Present Perfect<br />Intermedio I													Isabel de la Cruz<br />
Uses of Present Perfect<br />The use of the Present Perfect tense in English may be a bit complex for foreign students of ...
4 main uses of Present Perfect<br />Intermedio I													Isabel de la Cruz<br />
1. Experiences<br /><ul><li>We use Present Perfect when we talk about personal experiences or completed actions, usually w...
2. News / time not mentioned<br />Present Perfect is the most normal tense for giving news of recent events or when we tal...
3. Repetition and continuation<br />We often use Present Perfect to say that something has happened several times up to th...
4. This is the first time…<br />We use Present Perfect in sentences constructed with ‘This / It / That is the first / seco...
Time expressions<br />Time expressions used with Present Perfect include:<br />for / since / how long<br />already / yet /...
Time expressions<br />e.g. I’ve known him for five years.<br />She’s been ill since Monday.<br />How long have you lived i...
Present Perfect or Past Simple?<br />Compare:<br />He has baked three cakes this morning    vs.<br />(it is still morning ...
Present Perfect or Past Simple?<br />Compare:<br />I have lived in London for two years    vs.<br />(I still live there  ...
Been or gone?<br />Compare:<br />He has gone to London     vs.<br />(He’s still there. He hasn’t come back yet)<br />He ha...
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Uses of Present Perfect Simple

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A set of simplified general rules and examples to help students understand how to use the present perfect tense in English.

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Uses of Present Perfect Simple

  1. 1. Present Perfect<br />Intermedio I Isabel de la Cruz<br />
  2. 2. Uses of Present Perfect<br />The use of the Present Perfect tense in English may be a bit complex for foreign students of English, because it is not always used as its equivalent forms in other languages like French, Spanish or Italian.<br />In the following slides you will find a few simplified, general grammar rules.<br />Intermedio I Isabel de la Cruz<br />
  3. 3. 4 main uses of Present Perfect<br />Intermedio I Isabel de la Cruz<br />
  4. 4. 1. Experiences<br /><ul><li>We use Present Perfect when we talk about personal experiences or completed actions, usually with time adverbs that mean ‘at some / any time up to now’.</li></ul>e.g. Have you ever been to Paris?<br />I’ve never seen a film like this. It’s terrifying!<br />She has already finished her homework.<br />by nimages DR<br />Intermedio I Isabel de la Cruz<br />
  5. 5. 2. News / time not mentioned<br />Present Perfect is the most normal tense for giving news of recent events or when we talk about a past event and we do not mention exactly when it happened. We change to past simple when we give the details.<br />e.g. Anna has bought a new laptop.<br />There has been an plane crash near London.<br />by Ed Yourdon<br />Intermedio I Isabel de la Cruz<br />
  6. 6. 3. Repetition and continuation<br />We often use Present Perfect to say that something has happened several times up to the present, or to talk about how long present situations have lasted in a time period that the speaker considers unfinished. Present tenses are not used in this way.<br />e.g. I have read three books this month vs. I read three books last month.<br />We’ve been friends since 1985. (NOT We are friends since 1985).<br />by freeparking<br />Intermedio I Isabel de la Cruz<br />
  7. 7. 4. This is the first time…<br />We use Present Perfect in sentences constructed with ‘This / It / That is the first / second / third / only / best / worst...’<br />e.g. This is the first time Ihave skied.<br />That is the third time you have asked me the same question.<br />by Bobcatnorth<br />Intermedio I Isabel de la Cruz<br />
  8. 8. Time expressions<br />Time expressions used with Present Perfect include:<br />for / since / how long<br />already / yet / just <br />lately / recently<br />always / ever / never<br />Intermedio I Isabel de la Cruz<br />
  9. 9. Time expressions<br />e.g. I’ve known him for five years.<br />She’s been ill since Monday.<br />How long have you lived in Liverpool?<br />I’ve already finished my homework.<br />Have you told her yet?<br />I’ve just received a phone call.<br />Have you read any good books lately?<br />She has recently published a book.<br />She has always loved you.<br />They have never worked abroad.<br />Intermedio I Isabel de la Cruz<br />
  10. 10. Present Perfect or Past Simple?<br />Compare:<br />He has baked three cakes this morning vs.<br />(it is still morning  period of time not finished)<br />He baked three cakes this morning.<br />(now it is evening  period of time finished)<br />Intermedio I Isabel de la Cruz<br />
  11. 11. Present Perfect or Past Simple?<br />Compare:<br />I have lived in London for two years vs.<br />(I still live there  period of time not finished)<br />I lived in London for two years.<br />(I no longer live there  period of time finished)<br />Intermedio I Isabel de la Cruz<br />
  12. 12. Been or gone?<br />Compare:<br />He has gone to London vs.<br />(He’s still there. He hasn’t come back yet)<br />He has been to London.<br />(He’s visited London, but he is not there now. He’s come back)<br />Intermedio I Isabel de la Cruz<br />
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