My zoo project final


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My zoo project final

  1. 1. My Zoo Project“The Ocelot” <br />By: Kate<br />
  2. 2. Ocelot Taxonomy<br />The ocelot family is the felidae.<br />The ocelot order is the carnivora.<br />The ocelot class is the mammalia.<br />The ocelot phylum is chordates or number 11.<br />The ocelot kingdom is animal.<br />
  3. 3. Physical Characteristics<br />What does the ocelot look like? <br />It is a tan colored mammal with black spots all over the body with a white stomach and ringed tail. They also can range in color from light yellow to reddish grey, with dark spots and stripes. <br />It has sleek fur, rounded ears and relatively large front paws. <br />The ocelot is 26-39 inches in body length, 12-18 inches in tail length and it weighs 24-35 pounds.<br />The ocelot is similar in appearance to a domestic cat.<br />Ocelot compared to man<br />
  4. 4. More Physical Characteristics<br />What are the differences between male, female and young ocelot?<br />Male ocelots are larger than females and weigh about 4 pounds more than females.<br />Females mature at 18 months and breed to about 13 years. Males mature at 15 months and breed to 15 years.<br />The young ocelot, called kittens, have a darker color than mature ocelots.<br />What are other characteristics of the ocelot?<br />The ocelot meows for vocalization.<br />Male and Female Ocelot<br />Ocelot Kitten<br />
  5. 5. Reproduction<br />How long is gestation?<br />The ocelot gestation ranges from 70<br />to 90 days.<br />How many young are born at a time? <br /> There can be 1 to 4 kittens born at a time, <br /> but usually there is just one or two.<br />Who cares for the young?<br />The female ocelots take care of the young.<br />How long do the young stay with the parents? <br />Female stay from 18 to 20 months and males stay for 30 months. Once the young are a few months old, they begin to accompany the mother on hunting trips. When they are old enough, the young ocelot leaves the mother and goes on its own.<br />
  6. 6. Habitat <br />Ocelots can be found throughout Central<br /> and South America, living in both dry and<br /> tropical areas which include rainforest <br /> and chaparral.<br />The ocelot is primarily terrestrial. <br /> Occasionally, it is arboreal.<br />The ocelot is territorial.<br />The ocelot nests in tree boughs and hollow trees or a den that is well protected in dense thicket or brush.<br />The ocelot status is endangered. Ocelots were first listed as an endangered species in 1973 from humans hunting the ocelot for its fur.<br />
  7. 7. Food<br />An ocelot eating a lizard<br />What does the ocelot eat? <br />The ocelot eats rodents, birds, snakes, iguanas, lizards, fish and land tortoises. <br />What are the ocelot’s predators? <br />The ocelots predators are the bobcats, jaguars, <br /> lions, coyotes, eagles and humans.<br />
  8. 8. Interesting Facts<br /> One interesting fact is the ocelots do not have good teeth for chewing, so they tear pieces from their food and swallow them whole.<br /> Another fact is that ocelot came from the Mexican Aztec word Tlalocelot which means field tiger.<br />
  9. 9. Ocelots have retractable claws so the claws can remain sharp for both seizing and holding prey.<br />The dappling of the coat resembles patterns from light passing through brush and then hitting the animal, allowing the ocelot to blend in with its surroundings.<br />The ocelot has large eyes. The ocelot’s eyesight is six times better than human’s, so it can track down prey at night.<br />Ocelots have long whiskers to help it’s way around.<br />5. Ocelots have sharp teeth for killing their prey.<br />Physical Adaptations and How They Aid Survival<br />
  10. 10. Physical Adaptations and How They Aid Survival<br />The ocelot has powerful legs, making it one of the fastest cats.<br />The ocelot has a good sense of smell better than humans but not as good as dogs. This aids hunting prey.<br />Ocelots have a white spot on their ears to fool predators.<br />The ocelot have small ears, but amazing hearing, to seek prey and hide from predators.<br />Ocelots are strong swimmers which helps them evade danger. <br />
  11. 11. Behavioral Adaptations and How They Aid Survival<br />The ocelot sharpens their retractable claws on trees. This helps them when they hunt for prey at night.<br />The ocelot is nocturnal, so it can hide from predators in the day and hunt during the night.<br />During the day they rest in trees or other dense foliage. They do this to get ready for a night’s hunt.<br />4. The ocelot is territorial. It guards an area of land and protects it from predators. It does this to decrease competition for hunting at night.<br />Ocelots thrive in captivity, where they may live more than 20 years, as compared to 7-10 years in the wild.<br />
  12. 12. Improvements to the Cleveland Zoo Habitat<br />The habitat should have been bigger because an ocelot’s territory averages between 2-18 square kilometers.<br />2. The ocelot should have a natural water source and live prey instead of water and food in bowls.<br />3. I didn’t like how the ocelot was enclosed by wire bars. I would make the habitat more natural to make the ocelot more comfortable. <br />I would put more vegetation and dense brush in the habitat because the ocelot prefers this type of environment, especially during the day, so it can hide.<br />5. I would provide a water source for the ocelot, so it would have a place to swim. The ocelot likes the water unlike most cats.<br />
  13. 13. The Ocelot at the Cleveland Zoo.<br />