The red ruffed lemur[1]

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The red ruffed lemur[1]

  1. 1. The red Ruffed lemur<br />By Daniel <br />
  2. 2. Scientific Classification<br />Common Name: Red Ruffed Lemur<br />Kingdom: Animalia<br />Phylum: Chordata<br />Class: Mammalia<br />Order: Primates<br />Family: Lemuridae<br />Genus Species: Vareciavariegataruba<br />
  3. 3. Description<br />Soft, thick, orange-red fur<br />
  4. 4. Description<br />Fox-like black head with bright yellow eyes<br />
  5. 5. Description<br />A ruff of reddish fur around the neck<br />
  6. 6. Description<br />Nape of neck may have a patch of white fur<br />
  7. 7. Description<br />Black belly, hands, feet, and long bushy tail <br />
  8. 8. Description<br />One of the largest <br /> primates in Madagascar<br />Between 1.5 and 2 feet <br /> in length<br />Weighs 7-10 pounds<br />Tail usually longer than <br /> the body<br />
  9. 9. Usually 2-3 offspring at a time<br />Can have up to 6 offspring<br />Gestation is 90-102 days<br />Young are left in a nest while parents find food<br />If the Lemurs need to move nests, they carry the babies in their mouth<br />Sometimes the babies are each given a nest<br />The babies are born with fur and their eyes open<br />Sexual maturity is 20 months<br />Reproduction<br />
  10. 10. Where to Find Red Ruffed Lemurs<br />Like all lemurs, found exclusively on the island of Madagascar off the east coast of Africa<br />
  11. 11. Where to Find Red Ruffed Lemurs<br />
  12. 12. Where to Find Red Ruffed Lemurs<br />Restricted to the Masoala Peninsula.<br />
  13. 13. Where to Find Red Ruffed Lemurs<br />
  14. 14. Red Ruffed Lemurs’ Range<br />Range separated from the range of the Black and White Rugged Lemur by the Antainambalana River, the Red Ruffed Lemur on the North and the Black and White Lemur on the South.<br />
  15. 15. Habitat<br />Tropical Rainforest in Madagascar<br />
  16. 16. Habitat<br />Arboreal forest dwellers<br />
  17. 17. Habitat<br />Prefers tall, thick, fruit-bearing trees<br />
  18. 18. Diet<br />The Red Ruffed Lemur is:<br />a frugivore (eating fruits)<br /> a folivore (eating foliage)<br />a nectivore (eating nectar)<br />Fruit makes up 75% of their diet<br />They also eat leaves, shoots and seeds<br />Their diet varies depending on the season<br />One of their favorite fruits is figs and they travel the jungle to find them<br />They get water from eating fruit or climbing down to the ground to drink from streams<br />
  19. 19. Predators<br />Boa Constrictors<br />
  20. 20. Predators<br />Eagles<br />
  21. 21. Predators<br />Hawks<br />
  22. 22. Predators<br />Fossa<br />
  23. 23. Physical Adaptations<br />Thick Fur<br />Benefit: Protection from the elements<br />
  24. 24. Physical Adaptations<br />Long, strong fingers and toes<br />Benefit: Good for climbing and hanging onto branches<br />
  25. 25. Physical Adaptations<br />Long, thick tail<br />Benefit: Helps balance <br /> when leaping and climbing<br />
  26. 26. Physical Adaptations<br />Male and Female Scent Glands<br />Benefit: Communication and territory marking<br />
  27. 27. Physical Adaptations<br />Keen Eyesight<br />Benefit: Find food and avoid predators<br />
  28. 28. Physical Adaptations<br />Long arms and legs<br />Benefit: Able to reach far <br /> when leaping and climbing<br />
  29. 29. Physical Adaptations<br />Long, pointed snout<br />Benefit: Sipping nectar from flowers<br />
  30. 30. Physical Adaptations<br />Protruding overbite and <br /> spaced lower six teeth<br />Benefit: Creates a comb <br /> for grooming<br />
  31. 31. Physical Adaptations<br />The females have three <br /> sets of mammary glands<br />Benefit: Able to nurse <br /> larger litters <br />
  32. 32. Physical Adaptations<br />The second claw on its hind legs are longer and thinner.<br />Benefit: Used for grooming<br />
  33. 33. Behavioral Adaptations<br />Sometimes hang by their <br /> feet on branches<br />Benefit: Able to grab <br /> far away food<br />
  34. 34. Behavioral Adaptations<br />Vocalizes using 12 distinct calls<br />Benefit: Communication with other lemurs<br />
  35. 35. Behavioral Adaptations<br />Live in family groups of two adults with offspring<br />Benefit: Protection, finding food and raising young<br />
  36. 36. Crepuscular/Diurnal<br />Benefit: Able to find fruit and flowers in the daytime. Finds food while predators may be sleeping<br />Behavioral Adaptations<br />
  37. 37. Usually stays in the treetops<br />Benefit: Finds food in the canopy and avoids predators<br />Behavioral Adaptations<br />
  38. 38. Endangered Species<br />Only 1,000 to 10,000 remain in the wild<br />One of the most endangered species of lemur:<br />Small geographic range<br />Habitat destruction<br />Hunting and live capture for pets<br />While doing my research I came across a site that was titled, “Red Ruffed Lemurs for Sale!” <br />The Masaola National Park, established in 1997 offers hope for the continued survival of Red Ruffed Lemurs in Madagascar<br />
  39. 39. Interesting Facts<br />Madagascar separated from Africa over 160 million years ago<br />Lemurs developed only on Madagascar<br />Red Ruffed Lemurs can travel through the treetops1200m a day in search of ripe fruit<br />When Red Ruffed Lemurs live near Black and White Lemurs in zoos, they can understand each other’s calls even though these species don’t normally meet in the wild.<br />
  40. 40. Zoo Environment<br />Indoors<br />Enclosed by glass and bars<br />Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in<br />Four adult animals housed together<br />Little live vegetation<br />2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long<br />Some rocks and ledges<br />Ropes and logs to climb on<br />Poop all over the ground<br />Water bowls in floor of enclosure<br />
  41. 41. Zoo Environment<br />Indoors<br />Enclosed by glass and bars<br />Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in<br />Four adult animals housed together<br />Little live vegetation<br />2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long<br />Some rocks and ledges<br />Ropes and logs to climb on<br />Poop all over the ground<br />Water bowls in floor of enclosure<br />
  42. 42. Zoo Environment<br />Indoors<br />Enclosed by glass and bars<br />Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in<br />Four adult animals housed together<br />Little live vegetation<br />2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long<br />Some rocks and ledges<br />Ropes and logs to climb on<br />Poop all over the ground<br />Water bowls in floor of enclosure<br />
  43. 43. Zoo Environment<br />Indoors<br />Enclosed by glass and bars<br />Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in<br />Four adult animals housed together<br />Little live vegetation<br />2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long<br />Some rocks and ledges<br />Ropes and logs to climb on<br />Poop all over the ground<br />Water bowls in floor of enclosure<br />
  44. 44. Zoo Environment<br />Indoors<br />Enclosed by glass and bars<br />Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in<br />Four adult animals housed together<br />Little live vegetation<br />2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long<br />Some rocks and ledges<br />Ropes and logs to climb on<br />Poop all over the ground<br />Water bowls in floor of enclosure<br />
  45. 45. Zoo Environment<br />Indoors<br />Enclosed by glass and bars<br />Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in<br />Four adult animals housed together<br />Little live vegetation<br />2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long<br />Some rocks and ledges<br />Ropes and logs to climb on<br />Poop all over the ground<br />Water bowls in floor of enclosure<br />
  46. 46. Zoo Environment<br />Indoors<br />Enclosed by glass and bars<br />Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in<br />Four adult animals housed together<br />Little live vegetation<br />2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long<br />Some rocks and ledges<br />Ropes and logs to climb on<br />Poop all over the ground<br />Water bowls in floor of enclosure<br />
  47. 47. Zoo Environment<br />Indoors<br />Enclosed by glass and bars<br />Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in<br />Four adult animals housed together<br />Little live vegetation<br />2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long<br />Some rocks and ledges<br />Ropes and logs to climb on<br />Poop all over the ground<br />Water bowls in floor of enclosure<br />
  48. 48. Zoo Environment<br />Indoors<br />Enclosed by glass and bars<br />Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in<br />Four adult animals housed together<br />Little live vegetation<br />2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long<br />Some rocks and ledges<br />Ropes and logs to climb on<br />Poop all over the ground<br />Water bowls in floor of enclosure<br />
  49. 49. Zoo Environment<br />Indoors<br />Enclosed by glass and bars<br />Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in<br />Four adult animals housed together<br />Little live vegetation<br />2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long<br />Some rocks and ledges<br />Ropes and logs to climb on<br />Poop all over the ground<br />Water bowls in floor of enclosure<br />
  50. 50. Zoo Environment<br />Indoors<br />Enclosed by glass and bars<br />Lots of concrete, like boxes to live in<br />Four adult animals housed together<br />Little live vegetation<br />2 rooms approximately 7ft wide and 8-9ft long<br />Some rocks and ledges<br />Ropes and logs to climb on<br />Poop all over the ground<br />Water bowls in floor of enclosure<br />
  51. 51. Zoo Improvements<br /> If I had the power to change the Red Ruffed Lemurs zoo habitat, this is what I would do. I liked that there was some things to climb on but I think that to maintain the adaptation of having long arms and legs to climb higher we must give them more things to climb on. I also think there should be more room for the Red Ruffed Lemurs because they are territorial and are adapted to traveling long distances to find food. I think there should be outside space to maintain the adaptation of having thick fur to withstand the elements. I believe that to keep the adaptation of a long snout to reach into flowers to get nectar, we must give them real flowers to stick their muzzle in and get nectar. I think that their habitat should be higher off the ground because they naturally like to stay higher in the trees than on the ground. I also would have made the habitat have more live vegetation and less concrete because the Red Ruffed Lemur naturally lives in the rainforest. I would also like to include running water to be more like the streams in their natural habitat. I liked a little about this habitat but I wanted to change a lot.<br />
  52. 52. Sources<br />The Wild Ones Animal Index<br />San Francisco Zoo<br />Bristol Zoo<br />Woodland Park Zoo<br />Animal Bytes<br />Google Images<br />Conservation of lemurs in human-dominated landscapes by Barbara Martinez, PhD student<br />

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