Mufti taqi Uthmani - Easy Good Deeds


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Mufti taqi Uthmani - Easy Good Deeds

  1. 1. CONTENT Introduction Some Important Points Good Intention Praying Prayers according to Sunnah Seeking Pardon Dhikr of Allah Darud Thanks giving Patience Beginning all important work with "Bismillah" To precede in greeting Visiting the Sick Participation in Burial Service (Namaz-e-Janazah) and Burial13. Condolence and consoling14. To love for the sake of Allah15. Helping a Muslim16. Justified Recommendation17. Concealing others Shortcomings18. Preaching good
  2. 2. 4 519. Sadaqah and Charity 52 Reading and recital of Surah Fateha 9 320. Forgiveness 54 and Surah Ikhlas2 1. Tenderness / Kindness 56 Careful Ablution (Wadhu) 9422. Peace Malung 59 Misvak 9523. Helping the Orphans and Widows 60 Dhikr after Ablution (Wadhu) 9624. Spending on Family 62 Tahiyyat-al-Wadhu 96 4 L25: -* Good Treatment of Parents 64 Tahiyyat-al-Masjid 98 Y26. i;.$ourtesy and Kindness to Parents, 68 Intent of Itekaf 99 Relatives and Friends Praying in First Row 9927. Good Marital Relationship 69 Filling the gap in Prayer row 10028. Good Treatment of Relatives 71 Ishraq Prayer 10129. Doing Good to the Neighbour 74 Bathing and use of perfume on Friday 10230. Cordiality and Courtesy 76 Eating Sehri in Fast 10431. Good behaviour to Co-travellers 78 To hurry in Iftar 10532. Meeting for Allah 79 Giving Iftar to a Fasting Man 10533. Respect to Guests 80 Looking after the household of a Haji or 10634. Removing harmful things from the way81 Mujahid35 Avoidance of Quarrel 83 Praying for Martyrdom 10736. To learn Matters of Faith 84 Starting work early in the morning 10831. Teaching Religion 86 Dhikr of Allah during Business 10838. Respect of Elders 87 Taking back sold goods 10939. Respect for Islamic way and Customs 88 Giving loan to the Needy 11040. Kindness to children 89 Giving grace period to poor debtor 11041. Adhan: Calling to Prayer 89 Telling the Truth in Trade 11142. Responding to Adhan 90 Planting Trees 11243. Reading the Quran 92 Good Treatment of Animals 112 Killing Harmful Animals 113
  3. 3. 669. Controlling the Tongue 11470. Avoiding useless talk and activities 11671-77 Six Good Deeds. 11678. Beginning from the right 11779. Cleaning and eating a dropped morsel 118 INTRODUCTION80. Praising Allah upon Sneezing and BY its Response 119 JUSTICE MAULANA MUHAMMAD TAQI USMANI81 Fear of Allah 11982. Optimism and Hope from Allah 120 Allah has created this world so that creatures living here may, through good actions, provide for the Hereafter and do deeds that may earn for them Divine pleasure. However, we become so engrosed in the affairs of worldly life that we become oblivious of the true purpose of this life. So every living moment from morn till eve is spent in making earthly life better and more and more pleasant. In this struggle there are few of Allahs bondsmen who think of bettering their lot in the Hereafter, although it is an established fact, which even tie most hardened atheist cannot deny, that everyone has to leave this world one day and none knows exactly when the summons would come. The methods prescribed by Islam to better the human lot in the Hereafter are not really difficult; in fact, if one adopts them, his earthly life too becomes I pleasant and comfortable. But unfortunately, it is generally believed today that observance of Islamic teachings, is difficult and demands the sacrifice of many worldly advantages, pleasures and comforts.
  4. 4. 8Consequently, most people, being scared of this importance of storing up good deeds, but when ourassumed difficulty, veer away from the Divine path, eyes shall close in eternal sleep and when we shall be summoned before Allah to answer for whatever The fact is that, firstly, Islamic commandments we did in this world, then we would know howand injunctions are not per se difficult to follow and important even the most ordinary good deed shallwhosoever of Allahs bondsmen desires to followthem is aided by Allah and his lives in this world become. Good deeds are the currency of the Afterlife; gold and silver and worldly coins shall avail nought,as well as in the Hereafter, are changed for the the only question to be asked would be "How manybetter and to his greater advantage. good deed have you brought to be reckoned ?" If Secondly, even if there is some difficulty or then the pocket would be empty, one would ruesome laborious effort is called for in the observance and repent why the roster of deeds was not filledof rouse command, it is insignificant if one keeps in up with good acts. But then all repentance wouldmind the eternal bliss and comfort vouchsafed in be of no avail as the time for acts would be longthe Hereafter for the observers. Even in this worldly, past.earning the daily bread does involve some hardshipbut it is accepted since it is rewarded. Similarly if The exalted companions of our eternally blessed Holy Prophet knew the worth of good deeds;w e keep in mind that observance of Islamiccommandments is going to earn for us unimaginable they were eager to do good. As soon as they learnt that some good deed earned Divine pleasure theyrewards in the Hereafter, we would hardly shirkthe slight hardship involved. did it and went on doing it. And if they learnt it late, they regretted the delay. Thirdly, while there are some Islamic Abu Huraira recounted the Hadith to Abdullahcommandments and injunctions the observance of ibn Omar that whosoever offers the salah of Janazahwhich does entail some labour, there are otherDivinely ordained acts which do not entail any at the burial service of another would earn merithardship nor are they time consuming nor do they equivalent to one carat and whosoever goes withdemand any expenditure. It is only a matter of the bier and remains with it till burial earns twoattitude; if one develops the right attitude, he would carats each carat being equal to the hill of Uhad.go on chalking up good deeds in his roster of deeds, Ibn Omar asked Ayesha (may Allah be pleasedand if one goes on observing them, he would have with her) to verify it, which she did, Ibne Omara vast store of good deeds that would fetch rewards exclaimed "Alas w e have lost so many carats".in the Afterlife. (Tirmidhi). In this world, w e do not realize the true Every good deed which earns Divine pleasure
  5. 5. 10is most valuable . As it is only in this world that onecan do good deeds, especially those that entail nohardships and earn merits for them, it would be amisfortune of the highest order if one shuns themhere only to repent in the Hereafter. SOME IMPORTANT POINTS The present booklet is a compendium of gooddeeds done easily, without any significant labour and Only those deeds have been discussed herewithout any expenditure. Whosoever shall pay heed that do not involve any significant labour or difficultyto them shall go on doing good deeds and earn merits. but earn much merit and reward. The purpose is to awaken in the hearts of the readers the urge to The Muslims are requested to read this booklet follow and observe them and increase their store ofcarefully and to do the good deeds mentioned herein goodness for the Afterlife. However, it is necessaryas a routine. May be that these apparently insignificant to remember the following points when reading thisdeeds steer our lives on to the path of Divine pleasure book:and ensure our salvation. 1. Since this booklet deals with only those good May Allah give the author and all Muslims the deeds that are easy to perform without much labouropportunity to observe these injunctions and may He or hardship and one can start performing themgrant us merits and its bounties in the Hereafter. immediately, there is no mention of those acts andAmeen. actions which are unavoidably enjoined and prescribed. Hence it should be remembered that din (i.e. faith) is not confined to the deeds mentioned here. The commandments of faith embrace all aspects of life and it is incumbent upon every Muslim to carry out all prescribed acts and to desist from sinning. This book has two purposes: Firstly it is to urge those who already carry out the prescribed duties to add those easy-to-perform actions in their repertoire of good deeds and thus enhance the positive value of their roster of deeds. The second purpose is to attract those who, believing the commands of the faith too difficult to observe, have
  6. 6. deviated from it, and to gradually persuade them to The conditions then were such that it was difficultdo easy-to-perform deeds which lead them at once to imagine a mumin (a believer) committing a majorto the portals of faith. It is hoped that if they start sin and not repenting for it. In those days most sinsperforming those easy deeds, there shall gradually were minor and thus only those sins wereawaken in their hearts the urge to observe all the mentioned, while the Seriousness and heinousnesscommandments of the faith and thev shall one dav 4 penance sins and the importance of penitence and of major remain.easily embrace a wholly religious way of life. . 2. The second point to be understood is that 3. Keeping in mind the above mentioned twoczhadith (saying of our eternally blessed Prophet) points, one must not forget the following saying ofhave been quoted in this book which promise Divine our eternally blessed Prophet:forgiveness for some very simple actions. However, K~ p J l e d * - Yit must be remembered, when reading these ahadith - ~~)) # .8>,0 0 ~ ~ - 8 0that the sins which are automatically pardoned by Never take any -good deed as humble.good deeds are minor sins only: major sins require Hence one must never b e deluded intoformal penitence and forswearing. The Holy Quran believing that if we are unable to do big deeds. howsays : can small relatively insignificant deeds lead to our salvation? A good deed is never insignificant and 0- $&&--&$&.$2+,wG, H . so no opportunity of doing good should be let pass, If you avoid the major sins you are prohibited as it is entirely possible that good deed may be to perform, We shall atone your minor vices. rewarded by Divine pleasure and our whole life Similarly, sins relating to the human rights are may change.not pardoned until and unless the right due to the This book, if read with those points in mind,aggrieved is restored to him or her, or the aggrieved shall be useful. May Allah reward this humble effortperson forgives the wrongdoer. I and may He grant us the good fortune to do good Thus the mention of sins pardoned by simple deeds. Ameen.good deeds should not delude the reader intobelieving that whatever sins big or small he commits ***he would be receiving Divine pardon by virtue ofthese good deeds. One should keep in mind theenvironment in which the eternally blessed ProphetMuhammad spoke of Divine pardon for good deeds: , I i
  7. 7. 15 earn merit. Similarly if one eats with the intent that his physical beady too has its rights and dues which (1) GOOD INTENTION include nourishment through eating or if one eats with the intent of getting pleasure and taste and of Intention is an alchemic prescription that can thanking Allah for these, the eating become an act ofturn base dirt into noble gold. The hadith says "All merit.actions depends upon intentions." There is no lawful deed of life, which if done It is sometimes interpreted to mean that good with good intent, does not become act of merit.intentions justify bad deeds too and turn sinsmeritorious. This is entirely wrong. Sin is always a A few instances shall elucidate the point further:sin no matter how noble the intention may be. For (a)Honest earning, whether by trade or serviceinstance if someone breaks into a house to steal or industry or agriculture, if done with the intent ofwith the intention of giving away as alms whatever rightly fulfilling the duties enjoined by Allah towardhe would steal would be a thief deserving the oneself and ones family, would become an act ofprescribed punishment. His good intentions would merit.not earn hire any merit nor would his sin bepardoned. Then if one further intends to spend whatever he may save after fulfilling the needs of himself and What this hadith means is as follows: his family in helping the poor and in other similar 1. A good deed earns merit only if done with good deeds, he would earn further merit.right intention. For instance prayer would earn merit (b)When a person engaged in learning intendsonly when one prays only for Divine pleasure: if to serve the humanity through his knowledge heone prays to impress others, then, instead of earning would go on earning merit as long as he remainsmerit, it would earn punishment. engaged in acquisition of knowledge. For instance a 2. The second interpretation which is germane student of religion may decide to propagate the faith,to the present discussion is that all lawful deeds a medical student to alleviate human suffering due toactually earn neither merit nor punishment, but if disease, an engineering student to serve his peoplethese are done with good intent, they become acts through his specialized knowledge etc. all these actsof worship and earn merit. For instance eating is would become acts of merit because of the intentionlawful: but if one eats with the intention that food which motivates the doer.shall give hire energy and that energy lie shall (c) A man, knowing that sustenance andspend in the service of Allah, the act of eating would
  8. 8. 16 17subsistence is the responsibility of Allah which He so ordained, hence such an act is also meritorious ifshall fulfil without fail, engages in a particular done to follow the sunnah.profession or vocation with a view to serve humanity,his profession would earn him merit. (g)Hospitality to guests, if shown in pursuance of sunnah is an act of merit. For instance if someone enters the medicalprofession consciously choosing it from among other (h) Planting a sapling or plant in the house so that it may one day be of use o some man or animal fprofessions in order to cure the sick, be would earnmerit even if he charges for his services. Such a and please the onlooker would be a good would not hesitate to provide free treatment (i)Writing a beautiful and legible hand to makefor the poor and the destitute. it easy for the reader to read is an act of merit. A cloth merchant who enters this profession (j) If a woman dresses herself in beautifulto provide clothes to people because clothing oneself raiment and wears ornaments and adorns herselfis a religious duty, would also earn merit. to please her husband and if a man remains clean Similarly a government servant, motivated by a and neat to please his wife, both are good deeds.desire to serve the common man and fulfil his needs, (k) If permissible recreation is indulged in towould earn merit. "Thus, every profession, becomes the extent needed to prepare oneself for duties it ismeritorious, provided the intention is right." a meritorious act. (c) If one dresses in finery not to show off his (1) If a watch is kept to know prayer timingsstatus or wealth, but to afford pleasure to others, it and to realize the value of time which is intendedis an act of merit. to be spent in good deeds, it is an act that earns merit. (d)If one treats his children with love becauseit is a sunnah of our eternally blessed Prophet, it There are a few common examples fromearns him merit. everyday life which can earn much merit for the doer, Imam Ghazali has rightly observed in his 1hya- (e) If one does the household chores because al-ulum that there is no lawful action in human lifethis too is a sunnah as our eternally blessed Prophet which, if done with the right intent, cannot behelped in the housework, its merit rewards in theAfterlife. changed into an act of merit. Even if husband and wife give mutual pleasure to each other, each with (f) Loving conversation with wife and children the intent of giving the other his or her due andis a sunnah and the eternally blessed Prophet has making them pure this too would give them merit.
  9. 9. 19 1. Divine grant of prayers fulfills our desires; 2. Every prayer earns merit; and 2. PRAYING 3. Repeated acts of praylng bring one ever closer Allah likes his bondsmen to pray to Him. If a man, to Allahhowever munificent he may be, is again and again Although the correct method of praying is to faceasked for anything, he sooner or later loses his the Qiblah and raise ones hands and pray withpatience and becomes angry. But Allah, on the tongue, prefacing the prayer with praise of Allah andcontrary, is, pleased the more his bondsmen ask him. darud, but one can also pray without theseHadith tells as that Allah is displeased with one who preliminaries too. Thus Allah has made the act ofdoes not ask him for anything in prayer. praying so easy that one can also, pray almost Praying is not only a means of realizing ones anywhere and at any time; one can pray whilepurposes but is, in itself, an act or worship. In other engaged in any activity and if one cannot intone thewords praying even for ones personal ends and prayer as e.g. in lavatory, one can think his prayer.worldly needs is counted among acts of worship and Also it is not necessary to pray for big orearns merit. The more one prays the closer one gets important things; one should pray to Allah asking himto Allah. It is not necessary to pray only in times of to fulfil all ones wants, big or small; hadith tells us toneed or of &stress: rather, praying in times of pleasure pray even when one breaks his bootless (Tirmidhi).and plenty is also necessary. A hadith tells us thatone who desires his prayers in the times of sorrow Consequently one should develop the habit ofand distress to be answered, should pray in times of asking Allah to fulfil even the smallest need, to seekhappiness and plenty. (Tirmidhi cited in h i a1 UsulJ Divine amelioration of the most ordinary trouble. Just a child calls his mother for everything big or small, Allah has promise in Quran Pray to Me and I one should call and go on calling Allah. No matter &all fulfill it". Ths Divine promise can never be wrong what work one may be engaged in, one should always so one must pray with Belief and trust in its fulfillment. ask Allah for something or the other. Cultivate this But Nfillment can take different forms; sometimes one habit and see how quickly you rise. gets what he prays for, but sometimes the desired object is not regarded by Allah as beneficial or useful ( 3 )PRAYERS ACCORDING TO to his bondsman and so he is granted something better in this life or Hereafter. Thus every act of praying has SUNNAH three advantages: Although one should pray to Allah at all times
  10. 10. Hence if you come to know that any Muslim isfor all ones needs, our eternally blessed Prophet has in trouble or need, pray for him. In fact one shouldtaught us some specific prayers for special occasions pray for the unbelievers too so that they may be Iat different times of night and day, e.g. upon waking I Divinely guided on to the path of Islam. Thus oneup, when going to the toilet and coming out of it, gets merit for We act of praying as well as forwhen performing ablution, upon entering andcoming out of the mosque, upon entering the house, 1 wishing well for others.before meals and after meals hearing the adhan, SEEKING PARDON (4)when dressing, when looking in mirror, before Ifalling asleep in bed. Seeking Divine pardon is an antidote for the II poisoning of human soul by sinning. Every sin These prayers are all-embracing and extremely against Allah, however heinous if may be, isuseful for all our worldly and other-worldly needs. I forgiven if one seeks Divine pardon for it. WheneverWe, by ourselves, can never think of such prayerswhich the eternally blessed Prophet has taught us. I a sin-great or small-is committed, it should be atoned for by seeking pardon, and even when noThese prayers are not time consuming nor ablution I sin has been apparently committed, one should seekis their precondition nor is one to raise his hands. If I Divine forgiveness. Every Muslim knows that theone commits them to memory, one reaps a very rich I eternally blessed Prophet Muhammad was free ofharvest both here and in the Hereafter. all sin, but even then he has said that "I beg for Hence every Muslim must commit these prayers I Allahs forgiveness seventy times or more every day. to memory. There are many books wherein they are I (Bukhari) listed. Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvis "Munajat-e- In one hadith the eternally blessed Prophet is Maqbul" has most of them. You should commit them quoted as follows: "Whosoever regularly seeks to memory and ask your children to memorize them Allahs pardon, Allah makes for him a way out of all too. tight corners, removes all his worries and grantsPRAYING FOR OTHERS. him sustenance from sources h e had never imaginedn(Abu Daud, Kitab-al-Satat. Bab-al- One prays for ones own needs and desires, Istighfar) .but one should also pray for ones relatives, friendsand Muslims in general as it is an act of great merit. Hence one should cultivate the habit of seekingThere is a hadith which says that when a Muslim Divine pardon at all times and at least once a (lay,prays for anyone of his brothers in faith in the latters one should tell a hundred beads of Istighfar on theabsence angels pray for the same for him. (Sahih rosary.Muslim).
  11. 11. & + & 9 recall ones shortcomings and wrongdoings of the day and seek Divine Pardon for them and Grace. One can ask for-Divine forgiveness in anylanguage however the Arabic version is givin below (5) DHIKR OF ALLAH ~6 %< 9 y,& o, u ..S #%t &$I@ >Lcy3@bdCJd~f One particular form of seeking Divine pardon Dhikr i.e. mental or verbal remembrance ofhas been particularly lauded in hadith, and it has Allah is so consoling, pleasant and easy form ofbeen designated as Chief of all Prayers for Divine worship that one can perform it continuously at allForgiveness; it is given below: /r/, ,./ /* GI;$z u 3 p 3 ! q>dJJ ~ &,,",/*/<, times and with great benefit, Allah has enjoined His Dhikr in the Quran in the following words: &g & ;& *> I & & 0 , ,+ // 4 fl 4 #./ . ~&,,J;;&&$&&,;% .> - * , / J , , < 4 , *< , , "# / ,. Obviously dhikr does not benefit Allah, Who has 4, , / /a* -dYJ&# d*Y - ,,.* * j*b ~>$ j ~ + b 9 @ f i & b i ) c no need of in the benefit is for Allahs bondsmen since dhikr strengthens the bond between Allah and His bondsmen, is food for the soul which invigorates Translation:0 Allah! You are my Sustainer thereis no god but You, You created me, I am Your it. And with an invigorated soul it becomes easy tobondsman and am to the best ofmy abilityfirmon my overcome ones base instincts and to vanquish theoath to You. I seek refuge with You against whatever Devil. Thus one is able more easily to avoid sinsI have done. Whatever boons You have showered on and the good deeds, I invoke them and turn to You and i also turn to Someone asked our eternally blessed ProphetYou against my sins. Hence forgive my sins because Which worship is highest, in the Eyes of Allah andthere is none save You who forgives sins. which shall be reckoned weightiest on the Day of Hadith tells us that whosoever intones these Judgement?" The Prophet replied "Dhikr of Allah"words with full faith in the morning and dies before - (Jamial Usul, p. 475 Vol. 4)nightfall shall be counted among those of the Paradise, A companion once submitted to the eternallyand whosoever says them with full faith at night and blessed Prophet 0 Messenger of Allah! Good deedsdies before morning shall likewise go to paradise. are many and I do not have the strength to perform(Sahih Bukhari, Bab Afdal-a!-Istighfar) all of them. So please tell vie one thing that I may Specially before going to sleep, one should briefly always remember. Please do not tell me niany things
  12. 12. 24as I would forget them." The Holy Prophet said "Your place like lavatory. However even there dhikr cantongue should he wet with dhikr of Allah". (Jami be done without intoning or moving the tongue.Tirmidhi, Dawat Bab Fad1 a1 Dhikr). Thus the merits of this worship can be reaped at all times without any difficulty. However it is Abu Musa Ashari has been quoted as follows: appropriate to fix a particular time in the night orThe eternally blessed Prophet said "A house wherein the day when one can perform dhikr after ablutionAllah is remembered and a house wherein He is and facing the qiblah; dhikr at other times wouldnot remembered are like living and dead bodies" be an added boon.(Bukhari and Muslim) For special dhikr the following books may be Another hadith quotes our Prophet as follows: consulted."People who leave a meeting or conclave withoutmentioning and remembering Allah are like those 1. Fadail-al-Dhikr by Shaikh a1 Hadith Hadratwho get off from a dead ass, and such a meeting Maulana Muhammad Dhakariyya.they would repent (for time misspent] on the Day of 2. Dhikr Allah by Maulana Mufti MuhammadJudgement" (Abu Daud) Shafi. Thats why a hadith tells us to recite the 3. Mamulat-e-Yaumiyah by Dr. Abdul Hai Arififollowing worlds at the end of every meeting or However some brief adhkar are given below which should be recited continuously. 1. Hadith quotes our eternally blessed Prophet This atones for the sh-ortcomings of the as saying thatmeeting. "The following four phrases are most pleasing In spite of the great merits of dhikr. Allah has to Allah. (Sahih Muslim)made it very easy. There are no preconditionsattached to it. If someone performs ablution and thensits facing Qibla and performs dhikr it is all for the 2. Hadith tells us that two phrases mostbest. But if there is no time or occasion for it then pleasing to Al-Rahman are light on the tongue butone can perform dhikr while engaged in other view weighty on the Day of Judgement:works, even ablution is not required and dhikr is J a/# & #MS.# , l d + (*~*UI&,, & l 0 (Bukhari Muslimlpermitted even when unclean after coition or whilemenstruating. However one should not perform itverbally when unclothed or when in some unclean
  13. 13. 27 . , 3. Hadith tells us to recite : & C ~ S 4,. l ~H ~ ~ ~ f l C y And Anas, a companion, has said that the eternally blessed Prophet said that "When my name is mentioned before anyone it is incumbent uponmuch because these words are amohg the treasuresof paradise. (Mishkat) him to send durud on me, and whosoever sends darud once, Allah sends his Mercy on him ten times (ibid .) The best darud is the darud-e- lbrahime which 4. Hadith tells us that if one recites these words is recited in prayers and the briefest is Sallallahoin the morning he gets merit equivalent to freeing alaihi-wa-sallam, the latter also has the same meritsof ten slaves from among the progeny of Prophet of as others. It should be noted that when the holyIslam, he gets ten good deeds recorded in his name, Prophets* exalted name is written, one writeshis ten sins are pardoned he is elevated by ten sallallaho alaihi-wa-Sallam after it and not sallaamstages and is protected against the Devil till evening. which is insufficient.And if he recites these words in the evening; he (7) THANKS GIVINGgets the same reward till morning (Abu Daud). Allah bestows countless boons on me on every instant; they are countless as Allah Himself says in the Quran: % ,J.,J=$; DARUD (6) bw-9, 1-3 Ahadith mention in detail so many advantages Shaikh Sadi has said that if one ignores otherand merits of blessing the holy prophet by reciting boons and mercies, life itself is a boon o highest order, fDarud that one can compile a whole to me, and in so fir as the act of breathing itself has two boons ofmany learned people have in fact written books on inhalation and exhalation; if breath, goes in and doesthem. One hadith quotes the Holy Prophet as saying not came out it is death and if breath goes out andthat "One sent by my Sustainer came to me and told does not cone in it is again death. Hence every breathme that Whoever from your ummah sends darud has two boons for which Allah must be thanked.on you once ten good deeds are recorded on his However even if one thanks Allah once with everybehalf, his ten (minor) sins are pardoned and he is breath, it is still insufficient; so how can oneelevated by ten stages" (Sunan Nisai and Musnad adequately thank Allah for other boons and mercies?Ahmed, Al-targhib li al Mundhari, P.157 voIume3) Though it is impossible to thank Allah adequately,
  14. 14. 28 29but thanking Him to the best o ones ability is a f pleader. He would never utter anything smackingpleasing to Allah and earns countless merits, and also o thanklessness. fleads to the grant of further boons and mercies, onealso get closer to Allah as he has said: Devil assails man by first making him 4 /, , ,,a: / ad *#aa *< ungrateful. The Qurantells us that when Devil was urss;)t>3>c1>u+;t ## &fi$b granted leave till the Day of Judgment he said that In another place, He says: he would mislead Allahs bondsmen in every way and he further said: This shows that Devils greatest desire is to make Allahs bondsmen thankless so that they may Allah likes a thankful bondsman and dislikes be bereft o the worship o thankfulness. But if f fa thankless one, since thanklessness is extreme someone is determined to be thankful, he is sparednarrow mindedness. A thankless person laments Devils guile and wile.even slightest troubles and ignores the countless Thus thankfulness to Allah is a supreme actmercies and boons; he is more aware o his troubles f of worship which requires only a few moments.than of his comforts, A thankful person, on the &# l 4 ~ # :/ ~ l ~ # * ~ ~ 1 ; s ~contrary is thankful,, even in direst troubles, for theinnumerable boons he enjoys, while praying, for He who thanks Allah after eating earns thedeliverance from his troubles. same merit as one who fasts and desists from Suppose a person is sick. If he is thankless, he eating. (Bukhari and Tirmidhi)would ignore all other blessings, regard himself as Consequently, one must thank Allah for allthe most troubled and aggrieved person in the world his boons and mercies, whether big or small. Oneand lament his fate. But if he is a thankful man he should thank Allah when on returning home, hewould think o the healthful period of his life and f finds his family safe and well, when he eats f=odthen he would think o his treatment o and the f f when his hot brow is fanned by cool breeze,presence of his well- wishers and friends as mercies, when he sees his child happily at play; in otherhe would think of people more sick than himself words everything which pleases and comfortsand thank Allah for sparing him more serious should be acknowledged with thanks to the Onesickness, He would pray for his recovery but not by Allah who is the Real and the Ultimate Sourceway of complaint, he would pray as a besieger and and intone his thanks, he should do it in his heart.
  15. 15. Saints and learned ones have also instructed Thee with every batting of the eyelids and with everythat upon going to bed and before falling asleep, should think o Allahs gifts and boons and thank fHim for every one of them. For instance, one should - ,, @ ,0.*,/,,J & & a 1 b 9 & & t# d ~ & l h *< ~e L + * J sp J s/#, 4//4 /a :* ## *think of the good health of his family and himself;of the house which he lives in, of the comfortable 2. 0 Allah! I praise Thee as many times as thebed he sleeps in, of his own safety and that of his number of Thine creatures, as the blackness of Thinefamily and thank Allah for these Divine mercies words as the weight o f Thine Throne and inbefore closing his eyes in sleep. accordance with Thine Pleasure. Real and true thankfulness to Allah implies 3. It is reported from Abdullah ibn Ghannam thatchanging ones ways to into those that please the our exalted and eternally blessed Prophet taught theAlmighty, but if one merely expresses his following words of thankfulness.thankfulness in his heart or by mouth, it too is anact of great worship. This can lead to a change forthe better in other deeds. While there are no specific wards prescribed for 0 Allah! Whatever boon I or anyone of Thineshowing ones gratitude to Allah and He can be creatures get is from Thee only; there is none coevalthanked in any language, our exalted and eternally with Thee hence all praise and all gratitude are forblessed Prophet has taught us some compressive Thee alone.words to express our gratitude to our Maker; theseare given below. The Holy Prophet may he be blessed eternally &!;g,,&J&& j*gq;$pip said that whosoever spoke these words in the a,/ &j;&3$$I$J,~r*a morning would be thanking Allah for that day and if he spoke these words in the evening he would & . % m a w &r J & Bd ~ + #/,& & / ~ 4 434 be thanking Him for that night. &p3,&j;~, &-# , # , N J , ~ rC3&j&$jr;&* << -4 (8) PATIENCE 1.0 Allah!l thank Thee with a thankfulnessthat Allah has created three worlds: one of completeis eternal w t Thine Own Eternal Being. I thank Thee ih bliss and comfort without any shadow of grief orwith a thankfulness that i unlimited but for Thine s pain which is Paradise; the second of pain and griefWill.And I thank Thee with a thankfulness the speaker without any shadow of bliss or comfort; which isofwhich desiresnaught but ThinePleasure And I thank
  16. 16. 32 whatever Allah does he believes Him to change hisOhell; and then there is the third world where blissand grief and pain and comfort coexist, and this one pain and sorrow into pleasure and comfort and tois our present world. Consequently, there has never save him from such plights in future.been nor can ever be, a man who has not at some This way of thought is "patience". Patience hastime in his life tasted sorrow. Man, however rich or the advent age that it brings solace and banishespious or powerful he may be, would experience dismay. Moreover the pain and sorrow thus becomepleasure as well as pain; even Allahs chosen causes for boundless reward and merit since Allahmessengers have suffered in this world. says : Hence, one who wants to be wholly andpermanently free of sorrow and pain does not knowthe nature of this world and this desire of his can Please note that sorrowing and worrying innever be fulfilled. Of course, the measures of times of trouble and trial are not sins, even weepingpleasure and pain may vary, but complete and is sudden shock is not a sin, nor is it an act opermanent freedom from pain is impossible. impatience. Impatience is to criticize Allah and to lament and complain. Patience is to hold firm to ones It is thus obvious that every one of us is visited faith in Allah even when h s whole world is crumblingby sorrow and pain in one form or the other. So if into rains and heart is heavy with grief anti ewes arehis lot impatient and frantic and laments his fate brimming with tears. It is this patience for which hasand bewails his lot it would not rid him of pain and been promised boundless reward.sorrow. Such a behavior would, one the one hand,,exacerbate the feeling of pain and sorrow, and, on One sign of patience is to repeatedly say:the other hand, his impatience would be of gravedisadvantage to him in so far as the pain and sorrowwhich could earn him merit and reward would For those who recite these words in times of trialremain barren. and tribulation. Allah has said: In contrast to this, there is a man who in timesof pain and sorrow thinks of the brevity of mundanelife and the inevitability of pain and then thinksthat whatever Allah does has some Divine Design Consequently our saints and learned men havewhich man cannot unravel. This man then does not rightly said that patience is equal to a thousand actslament his lot nor does he complain; rather his faith of worship and it leads to mans spiritual Allah and His doings is strengthened since It does not require any major catastrophe for one
  17. 17. to show patience and recite: run counter to the practice of patience. One shouldin everyday life there are many minor pinnipeds which try to better ones condition ana also go on prayingshould be countered with the recitation of this ayah. to Allah. Groaning due to pain is also not contrary to patience. The reality of patience is, as described Umme Salma has quoted our Holy Prophet as above, not criticizing or bewailing any Divinesaving that decision, and reciting. This recital is simple and brief but it earns immeasurable reward and merit. "Whensomeone ofyou is afflictedby some pain (9)BEGINNING ALL IMPORTANTor is troubled. WORK WITH "BISMILLAH" A hadith tells tis that once when a lamp went Recital of "Bismillah" when starting any workout our Holy Prophet recited this ayah. is a sign of Muslims. Our blessed and exalted Prophet - This clearly shows that must be has said J<*/) 4 3 / B ~ , y /, • .recited when assailed by even minor troubles, and ~1d$l~4ij,ld+~h6?@~similarly patience should be exercised even in Everyimportant work not began with Bumillaheveryday problems and worries so that one gets remains imperfect and half clone".merit of an act of worship. A sudden stumble, a prickof a thorn, failure of electric power, a bad news, a According to the established sunnah of our eternally blessed Prophet, every important1 workloss, all should be met with a recital of and it should should be started with Bismillah and every Muslimbe firmly believed that some Divine Purpose is at must follow it and inculcate this habit. Bismillahwork behind every unpleasant event. This is true should be recited when entering or leaving thepatience that ways earns immense amount of merit. house embarking upon a vehicle and upon and Another point to be remembered is that just as upon disembarking from it, when the steed orshedding tears over some grievous event is not mount stumbles, when one himself stumbles,contrary to patience, trying to ameliorate ones lot upon entering the mosque and coming out of it,and remove e the cause of pain and sorrow tone is a little before e n t e r i n g t h e lavatory a n dnot against the practice of patience. Seeking immediately upon coming out of it, before startingemployment when unemployed obviously does not 1- All good work
  18. 18. 37to eat and drink, upon starting to dress, before to Allah". (Abu Daud )putting on shoes, before reading a book, beforewriting a letter or anything else, before starting It is not necessary to greet only those withdays work, before entering into a pact, in fact whom one is acquainted; greeting strangers whoevery change of state should be prefaced with are known to be Muslims is a matter of great meritBismillah. Women too should recite it when Our holy Prophet, may lie be Divine, blessedstarting to cook, w h e n serving food, w h e n eternally, was asked as to which action are goodstitching a dress, when dressing a child; they for Muslims. Among the actions which our holyshould also inculcate in their children the habit Prophet enumerated was this: "You should greetof reciting Bismillah is very easy and leads to people whether you know their or not" (Sahihrapid accumulation of much merit in ones record. Bukhari. Sahih Muslim)Recital of Bismillah turn mundane activities into acts of worship. It is reported about Abdullah bin Omar that sometimes he went out of the house only to greet A Muslim and an unbeliever both carry out the any Muslims he met and thus to increase his merit. daily routines of life but there is immense difference (MuvattaImam Malik)between the two: the unbeliever does everythingin a state of unawareness, while a Muslim does The correct interpretation of this hadith,whatever he has to do by consciously accepting and however, is that one should greet others, though notrealizing the fact that nothing can be accomplished everyone one sees because it is impossible and it might without Divine Will Help and Pleasure. This also be embarrassing for others. (A1Adab a1 Shariah, realization change worldly acts into acts of devotion li ibn Muslih page 422, volume 1) to, and worship of Allah. The advantages of reciting It is also a sunnah to greet the family when Bismillah have been discussed in detail in "Bismillah entering the house. Our holy Prophet instructed his kay Fadail-o-Masail" by the authors father Maulana personal servant Anas as follow:Mufti Muhammad Shafi: its study shall be of greatbenefit. "0 son! When you enter (your) house, greet your family member; this act shall be of benefit for (10) TO PRECEDE IN GREETING both you and your family members" (Tirmidhi) Greeting brother Muslims is one of these Islamic Even when entering an empty house one shouldpractices which are hallmark of a Muslim and its greet with the intent that angels are being greeted.merits have been anointed in many ahadith. e.g. Abdullah ibn Omar used to say :"One who takes pretence in greeting others is closer , ,0/0,/04@, ~ L ~ I &.. I ~ L E & , ~ X ~ ~ & / . I
  19. 19. 39 38 However if a group is sitting quietly and somebodyon such occasions (A1 Adalf al Shariah li ibn Muslih, passes by then he should greet them; if someonep.424, vol.1) wishes to join them then just one salaam is enough Hadith also urges the muslims to clearly speak and single response from one of the group fulfillstheout the greeting so that it may be heard and sunnah .understood. Although the sunnah of greeting to To be the first with salam is sumah and he whofulfilled by saylng "A1 Salam Alaikum ". but adding does not reply to it is a sinner."wa Rahmat ulla-wa barakatuhu" earns more merit. When a letter is received in whichif@t5 I Imran bin Husayn recounts that once he and salaam alaikum" is written, it should be respondedothers were in the presence of our exalted and to in the prescribed manner while reading the letter.eternally blessed Prophet when a man came and said: -&WV "As-salamo alaikum", to which the (11) VISITING THE SICKblessed Prophet responded and said "Ten" (i.e. theperson who had greeted him, had earned ten merits); Visiting the sick is an act of great merit and is GLdb i ) . included in the human rights an enunciated by thethen another man came and he said, Xssalamo alazkum wa Rahmatullah", to which the exalted Prophet, may he be blessed always. Someblessed Prophet responded and said Twenty (i.e. the jurists regard it vajib, but in fact it is a had earned twenty merits); finally a thira man Thauban relates that our Holy and eternally came and said salamo alaikum wa Rahmatullah wa blessed Prophet has said that "when a Muslim visits Barakatuhu"), to which the exalted Prophet responded his sick brother in faith, he is all the time in the garden and said Thirty" (i.e.he had earned thirty merits) (Abu of Paradise. (Kitab al Birr wa a1 Silah and Tirmidhi. Daud, Tirmidhi, Jami a1 Usul, p.602. vol. 6j, Kitabal-Khabaiz) It should be noted here, however, that salam Ali has said that he heard our Holy Prophet saying i.e. greeting is a sunnah only when the person greeted that "When a Muslim goes to visit another ailing is not busy or when salam would not disturb him; if Muslim in the morning, seventy thousand angels pray salam is going to disturb him in whatever he is doing, for his forgiveness till evening, and if he goes visiting e.g. reciting Quran or doing dhikr or tending the sick till the evening, seventy thousand angels pray for his or studying or doing something else in which loss of forgiveness till morning and he is granted a garden in concentration would cause loss, the one should wait the Paradise". (Tirmidhi. Kitab a1 KhabaiZ. Hadith till the work is finished. 969). Similarly it is not right to salaam when somebody Our exalted and eternally blessed Prophet, is making a speech, and speaker too should not do it.
  20. 20. 41 asking and praying for the patient become an act ofhearing of sickness of anyone among his merit. There is no need to have ones visit reportedacquaintances, went to visit him. to the sick man. But if it is intended to please the The correct way of visiting the sick is to put ones patient then the names of the visitors may be toldhand on the sick mans forehead and inquire after his to him at sonic appropriate timeillness, but only if putting the hand on his forehead Hadith has also emphasized that visitor mustdoes not cause the sick one pain otherwise it is not stay very long with the sick man because itsufficient to ask how he was. might harm the patient. However, if the patient Out exalted Prophet has taught us the following wants someone intimate to stay with him then there prays which is to be recited seven time when visiting is no harm in staying long. the sick:- u -, & $P~ :& & pG . #/*J,& It is also necessary to choose the right time for , * - , the visit; it is not right to visit a patient when he is This prayer heals the sick, provided his time resting or is otherwise engaged. Hence it is better to find out beforehand the appropriate time for a visit. of death has not come. Our holy Prophet also used to recite the (12) PARTICIPATION IN BURIAL following prayers several times while visiting the SERVICE (NAMAZ-E-JANAZAH) sick:- : ,., , ,/i$ &~dl+;~q+,&y,~3! 0 I ? , AND BURIAL / ,/ * C , ~&.dJ3&y 6 j ; L J 3.363 Participation in the burial service of a Muslim and accompaniment of the funeral procession up to and also said r: , . 3 1 ; ),&cry9 ~ ~~*,#/ 0./ the graveyard have been designated as acts of great merit in ahadit.:in tact our most exalted Prophet has called it a right of the dead that the living ones pray It should be remembered that the visitors for them and accompany them to graveyard. actions should never cause the slightest trouble or Although participation in burial service and burial pain to sick and this has been emphasized more are ford kifayah, i.e. if a few do these, it does not than visiting the sick. A visit which pains or trouble remain compulsory for others, yet both are acts of great the sick would be a sin rather than act of merit. merit. Thus if visitors are not allowed to see the Abu Hurairah has reported that our holiest patient, they must not visit; in such a case mere
  21. 21. Prophet said that "Whosoever participates in burial The act of comforting does not deserve and earnservice {namaz-e-janaza carps one carat and if he merit only when someone dies: the Hadirh quotedremains till burial is complete, then he gets two carats, above shows that comforting and commiserating witheach carat being equal to the Mount of Ohud". anyone who is in pain, trouble or sorrow ears the same They should participate in this prayer not as a merit as the sufferer is getting for his suffering.matter of pure form but for the sake of Allahs pleasure; (i) These words occur in the tradition quoted inthis would certainly fetch much merit. Accompanying Jam i Tirmidhi. (Tirmidhi: Kitab-a1-/aria iz. Hadiththe funeral procession after the prayers is, as said 1040, chapter 49) but actual hadith has also beenabove, an act of great goodness which, according to quoted inMujahid, is of a higher order than nafl prayers. (Fath-a!-Bari. p.193. vol 3. ref. Abd-al-Razzaq). (14)TO LOVE FOR THE (13) CONDOLENCE AND SAKE OF ALLAH CONSOLING To have love for someone for the sake of Allahs pleasure is also a grand act for which much merit and It is an act of great merit to offer condolences on many rewards have been promised. To love for thesomebodys death and to console the bereaved family sake of Allah" means loving someone, not for anyby word and deed. Abd Allah ibn Masud has quoted worldly gain, but because he is more religious and Iour beloved Prophet (may Allah eternally bless him) pious or he is very learned in din or is busy in servingas saying: 7 ~ ~ & t & ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ the cause of din or because loving him or her is , One who condoles with or consoles a commanded by Allah, e.g. ones parents. troubled man get as much merit as the li Such a love has been called "love for Allah" in troubled man gets for his grief. 1 &adith. (Jami Tirmidhi, Kitab-al-Janaiz. Hadith 1073) F i One hadith says: i It may be noted that condolence is generally 1 Allah shall ask on the Day of Judgment, "Wheretaken to mean expression of grief and so, instead of are those who loved for the sake of My Greatness?consoling and comforting the bereaved family,causesthem more grief. Condolence actually means consoling i Today when there is no shade save Mine, 1 shall haveand sympathizing, hence it encompasses all ways and it them in My Shade" [Sahih Muslim: Kitab a1 Birr wa a1 Silah)means of comforting the mourners and giving themsolace and reducing their anguish. I Another tells us that On the Day of Judgment.
  22. 22. 45 be eternally blessed - and with Abu Bakr and Umar,Those who had mutual love for the sake of Allahs may Allah be pleased with them, and because of thisGreatness shall be on pulpits of light and all shall envy love I hope I shall be in their company, even thoughthem (Jami Tumidhi, Kitab al Zuhd) my deeds arc not equal to theirs." (Sahih Bukhari, Abu Idris Khulani, one of the famous fabiin says kitabal-Adab, chapter Alamah a1 Hubb fi Allah).that once he visited Muadh ibn Jabal in the mosque There are many ahadith of the same importof Damascus and told him that "By Allah I love you for showing that having love for someone for the sake ofthe sake of Allah". He repeatedly asked me to swear if Allah is an act of great merit, which grants one theit was so and when 1 answered in affirmative every opportunity of doing good in this world and being intime he pulled me by my shawl and said Hear the exalted company in the Hereafter.good news! 1 have heard the exalted and blessedMessenger of Allah saying that My love shall certainly Hence one should love good people for the sakebe for those who love each other for my sake, who sit of Allah and with the intent of becoming good oneselfin each others company for my sake, who go to meet and earning Allahs pleasure, as the poet says:each other for my sake and spend money on each t,fi$;s& s $ *E ; ; , J* 0 I #other for my sake." (Muvatta Imam Malik, Kitab-al-Shirr). 7 love good people (and)although I am not one of them, may Allah grant me Having love for Allahs pious and good bondsmen goodness actually an outcome o ones love for Allah, so it fearns the same rewards and merits as the latter, Hadith tells us that when one someone loves hisbecause of this love. Allah includes His lover in His brother in faith, he must tell him of his love (Abu Daud:beloved people. According to a hadith, someone asked Kitab-al-Adab; Tirmidhi: kitab-al-Zuhd).our blessed and exalted Prophet". When shall come Anas has recounted that someone was sittingthe Day of Judgment?" Our Prophet asked hits "What with our Holy Prophet when another one passed. Thepreparation have you made for the D a y The man sitting one said 0 Messenger of Allah! 1 love thissaid "Nothing, but I have love for Allah and for his man". The Prophet said "Have you told him?" The manMessenger". The Prophet said "You shall be (on that said No". The Prophet said Tell him!" The man roseDay) with whom you love." to his feet and went to the man who was passing and The above hadith has been quoted by Anas. He said "I love you for the sake of Allah. He said "Maysays that these words of the Holy Prophet mere so Allah Whom you love, love you in return!"pleased us as nothing else had ever done. He furthersaid " 1 have great love for the Holy Prophet - may he
  23. 23. 47 (15) HELPING A MUSLIM I A hadith tells us that the Holy Prophet said "A Muslim is the brother of another Muslim", and a brother To help a Muslim in some important work and to does not leave his brother helpless nar does he lie todo it for his sake or to remove his troubles and womes him nor yet makes false promises, nor treats him withis an act which has been promised much reward by cruelty" (Tirmidhi:A1 Birr wa-al- Silah)the Prophet: Another hadith runs as follows: Abdullah bin Omar said that our Holy Prophetsaid: "If a Muslim is being insulted and degraded and 8 (/ J"i. / - WJ~&L~*UIOK,+~+~~~& , ,/,. ,, *b his honor somewhere and mother Muslim leaves him helpless, Allah would leave the latter helpless on .rnbi4$+ t,,J a t / , : I T34,;fLef3 -** , *idk,UU / 0,<t,, . ,/< .C# ,,#, occasions when he would need help. And if any Muslim helps him in when he is insulted and degraded, "One who helps someone in his need, Allah shall help him when he would need help" Allah helps him in his work, and one (Abu Daud: Adab) who removes any worry or trouble of any Muslim. Allah, in return, removes Helping a Muslim includes appropriate refutal of anyone of his worries on the Day of any wrong charges or insinuations levelled against Judgment". [Abu Daud, Kitab-a!-Adab, another Muslim. Bad-al-Mu vakhao Abu Darda report that our Holy Prophet has said: , 5, ; .: Telling someone the way, sharing someones ... ~ I &Ca+g > & J U ~ & I ~ J ~ I $ ~ ~ + + J ~ ) 3 8 , Iload or helping him with it, and all other acts of publicservice are included in the acts defined by this hadith. "One who defends the honer of his"Those who help others are truly much blessed," as brother,Allah keeps the fire ofhell awaythe hadith says:- from his face on the Day of Judgment [Tirmidhi:a1 Birr wa a1 Silah, Chapter 20) "Bestpeople are those who are useful JUSTIFIED (16) to others". RECOMMENDATION Hence all occasions of service, big or small, must To give justified recommendation for someone isbe sought for; this increases ones merits. I someone f an act of great merit. The Holy Quran says:is a victim of tyranny, it is the duty of every Muslim tosave him from it.
  24. 24. 49 and the Holy Prophet has said:- something, he still has to follow some rules or preferences of his own. In such a case too one should Make recommendation; you shall earn merit. not make specific recommendation but leave it to the(Abu Daud and Nisari) person to do it according to his rules and preferences Once a man asked the Holy Prophet for so that he may not be unduly burdened.something; the Messenger of Allah turner! to others Nowadays recommendation is made for the sakeand said "Recommend hm, so that may you earn merit of its merit in the hereafter but its riles as formulated(BukhariKitab a1 Adab). by shariah are not observed. Especially, people do A good recommendation, whether affective or not consider the trouble they may cause to theineffective, is in itself a good deed. If it is effective person to whom recommendation is being made.then it might carp double merit. Remember that there are rules for everything in shariah which have to be followed; it is not at all But it should be noted that the recommendation permissible to unduly trouble anyone even for theshould be for some correct purpose and not for any sake of another Muslim.unlawful purpose because recommendation for something unlawful is a grave sin with graverconsequences. Hence it is necessary to be absolutely (17)CONCEALING OTHERSsure that the person recommended is truly deserving SHORTCOMINGS.of it, and whatever he is being recommended for isjustified and lawful. If o n e conies to know of somebodys Another point to be noted is that the shortcomings it is a matter of great merit if he recommendation should not unduly burden the person conceals it front others provided this shortcoming to whom the recommendation is being made, first of is not handful or dangerous for others. According to all it must be assessed if the person is really able to Abu Huraira, our Holy Prophet has said that: do what is recommended; if not, then recommendation should not be made as it might embarrass hire. If one "Allah shall conceal on the Day of cannot know whether the person to which Judgement the shortcornings of the one recommendation is made is able to act on it or not, who conceals the shortcomings o f then recommendation should not be pressing and one other " should ask for the work to be done if it can be done. (Sahih Muslim: Kitab a1 Birr wa Silah ) Sometimes even when a person is able to do And Aqabah ibn Amir relates that our eternally blessed Prophet has said that:
  25. 25. 50 I deeds gets as much merits as those who act upon his "The action of one who conceals the guidance, and the merits of the doers arc not reduced shortcoming of another is as if he saved a girl from being buried alive 1 thereby. And one who calls others to do wrong sins as much as the collective sins of those who follow (Mustadrik:Hakim. p.334, volume 4) him in sinning and their sins shall not be reduced at all" (SahLh Muslim). (18)PREACHING GOOD ~ I While merit is vouchsafed when others respond I to guidance, the very act of guidance to good, whether To urge others to goodness is also an act of great responded to or not, is one of great merit becausemerit. If someone agrees to do good due to another hadith tells us that:mains efforts, both shall earn equal merits and reward. Abu Masud Ansari relates that our eternallyblessed Prophet has said One who guides another togoodness shall earn as much merit as the doer of the Giving order to do good is a form ofgood deed (Sahih Muslim}. Sadaqah and slopping (someone) from If the guidance towards good is in the form of a going evil is also a form of Sadaqahcollective effort, i.e. many persons are guided and (Sahih Muslim).consequently do good, the reward of the good deeds Hence no opportunity of giving good advice toof all goes to the guide also (in addition to the rewards and guiding others should be lost, but care should beclue to actual doers). taken to adopt a method for this which is not insulting or irksome to the other man. One should not criticize Abu Hurairah recounts that our Holy Prophet others in Public nor should one adopt an overbearingsaid:, anti proud stance, advice should be given in privacy and in a soft tune showing ones sympathy anti cornifications hence one should chose a time for advice when the hearer is not worried. Wisdom should be exercised in this anti intent should be of doing good, since the Quransays: One who calls others to the right path of good
  26. 26. 53 (19) SADAQAH AND CHARITY it too would a sadaqah and would earn merit and lead to Divine pardon. Sadaqah and charity are both acts of great merit This hadith also clearly shows that the pooranti effective means of earning Divine pardon and should not think that they cannot earn merit throughescaping the fires of hell. Quran and hadith too are sadaqah: by spending whatever they can afford,replete with the merits of spending money as they tots can cam this merit.sadaqah and in charity: in fact one can do justice tothis topic in a book only. Shaikh a1 hadith Maulana There are some who, after paying zakat,Mohammed Zakaria Kandhalvi has written a book believe that they have done all that is required from"Kitab a1 Sadaqat" which is indeed an excellent them and do not spent a paisa more; this is notencyclopedic work on this topic. Hence there is no justified. Zakat is a duty and the money is to beneed to describe in detail the merits of sadaqah and spent for very specific purposes only. There arecharity: those who desire can consult this book. many other good deeds which lie outside the imbed of Zakat e.g. contributing to mosque fund. Hence What we wish to bring to the readers attention some money over and above Zakat should be spenthere is that it is not at all necessary to spend on outer good deeds too. Our spiritual elders antiovermuch to gain merit; one has to spend only as saints always set aside a certain portion of theirmuch as he can afford. If one has only a Rupee and incomes for charitable purposes. Maulana Thanvilie spends one paisa on some good work it is as if a always reserved one-fifth of his income for this,man with a hundred thousand rupees spends a others reserved one-tenth or one-twentieth part.thousand. Allah does not care for human wealth; The advantage of this practice is that whenever theAllah values the purity of intent. Maximum sadaqah occasion arises, the money is already set aside andwith pure intent is as much pleasing to Allah as available; this availability is also a reminder.great spending, and cams much merit anti reward.Our exalted and blessed Prophet has said: If everyone regularly sets aside some part of -9:. 2:: ,/ , ,: 0-< his income, he can easily earn much merit and % a d JUI 9 H * 3 1) reward: "Escape the fire of hell he it by the Sadaqah and Khairat (charity) should have length of half a date" only one purpose, viz. obtaining the pleasure of (Sahih Bukhari - Sahih Muslim) Allah. Those who give away money for these This hadith means that if one has nothing save purpose arc amply rewarded by Allah in this worldhalf a slate, and he gives to another who needs it, too. Hadith tells us than "Sadaqah does not reduce wealth:
  27. 27. 55 The point to ponder is that if the aggrieved (20)FORGIVENESS person does not forgive and gets his due revenge, what shall this revenge achieve: If the injury Although an aggrieved person has every right inflicted is such that it cannot be avenged then notto avenge himself within the bounds of shariah, forgiving it would cause the one who inflicted thebut forgiveness is an act of supreme merit. The holy injury to suffer in the Hereafter. Here one shouldQuran says: stop and think how another ones suffering in the * J 4,; /. ,: . J /: < / % , * ,, / , * <, Hereafter would benefit the one aggrieved or in & & ul*c)lc)3yy~ I + , , Jd I + injured in this world. Forgiveness here, on the There is none in this world who is entirely contrary, brings abeut Divine forgiveness for theinnocent and has never done wrong or committed forgiver, and escape from hell, and Allah the Highesta mistake, and everyone craves Allahs pardon. shall pardon his sins. Reason, therefore, tells us toTherefore, when someone makes a mistake the exercise forgiveness.aggrieved person should think ofhimself as a seekerof Divine pardon and forgive the wrong doer. The Forgiveness, it should be borne in mind, meansabove ayah indicates that a forgiving person can here that no revenge is to be sought in this worldexpect Divine forgiveness for his own faults and or in the Hereafter. Such a forgiveness earn muchmisdeeds. merit. There are many other ahadith of the same However it is not necessary that the act ofpurport: e.g. Abu Darda relates that our exalted and forgiving is followed by rapprochement. The latterblessed Prophet has said that:- is involuntary not forced and depends largely upon the future behaviors of the other person. Thus if one forgives anti yet has mental reserves towards the aggressor or transgressor and is unable to maintain cordial rcaltions with him save in the matter of rights If a person is given physical pain and (salaam etc.) he too shall earn merit for his forgiveness. h e forgives it, Allah the Highest elevates his rank and pardons his sins" Forgiveness also does not imply letting down One reads in Jami Tirmidhi that someone had ones guard against any future aggression. If such anbroken a persons tooth, and the assaulted person aggression is feared then any step that is taken tocame to Amir Muawiyahs court to obtain redress. safeguard oneself against it is not contrary toThere Abu Darda related to him the above Hadith forgiveness. In such a case if the previous wrong isand he gave up the idea of revenge and forgave his pardoned and help, even official help is sought againstassaulter ( J m i Tirmidhi:kitab a1 Diyat: Hadith 1412)