy, jealousy, sorrow, regret, greed, arrogance, self-pity, guilt, resentment, inferiority, lies, false pride, superiority and ego.” “ The other is Good. It is joy, peace, love, hope, serenity, humility, kindness, benevolence, empathy, tolerance, generosity, truth, compassion and faith.” The boy thought about it for a minute and then asked the grandfather, “Which wolf wins?” The old Cherokee replied, “The one you feed.” Source: Kallimullah, H. (2008, 7 March). Dancing with wolves, The New Straits Times . (p.1).
  16. 16. <ul><li>THIS IS A TEST!!!! </li></ul><ul><li>See if you can answer this correctly. </li></ul><ul><li>Mary's father has five daughters: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nana , </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nene , </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nini , </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nono . </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is the name of </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the fifth daughter? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Answer: Nunu? NO! </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Of course not. Her name is Mary. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>