The Great Wall of China

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Asalam-u-alikum! This is the brief description of Great wall of china. The presentation is made by Karachi university's energetic students for their English Assigment.

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The Great Wall of China

  1. 1. One of the Greatest wonders of the world.Listed as a World Heritage by UNESCO in 1987.Ancient gigantic defensive project.Largest construction projects ever completed.
  2. 2. Idea of Great wall of China is taken from “The Rectangle Wall”.Great Wall is not only one long wall.Made up of a number of Interconnecting walls.Four Periods of Great Wall 1. Qin Dynasty (208 BC). 2. Han Dynasty (1st century BC). 3. Northern and Southern Dynasties (1138 – 1198). 4. Ming Dynasty (1368-1620).
  3. 3. The Qin dynasty first constructed the wall.Built by connecting parts of the walls belonging to the past ducal states.Resembled a gigantic dragon.Took about nine years to finish this grand project.Took many lives and a great deal of money.Served its role as a defensive force.
  4. 4. Han Dynasty lasted over 400 years.The Great Wall is Extended 10,000 km into Western China.Most intense building period.Longest stretch of wall ever built.
  5. 5. Four dynasties built and added to the Great Wall. 1. The Northern Wei (386-534). 2. The Eastern Wei (534-550). 3. The Northern Qi (550-577). 4. Northern Zhou (557-581).
  6. 6. Walls Importance reaches a new Height.The Great Wall we see today was built mainly in the Ming Dynasty.Took over 100 years to complete.Longest stretch of wall ever built.Ming Emperor remained busy in making this wall throughout their reign.
  7. 7. The main reason why the Chinese built the Great Wall was to prevent troops from the north invading Chinese territory.Another great reason is to defend China from attacking Mongols.It was also built as a defense against ferocious nomadic tribes.The Great Wall also embodies a great deal of protection during a battle. An important purpose of the Great Wall was to house troops. Housing troops was important because, if the Great Wall was under attack, soldiers could just come out and defend China.
  8. 8. The Great Wall was constructed with natural materials.Earlier, the Great Wall was mainly built from earth, stones and wood.Mostly bricks were used due to light weight.Builders always tried to use local sources.Stones from the mountains were used over mountain ranges.It indicates a great achievement in architecture.
  9. 9.  Primary types of man-made sabotages.1. The taking of bricks, earth and stones.2. Modern construction.3. Tourism access development.
  10. 10. Never deface the bricks.Never move the bricks.Never throw litter about.Do not take bricks, stones and earth from the wall. Officials should enforce relevant regulations and laws.
  11. 11. Lots of beautiful legends and stories took place.Meng Jiangnus story is the most famous .Jiayuguan Pass story.Beautiful stories and legends about the Great Wall help to keep alive Chinese history and culture.
  12. 12. To build the wall in uniform forms and materials is impossible.The Ming Dynasty was the last dynasty that ever built the wall.Since then, the wall gradually fell out of use as fortification.Wall still stands there telling a glorious history created by its people.
  13. 13. The most important component of the defensive project on the Great Wall.The prescribed distance between two Beacon Towers was about 15 miles.Built at the highest points like mountains.Beacon towers were built by using local materials according to the local conditions.Wall contain three types of Beacon Towers.Deliver military information by producing smoke or by lighting a fire.
  14. 14. Built at a distance of every approx 1 km.Used to transmit military messages.Two-storied watchtowers were built on the Great Wall in strategic places.Used to house troops, store weapons and send signals to military. Some towers are standing complete and others are crumbling. Many have been rebuilt.

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