Understanding Islam


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Understanding Islam

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Understanding Islam

  1. 1. <ul><li>Understanding Islam </li></ul>
  2. 2. Muslims Internet Directory 2Muslims.com Presents Understanding Islam & Muslims Bismillah Alrahman Alraheem
  3. 3. World Muslims <ul><li>1.2 billion, Muslims represent between 19.2% and 22% of the world's population. </li></ul><ul><li>One of every five humans in the world is a Muslim </li></ul><ul><li>Second largest religion in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Fastest growing including Europe and America </li></ul>
  4. 4. World Distribution of Muslims Source:   Britannica Yearbook, 1997 Africa 308,660,000 27.4% Asia 778,362,000 69.1% Europe 32,032,000 2.8% Latin America 1,356,000 0.1% North America 5,530,000 0.5% World 1,126,325,000 100%
  5. 7. American Muslims <ul><li>6 million (The New York Times, Feb. 21, 1989) </li></ul><ul><li>About 40% Afro-American </li></ul><ul><li>Not all Muslims are Arabs, Not all Arabs are Muslims </li></ul>
  6. 8. The Basics of Faith <ul><li>Belief in One God (Allah) </li></ul><ul><li>Belief in Prophethood </li></ul><ul><li>All the Divine Books as revealed by God to various prophets </li></ul><ul><li>Angels, Life after Death and the Day of Judgment, Heaven and Hell </li></ul>
  7. 9. Allah – One God <ul><li>Allah is the Arabic name for God used by Muslims of the world as well as Arab Christians. </li></ul><ul><li>Say: He is Allah, the One and Only;  Allah, the Eternal, Absolute;  He begets not, nor is He begotten; And there is none like unto Him. (The Quran, Surah 112) </li></ul>
  8. 10. Prophets and Scriptures <ul><li>SOME PROPHETS: Adam, Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Ishaq, Jacob (Israel), Joseph, Benjamin, Moses, Aaron, David, Solomon, Zakareyya, John, Jesus, Muhammad. (peace be on them) </li></ul><ul><li>BOOKS: Torah, Zabur (Psalms), Injeel (Gospel), Quran </li></ul><ul><li>Belief in ALL prophets of God </li></ul><ul><li>Source of All Books is God </li></ul><ul><li>Main Message of all Prophets: Islam </li></ul>
  9. 11. Prophet Muhammad <ul><li>Descendant of Ishmael, the first son of Abraham. </li></ul><ul><li>Born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, in the year 570 C.E. </li></ul><ul><li>Received first revelation at the age 40 through angel Gabriel. </li></ul><ul><li>Died in the year 632 C.E, after preaching Islam for 23 years. </li></ul><ul><li>GEORGE BERNARD SHAW said about him: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;He must be called the Saviour of Humanity. I believe that if a man like him were to assume the dictatorship of the modern world, he would succeed in solving its problems in a way that would bring it much needed peace and happiness.&quot; (The Genuine Islam, Singapore, Vol. 1, No. 8, 1936) </li></ul>
  10. 12. Quran: The Holy Book <ul><li>23 Years of Revelations (610 - 632 C.E.) </li></ul><ul><li>114 Chapters; One Chapter, Multiple Revelations </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter (Surah) names </li></ul><ul><li>Historic Context </li></ul><ul><li>Verses Explain Verses </li></ul><ul><li>Commentary needed in the light of Arabic, History, and Sunnah </li></ul>
  11. 13. Forms of Worship <ul><li>Prayers (Salah) </li></ul><ul><li>Charity (Zakat) </li></ul><ul><li>Fasting ( Ramadan) </li></ul><ul><li>Pilgrimage (Hajj) </li></ul>
  12. 14. Prayers (Salah) <ul><li>Five Daily Prayers from Dawn to Late Evening regulate a Muslim’s day </li></ul><ul><li>Prayers involve ablution, standing, bowing, prostrating, sitting postures </li></ul><ul><li>Face Kabah, prayers in Arabic as taught by the Prophet. </li></ul><ul><li>Additional Prayers optional </li></ul>
  13. 15. Charity (Zakat) <ul><li>024.056 So establish regular Prayer and give regular Charity; and obey the Apostle; that ye may receive mercy. (The Quran) </li></ul><ul><li>Required 2.5% charity on yearly savings </li></ul>
  14. 16. Fasting (in Ramadan) <ul><li>002.183 O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that ye may (learn) self-restraint. (The Quran) </li></ul><ul><li>Ramadan is 9th month in Islamic Lunar calendar </li></ul><ul><li>Daily dawn to sunset fast for 29/30 days (no food or drink) </li></ul><ul><li>Eidul-Fitr Holiday at the end </li></ul>
  15. 17. Hajj (Pilgrimage) <ul><li>Pilgrimage to Makkah once in life time for able Muslims </li></ul><ul><li>About 2-3 million Muslims perform Hajj each year from all over the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Eidul-Adha: the biggest Muslim Holiday </li></ul>
  16. 18. Food <ul><li>002.172 O ye who believe! Eat of the good things that We have provided for you, and be grateful to God, if it is Him ye worship. </li></ul><ul><li>002.173 He hath only forbidden you dead meat , and blood , and the flesh of swine , and that on which any other name hath been invoked besides that of God. But if one is forced by necessity, without wilful disobedience, nor transgressing due limits,- then is he guiltless. For God is Oft-forgiving Most Merciful. </li></ul>
  17. 19. Human Rights in Islam <ul><li>Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;No Arab has any superiority over a non-Arab, nor does a non-Arab have any superiority over an Arab. Nor does a white man have any superiority over a black man, or the black man any superiority over the white man. You are all the children of Adam, and Adam was created from clay&quot; </li></ul>
  18. 20. Justice in Islam <ul><li>The Holy Quran says: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Do not let your hatred of a people incite you to aggression&quot; (5:2) . </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;And do not let ill-will towards any folk incite you so that you swerve from dealing justly. Be just; that is nearest to heedfulness&quot; (5:8) . </li></ul>
  19. 21. People of the Book <ul><li>Christians and Jews enjoy a special status in Islam and are called “People of the Book” </li></ul><ul><li>For example, their food (except which is prohibited in Islam) is allowed for Muslims </li></ul>
  20. 22. Suicide is a Grave Sin <ul><li>O ye who believe! Eat not up your property among yourselves in vanities: But let there be amongst you Traffic and trade by mutual good-will: Nor kill (or destroy) yourselves: for verily God hath been to you Most Merciful! (Quran, 4:29) </li></ul>
  21. 23. The End Source : [ http://www.islam101.com/presentations ] Edited by : Haniff Inc , [ http://ehaniff.tripod.com ]