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The red ruffed lemur[1]
 

The red ruffed lemur[1]

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    The red ruffed lemur[1] The red ruffed lemur[1] Presentation Transcript

    • The red Ruffed lemur
      By Daniel
    • Scientific Classification
      Common Name: Red Ruffed Lemur
      Kingdom: Animalia
      Phylum: Chordata
      Class: Mammalia
      Order: Primates
      Family: Lemuridae
      Genus Species: Vareciavariegataruba
    • Description
      Soft, thick, orange-red fur
    • Description
      Fox-like black head with bright yellow eyes
    • Description
      A ruff of reddish fur around the neck
    • Description
      Nape of neck may have a patch of white fur
    • Description
      Black belly, hands, feet, and long bushy tail
    • Description
      One of the largest
      primates in Madagascar
      Between 1.5 and 2 feet
      in length
      Weighs 7-10 pounds
      Tail usually longer than
      the body
    • Usually 2-3 offspring at a time
      Can have up to 6 offspring
      Gestation is 90-102 days
      Young are left in a nest while parents find food
      If the Lemurs need to move nests, they carry the babies in their mouth
      Sometimes the babies are each given a nest
      The babies are born with fur and their eyes open
      Sexual maturity is 20 months
      Reproduction
    • Where to Find Red Ruffed Lemurs
      Like all lemurs, found exclusively on the island of Madagascar off the east coast of Africa
    • Where to Find Red Ruffed Lemurs
    • Where to Find Red Ruffed Lemurs
      Restricted to the Masoala Peninsula.
    • Where to Find Red Ruffed Lemurs
    • Red Ruffed Lemurs’ Range
      Range separated from the range of the Black and White Rugged Lemur by the Antainambalana River, the Red Ruffed Lemur on the North and the Black and White Lemur on the South.
    • Habitat
      Tropical Rainforest in Madagascar
    • Habitat
      Arboreal forest dwellers
    • Habitat
      Prefers tall, thick, fruit-bearing trees
    • Diet
      The Red Ruffed Lemur is:
      a frugivore (eating fruits)
      a folivore (eating foliage)
      a nectivore (eating nectar)
      Fruit makes up 75% of their diet
      They also eat leaves, shoots and seeds
      Their diet varies depending on the season
      One of their favorite fruits is figs and they travel the jungle to find them
      They get water from eating fruit or climbing down to the ground to drink from streams
    • Predators
      Boa Constrictors
    • Predators
      Eagles
    • Predators
      Hawks
    • Predators
      Fossa
    • Physical Adaptations
      Thick Fur
      Benefit: Protection from the elements
    • Physical Adaptations
      Long, strong fingers and toes
      Benefit: Good for climbing and hanging onto branches
    • Physical Adaptations
      Long, thick tail
      Benefit: Helps balance
      when leaping and climbing
    • Physical Adaptations
      Male and Female Scent Glands
      Benefit: Communication and territory marking
    • Physical Adaptations
      Keen Eyesight
      Benefit: Find food and avoid predators
    • Physical Adaptations
      Long arms and legs
      Benefit: Able to reach far
      when leaping and climbing
    • Physical Adaptations
      Long, pointed snout
      Benefit: Sipping nectar from flowers
    • Physical Adaptations
      Protruding overbite and
      spaced lower six teeth
      Benefit: Creates a comb
      for grooming
    • Physical Adaptations
      The females have three
      sets of mammary glands
      Benefit: Able to nurse
      larger litters
    • Physical Adaptations
      The second claw on its hind legs are longer and thinner.
      Benefit: Used for grooming
    • Behavioral Adaptations
      Sometimes hang by their
      feet on branches
      Benefit: Able to grab
      far away food
    • Behavioral Adaptations
      Vocalizes using 12 distinct calls
      Benefit: Communication with other lemurs
    • Behavioral Adaptations
      Live in family groups of two adults with offspring
      Benefit: Protection, finding food and raising young
    • Crepuscular/Diurnal
      Benefit: Able to find fruit and flowers in the daytime. Finds food while predators may be sleeping
      Behavioral Adaptations
    • Usually stays in the treetops
      Benefit: Finds food in the canopy and avoids predators
      Behavioral Adaptations
    • Endangered Species
      Only 1,000 to 10,000 remain in the wild
      One of the most endangered species of lemur:
      Small geographic range
      Habitat destruction
      Hunting and live capture for pets
      While doing my research I came across a site that was titled, “Red Ruffed Lemurs for Sale!” 
      The Masaola National Park, established in 1997 offers hope for the continued survival of Red Ruffed Lemurs in Madagascar
    • Interesting Facts
      Madagascar separated from Africa over 160 million years ago
      Lemurs developed only on Madagascar
      Red Ruffed Lemurs can travel through the treetops1200m a day in search of ripe fruit
      When Red Ruffed Lemurs live near Black and White Lemurs in zoos, they can understand each other’s calls even though these species don’t normally meet in the wild.
    • Zoo Environment
      Indoors
      Enclosed by glass and bars
      Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in
      Four adult animals housed together
      Little live vegetation
      2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long
      Some rocks and ledges
      Ropes and logs to climb on
      Poop all over the ground
      Water bowls in floor of enclosure
    • Zoo Environment
      Indoors
      Enclosed by glass and bars
      Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in
      Four adult animals housed together
      Little live vegetation
      2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long
      Some rocks and ledges
      Ropes and logs to climb on
      Poop all over the ground
      Water bowls in floor of enclosure
    • Zoo Environment
      Indoors
      Enclosed by glass and bars
      Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in
      Four adult animals housed together
      Little live vegetation
      2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long
      Some rocks and ledges
      Ropes and logs to climb on
      Poop all over the ground
      Water bowls in floor of enclosure
    • Zoo Environment
      Indoors
      Enclosed by glass and bars
      Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in
      Four adult animals housed together
      Little live vegetation
      2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long
      Some rocks and ledges
      Ropes and logs to climb on
      Poop all over the ground
      Water bowls in floor of enclosure
    • Zoo Environment
      Indoors
      Enclosed by glass and bars
      Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in
      Four adult animals housed together
      Little live vegetation
      2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long
      Some rocks and ledges
      Ropes and logs to climb on
      Poop all over the ground
      Water bowls in floor of enclosure
    • Zoo Environment
      Indoors
      Enclosed by glass and bars
      Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in
      Four adult animals housed together
      Little live vegetation
      2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long
      Some rocks and ledges
      Ropes and logs to climb on
      Poop all over the ground
      Water bowls in floor of enclosure
    • Zoo Environment
      Indoors
      Enclosed by glass and bars
      Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in
      Four adult animals housed together
      Little live vegetation
      2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long
      Some rocks and ledges
      Ropes and logs to climb on
      Poop all over the ground
      Water bowls in floor of enclosure
    • Zoo Environment
      Indoors
      Enclosed by glass and bars
      Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in
      Four adult animals housed together
      Little live vegetation
      2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long
      Some rocks and ledges
      Ropes and logs to climb on
      Poop all over the ground
      Water bowls in floor of enclosure
    • Zoo Environment
      Indoors
      Enclosed by glass and bars
      Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in
      Four adult animals housed together
      Little live vegetation
      2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long
      Some rocks and ledges
      Ropes and logs to climb on
      Poop all over the ground
      Water bowls in floor of enclosure
    • Zoo Environment
      Indoors
      Enclosed by glass and bars
      Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in
      Four adult animals housed together
      Little live vegetation
      2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long
      Some rocks and ledges
      Ropes and logs to climb on
      Poop all over the ground
      Water bowls in floor of enclosure
    • Zoo Environment
      Indoors
      Enclosed by glass and bars
      Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in
      Four adult animals housed together
      Little live vegetation
      2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long
      Some rocks and ledges
      Ropes and logs to climb on
      Poop all over the ground
      Water bowls in floor of enclosure
    • Zoo Improvements
      If I had the power to change the Red Ruffed Lemurs zoo habitat, this is what I would do. I liked that there was some things to climb on but I think that to maintain the adaptation of having long arms and legs to climb higher we must give them more things to climb on. I also think there should be more room for the Red Ruffed Lemurs because they are territorial and are adapted to traveling long distances to find food. I think there should be outside space to maintain the adaptation of having thick fur to withstand the elements. I believe that to keep the adaptation of a long snout to reach into flowers to get nectar, we must give them real flowers to stick their muzzle in and get nectar. I think that their habitat should be higher off the ground because they naturally like to stay higher in the trees than on the ground. I also would have made the habitat have more live vegetation and less concrete because the Red Ruffed Lemur naturally lives in the rainforest. I would also like to include running water to be more like the streams in their natural habitat. I liked a little about this habitat but I wanted to change a lot.
    • Sources
      The Wild Ones Animal Index
      San Francisco Zoo
      Bristol Zoo
      Woodland Park Zoo
      Animal Bytes
      Google Images
      Conservation of lemurs in human-dominated landscapes by Barbara Martinez, PhD student