Video Link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D9ZoPLngMY8 Saara: Will explain the idea of the video and why was selected for our presentation.
Isis:WHO is the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations system. It is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends.
IsisOver the past decade, the world has invested enormous resources and energy into the development of new and lifesaving vaccines. Current vaccination programmes save more than three million lives per year, and new vaccines that focus on diseases affecting people in the world’s poorest countries can protect millions moreImmunization is considered to be one of the greatest health interventions to prevent infectious diseases. According to World Health Organization (WHO)/United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) estimates, global immunization coverage of children is at least 80% for the six Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) vaccines, against diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, polio, measles and tuberculosis. However, there are huge inequalities in access to newer vaccines. Source:http://www.who.int/phi/publications/Increasing_Access_to_Vaccines_Through_Technology_Transfer.pdfSource: http://www.who.int/immunization_delivery/optimize/en/index.html
Isis:The main components of a well functioning immunization system include: service delivery; capacity to maintain vaccines at the right temperature (cold chain) and distribute them through the system in a timely manner (logistics); monitoring and surveillance; trained health workers; and programme planning and management.
Saara: Presenting the framework we develop to address the presentation
Saara: Framework for Technology and Immunization Projects
SaaraA recent study by Martin Prosperity Institute reveals a Global Technology Index. For the complete study see: http://martinprosperity.org/media/GCI%20Report%20Sep%202011.pdf We use three variables for technology: R&D investment, research, and innovation.
SaaraWe have use three variables to determine technology in a country: According to Martin Prosperity studySource: http://martinprosperity.org/media/GCI%20Report%20Sep%202011.pdf
The advancement of technology has had an enormous impact on the world. Communication technology in particular has drastically changed the way society operates. With new advances in communication being developed constantly, people are becoming more and more reliant on the benefits they provide. Communication technology has become significantly important in the realms of education, business, politics, interpersonal interactions and crisis responses.http://www.ehow.com/about_6510271_importance-communication-technology.html#page=0
Switzerland possesses a high level technology. It is one of the leading countries in computer applications. Most of these application are based on Information Technology (IT).http://www.science-engineering.net/europe/info-tech-switzerland.htmSwitzerland had one of the highest Internet and broadband penetration rates in Europe. Broadband replaced telephone communications as the main growth area, and DSL networks have overtaken cable as the principal technology for broadband access. “Brazilhas both modern technologies in the center-south portion, counting with 3G HSDPA, VDSL2+, Digital TV. Other areas of the country, particularly the north and north-west regions, lack even basic analogue land line phones. This is a problem that the government is trying to solve by linking the liberation of new technologies (such as WiMax or PLC) only tied with compromises on extension of the service to less populated regions.”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telecommunications_in_BrazilAfter the earthquake, Haiti is experiencing a worst telecommunication system, even though is almost impossible to communicate via telephone, Claro (a Mexican Telecommunication company) is implementing new networks to enhance the internet speed in the country.
Nowadays, Vaccinesare often packaged in 1- and 2-dose vials to minimize wastage. In some cases, vaccines are also integrated or bundled with syringes or other delivery devices, such as nasal sprays or oral droppers to ensure proper delivery of the dose. As a result, new vaccines are much bulkier, requiring upwards of 500 times the amount of physical space in cold storage. http://www.who.int/immunization_delivery/systems_policy/Optimize_urgency_EN_2009.pdf
Switzerland: This country possesses high level equipment to transport the vaccines and its required tools. Also, it has a vast rail transportation which allows access to the all regions of the country. Although it is a small country its airports are usually too busy, mainly the international ones.Brazil: They have rail network, but it is still poor and do not provide access to all regions. The air transportation is high developed. Haiti: As one of the poorest countries in the world, it has lack of its transportation systems, hence the equipment to transport the vaccines will be limited and it will have to be import from other country.
http://www.path.org/projects/project-optimize.phpSwitzerland:http://digitalcollections.sit.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1691&context=isp_collectionThe Swiss economy is not built on mass production, but on high-quality work and well-trained workers.Brazil:http://www.paho.org/english/ad/fch/im/sne3102.pdf
Switzerland:Over 2.9 % of the gross national product was spent on research in 2004. The bulk of the finance - more than two thirds - was accounted for by the private sector. Only Israel, Sweden, Finland, Japan and South Korea are doing better in this regardSource:http://www.swissworld.org/en/economy/the_swiss_economy/research_and_development/Brazil:In the specific field of biotechnology, Brazil has accrued a respectable know-how in the course of the 20th century. The country has developed world-class expertise and a strong technical position in a number of crucial enabling technologies such as stem cell research, genomic studies, plant biotechnology and vaccines. Source: http://www.techvision.com/bpl/pdf/Biotechnologies%20in%20Brazil.pdf
• Establishing local vaccine manufacturing is not necessarily cost effective. • There is a changing dynamic in vaccine technology transfer, with joint ventures, acquisitions and establishment by multinational manufacturers of subsidiaries in developing countries. • The biggest barrier to vaccine technology transfer, perceived by both the technology recipients and donors, is lack of R&D capacity in developing countries. Failure by manufacturers to invest in R&D, and failure by governments to create an enabling local environment of research infrastructure, will make technology transfer less likely to succeed.• For technology transfer to be attractive and successful a win–win condition is required, which is facilitated by a commitment from the government to support the technology transfer or a large local or regional market.Source:http://www.who.int/phi/publications/Increasing_Access_to_Vaccines_Through_Technology_Transfer.pdf
0 Introduction to Vaccine : VIDEO0 International Project Description0 Global Factor: Technology0 Selected Countries0 Analysis of Technology : Examples and Visuals0 Conclusion0Q&A Global Factor Analysis, International 3/29/2012 PM, Team 08, Saara Reynoso & Isis 2 Quinones
3/29/2012 Global Factor Analysis, International 3 PM, Team 08, Saara Reynoso & Isis Quinones
0 The World Health Organization is conducting an analysis of technology as a global factor to launch a global measles vaccination program in three different international scenarios.0 The objective of the analysis is to evaluate how technology can affect this specific international project. Global Factor Analysis, International 3/29/2012 PM, Team 08, Saara Reynoso & Isis 4 Quinones
Why Vaccination Projects?0 Save more than 3,000,000 lives per year.0 Can protect millions of people in the poorest countries. “Effective Immunization project are only accomplished throughscience, trained human resources and technology.” (Reynoso & Quiñones, 2012) Global Factor Analysis, International 3/29/2012 PM, Team 08, Saara Reynoso & Isis 5 Quinones
Right TrainedService Logistics HealthDelivery Temperature Worker Global Factor Analysis, International3/29/2012 PM, Team 08, Saara Reynoso & Isis 6 Quinones
Communication Project Management Supply Chain Human Resources Finance Research & Development Global Factor Analysis, International3/29/2012 PM, Team 08, Saara Reynoso & Isis 8 Quinones
Country Global Competitiveness Index (139) Switzerland 1 Brazil 58 Haiti Not listed in 2011 141/142 in 2010Source: World Economic Forumhttp://reports.weforum.org/global-information-technology-2011/ Global Factor Analysis, International 3/29/2012 PM, Team 08, Saara Reynoso & Isis 9 Quinones
R & D Investment Researchers Innovation Global Factor Analysis, International3/29/2012 PM, Team 08, Saara Reynoso & Isis 10 Quinones
Communication Supply Chain Project Management Global Factor Analysis, International3/29/2012 PM, Team 08, Saara Reynoso & 12 Isis Quinones
0 Internet availability.0 Internet speed.0 Telecommunication networks.0 Accessibility to Computers, cellphones and other technological devices.0 Interpreters Global Factor Analysis, International 3/29/2012 PM, Team 08, Saara Reynoso & Isis 13 Quinones
One of the leaders in computer applications.Switzerland Strong growth in wireless broadband Information Communications Technology (ICT) is one of the most important sectors of the Swiss economy. 3G system Some regions have lack even basicBrazil analogue land line phones Limited availability of high-speed internet Radio still remains the primary information medium for mostHaiti Haitians Global Factor telephone communication Poor Analysis, International Introduction of 3G services 3/29/2012 PM, Team 08, Saara Reynoso & 14 Isis Quinones
0 Transportation 0 Package 0 Temperature 0 Distribution Global Factor Analysis, International3/29/2012 PM, Team 08, Saara Reynoso & 15 Isis Quinones
High level equipmentSwitzerland Rail Transportation Busy airports Lack of development of the national rail networkBrazil Limited access to some areas Air transportation is highly developed All major transportation are located closed to the capital, Port-au-PrinceHaiti Lack of required equipment Requires a more complicated logistics Global Factor Analysis, International 3/29/2012 PM, Team 08, Saara Reynoso & 16 Isis Quinones
0 Todays projects approvals are done via email.0 Documentations are stored electronically0 Information is gathered quickly through search engines0 Accessibility to communicate 3/29/2012 Global Factor Analysis, International PM, 17 Team 08, Saara Reynoso & Isis Quinones
Good communication facilities Good transportationSwitzerland High speed Internet High technology level Medium transportation quality Acceptable telecommunicationBrazil systems Some communication problems depending on the region Low speed InternetHaiti Bad telephone services Limited transportation services Global Factor Analysis, International 3/29/2012 PM, Team 08, Saara Reynoso & 18 Isis Quinones
Human Government Resources Finance Research and Development Global Factor Analysis, International3/29/2012 PM, Team 08, Saara Reynoso & Isis 19 Quinones
-High educated resources. -High literacy rate = 99.0/100Switzerland -Technical training system for immunization. -More volunteers needed. -Effective vaccination campaign in the different regions of brazil. -Lack of documentation: Persons were vaccinated regardless ofBrazil previous vaccination or history of rubella. -Technical training system for immunization. -Poor education system and lack of awareness of immunization program.Haiti -Literacy rate is very low = 62.1/100. Haitian professionals leave Haiti. -Lack of Volunteers and lack of technology transfer. 3/29/2012 Global Factor Analysis, International PM, 20 Team 08, Saara Reynoso & Isis Quinones
Switzerland -Battery-Free Solar refrigerators use in health centers and clinics. Cooled carts use to delivery vaccine. Optical sensors in disposable bioreactorBrazil -Nine thousands new PhDs each year. -Biotechnology advances for vaccines.Haiti -Poor Research and Development. -Current situation after the earthquake. -Government concentrate efforts in the outbreak of Cholera. Global Factor Analysis, International 3/29/2012 PM, Team 08, Saara Reynoso & Isis 21 Quinones
Switzerland -Effective Swiss health system. -Decentralized power. -Lack of mandatory immunization system. -Immunization financing system Brazil -Political stable, economic growth development. Financial support to health systems and doctors. -Immunization financing system Haiti -Political instability lack of resources. Global Factor Analysis, International3/29/2012 PM, Team 08, Saara Reynoso & Isis 22 Quinones
“Effective Immunization project are only accomplished through science, trained human resources and technology.” (Reynoso & Quiñones, 2012) Global Factor Analysis, International3/29/2012 PM, Team 08, Saara Reynoso & Isis 23 Quinones
Global Factor Analysis, International3/29/2012 PM, Team 08, Saara Reynoso & Isis 24 Quinones
0 http://www.who.int/immunization_delivery/optimize/en/index.html0 http://itdecs.com/2011/04/brazil-makes-timid-advance-in-global-technology- rankings-wef/0 http://dsc.discovery.com/technology/tech-10/cell-phones-help-nations.html0 http://martinprosperity.org/media/GCI%20Report%20Sep%202011.pdf0 http://www.nationmaster.com/graph/eco_tec_ind-economy-technology-index0 https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sz.html0 http://www.wrike.com/projectmanagement/02/01/2010/How-Technology- Affects-Project-Management0 http://blogs.pmi.org/blog/voices_on_project_management/2011/10/the- changing-role-of-technolog.html0 http://www.ehow.com/about_6510271_importance-communication- technology.html#page=20 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_in_Switzerland 3/29/2012 Global Factor Analysis, International PM, 25 Team 08, Saara Reynoso & Isis Quinones