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History of King Ranch<br />The King Ranch <br />was formed by:<br />Capt. Richard King <br />and his wife,<br />Henrietta ...
Captain Richard King<br />He was born on July 10, 1824 in New York City.<br />At an early age, he became a jeweler apprent...
Henrietta Maria Morse Chamberlain King<br />She and Richard King were married on December 10, 1854, by her Presbyterian mi...
“Kinenos”<br />
“Kineno” - King’s People<br />In 1854, Richard King moved a Mexican village and their cattle to his ranch to employ them.<...
A home of a Kineno on King Ranch, known as “The  Colony.”<br />
This is where Kinenos can keep their cattle for 4H participation.<br />
This is a new school for the Kinenos in grades K-8. <br />This is not located on King Ranch immediate property.<br />
The “Running W” Brand<br />Richard King branded the “HK” in 1859.<br />On February 9, 1869, he branded the Running W.<br /...
This cow has a Running W branded on it.  <br />The Running W on cattle means that that cow was born on King Ranch.<br />
What does Running W represent?<br />The ups and downs of ranching; or<br />The waves of the water; or<br />The Western Dia...
Robert Justus Kleberg<br />Mr. Kleberg was born on December 5, 1853 to Robert Justus Kleberg and Rosalie von Roeder Kleber...
This is the Service area at King Ranch.<br />If a building needs painting or a truck needs to be repaired, <br />         ...
There are 2 gas pumps for the King Ranch vehicles.  <br />This is not for personal vehicles, not even Kinenos.<br />
This used to be an on-site store where groceries could be purchased.<br />
Mansion<br />The mansion is an unoccupied 33,000 square foot home.<br />It has 17 bedrooms.<br />It also has a swimming po...
This is the mansion built after the original was burned  in a fire in 1912.<br />
This cannon was used by Richard King every July 4th and on his birthday.<br />
This bell survived the 1912 fire.<br />
4 Divisions of King Ranch<br />1) Santa Gertrudis: Family mansion and Kinenos residences.<br />2) Laureles: This is where ...
Income & Interests<br />Cattle<br />Quarter Horses & Racing Horses<br />Farming: Citrus<br />Pecans<br />Game hunting<br /...
Santa Gertrudis Cattle<br />In 1874, Brahmans bulls were bought by King.<br />In 1880s, Herefords and shorthorns were take...
Santa Gertrudis cattle<br />
For every bull, there are 50 cows.<br />
Quarter horses<br />In the 1940s, King Ranch started racing and breeding quarter horses. <br />In 1946, the King Ranch qua...
Quarter Horses<br />
There are 7 headstones for the 7 winning horses .   Those horses are buried here.<br />
Oil and Gas<br />In 1939, the first well was built on King Ranch.<br />There were 650 producing oil and gas wells on the R...
This is a “sendero” (clearing of land) where Exxon/Mobil can access to look for a gas leak.<br />This is also used when ca...
Hunting<br />The King Ranch has guided hunts and also leases the land for private, recreational hunting.<br />A hunting tr...
Farming<br />Their crops include: 30,000 acres of cotton and 30,000 acres of milo yearly in Texas.<br />King Ranch operate...
Citrus<br />The largest producer of orange juice is the King Ranch through it’s presence in Florida.<br />It has three-fou...
Sugar Cane<br />The King Ranch has close to 12,500 acres for sugar cane in Florida.<br />Their sugar is marketed under Dom...
Pecans<br />A member of the King Ranch family businesses is The Young Pecan, Inc.<br />It is one of the largest pecan shel...
Newspapers<br />The local newspapers for Kingsville and Bishop became owned by King Ranch in 1953.<br />The names of the n...
Robstown Hardware Company<br />King Ranch has owned Robstown Hardware Company for over 25 years.<br />Its equipment is use...
References<br />Art Leatherwood, "SANTA GERTRUDIS CATTLE," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/on...
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KR-summer2011

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Transcript of "KR-summer2011"

  1. 1.
  2. 2. History of King Ranch<br />The King Ranch <br />was formed by:<br />Capt. Richard King <br />and his wife,<br />Henrietta Maria King<br />
  3. 3. Captain Richard King<br />He was born on July 10, 1824 in New York City.<br />At an early age, he became a jeweler apprentice.<br />He ran away in 1835 by hiding on a ship headed for Mobile, Alabama.<br />The ship took him under their wing.<br />Before the age of 20, he became a steamboat pilot.<br />He met Mifflin Kenedy in 1842, when they served in the Second Seminole War.<br />In 1842, Kenedy asked King to help him transport supplies to the U.S. Army’s effort in the Mexican-American War.<br />He died on April 14, 1885 in San Antonio, Texas, at the Menger Hotel of stomach cancer.<br />In 1885, he owned about 614,000 acres of the King Ranch.<br />
  4. 4. Henrietta Maria Morse Chamberlain King<br />She and Richard King were married on December 10, 1854, by her Presbyterian minister father.<br />They had 5 children: <br /> 1) Henrietta Maria “Nettie”, born on April 17, 1856.<br /> 2) Ella Morse, born on April 13, 1858.<br /> 3) Richard Jr., born on December 15, 1860.<br /> 4) Alice Gertrudis, born on April 29, 1862.<br /> 5) Robert E. Lee, born on February 22, 1864.<br />Henrietta King died on March 31, 1925.<br />Richard King was re-interred with Henrietta on the King Ranch.<br />
  5. 5. “Kinenos”<br />
  6. 6. “Kineno” - King’s People<br />In 1854, Richard King moved a Mexican village and their cattle to his ranch to employ them.<br />These workers became known as “kinenos” or King’s People. <br />The kinenos were and are taken care of by the King Ranch.<br />Full-time employees were allowed free housing, health benefits, income, retirement, and a King Ranch truck every few years.<br />Children of Kinenos receive college scholarships from King Ranch in exchange for part-time employment.<br />
  7. 7. A home of a Kineno on King Ranch, known as “The Colony.”<br />
  8. 8. This is where Kinenos can keep their cattle for 4H participation.<br />
  9. 9. This is a new school for the Kinenos in grades K-8. <br />This is not located on King Ranch immediate property.<br />
  10. 10. The “Running W” Brand<br />Richard King branded the “HK” in 1859.<br />On February 9, 1869, he branded the Running W.<br />The Running W became the official brand for the King Ranch.<br />
  11. 11. This cow has a Running W branded on it. <br />The Running W on cattle means that that cow was born on King Ranch.<br />
  12. 12. What does Running W represent?<br />The ups and downs of ranching; or<br />The waves of the water; or<br />The Western Diamondback Rattlesnakes found throughout the Ranch; or<br />The sweeping horns of a Texas Longhorn bull.<br />Tales of what the Running W represents<br />Jokesters state that it represents Whataburger; or if you turn the W around, it represents McDonalds. <br />
  13. 13. Robert Justus Kleberg<br />Mr. Kleberg was born on December 5, 1853 to Robert Justus Kleberg and Rosalie von Roeder Kleberg.<br />He graduated from law school in 1880.<br />After the death of Richard King, Mrs. King asked Robert Kleberg to manage and control the King Ranch.<br />Kleberg married King’s youngest daughter, Alice Gertrudis King.<br />They had 5 kids.<br />Robert Kleberg died on October 10, 1932 at King Ranch.<br />
  14. 14. This is the Service area at King Ranch.<br />If a building needs painting or a truck needs to be repaired, <br /> then you contact this building for Service.<br />
  15. 15. There are 2 gas pumps for the King Ranch vehicles. <br />This is not for personal vehicles, not even Kinenos.<br />
  16. 16. This used to be an on-site store where groceries could be purchased.<br />
  17. 17. Mansion<br />The mansion is an unoccupied 33,000 square foot home.<br />It has 17 bedrooms.<br />It also has a swimming pool and a tennis court.<br />There are a total of 16 maids, butlers and cooks who work in the mansion to maintain it.<br />The mansion is used for the King-Kleberg family members when they are in town.<br />The original house burned in 1912. It was rebuilt.<br />
  18. 18. This is the mansion built after the original was burned in a fire in 1912.<br />
  19. 19. This cannon was used by Richard King every July 4th and on his birthday.<br />
  20. 20. This bell survived the 1912 fire.<br />
  21. 21.
  22. 22. 4 Divisions of King Ranch<br />1) Santa Gertrudis: Family mansion and Kinenos residences.<br />2) Laureles: This is where King Ranch has its state of the art cotton gins.<br />3) Norias: This is where hunting wildlife game occurs.<br />4) Encino: This location is leased for private use by businesses. About 15,000 acres is the average lease size. <br />
  23. 23. Income & Interests<br />Cattle<br />Quarter Horses & Racing Horses<br />Farming: Citrus<br />Pecans<br />Game hunting<br />Newspaper<br />Hardware Store<br />
  24. 24. Santa Gertrudis Cattle<br />In 1874, Brahmans bulls were bought by King.<br />In 1880s, Herefords and shorthorns were taken to the Ranch.<br />The shorthorns and the Brahmans were crossbred to produce the Santa Gertrudis cattle.<br />In 1919, Kleberg mated Vinotero, a Brahman bull, with a Shorthorn cow. The outcome was a dark red male named Monkey.<br />Monkey fathered many Santa Gertrudis breed, becoming the “father of the Santa Gertrudis”. <br />In 1940, the Santa Gertrudis was officially recognized as a breed of cattle by the U.S. Department of Agriculture.<br />In 1951, the Santa Gertrudis Breeders Association was formed.<br />
  25. 25. Santa Gertrudis cattle<br />
  26. 26. For every bull, there are 50 cows.<br />
  27. 27. Quarter horses<br />In the 1940s, King Ranch started racing and breeding quarter horses. <br />In 1946, the King Ranch quarter horse named Assault, won the Triple Crown.<br />For this reason, the Ranch bought Idle Hour Stable in Kentucky in 1946. This stable was a 680-acre bluegrass farm.<br />In 1947, there were 82 racehorses and 2,900 quarter horses at the Ranch.<br />Three of King Ranch’s horses: Assault, High Gun, Bold Adventure, and Middlegroundbecame regular winners.<br />
  28. 28. Quarter Horses<br />
  29. 29. There are 7 headstones for the 7 winning horses . Those horses are buried here.<br />
  30. 30. Oil and Gas<br />In 1939, the first well was built on King Ranch.<br />There were 650 producing oil and gas wells on the Ranch in 1953. <br />In 1980, King Ranch Oil and Gas (KROG) was formed.<br />In 1992, KROG discovered natural gas with several other companies off the Louisiana coast.<br />
  31. 31. This is a “sendero” (clearing of land) where Exxon/Mobil can access to look for a gas leak.<br />This is also used when cattle get lost, and cowboys need to look for the lost cattle.<br />
  32. 32. Hunting<br />The King Ranch has guided hunts and also leases the land for private, recreational hunting.<br />A hunting trip can cost from $200 up to $25,000.<br />White-tailed deer<br />Wild turkey<br />Quail<br />Javelina<br />Wild hog<br />Quail<br />Exotic: Nilgai antelope<br />
  33. 33. Farming<br />Their crops include: 30,000 acres of cotton and 30,000 acres of milo yearly in Texas.<br />King Ranch operates sod production farms in Texas and Florida.<br />One of the largest producers of turfgrass is the King Ranch Turfgrass in Texas and Florida.<br />King Ranch farms grow corn, sugar cane, green bean, and specialty lettuce in Florida.<br />
  34. 34. Citrus<br />The largest producer of orange juice is the King Ranch through it’s presence in Florida.<br />It has three-fourths ownership of Consolidated Citrus L.P.<br />About 91% of the Florida harvest is dedicated to oranges.<br />The remaining 9% of the Florida harvest consists up of grapefruit and specialty fruit.<br />
  35. 35. Sugar Cane<br />The King Ranch has close to 12,500 acres for sugar cane in Florida.<br />Their sugar is marketed under Domino and C&H brands.<br />
  36. 36. Pecans<br />A member of the King Ranch family businesses is The Young Pecan, Inc.<br />It is one of the largest pecan shellers.<br />
  37. 37. Newspapers<br />The local newspapers for Kingsville and Bishop became owned by King Ranch in 1953.<br />The names of the newspaper changed to the Kingsville Record and Bishop News.<br />
  38. 38. Robstown Hardware Company<br />King Ranch has owned Robstown Hardware Company for over 25 years.<br />Its equipment is used for the milo and cotton production operations in Texas.<br />
  39. 39.
  40. 40.
  41. 41. References<br />Art Leatherwood, "SANTA GERTRUDIS CATTLE," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/ats01), accessed June 28, 2011. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.<br />Ashton, J. and Edgar P. Sneed, "KING RANCH," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/apk01), accessed June 28, 2011. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.<br />Domino Sugar. (n.d.). Retrived from http://www.dominosugar.com<br />Find a grave. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.findagrave.com<br />Fox, M. (1986). A queen named king. Austin, Texas: Eakin Press.<br />King ranch. (2010). Retrieved from http://www.kingranchhunting.com/<br />King ranch. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://king-ranch.com/index.html<br />Kingsville record and bishop news. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.kr-bn.com/<br />Richard king. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_King_(Texas)<br />Robstown hardware company. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://robstownhardware.com/entry.htm<br />
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