Sodom Valley
About 700 families, 3200 people,
are living in the 7 Moshavim (communities) of the Arava

60% of the fresh vegetables (not...
Export value 250 million €
The distribution of agricultural crops - season 2011/12
600 ha – orchards
16%
80 ha – flowers
2%

3000 ha – vegetables
81%
Vegetable production (ha) – Central & Northern Arava 2011/12

60 %

C apsicum
Eggplant
C herry T om ato
T om ato
M iscella...
The Climate of the Arava

Syrian-African Rift, Desert climate
Long summer, high temperatures, average daytime
temperature ...
The Soil of the Arava
Mainly floods, wind and rain have
created the local soil
Some of the cultivated land is on
sandy soi...
Water in the Arava Desert
* The Arava is not connected to the national water system of Israel
Water in the Arava Desert
* The Arava is not connected to the national water system of Israel
* Water supply is from local...
Water in the Arava Desert
* The Arava is not connected to the national water system of Israel
* Water supply is from local...
Water in the Arava Desert
* The Arava is not connected to the national water system of Israel
* Water supply is from local...
‫איכו ת המי ם‬

EC 1900-2650

Water consumption - 2001 - 28,500,000 m3

EC 2650-3400
EC 3400-4100
‫מים קורוזיביים‬

3,108,...
50 years ago
Establishment of first community in the Arava Desert

Ein Yahav - 1959
Building a new home

1963
Research and Development R&D
Central and Northern Arava

1991 - Yair Research Station
named after Yair Goron

1988 - Zohar...
Main Research Subjects:

Climate research in greenhouses
Flower studies, acclimatization and agro-technology
Plant protect...
Research and Development R&D
Central and Northern Arava

Flagship project: “CLEAN ARAVA”
Goal: elimination of quarantine p...
Research and Development R&D
Central and Northern Arava
DESERT  AGRICULTURE
DESERT  AGRICULTURE
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DESERT AGRICULTURE

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DESERT AGRICULTURE

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DESERT AGRICULTURE

  1. 1. Sodom Valley
  2. 2. About 700 families, 3200 people, are living in the 7 Moshavim (communities) of the Arava 60% of the fresh vegetables (not including carrots and potato) exported from Israel are from the Arava
  3. 3. Export value 250 million €
  4. 4. The distribution of agricultural crops - season 2011/12 600 ha – orchards 16% 80 ha – flowers 2% 3000 ha – vegetables 81%
  5. 5. Vegetable production (ha) – Central & Northern Arava 2011/12 60 % C apsicum Eggplant C herry T om ato T om ato M iscellaneous W aterm elon H erbs Zucchini O nion Spring M elon W inter M elon Fall M elon 1755 60 43 140 14 250 57 25 42 263 39 235
  6. 6. The Climate of the Arava Syrian-African Rift, Desert climate Long summer, high temperatures, average daytime temperature of 400C Dry winter, average daytime temperatures of 250C but some cold winter nights with temperatures around 00C Mostly clear days with no clouds and ample sunshine Precipitation: 25-50 mm a year
  7. 7. The Soil of the Arava Mainly floods, wind and rain have created the local soil Some of the cultivated land is on sandy soil, other parts were created by covering harsh land with sand The sand reserves of the area, as those of Israel, are used up.
  8. 8. Water in the Arava Desert * The Arava is not connected to the national water system of Israel
  9. 9. Water in the Arava Desert * The Arava is not connected to the national water system of Israel * Water supply is from local drillings Aquifers - 200 - 500 - 1,000 - 1,500
  10. 10. Water in the Arava Desert * The Arava is not connected to the national water system of Israel * Water supply is from local drillings * As agricultural area, consumption of water is high and seasonal
  11. 11. Water in the Arava Desert * The Arava is not connected to the national water system of Israel * Water supply is from local drillings * As agricultural area, consumption of water is high and seasonal * Water quality is varying, from very brackish water to drinking water 2011 – 37,000,000 m3 Water consumption - 2001 - 28,500,000 m3
  12. 12. ‫איכו ת המי ם‬ EC 1900-2650 Water consumption - 2001 - 28,500,000 m3 EC 2650-3400 EC 3400-4100 ‫מים קורוזיביים‬ 3,108,900 953,200 3% 2,760,460 147,200 EC 4100-4800 11% ‫מים שפירים‬ 10% 1% 52% 23% 14,859,046 6,615,700 Water consumption - 2011 - 37,000,000 m3 4% 3% 31% 52%
  13. 13. 50 years ago Establishment of first community in the Arava Desert Ein Yahav - 1959
  14. 14. Building a new home 1963
  15. 15. Research and Development R&D Central and Northern Arava 1991 - Yair Research Station named after Yair Goron 1988 - Zohar Research Station named after Yehuda Zohar
  16. 16. Main Research Subjects: Climate research in greenhouses Flower studies, acclimatization and agro-technology Plant protection Organic Agriculture Alternative ground cover Produce quality and shelf life Aquaculture Orchards Soil diseases and disinfection Development & improvement of crops
  17. 17. Research and Development R&D Central and Northern Arava Flagship project: “CLEAN ARAVA” Goal: elimination of quarantine pests 1. Sanitation Period 2. Treatment of quarantine pests including the “Zahav Project” 3. Reduction of use of pesticides
  18. 18. Research and Development R&D Central and Northern Arava
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