‘… often means no more than that the assessment is carried out frequently and is planned at the same time as teaching.’ (Black and Wiliam, 1999)
‘… provides feedback which leads to students recognizing the (learning) gap and closing it … it is forward looking …’ (Harlen, 1998)
‘ … includes both feedback and self-monitoring.’ (Sadler, 1989)
‘… is used essentially to feed back into the teaching and learning process.’ (Tunstall and Gipps, 1996)
‘… assessment (that) has increasingly been used to sum up learning…’(Black and Wiliam, 1999)
‘… looks at past achievements … adds procedures or tests to existing work ... involves only marking and feedback grades to student … is separated from teaching … is carried out at intervals when achievement has to be summarized and reported.’ (Harlen, 1998)
Summative assessment of the plants is the process of simply measuring them. It might be interesting to compare and analyze measurements but, in themselves, these do not affect the growth of the plants.
Formative assessment , on the other hand, is the equivalent of feeding and watering the plants appropriate to their needs - directly affecting their growth.
Provide feedback that helps students recognize their next steps and how to take them.
Be confident that every student can improve.
* January - March (TBD) Summative *Writing Prompt Administered to new and/or low achieving students Throughout Year Formative *Benchmarks 1st - 6th To be determined To be determined To be determined *District Wide Math Assessment * Throughout Year Summative *Post Tests * Throughout Year Formative *Pre Tests * April - June Summative *Writing Sample K- 6 Results given to principals Dec./Jan, March, May/June Formative *Guided Reading Levels K- 4 Results given to principals End of Kindergarten Year Summative *Observational Survey Kindergarten Assessment Tool Level(s) Other Timeframe Type of Assessment Grade 2005-2006 K-6 Student Assessment
Results given to principals Dec./Jan, March, May/June Summative *Record of Instructional Reading Progress 5th - 6th * October Summative *NECAP 3rd - 6th Will replace QRI, Benchmarks, Gates and possibly Terra Nova Full implementation by June, 2006 * June Summative *M.A.P. (NWEA) * September Formative *M.A.P. (NWEA) To be shared at parent conference Completed by Nov. 1st Formative *Qualitative Spelling Inventory 2nd - 6th Assessment Tool Level(s) Other Timeframe Type of Assessment Grade 2005-2006 K-6 Student Assessment