His dad wants to kill him He hopes to have moved his dad’s heart with his pledge, though. Simple Infinitive: to+ verbPerfect Infinitive: to + have+ verb
He loves smoking a good cigar. He stated having smoked a cigar was relaxing. Simple Gerund: verb that takes a gerund+ verb (ing) Perfect Gerund: verb that takes agerund + having+ verb in past participle
1- He hopes to have moved his dad’s heart with his pledge, though.Main verb: hopes Action To have moved Which happened first? To have moved2- He stated having smoked a cigar was relaxing. Having smoked
Unanimously agreeing, they plunged into the dark. Having agreed on a plan, the group left to fight the unknown. Introductory clauses are dependent clausesthat provide background information or "setthe stage" for the main part of the sentence, the independent clause.
His dad wants to kill him. He didn’t want to be killed. To + be + verb in pp We stopped negotiating the deal with them. The deal stopped being negotiated. being + verb in pp
He was relieved to have been included in the list. To +have + been + verb in past participle He thinks having been taken into account was nice. Hav(ing)+ been + verb in past participle
I want to have a dog. (passive) I called my sister. (introductory phrase) Her boss has called her to the meeting (perfect infinitive passive) (perfect gerund passive)