Ed pronunciation for regular verbs


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Enables students to learn the different T/ID/D pronunciation for the "ED" endings of regular verbs

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Ed pronunciation for regular verbs

  2. 2. How to Pronounce -ed in English <ul><li>The past simple tense and past participle of all regular verbs end in -ed . </li></ul><ul><li>base verb past participle base verb past participle (V1) (V2) (V1) (V2) </li></ul><ul><li>Work Worked Listen Listened </li></ul><ul><li>In addition, many adjectives are made from the past participle and so end in -ed. For example: </li></ul><ul><li>I like painted furniture. </li></ul><ul><li>The question is: How do we pronounce the -ed? </li></ul><ul><li>The answer is: In 3 ways – T / ID / D </li></ul>
  3. 3. IF THE BASE VERB ENDS IN ONE OF THESE SOUNDS EXAMPLE OF BASE VERB EXAMPLE WITH ED PRONOUNCIATION OF ED EXTRA SYLLABLE? T Want wanted ID Yes D End Ended ID Yes P Hope Hoped T No F Laugh Laughed T No KS Fax Faxed T No Sh Wash Washed T No Ts Watch Watched T No K Like Liked T No Ch Crunch Crunched T No Everything Else Play Played D No Everything Else Allow Allowed D No
  4. 4. <ul><li>SUMMARY: </li></ul><ul><li>‘’ ED’’ endings are pronounced as ‘’T’’ if word-ending sounds like K/S/Ch/F/P/Sh/Ts </li></ul><ul><li>Shopped/ Picked/ </li></ul><ul><li>‘’ ED’’ endings are pronounced as ‘’ID’’ if the word-endings sounds like ‘’T’’ or ‘’D’’ </li></ul><ul><li>Needed / Hated </li></ul><ul><li>‘’ ED’’ endings are pronounced as ‘’d’’ for everything else </li></ul><ul><li>Lived / Chilled / Enjoyed / Tried </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>EXERCISE 1: Pronounce the following ‘’ed’’ endings. Write T/ID/D in the gap following the sentence </li></ul><ul><li>I laughed at the joke _______ </li></ul><ul><li>Our work is finished _______ </li></ul><ul><li>The snake killed the mouse_______ </li></ul><ul><li>The teacher helped the student_______ </li></ul><ul><li>When I was younger, I wanted to walk on the moon_______ </li></ul><ul><li>We hiked to the top of the mountain_______ </li></ul><ul><li>James rented his apartment________ </li></ul><ul><li>We can’t go swimming because the pool is covered_______ </li></ul><ul><li>That old house is haunted_______ </li></ul><ul><li>We hunted for the keys but could not find them_______ </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>EXERCISE 2: Read the following passage using the correct ‘’ed’’ pronunciation. Write T/ID/D in the gap. </li></ul><ul><li>The bear jumped ( ) out of its cage and into the crowd. She must have realised ( ) that it was her best chance to escape. The bear’s trainer looked ( ) as though he were about to faint from the terror of it all: it seemed ( ) like his worst nightmare come true. He scrambled ( ) to his feet and started ( ) waving his hands and shouting to get the bear’s attention. She stopped ( ) her wild rampage only for a moment at the sound of her trainer’s pleas. She quickly turned ( ) back to the crowd and resumed ( ) knocking people to the floor. The trainer suddenly had an idea. He reached ( ) into his pocket and pulled ( ) from it a large chocolate covered ( ) treat – a known favourite of the bear. He shouted ( ) the bear’s name again and she turned ( ) to face him. She saw the treat in his hand and ran at full gallop towards him. He threw the treat into the cage and the bear followed ( ). He locked ( ) the door behind her and fell to the ground in relief. Apparently, the bear valued ( ) food more than freedom. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>EXERCISE 3: </li></ul><ul><li>Sunday turned ( ) into a very long day. My mum was coming back from holiday so I went to the airport to pick her up.   Unfortunately her flight was delayed ( ) for a couple hours so I had to hang around at the airport. I went to the bookshop and browsed ( ) around for a while I flicked ( ) through some magazines and bought a paper to read while I (5) waited ( ). She finally arrived ( ) at about 5 o'clock and wanted ( ) to go straight home because she was so tired. So we jumped ( ) in the car and I dropped ( ) her off at her place then headed ( ) to my flat in south London but when I tried ( ) to find my house keys, they weren't in my pocket. I realised ( ) with horror that I must have left them in the airport bookshop when I was paying for my paper. So I had to go all the way back to the airport but luckily someone had handed ( ) in my keys and I was able to collect them and come home again. It was a very, very long day. </li></ul>
  8. 8. WELL DONE! <ul><li>Now that you know the rules for the pronunciation of </li></ul><ul><li>''ED'' ending for regular verbs, its important that you: </li></ul><ul><li>Read out loud as often as possible and listen to yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Sing along to English music to practice your pronunciation </li></ul><ul><li>Keep doing exercises to practice what you learn </li></ul>