Transcript of "Boaz Ur: Data’s Impact on Demand Side Management "
1Data Enabled Energy Efficiencyand Demand ResponseBoaz Ur – Energy EntrepreneurMay 22, 2013Data’s Impact on Demand SideManagement
2Boaz UrAgenda• What is Demand Side Management?• Smart Meter and Green Button• Data’s Impact on Energy Efficiency• Residential Example - Air Conditioning Loads• Data’s Impact on Demand Response
3Boaz UrDemand Side Management• Energy EfficiencyPermanent reduction of energy usage while maintaining thesame comfort levels• Demand ResponseManage customer consumption of electricity in response tosupply conditions. Electricity customers reduce theirconsumption at critical times or in response to market pricesDemand Side Management (DSM) - modification ofconsumer demand for energy (load shapes andusage)
4Boaz UrSmart Meters Open Up New Frontiers• US – 2012 – 36M installed; 65M by 2015• Useful usage information for consumers• Improved outage detection and response• Right sizing of the grid• Time based pricing• Energy Efficiency• Demand Response
5Boaz UrGreen Button• 2011 - Call to action by Obama administration• 35 Utilities; 36 Million homes.• Green Button Download My Data• Green Button Connect My Data• Web and smartphone apps enabledElectricity customers can download their own detailedhousehold or building electricity usage information, in acommon consumer- and computer-friendly format.
7Boaz UrData’s Impact on Energy Efficiency• Discrete improvements -> Constant, Dynamic• Energy Audits -> Virtual Energy Audits• Experts only -> Mass engagement• Isolated hardware -> Connected Hardware + Cloud Analytics• Invest and pray -> Performance verification• Separate EE and DR -> Integrated Demand Side Managment
8Boaz UrSmart Thermostat ExamplesDirect to consumer + UtilitiesLearning your habitsSensing if you are homeRemote connectionEnergy EfficiencyUtility play:DR -> “Rush Hour Rewards”Utility programsTraditional thermostat + wifi + appCompare to your neighborsTips and CoachingDirect Load Control
9Boaz UrAdditional Data Enabled CapabilitiesHow can a thermostat enable Permanent Load Shifting?• Some thermostats can learn:– Thermal properties of the house (i.e. how long it holds a temp)– A/C under sized / over sized (i.e. how long it takes to cool aroom)• With this knowledge a thermostat could provide PLS (Pre-cooling) when it is a good fit for the building shellHow can a phone become a thermostat sensor?• The phone’s app use the GPS to determine that theperson has left the house• A geo-fence indicates that the owner is on their way home
10Boaz UrData’s Impact on Demand Response• Direct install by utilities -> Market based• Limited integration with EE -> Integrated programs• One Way Communication -> Auto Demand Response• Assessing success a month later -> Giving the customerfeedback during the event• Peak Shaving, Emergencies -> Ancillary services, and fasterresponding services
11Boaz UrDirect Load Control programs can ChangeUS - ~5.6 M customers participate in Direct Load ControlBefore the Data revolution:• One way paging technology• No way to measure success – Done statistically• Only peak shavingAfter the Data revolution:• Every house can be measured• Virtual site visits• Advanced DR: Location based; Fast response
12Boaz UrSummary - DSM a Major Part of Smart Grid• Grid balancing can be done on the utility side or the customer side• Reducing peak load• Enhancing System Reliability and Stability• Saving $, KWH and GHG• Renewable integration• Enabling smart investments in infrastructure• Enabling customers to make smart choices