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  • 1.  
  • 2. Japanese occupation of Korea 1895 Signing of the Treaty of Shimonoseki to stop the Chinese-Japanese war. Assassination of Queen Min by the Japanese in Korea
    • The Treaty of Shimonoseki was signed on April 17, 1895.
    • Main consequences: - Japanese sovereignty over Taiwan. - Japanese protectorate over Korea.
    • Myeonseong, known as Queen Min was the last empress of Korea.
    • Established foreign relations with Russia and China to prevent the Japanese from taking over Korea.
    • She was killed by the Japanese on 1895, which received many criticisms.
  • 3. 1907 Russo-Japanese War 1904-1905
    • The Emperor Kojong of Korea, refused to sign the agreement that gave the power over the Korean protectorate to Japan, and abdicated.
    • He was succeeded by his son Sunjong more manipunable.
    1910
    • Korea was annexed to the Japanese Empire in 1910 with the Taft-Katsura Covenant.
    • Extinction of the Joseon Dynasty.
  • 4. 1917
    • Proclamation of the Declaration of Independence of Korea by a group of patriots in Manchuria.
    • Prohibition of publication of magazines and newspapers, meetings and associations of any kind in Korea by the Japanese government.
    • Obligation to carry sword and uniform for all staff.
    1919
    • A strong anti-japan feeling appeared.
    • March 11: peaceful independence movement sated with bloodshed.
    • April 11: Korean government was established in exile in Shanghai.
    Kim Yeongnang
  • 5. 1926
    • Death of Emperor Sunjong.
    • Demonstrations in favor of independence in Seoul.
    1929
    • Violent anti-Japanese student movements
    1931-1934 Emperor Pu Yi
    • With little resistance, Japan conquered Manchuria in 1931.
    • The Japanese stated that this conquest was a liberation from Chinese in Manchuria. They did so to appease anti-Japanese sentiment and mislead the international media.
    • In 1934, former Chinese emperor Pu Yi became emperor of Manchukuo (Manchuria). However, the power over Manchuria actually fell on the Japanese government.
  • 6. 1937 Battle of Shanghai Nanjing Slaughter
    • This battle was the first serious attempt to stop the advance of Japanese troops in China.
    • Main consequences: - Strong Chinese military casualties
    • - Post slaughter of Nanking
    • After the capture of Shanghai, Japanese troops headed to Nanjing, which was also conquered.
    • Nanjing witnessed countless atrocities by the Japanese army. Rape, looting, executions ... Chinese civilians were killed regardless of sex or age.
    • The magnitude of this disaster is still under discussion between China and Japan.
  • 7. 1938 Japan takes up the entire coast of China, and controls its five largest cities. 1940 1940-1942 1941
    • In order to avoid the U.S. supply to China, Japan decided to invade French Indochina.
    • Taking advantage of French weakness, Japan signed a treaty with that country which allowed the presence of a number of Japanese soldiers in the territory.
    • The treaty was violated by the Japanese, and so began the fighting. The victory went to Japan.
    • Promulgation of the decree that forced Koreans to Japanize their names.
    • Ban Korean newspapers publish “Tonga Ibo” and “Choson Ibo”.
    Japan attacks Pearl Harbour
  • 8. Map of the Japanese Empire
  • 9. 1942
    • Allies surrender in Singapore.
    • The Japanese began a policy of repression against Chinese, Indians and Malays.
    1945
    • On 6 August, the flying fortress Enola Gay dropped the Little Boy on Hiroshima.
    Little Boy
    • On August 9, a second bomb, Fatman, fell on Nagasaki.
    Fatman
  • 10. 1945
    • The Soviet Union declares war on Japan.
    • Invasion of Soviet troops in Korea
    • End of World War II
    • Defeat of Japan
    • Korea's division into two zones along the 38th parallel and occupation of both by Soviet and American.
    1948
    • Syngman Rhee was elected president of the First Republic, the only state recognized by the UN.
    Syngman Rhee
  • 11.