Leed Presentation Green Building Alliance 12/02/08

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Leed Presentation Green Building Alliance 12/02/08

  1. 1. Project Rating Systems 12/02/08 INHS’s Experience with LEED
  2. 2. What We’ll Cover Today <ul><li>Overview of Project Rating Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Details on LEED for Homes </li></ul><ul><li>A LEED Example - 301 Madison St </li></ul><ul><li>Final Advice </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Overview of </li></ul><ul><li>Project Rating Systems </li></ul>
  4. 4. “ Green” Project Rating <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do it? </li></ul><ul><li>What are some ways of doing it </li></ul><ul><li>How much does it cost? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did INHS Pick LEED for Homes? </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is “Green” Project Rating? <ul><li>Green building is the practice of increasing the efficiency with which buildings use resources — energy, water, and materials — while reducing building impacts on human health and the environment during the building's lifecycle, through better siting, design, construction, operation, maintenance, and removal - Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a big world - Where to begin </li></ul><ul><li>How to weigh all the factors </li></ul>Green project rating is a system that helps you quantify the effect of your choices - Scott
  6. 6. Why Rate Your Project? <ul><li>Makes the choices simpler </li></ul><ul><li>Contractors may make mistakes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many eyes and verification help catch the errors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Having a written standard reduces questions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Keeps everyone honest – reduces “green washing” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Why Rate Your Project Yourself <ul><li>Homeowners can </li></ul><ul><ul><li>see what the issues and opportunities are </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>make informed decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Easier to build “inside the box” </li></ul><ul><li>Doesn’t require paying someone to do it for you </li></ul><ul><li>But experienced builders and architects know much more about the pros and cons of the choices you make </li></ul>
  8. 8. Some Project Rating Systems
  9. 9. Getting it Rated – What Does it Cost? <ul><li>Paying for the Rating </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LEED is $2-3,000 a building (INHS’s cost) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Star = no net cost to INHS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Paying for the Upgrades You Want </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some techniques and materials are easy to do, effective, and free </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More sustainable materials frequently cost more </li></ul></ul>There are two costs
  10. 10. Getting it Rated – What Does it Cost? <ul><li>Voluntary Systems – free </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Any checklist you can download </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Certified Systems - $$$ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Architect or design professional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Star </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NAHB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LEED </li></ul></ul>Verification takes time and time is money
  11. 11. Why Did INHS Choose LEED for HOMES? <ul><li>Wanted to get credit for what we were already doing </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to advance development of a sustainable building standard </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted a system that had verification </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to show affordable housing can be built sustainably </li></ul><ul><li>Only real standard available at the time </li></ul><ul><li>So INHS joined the pilot phase of LEED for Homes </li></ul><ul><li>and </li></ul><ul><li>Found a grant to help fund it </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Details on </li></ul><ul><li>LEED for Homes </li></ul>
  13. 13. Disclaimer <ul><li>INHS currently uses LEED for HOMES. It suits our needs. We don’t advocate using it or not using it. </li></ul><ul><li>LEED for Homes is just one way of looking at your project. </li></ul>
  14. 14. What is LEED for HOMES <ul><li>USGBC leading the way in sustainable building </li></ul><ul><li>“ Official” system for commercial and industrial ratings </li></ul><ul><li>Different types of buildings require different systems </li></ul><ul><li>USGBC wanted a national, certifiable standard for residential buildings </li></ul>
  15. 15. How does LEED for HOMES Work <ul><li>Innovation and Design Process – special credits for unusual things </li></ul><ul><li>Location and Linkages – how does it relate to the area around it </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable Sites – measures project impact on the site </li></ul><ul><li>Water Efficiency – measures water efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Energy and Atmosphere – energy efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Materials and Resources – how does it relate to the area around it </li></ul><ul><li>Indoor Environmental Quality – reducing pollutant exposure it </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness and Education – are the occupants aware of the features </li></ul>Projects are Broken Down into Categories
  16. 16. How does LEED for HOMES Work Projects get points for reaching certain objectives The points are tallied on a checklist
  17. 17. How does LEED for HOMES Work Total Number of Points is compared to a standard Certified – 45 points Silver – 60 points Gold – 75 points Platinum – 90 points For LEED, the points needed to reach a standard depends on the size of the house!
  18. 18. LEED - Pros and Cons <ul><li>Pros </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Certifiable (costs extra) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repetitive, 2 nd time is easy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Looks at many facets – contractors are usually focused </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It’s not cheap and INHS is getting a volume deal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The first time is harder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Too much paper and tracking for many people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Doesn’t reward good design </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>A LEED for Homes Example </li></ul><ul><li>301 Madison St </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>301 Madison St </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>301 Madison St </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation and Design Process 5 pts. attained 9 possible </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LEED representatives actually inspect the house to ensure compliance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Location and Linkages 10 pts. attained 10 possible </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Site is on a previously developed site with full utilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Site is not environmentally sensitive or farmland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Over ½ acre of green space is within ¼ mile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An outstanding number of community resources are within ¼ mile </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sustainable Sites 10 pts. attained 22 possible </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimized disturbed area of the site </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very little impervious surfaces so water drains into the ground </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Landscaping is drought tolerant and integrated with the house </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amount of lawn is minimized </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Site is small allowing for dense development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti pest measures in place – termite shield and screening </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>301 Madison St </li></ul><ul><li>Water Efficiency 4 pts. attained 15 possible </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Very high efficiency faucets and shower </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Energy and Atmosphere 20 pts. attained 38 possible </li></ul><ul><ul><li>House is much more efficient than even Energy Star minimum. Reached the 5 Star level. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>House is inspected and tested to ensure compliance </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>301 Madison St </li></ul><ul><li>Materials and Resources 3 pts. attained 16 possible </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advanced framing techniques reduce waste </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No tropical woods used </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Waste generated was 50% below average for a new house – very hard to do in a small house </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmentally products used – no carpet, linoleum, recycled porch decking, low VOC paint, recycled insulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No refrigerants </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Indoor Environmental Quality 16 pts. attained 20 possible </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Follows the EPA Indoor Air Quality Package ( 75 pt checklist) including </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Passive radon system </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Special attention to water management </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Heating systems carefully sized </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No forced air ducting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All exterior materials finished all sides </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Special air sealing and ventilation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Awareness and Education 1 pts. attained 3 possible </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Home owner manual and walkthrough </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>301 Madison St </li></ul>Larger homes are more wasteful to build and to live in: this 2 BR home is ~1200 sq ft, 30% smaller than the national average, so we needed 5 fewer points to achieve our rating. LEED for Homes Rating Levels Certified 40 points Silver 55 Gold 70 Platinum 85 301 Madison St received a Gold rating with 73 points
  25. 25. What Can You Learn from INHS’s Example? <ul><li>Knowing what you want helps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Being the client and developer makes it easier </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Go with people who know how to build sustainably </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Remember, everyone has their own point of view </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some sort of verification is really worth it </li></ul><ul><li>The low hanging fruit is not very exciting </li></ul>
  26. 26. Big Lessons <ul><li>A modest, well designed house can reach the Gold or high Silver level without spending extra money on “exotic” materials or techniques. </li></ul><ul><li>More efficient, higher quality, and more sustainable buildings do cost more than run-of-the-mill buildings. </li></ul>
  27. 27. The Bottom Line for You When You Build <ul><li>Pick a System (or Systems) </li></ul><ul><li>Check Your Project Against Your System </li></ul><ul><li>Make a Checklist of Things to Verify during Building </li></ul><ul><li>Find a Way to Stay Honest </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t Chase Points </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do it Because It Works for You </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If It Doesn’t Work for You, It Won’t Last or People won’t use it </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. The End Copyright 2008

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