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Exchange and development of knowledge, an Islamic principle:
O mankind! We created you from a single pair of a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know each other (exchange knowledge). Verily the most honored of you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous of you. And Allah has full Knowledge and is well-acquainted with all things.
Alcohol: Etymology: New Latin, from Medieval Latin, powdered antimony, from Old Spanish, from Arabic al-kuhul
Algebra: Etymology: Medieval Latin, from Arabic al-jabr, literally, the reduction
Algorithm: Etymology: alteration of Middle English algorisme, from Old French & Medieval Latin; Old French, from Medieval Latin algorismus, from Arabic al-khuwArizmi, from al-Khwarizmi fl A.D. 825 Arabian mathematician
The Astrolabe : It was used to chart the precise time of sunrises and sunsets, and to determine the period for fasting during the month of Ramadan
Navigational tools: Compass and Astrolabe . Enabled long journey navigation. Eventually discovery of the new world.
Al-Biruni , discussed the possibility of the earth’s rotation on its own axis – a theory proven by Galileo six centuries later.
NAVIGATION AND GEOGRAPHY Al-Idrisi, a twelfth century scientist living in Sicily. Idrisi’s work was considered the best geographical guide of its time.
NAVIGATION AND GEOGRAPHY Ibn Battuta (1304-1369 CE), an Arab, covered over seventy five thousand miles. His wanderings, over a period of decades at a time, took him to Turkey, Bulgaria, Russia, Persia, and central Asia. He spent several years in India, and from there was appointed ambassador to the emperor of China. Ibn Battuta’s book, Rihla (journey), is filled with information on the politics, social conditions, and economics of the places he visited.
Crusaders carried spices with them home from Palestine to western Europe. Rice, Sesame, pepper, ginger, cloves, melons and shallots , as well as dates, figs, oranges, lemons , and other citrus fruits , were introduced into European cuisine via the Crusaders and the trade caravans of Eastern merchants.
Napoleon did recognize the superiority of the Islamic (Shari'ah) Law - and did attempt to implement this in his Empire. Some aspects of the Islamic (Shari'ah) Law do currently exist in French constitution as the basis for some of their laws from the “ Code Napoleone”, which is taken from the Shari'ah Law of Imam Malik ." ( David M. Pidcock , 1998 C.E.)
Further detailed accounts of this can be found in the book 'Napoleon And Islam' by C. Cherfils. ISBN: 967-61-0898-7
" I hope the time is not far off when I shall be able to unite all the wise and educated men of all the countries and establish a uniform regime based on the principles of Qur'an which alone are true and which alone can lead men to happiness."
(Napoleonic Code was based on Maliki School)
Napolean Bonaparte as Quoted in Christian Cherfils, ‘Bonaparte et Islam,’ Pedone Ed., Paris, France, 1914, pp. 105, 125. Original References: "Correspondence de Napoléon Ier Tome V pièce n° 4287 du 17/07/1799..."
"The Islamic teachings have left great traditions for equitable and gentle dealings and behavior, and inspire people with nobility and tolerance. These are human teachings of the highest order and at the same time practicable. These teachings brought into existence a society in which hard-heartedness and collective oppression and injustice were the least as compared with all other societies preceding it....Islam is replete with gentleness, courtesy, and fraternity.“
"If any religion had the chance of ruling over England, nay Europe within the next hundred years, it could be Islam."
"I have always held the religion of Muhammad in high estimation because of its wonderful vitality. It is the only religion which appears to me to possess that assimilating capacity to the changing phase of existence which can make itself appeal to every age. I have studied him - the wonderful man and in my opinion far from being an anti-Christ, he must be called the Savior of Humanity."
"I believe that if a man like him were to assume the dictatorship of the modern world he would succeed in solving its problems in a way that would bring it the much needed peace and happiness: I have prophesied about the faith of Muhammad that it would be acceptable to the Europe of tomorrow as it is beginning to be acceptable to the Europe of today.“
Sir George Bernard Shaw in 'The Genuine Islam,' Vol. 1, No. 8, 1936.
Islamic Principles that promoted advancing Civilization
Seeking knowledge continuously. “From the cradle to the grave”
Sincerity in performing work.
Always aspiring to achieve the best in whatever one does.
Islamic culture played an important and undeniable role in advancing world civilization.
Muslim carried the civilization torch during the “Dark Ages”; preserved and advanced the treasure of culture and knowledge for humanity.
In all aspects of our daily lives, then – in our homes, offices and universities; in religion, philosophy, science and the arts – we are indebted to Muslim creativity, insight and scientific perseverance.