Siyakha Nentsha: using mixed methods to measure financial capabilities
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Siyakha Nentsha: using mixed methods to measure financial capabilities



From a workshop on mixed methods to measure financial capabilities among adolescents. Focus on the Siyakha Nentsha Program in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa

From a workshop on mixed methods to measure financial capabilities among adolescents. Focus on the Siyakha Nentsha Program in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa



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Siyakha Nentsha: using mixed methods to measure financial capabilities Siyakha Nentsha: using mixed methods to measure financial capabilities Presentation Transcript

  • Building assets and reducing vulnerability in KwaZulu Natal
    Making Cents
    September 8, 2011
    Washington, DC
    Eva Roca
  • General context in KZN
  • Setting
    Semi-rural KwaZulu Natal
    Poverty and income inequality
    Early pregnancy
    Early school leaving
  • Project team
  • SiyakhaNentsha
    Schools, facilitators
    Boys and girls
    Participatory reflective learning, action-oriented
  • Preparing for opportunities and risks
    HIV and STIs teenage pregnancy early unplanned parenthood
    school dropout loss of one or both parents
    employment and training opportunities social grants
    social support citizenship
    language skills
  • Randomization
    HIV education & social support
    HIV education, social support + financial capabilities
    Delayed intervention
  • Methods
    Attendance rosters
    Longitudinal survey
    FGDs with participants, parents, and mentors
    GPS coordinates
    Interim data on location, cell phone, status
    School quality assessments
  • Special considerations with young people
    Attention span
    Interviewer selection
    Legal context
  • Considerations during M&E tool design
    Who will create/finalize the registers & by when?
    When will these registers be used?
    Who is responsible for ensuring they get completed?
    Who is responsible for analysis/reporting?
    How often/when will the analysis/reporting be done?
    Do you need a monthly/quarterly summary form?
    What information will you need to report to donors or other stakeholder?
  • Evaluation: what’s the point?
    Lofty program goals
    Interim steps to achievement
    Assets program imparts toward specific ends
    • HIV/AIDS and RH: knowledge, skills and behaviors, including adoption of safer sexual behaviors and service use
    • Economic skills: ability to plan and manage personal and familial finances, identify and access available services, FET opps, social benefits; articulate a plan for pursuing future livelihood-enhancing opportunities
    • Social networks and support: access to friends, adult role models and individuals/groups who can assist with crisis management and provide links to opportunities
  • Specific Financial capabilities questions
    -I have a financial goal (yes/no)
    -I am saving money in order to do or buy something specific (yes/no)
    -When you have money, do you plan ahead for how to spend it?
    -I have savings/ I am saving (yes/no)
    -I have some money I keep in case of an emergency (yes/no)
    -How much money do you have in your savings?
    -Have you ever tried to open a bank account? (if yes, were you successful?)
    -Have you ever borrowed money?
  • Changes seen post-program
    Sexual debut
    Secondary abstinence,
    fewer partners
    Condom confidence
    Improved budgeting and planning skills
    Pursuing income-generating activities
    Having savings
    Social capital
    Higher self-esteem
    Birth certificate
    Social grants
    SA ID
    Gender attitudes
  • (SiyakhaNentsha) has helped us a lot, because although I had goals before the problem I had is I did not know how to prioritize, like which one should be more important than the other. Now I know that in order to reach my long-term goals, I should have short-term goals, that are going to be the steps toward my goals.”
  • “Before, if I had money, say maybe I have 50 Rand, I would not check how much, I would just buy and see when I have to pay. But now if I have 50 Rand I have to calculate first, how many things I can get. And how much money I can use and what will remain behind.”
  • Don’t trust your data too much
    “I was helped a lot in the financial setion, because when they came here and they asked us if we knew how to save money, and I lied! I said yes!
    …”Then they gave us diaries, so I started writing whenever I save money. Now I can see where the money is going.”
  • Selected resources
    Hallman, K. 2010, in press. “Social exclusion: The gendering of adolescent HIV risks in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa,” in J. Klot and V. Nguyen eds., The Fourth Wave: An Assault on Women - Gender, Culture and HIV in the 21st Century. Social Science Research Council and UNESCO.
    Hallman, K. 2008.“Researching the determinants of vulnerability to HIV amongst adolescents,” IDS Bulletin, 39(5), November 2008.
    Bruce, J. and Hallman, K. 2008. “Reaching the girls left behind,” Gender & Development, 16(2): 227-245.
    Hallman, K and Roca, E. 2007. “Reducing the social exclusion of girls,”
    Hallman, K. 2005. “Genderedsocioeconomic conditions and HIV riskbehavioursamongyoung people in South Africa,”African Journal of AIDS Research 4(1): 37–50.Abstract:
  • Thank you!
    Our funders: ESRC/Hewlett Joint Scheme
    & DFID via the ABBA RPC