The red ruffed lemur[1]
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The red ruffed lemur[1]

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The red ruffed lemur[1] The red ruffed lemur[1] Presentation Transcript

  • The red Ruffed lemur
    By Daniel
  • Scientific Classification
    Common Name: Red Ruffed Lemur
    Kingdom: Animalia
    Phylum: Chordata
    Class: Mammalia
    Order: Primates
    Family: Lemuridae
    Genus Species: Vareciavariegataruba
  • Description
    Soft, thick, orange-red fur
  • Description
    Fox-like black head with bright yellow eyes
  • Description
    A ruff of reddish fur around the neck
  • Description
    Nape of neck may have a patch of white fur
  • Description
    Black belly, hands, feet, and long bushy tail
  • Description
    One of the largest
    primates in Madagascar
    Between 1.5 and 2 feet
    in length
    Weighs 7-10 pounds
    Tail usually longer than
    the body
  • Usually 2-3 offspring at a time
    Can have up to 6 offspring
    Gestation is 90-102 days
    Young are left in a nest while parents find food
    If the Lemurs need to move nests, they carry the babies in their mouth
    Sometimes the babies are each given a nest
    The babies are born with fur and their eyes open
    Sexual maturity is 20 months
    Reproduction
  • Where to Find Red Ruffed Lemurs
    Like all lemurs, found exclusively on the island of Madagascar off the east coast of Africa
  • Where to Find Red Ruffed Lemurs
  • Where to Find Red Ruffed Lemurs
    Restricted to the Masoala Peninsula.
  • Where to Find Red Ruffed Lemurs
  • Red Ruffed Lemurs’ Range
    Range separated from the range of the Black and White Rugged Lemur by the Antainambalana River, the Red Ruffed Lemur on the North and the Black and White Lemur on the South.
  • Habitat
    Tropical Rainforest in Madagascar
  • Habitat
    Arboreal forest dwellers
  • Habitat
    Prefers tall, thick, fruit-bearing trees
  • Diet
    The Red Ruffed Lemur is:
    a frugivore (eating fruits)
    a folivore (eating foliage)
    a nectivore (eating nectar)
    Fruit makes up 75% of their diet
    They also eat leaves, shoots and seeds
    Their diet varies depending on the season
    One of their favorite fruits is figs and they travel the jungle to find them
    They get water from eating fruit or climbing down to the ground to drink from streams
  • Predators
    Boa Constrictors
  • Predators
    Eagles
  • Predators
    Hawks
  • Predators
    Fossa
  • Physical Adaptations
    Thick Fur
    Benefit: Protection from the elements
  • Physical Adaptations
    Long, strong fingers and toes
    Benefit: Good for climbing and hanging onto branches
  • Physical Adaptations
    Long, thick tail
    Benefit: Helps balance
    when leaping and climbing
  • Physical Adaptations
    Male and Female Scent Glands
    Benefit: Communication and territory marking
  • Physical Adaptations
    Keen Eyesight
    Benefit: Find food and avoid predators
  • Physical Adaptations
    Long arms and legs
    Benefit: Able to reach far
    when leaping and climbing
  • Physical Adaptations
    Long, pointed snout
    Benefit: Sipping nectar from flowers
  • Physical Adaptations
    Protruding overbite and
    spaced lower six teeth
    Benefit: Creates a comb
    for grooming
  • Physical Adaptations
    The females have three
    sets of mammary glands
    Benefit: Able to nurse
    larger litters
  • Physical Adaptations
    The second claw on its hind legs are longer and thinner.
    Benefit: Used for grooming
  • Behavioral Adaptations
    Sometimes hang by their
    feet on branches
    Benefit: Able to grab
    far away food
  • Behavioral Adaptations
    Vocalizes using 12 distinct calls
    Benefit: Communication with other lemurs
  • Behavioral Adaptations
    Live in family groups of two adults with offspring
    Benefit: Protection, finding food and raising young
  • Crepuscular/Diurnal
    Benefit: Able to find fruit and flowers in the daytime. Finds food while predators may be sleeping
    Behavioral Adaptations
  • Usually stays in the treetops
    Benefit: Finds food in the canopy and avoids predators
    Behavioral Adaptations
  • Endangered Species
    Only 1,000 to 10,000 remain in the wild
    One of the most endangered species of lemur:
    Small geographic range
    Habitat destruction
    Hunting and live capture for pets
    While doing my research I came across a site that was titled, “Red Ruffed Lemurs for Sale!” 
    The Masaola National Park, established in 1997 offers hope for the continued survival of Red Ruffed Lemurs in Madagascar
  • Interesting Facts
    Madagascar separated from Africa over 160 million years ago
    Lemurs developed only on Madagascar
    Red Ruffed Lemurs can travel through the treetops1200m a day in search of ripe fruit
    When Red Ruffed Lemurs live near Black and White Lemurs in zoos, they can understand each other’s calls even though these species don’t normally meet in the wild.
  • Zoo Environment
    Indoors
    Enclosed by glass and bars
    Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in
    Four adult animals housed together
    Little live vegetation
    2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long
    Some rocks and ledges
    Ropes and logs to climb on
    Poop all over the ground
    Water bowls in floor of enclosure
  • Zoo Environment
    Indoors
    Enclosed by glass and bars
    Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in
    Four adult animals housed together
    Little live vegetation
    2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long
    Some rocks and ledges
    Ropes and logs to climb on
    Poop all over the ground
    Water bowls in floor of enclosure
  • Zoo Environment
    Indoors
    Enclosed by glass and bars
    Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in
    Four adult animals housed together
    Little live vegetation
    2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long
    Some rocks and ledges
    Ropes and logs to climb on
    Poop all over the ground
    Water bowls in floor of enclosure
  • Zoo Environment
    Indoors
    Enclosed by glass and bars
    Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in
    Four adult animals housed together
    Little live vegetation
    2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long
    Some rocks and ledges
    Ropes and logs to climb on
    Poop all over the ground
    Water bowls in floor of enclosure
  • Zoo Environment
    Indoors
    Enclosed by glass and bars
    Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in
    Four adult animals housed together
    Little live vegetation
    2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long
    Some rocks and ledges
    Ropes and logs to climb on
    Poop all over the ground
    Water bowls in floor of enclosure
  • Zoo Environment
    Indoors
    Enclosed by glass and bars
    Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in
    Four adult animals housed together
    Little live vegetation
    2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long
    Some rocks and ledges
    Ropes and logs to climb on
    Poop all over the ground
    Water bowls in floor of enclosure
  • Zoo Environment
    Indoors
    Enclosed by glass and bars
    Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in
    Four adult animals housed together
    Little live vegetation
    2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long
    Some rocks and ledges
    Ropes and logs to climb on
    Poop all over the ground
    Water bowls in floor of enclosure
  • Zoo Environment
    Indoors
    Enclosed by glass and bars
    Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in
    Four adult animals housed together
    Little live vegetation
    2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long
    Some rocks and ledges
    Ropes and logs to climb on
    Poop all over the ground
    Water bowls in floor of enclosure
  • Zoo Environment
    Indoors
    Enclosed by glass and bars
    Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in
    Four adult animals housed together
    Little live vegetation
    2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long
    Some rocks and ledges
    Ropes and logs to climb on
    Poop all over the ground
    Water bowls in floor of enclosure
  • Zoo Environment
    Indoors
    Enclosed by glass and bars
    Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in
    Four adult animals housed together
    Little live vegetation
    2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long
    Some rocks and ledges
    Ropes and logs to climb on
    Poop all over the ground
    Water bowls in floor of enclosure
  • Zoo Environment
    Indoors
    Enclosed by glass and bars
    Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in
    Four adult animals housed together
    Little live vegetation
    2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long
    Some rocks and ledges
    Ropes and logs to climb on
    Poop all over the ground
    Water bowls in floor of enclosure
  • Zoo Improvements
    If I had the power to change the Red Ruffed Lemurs zoo habitat, this is what I would do. I liked that there was some things to climb on but I think that to maintain the adaptation of having long arms and legs to climb higher we must give them more things to climb on. I also think there should be more room for the Red Ruffed Lemurs because they are territorial and are adapted to traveling long distances to find food. I think there should be outside space to maintain the adaptation of having thick fur to withstand the elements. I believe that to keep the adaptation of a long snout to reach into flowers to get nectar, we must give them real flowers to stick their muzzle in and get nectar. I think that their habitat should be higher off the ground because they naturally like to stay higher in the trees than on the ground. I also would have made the habitat have more live vegetation and less concrete because the Red Ruffed Lemur naturally lives in the rainforest. I would also like to include running water to be more like the streams in their natural habitat. I liked a little about this habitat but I wanted to change a lot.
  • Sources
    The Wild Ones Animal Index
    San Francisco Zoo
    Bristol Zoo
    Woodland Park Zoo
    Animal Bytes
    Google Images
    Conservation of lemurs in human-dominated landscapes by Barbara Martinez, PhD student