Country Report Part I
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Country Report Part I






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Country Report Part I Country Report Part I Presentation Transcript

  • My Country Report
    Ivana Lopez; History 5
  • Geography
    • Brazil lies along the eastern coast of South America
    • It covers about half of South America (as shown below), making it the 5th largest country in the world
    • It shares a border with every country in South America except for Ecuador and Chile
    • Brazil spans 3 time zones and is filled with hills, mountains, plains, highlands and scrublands
    • It has one of the world’s most wide-ranging system of rivers with eight major basins
    • Brazil contains six climate regions:
    • Tropical rainforest
    • Tropical wet and dry
    • Tropical monsoon
    • Semiarid
    • Humid subtropical
    • Subtropical highland
    • Hottest part: Northeast
    • Most rainfall: city of Belem and upper regions of Amazonia
    • Driest part: Northeast
    • Brazil is home to 60% of the Amazon rainforest
    • It is considered to contain the greatest biodiversity of any country on the planet
    • Brazil contains most known plants, mammals and freshwater fish
    • Additionally, Brazil is home to the largest snake known on the planet, the anaconda
  • History
    • Brazil was claimed by Portugal in April 1500
    • In 1534, Dom Joao III split the territory into 12 sections; however, this created issues. This led the king to assign a governor-general and the rest of the territory assimilated into native tribes.
    • Sugar became Brazil’s most important export.
    • The Portuguese was able to expand into the southeast through wars
  • History Continued
    • King Joao VI returned to Europe and left his elder son Prince Pedro to rule Brazil
    • Fascists attempted to turn Brazil into a colony once again; however, Brazil refused and the Prince stood by them
    • Prince Pedro was then named the first emperor of Brazil
    • Brazil then won three international wars and slavery was abolished in 1850
    • The monarchy was overthrown in 1889
  • History continued
    • Instability in finances, social and political led civilian and military rebellion in Brazil
    • The Revolution of 1930 overthrew president Washington Luis, making GetulioVargar president
    • Brazil was pulled into World War II by standing with the United States
    • Because of the allied victory, Vargas was overthrown and democracy was reinstated
    • General Eurico Gaspar Dutra was then elected as president
  • People (demographics)
    • Brazil’s peoples range from different backgrounds
    • White: 48.34%
    • Multiracial: 43.80%
    • Black: 6.84%
    • Asian: 0.58%
    • Amerindian: 0.28%
    • Most Brazilian inhabitants descended from indigenous peoples, African slaves and Portuguese settlers
  • People: language
    • The official language of Brazil is Portuguese
    • The language is different than Portugal since it has developed differently and has been influenced by African languages and Amerindian languages
    • Portuguese is used in newspapers, radio, and television
    • In Sao Gabriel da Cachoeira, the language spoken is Nheengatu
    • Additional minority languages are spoken throughout Brazil
    • German and Italian speakers also reside in Brazil
  • People: Religion & urbanization
    • The most dominant religion in Brazil is Roman Catholicism
    • Brazil contains the largest Catholic population
    • The largest metrpolitan areas in Brazil are all in the southeastern region
    • Sao Paulo has the largest population
  • sources