Country Report Part I
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Country Report Part I






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    Country Report Part I Country Report Part I Presentation Transcript

    • My Country Report
      Ivana Lopez; History 5
    • Geography
      • Brazil lies along the eastern coast of South America
      • It covers about half of South America (as shown below), making it the 5th largest country in the world
      • It shares a border with every country in South America except for Ecuador and Chile
      • Brazil spans 3 time zones and is filled with hills, mountains, plains, highlands and scrublands
      • It has one of the world’s most wide-ranging system of rivers with eight major basins
      • Brazil contains six climate regions:
      • Tropical rainforest
      • Tropical wet and dry
      • Tropical monsoon
      • Semiarid
      • Humid subtropical
      • Subtropical highland
      • Hottest part: Northeast
      • Most rainfall: city of Belem and upper regions of Amazonia
      • Driest part: Northeast
      • Brazil is home to 60% of the Amazon rainforest
      • It is considered to contain the greatest biodiversity of any country on the planet
      • Brazil contains most known plants, mammals and freshwater fish
      • Additionally, Brazil is home to the largest snake known on the planet, the anaconda
    • History
      • Brazil was claimed by Portugal in April 1500
      • In 1534, Dom Joao III split the territory into 12 sections; however, this created issues. This led the king to assign a governor-general and the rest of the territory assimilated into native tribes.
      • Sugar became Brazil’s most important export.
      • The Portuguese was able to expand into the southeast through wars
    • History Continued
      • King Joao VI returned to Europe and left his elder son Prince Pedro to rule Brazil
      • Fascists attempted to turn Brazil into a colony once again; however, Brazil refused and the Prince stood by them
      • Prince Pedro was then named the first emperor of Brazil
      • Brazil then won three international wars and slavery was abolished in 1850
      • The monarchy was overthrown in 1889
    • History continued
      • Instability in finances, social and political led civilian and military rebellion in Brazil
      • The Revolution of 1930 overthrew president Washington Luis, making GetulioVargar president
      • Brazil was pulled into World War II by standing with the United States
      • Because of the allied victory, Vargas was overthrown and democracy was reinstated
      • General Eurico Gaspar Dutra was then elected as president
    • People (demographics)
      • Brazil’s peoples range from different backgrounds
      • White: 48.34%
      • Multiracial: 43.80%
      • Black: 6.84%
      • Asian: 0.58%
      • Amerindian: 0.28%
      • Most Brazilian inhabitants descended from indigenous peoples, African slaves and Portuguese settlers
    • People: language
      • The official language of Brazil is Portuguese
      • The language is different than Portugal since it has developed differently and has been influenced by African languages and Amerindian languages
      • Portuguese is used in newspapers, radio, and television
      • In Sao Gabriel da Cachoeira, the language spoken is Nheengatu
      • Additional minority languages are spoken throughout Brazil
      • German and Italian speakers also reside in Brazil
    • People: Religion & urbanization
      • The most dominant religion in Brazil is Roman Catholicism
      • Brazil contains the largest Catholic population
      • The largest metrpolitan areas in Brazil are all in the southeastern region
      • Sao Paulo has the largest population
    • sources