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The study is assessing of development of an efficacious comprehensive women-centered drug treatment model. Thus, the proposed study will proceed by meeting four sequential aims.
Aim 1. Explore drug use (e.g., types and patterns), HIV and HCV injection and sexual risk behaviors, comorbid conditions (e.g., interpersonal violence, comorbid psychiatric disorders), and treatment barriers and experiences (e.g., gender discrimination) among IDU Georgian women.
Aim 2. Identify from treatment providers their practices and perceptions regarding IDU women in the current Georgian drug treatment system.
Aim 3. Adapt and pretest both a drug abuse treatment approach of Reinforcement-Based Treatment (RBT) that integrates the evidence-based Women’s Co-Op HIV prevention, and a case management approach for IDU Georgian women.
Aim 4. In a small-scale randomized trial, determine the feasibility and initial efficacy of our Georgian RBT model relative to a case management model in terms of their respective impacts on the frequency of unprotected sexual acts and syringe sharing at post-treatment and 3-month post-treatment follow-up.