1. Indian power system with 215 GW installed capacity is fourth largest in the world – yetpercapita consumption of electricity in India is about one-fourth of world average! 79million households are yet be electrified!! Nearly 200 million households electrifiedexperience power cuts almost every day for several hours!!!2. Indian Power System has almost doubled (both in terms of installed capacity and numberof consumers) in the last decade; and it is expected to grow 8-10% per annum for nextseveral decades - managing a rapidly growing power system of this size require smartersystems3. India pursuing one of world’s largest grid connected renewable program and integrationof renewables require smarter systems4. Last year India launched National Electric Mobility Mission with a target of 6 million EVsby 2020 – successful rollout of EVs require smarter grid5. Reduction of T&D losses continues to be top priority of the Govt and utilitiesWhile developed countries with reliable electricity grids need to invest in smart metering,data communication, IT applications and analytics in their smart grid journey, India need toinvest more in first strengthening the electrical network and also add communication,automation and IT layers for building smart grids21 Sep 2012Smart grids – challenges for India
Customers:1. Expand access toelectricity – “Power for All”2. Improve reliability ofsupply to all customers – nopower cuts, no more DGsets and inverters!3. Improve quality of supply– no more voltagestabilizers!4. User friendly andtransparent interface withutilities21 Sep 2012Smart grids – drivers for IndiaUtilities:1. Reduction of T&D losses inall utilities to 15% or below2. Peak load management –multiple options3. Reduction in powerpurchase cost4. Better asset management5. Increased grid visibility6. Self healing grid7. Renewable integrationGovernment & Regulators:1. Satisfied customers2. Financially sound utilities3. Tariff neutral systemupgrade and modernization4. Reduction in emissionintensity
National Smart Grid Mission (NSGM)5Smart Grid Vision for IndiaTransform the Indian power sector into a secure, adaptive,sustainable and digitally enabled ecosystem by 2027 thatprovides reliable and quality energy for all with activeparticipation of stakeholders“Quality Power on Demand for All by 2027”
National Smart Grid Mission (NSGM)6Objectives:In order to achieve this vision, stakeholders will undertake:• Smart Customer:1. Appropriate policies and programmes to provide access forelectricity for all with life line supply (to be defined) by 2015,electrification of 100% households by 2020 and 24x7 quality supplyon demand to all citizens by 2027.2. Smart meter roll out for all customers by 20223. Tariff mechanisms, new energy products, energy options andprogrammes to encourage participation of customers in the energymarkets that make them “prosumers”4. Formulation of effective customer outreach and communicationprogrammes for active involvement of consumers in the smart gridimplementation.
National Smart Grid Mission (NSGM)7• Smart Utilities:1. Enabling programmes and projects in distribution utilities to reduce AT&C lossesto below 15% by 2017, below 12% by 2022, and below 10% by 2027; and intransmission utilities to reduce transmission losses to below 3% by 2017 andbelow 2% by 2022.2. Development of reliable, secure and resilient grid supported by a strongcommunication infrastructure that enables greater visibility and control ofefficient power flow between all sources of production and consumption by 2027.3. Development of utility specific strategic roadmap for implementation of smartgrid technologies across the utility by 2013. Required business processreengineering, change management and capacity building programmes to beinitiated by 2014.4. Integrated technology trials through a set of smart grid pilot projects by 2015; androllout of smart grids in all urban areas (to be defined) by 2020 and nationwide by2027.5. Create an effective information exchange platform that can be shared by allmarket participants, including prosumers, in real time which will lead to thedevelopment of energy markets.
National Smart Grid Mission (NSGM)8• Smart Generation & Transmission:1. Optimally balancing different sources of generation throughefficient scheduling and dispatch of distributed energy resources(including captive plants in the near term) with the goal of longterm energy sustainability2. Implement power system enhancements to facilitate integration of30 GW renewable capacity by 2017, 70 GW by 2022, and 120 GW by2027. < to be reviewed in consultation with MNRE and MoP>3. Development of microgrids, storage options, virtual power plants(VPP), vehicle to grid (V2G), solar to grid (PV2G), and building to grid(B2G) technologies in order to manage peak demand, optimal useof installed capacity and reduce load shedding and black-outs
National Smart Grid Mission (NSGM)9• Smart Policies:1. Formulation of policies and programmes by 2013, for mandatorydemand response (DR) infrastructure for all customers with loadabove 1 MW by 2013, above 500 kW by 2015, above 100 kW by 2017and above 20 kW by 2020.2. Policies for grid-interconnection of captive/consumer generationfacilities (including renewables) where ever technically feasible;policies for roof-top solar; and policies for peaking power stations.3. Policies for DR ready appliances and public infrastructure including EVcharging facilities by 2014.4. Investment in research and development, training and capacitybuilding programmes for creation of adequate resource pools fordeveloping and implementing smart grid technologies in India as wellas export of smart grid know-how, products and services.5. Development of appropriate standards for smart grid development inIndia; and active involvement of Indian experts in international bodiesengaged in smart grid standards development.
NSGM Roadmap - Targets1012th Plan (2012 – 2017) 13th Plan (2017 – 2022) 14th Plan (2022 – 2027)1. Access to “Electricity for All”2. Reduction of transmission losses(>66 kV) to below 3%3. Reduction of AT&C losses in allDistribution Utilities to below 15%4. Reduction in Power Cuts; Life linesupply to all by 2015; gridconnection of all consumer endgeneration facilities where feasible5. Renewable integration of 30 GW;and EV trials6. Improvement in Power Quality andReliability7. ToU (Time of Use) Tariff8. Energy Efficiency Programs9. Standards Development for SmartGrids including EVs10. Strengthening of EHV System11. Efficient Power Exchanges12. Research & Development, Training &Capacity Building13. Customer Outreach & Participation14. Sustainability Initiatives15. SG Pilots, SG roll out in major cities1. Reduction of transmission losses(>66 kV) to below 2%2. Reduction of AT&C losses to below12% in all Utilities3. Improvement in Power Quality4. End of Power Cuts; Peaking powerplants; Electrification of allhouseholds by 20205. Nationwide smart meter roll out6. Renewable integration of 70 GW;5% EV penetration7. Standards Development for SmartInfrastructure (SEZ, Buildings,Roads/Bridges, Parking lots, Malls)and Smart Cities8. UHV and EHV Strengthening9. Research & Developments;Training & Capacity Building10. Export of SG products, solutionsand services to overseas11. Customer Outreach & Participation12. Sustainability Initiatives & PublicSafety1. Reduction of AT&C lossesto below 10% in all Utilities2. Financially viable utilities3. Stable 24x7 power supplyto all categories ofconsumers all across thecountry4. Renewable integration of120 GW; 10% EVpenetration5. Smart Cities and SmarterInfrastructures6. Export of SG products,solutions and services tooverseas7. Research & Development ;Training & CapacityBuilding8. Active Participation of“Prosumers”9. Sustainability Initiatives &Public Safety
• Policies– Formulation of India Smart Grid Task Force (ISGTF) and India SmartGrid Forum (ISGF) in 2010– India Smart Grid Knowledge Portal in January 2013(www.indiasmartgrid.org)– Smart Grid Roadmap being finalized in the coming months– Stronger Institutional Framework will be in place by end of this year• Smart Grid Projects– Few private sector projects are in progress – Tata Power, NDPL, CESC– 14 smart grid pilots allocated to different distribution utilities last year;work expected to start in second half of 2013(http://indiasmartgrid.org/en/Pages/Projects.aspx)– ADB expressed interest in funding 3-4 projects under private sector– NEDO agreed fund to2-3 smart grid projects– SGCC/China expressed interest to execute projects under BOT model– KEPCO likely to come forward with a similar offer11Smart Grids Initiatives in India
• Potential Areas– Franchisee for distribution operations – big circles, residential colonies– AT&C loss reduction initiatives: benefit sharing contracts under PPP modelscould get suppliers credit/debt financing– Substation modernization: most 220kV/132kV/110kV/66kV stations in urbanareas can be converted to GIS by unlocking the value of the land they occupy.This could be taken up under PPP models– Rural electrification: through renewable/distributed generation andmicrogrids – new PPP models by bundling of multi-utility services (electricity,water, gas, internet, cable TV etc) and other local services such as postal,land/house tax collection etc to make it to critical size that can afforddeployment of efficiency tools to make the enterprise sustainable– Smart meter market size: 100 million+ by 2020; 300 million+ by 2030– Big opportunities for last mile connectivity solutions• Advantages– Initial partnerships with Utilities could accelerate capacity and skill building inprivate entities which could then multiply their numbers– Selection, procurement and deployment of new technology is always achallenge for government owned entities – PPP models could transcendthese barriers12PPP Opportunities in Smart Grids in India
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