GASTROENTERITISBy: Faiza Abdulkadir2012PH26
GASTROENTERITIS• An infection or inflammation ofthe digestive tract, particularlythe stomach and intestines• It is frequen...
CAUSES• Viruses• An infective agent thattypically consists of anucleic acid molecule in aprotein coat, is too small tobe s...
CAUSES• Bacteria• A member of a large group ofunicellular microorganisms lackingorganelles and an organizednucleus, includ...
CAUSES• Parasites• An organism that lives inor on another organism(its host) and benefits byderiving nutrients at thehosts...
CAUSES• ChemicalExposure to heavy metals sometimespresent in drinking waterArsenicLeadMercury
SYMPTOMS• Loss of Appetite• Bloating• Nausea and Vomiting• Diarrhea• Abdominal pain• Aches• Lethargy• These symptoms areso...
COMPLICATION• If symptoms do not resolve within a week,Symptoms of great concern include:• High fever (102 ° F [38.9 °C] o...
DIAGNOSIS• Diagnostic methods may include:- Medical history- Physical examination- Blood tests- Stool tests
TREATMENTTreatment depends on the cause butmay include:• Plenty of fluids and Right Diet• Oral rehydration drinks, availab...
TREATMENT• Antibiotics, if bacteria are the cause• Drugs to kill the parasites, if parasitesare the cause• Avoiding anti-v...
PREVENTIONGeneral suggestions on how to reduce therisk of gastroenteritis include:• Wash hands thoroughly with soap andwat...
PREVENTION• Use disposable paper towels to dryyour hands rather than cloth towels,since the bacteria can survive forsome t...
PREVENTION• Clean the toilet and bathroomregularly, especially the toilet seat,door handles and taps• When travelling over...
PROGNOSIS• Gastroenteritis is usually resolvedwithin 2 to 3 days and there are nolong-term effects. If dehydrationoccurs, ...
DISEASE PROCESS
Referencewww.webmd.comwww.nhs.uk
THANK YOU!!!By: Faiza Abdulkadir
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Gastroenteritis

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Gastroenteritis

  1. 1. GASTROENTERITISBy: Faiza Abdulkadir2012PH26
  2. 2. GASTROENTERITIS• An infection or inflammation ofthe digestive tract, particularlythe stomach and intestines• It is frequently referred to as thestomach or intestinal flu
  3. 3. CAUSES• Viruses• An infective agent thattypically consists of anucleic acid molecule in aprotein coat, is too small tobe seen by light microscopy
  4. 4. CAUSES• Bacteria• A member of a large group ofunicellular microorganisms lackingorganelles and an organizednucleus, including some that cancause disease
  5. 5. CAUSES• Parasites• An organism that lives inor on another organism(its host) and benefits byderiving nutrients at thehosts expense
  6. 6. CAUSES• ChemicalExposure to heavy metals sometimespresent in drinking waterArsenicLeadMercury
  7. 7. SYMPTOMS• Loss of Appetite• Bloating• Nausea and Vomiting• Diarrhea• Abdominal pain• Aches• Lethargy• These symptoms aresometimes also accompaniedby Fever and Weakness• Bloody stools (in some cases)
  8. 8. COMPLICATION• If symptoms do not resolve within a week,Symptoms of great concern include:• High fever (102 ° F [38.9 °C] or above)• Blood or mucus in the diarrhea.• Blood in the vomit.• And severe abdominal pain or swelling.These symptoms require prompt medicalattention.
  9. 9. DIAGNOSIS• Diagnostic methods may include:- Medical history- Physical examination- Blood tests- Stool tests
  10. 10. TREATMENTTreatment depends on the cause butmay include:• Plenty of fluids and Right Diet• Oral rehydration drinks, availablefrom your chemist• Admission to hospital andintravenous fluid replacement, insevere cases
  11. 11. TREATMENT• Antibiotics, if bacteria are the cause• Drugs to kill the parasites, if parasitesare the cause• Avoiding anti-vomiting or anti-diarrhea drugs unless prescribed orrecommended by your doctor,because these medications will keepthe infection inside your body
  12. 12. PREVENTIONGeneral suggestions on how to reduce therisk of gastroenteritis include:• Wash hands thoroughly with soap andwater after going to the toilet , aftersmoking, after using a handkerchief ortissue, or after handling animals• Wash your hands thoroughly with soapand water before preparing food oreating
  13. 13. PREVENTION• Use disposable paper towels to dryyour hands rather than cloth towels,since the bacteria can survive forsome time on objects• Keep cold food cold (below 5°C) andhot foot hot (above 60°C) todiscourage the growth of bacteria• Make sure foods are thoroughlycooked
  14. 14. PREVENTION• Clean the toilet and bathroomregularly, especially the toilet seat,door handles and taps• When travelling overseas to countrieswhere sanitation is suspect, onlydrink bottled water. Don’t forget tobrush your teeth in bottled watertoo.
  15. 15. PROGNOSIS• Gastroenteritis is usually resolvedwithin 2 to 3 days and there are nolong-term effects. If dehydrationoccurs, recovery is extended by a fewdays.
  16. 16. DISEASE PROCESS
  17. 17. Referencewww.webmd.comwww.nhs.uk
  18. 18. THANK YOU!!!By: Faiza Abdulkadir

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