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  • 1.  
  • 2. Japanese occupation of Korea 1895 Signing of the Treaty of Shimonoseki to stop the Chinese-Japanese war. Assassination of Queen Min by the Japanese in Korea <ul><li>The Treaty of Shimonoseki was signed on April 17, 1895. </li></ul><ul><li>Main consequences: - Japanese sovereignty over Taiwan. - Japanese protectorate over Korea. </li></ul><ul><li>Myeonseong, known as Queen Min was the last empress of Korea. </li></ul><ul><li>Established foreign relations with Russia and China to prevent the Japanese from taking over Korea. </li></ul><ul><li>She was killed by the Japanese on 1895, which received many criticisms. </li></ul>
  • 3. 1907 Russo-Japanese War 1904-1905 <ul><li>The Emperor Kojong of Korea, refused to sign the agreement that gave the power over the Korean protectorate to Japan, and abdicated. </li></ul><ul><li>He was succeeded by his son Sunjong more manipunable. </li></ul>1910 <ul><li>Korea was annexed to the Japanese Empire in 1910 with the Taft-Katsura Covenant. </li></ul><ul><li>Extinction of the Joseon Dynasty. </li></ul>
  • 4. 1917 <ul><li>Proclamation of the Declaration of Independence of Korea by a group of patriots in Manchuria. </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibition of publication of magazines and newspapers, meetings and associations of any kind in Korea by the Japanese government. </li></ul><ul><li>Obligation to carry sword and uniform for all staff. </li></ul>1919 <ul><li>A strong anti-japan feeling appeared. </li></ul><ul><li>March 11: peaceful independence movement sated with bloodshed. </li></ul><ul><li>April 11: Korean government was established in exile in Shanghai. </li></ul>Kim Yeongnang
  • 5. 1926 <ul><li>Death of Emperor Sunjong. </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrations in favor of independence in Seoul. </li></ul>1929 <ul><li>Violent anti-Japanese student movements </li></ul>1931-1934 Emperor Pu Yi <ul><li>With little resistance, Japan conquered Manchuria in 1931. </li></ul><ul><li>The Japanese stated that this conquest was a liberation from Chinese in Manchuria. They did so to appease anti-Japanese sentiment and mislead the international media. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1934, former Chinese emperor Pu Yi became emperor of Manchukuo (Manchuria). However, the power over Manchuria actually fell on the Japanese government. </li></ul>
  • 6. 1937 Battle of Shanghai Nanjing Slaughter <ul><li>This battle was the first serious attempt to stop the advance of Japanese troops in China. </li></ul><ul><li>Main consequences: - Strong Chinese military casualties </li></ul><ul><li>- Post slaughter of Nanking </li></ul><ul><li>After the capture of Shanghai, Japanese troops headed to Nanjing, which was also conquered. </li></ul><ul><li>Nanjing witnessed countless atrocities by the Japanese army. Rape, looting, executions ... Chinese civilians were killed regardless of sex or age. </li></ul><ul><li>The magnitude of this disaster is still under discussion between China and Japan. </li></ul>
  • 7. 1938 Japan takes up the entire coast of China, and controls its five largest cities. 1940 1940-1942 1941 <ul><li>In order to avoid the U.S. supply to China, Japan decided to invade French Indochina. </li></ul><ul><li>Taking advantage of French weakness, Japan signed a treaty with that country which allowed the presence of a number of Japanese soldiers in the territory. </li></ul><ul><li>The treaty was violated by the Japanese, and so began the fighting. The victory went to Japan. </li></ul><ul><li>Promulgation of the decree that forced Koreans to Japanize their names. </li></ul><ul><li>Ban Korean newspapers publish “Tonga Ibo” and “Choson Ibo”. </li></ul>Japan attacks Pearl Harbour
  • 8. Map of the Japanese Empire
  • 9. 1942 <ul><li>Allies surrender in Singapore. </li></ul><ul><li>The Japanese began a policy of repression against Chinese, Indians and Malays. </li></ul>1945 <ul><li>On 6 August, the flying fortress Enola Gay dropped the Little Boy on Hiroshima. </li></ul>Little Boy <ul><li>On August 9, a second bomb, Fatman, fell on Nagasaki. </li></ul>Fatman
  • 10. 1945 <ul><li>The Soviet Union declares war on Japan. </li></ul><ul><li>Invasion of Soviet troops in Korea </li></ul><ul><li>End of World War II </li></ul><ul><li>Defeat of Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Korea&apos;s division into two zones along the 38th parallel and occupation of both by Soviet and American. </li></ul>1948 <ul><li>Syngman Rhee was elected president of the First Republic, the only state recognized by the UN. </li></ul>Syngman Rhee
  • 11. &nbsp;

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