Japanese occupation of Korea
Signing of the Assassination
Treaty of of Queen Min
Shimonoseki to by the
stop the Chinese-
•The Treaty of Shimonoseki was •Myeonseong, known as Queen Min
signed on April 17, 1895. was the last empress of Korea.
• Main consequences: • Established foreign relations with Russia
and China to prevent the Japanese from
- Japanese sovereignty over
taking over Korea.
- Japanese protectorate over •She was killed by the Japanese on
1895, which received many criticisms.
• Korea was annexed to the
Japanese Empire in 1910 with the
• Extinction of the Joseon
• The Emperor Kojong of
Korea, refused to sign the
agreement that gave the
power over the Korean
protectorate to Japan, and
• He was succeeded
by his son Sunjong
• Proclamation of the Declaration of • A strong anti-japan feeling appeared.
Independence of Korea by a group of
patriots in Manchuria.
•Prohibition of publication of magazines • March 11: peaceful independence
and newspapers, meetings and movement sated with bloodshed.
associations of any kind in Korea by the
Japanese government. • April 11: Korean government was
• Obligation to carry sword and uniform established in exile in Shanghai.
for all staff.
1926 • With little
conquered Manchuria in
• Death of Emperor Sunjong. 1931.
• Demonstrations in favor of •The Japanese stated
independence in Seoul. that this conquest was a
liberation from Chinese
in Manchuria. They did
Emperor Pu Yi
so to appease anti-
Japanese sentiment and
1929 mislead the international
•In 1934, former Chinese
• Violent anti-Japanese emperor Pu Yi became
student movements emperor of Manchukuo
(Manchuria). However, the
power over Manchuria
actually fell on the Japanese
Battle of Nanjing
•This battle was the first serious •After the capture of Shanghai, Japanese
attempt to stop the advance of troops headed to Nanjing, which was also
Japanese troops in China.
• Main consequences: • Nanjing witnessed countless atrocities
by the Japanese army.
- Strong Chinese military Rape, looting, executions ... Chinese
casualties civilians were killed regardless of sex or
- Post slaughter of Nanking •The magnitude of this disaster is still
under discussion between China and
Japan takes up the
•In order to avoid the U.S. supply to China, Japan
entire coast of decided to invade French Indochina.
China, and controls its
five largest cities. • Taking advantage of French weakness, Japan
signed a treaty with that country which allowed
the presence of a number of Japanese soldiers in
•The treaty was violated by the Japanese, and so
•Promulgation of the began the fighting. The victory went to Japan.
decree that forced
Koreans to Japanize
• Ban Korean Japan attacks Pearl
newspapers publish Harbour
“Tonga Ibo” and
• Allies surrender in
•The Japanese began a
policy of repression
against Chinese, Indians
and Malays. •On August 9, a second
bomb, Fatman, fell on
•On 6 August, the flying
fortress Enola Gay dropped
the Little Boy on Hiroshima.
•Defeat of Japan
•The Soviet Union declares
war on Japan. •Korea's division into two
zones along the 38th
•Invasion of Soviet troops in parallel and occupation of
Korea both by Soviet and
•End of World War II American.
•Syngman Rhee was
elected president of the First
Republic, the only state
recognized by the UN.