An interactive reading model attempts to combine the valid insights of bottom-up and top-down models.
It attempts to take into account the strong points of the bottom-up and top-down models, and tries to avoid the criticisms levelled against each, making it one of the most promising approaches to the theory of reading today. ( McCormick, T. 1988 )
Both modes of information processing, top-down and bottom-up alike, are seen as strategies that are flexibly used in the accomplishment of the reading tasks (Carrell and Eisterhold, 1983; Carrell, 1988; Clarke, 1979; Eskey, 1988; Grabe, 1988) .
Hence,the interactive approaches rely on both the graphic and contextual information
Successful reading is both a perceptual and a cognitive process
Stresses the influence of various sources namely feature extraction, orthographic knowledge, lexical knowledge, syntactic knowledge and semantic knowledge on the text processing and the reader’s interpretation.
Incorporates a mechanism labeled as the ‘ message centre ’, which holds the information and then redirects them as needed.
This mechanism allows the sources of knowledge to interact with each other and thereby enable higher-level processing to influence lower-level processing .
Graphic information enters the process through a Visual Information Store (VIS)
A cognitive Feature Extraction Device selects the important features of the graphic input
A Pattern Synthesizer takes this information along with syntactic, semantic, orthographic, lexical and pragmatic knowledge (context) in order to produce the most probable interpretation for the graphic input.
The reading process is the result of the parallel application of sensory and non-sensory sources of information
RUMELHART MODEL Grapheme Input VIS Feature extraction device Pattern Synthesizer Orthographic Knowledge Lexical Knowledge Syntactical Knowledge Semantic knowledge Model of probable interpretation Once a Feature Extraction Device has operated on the Visual Information Store , it passes the data to a Pattern Synthesizer which receives input from Syntactical, Semantic, Lexical and Orthographic Knowledge , all operating at the same point.
Queen Elizabeth participated in a long-delayed ceremony in Clydebank. Scotland yesterday. While there is still bitterness here following the protracted strike, on this occasion a crowd of shipyard workers numbering in the hundreds joined dignitaries in cheering as the HMS Pinafore slipped into the water.
What is the name of the ceremony?
ANDERSON & PEARSON SCHEMA-THEORETIC VIEW Ship-Christening Schema Done by celebrity Involves new ship Bottle broken on bow Done before launching In dry dock To bless ship Water Shipyard The Ship Christening Schema