Learning circles (September – December 2012)                     ppm1              Slonim gymnasium 1                    B...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
Forests Of Pakistan  Presentation made by:       Attia Shuaib     Mehar-un-Nisa    Mehreen Shabbir
Contents:• Plants in our forests.• Animals in our forests.• Insects in our forests.
Plants in our forests• Yew• Ash
YEWScientific name : Taxus baccataLocal name : BarmiYew is a small to medium sized evergreen treewith an average height of...
ASHScientific name: Fraxinus excelsiorLocal name : SumAsh is a large deciduous tree with anaverage height of 20 -35 meters...
Animals in our forests• Markhor• Snow Tiger
Fauna : MARKHOR(Capra falconeri)SIZE:65 to 115cm at the shoulders,132 to 186 cm in length and weigh from 32 to 110 Kg.APPE...
SIZE:         Fauna: SNOW           LEOPARD(Panthera unica)75 to 130 cm from head to tail, tail is 80 to 100 com long, wei...
Insects in our Forests•   Attacus atlas• Pararge menava
Attacus Atlas• Size:  These are considered the largest moths in the world. Their wingspans are also  amongst the largest, ...
Pararge menava• Size:  Adults vary in size from small to large. Wing shape is also highly variable.• Appearance:  Browns, ...
• red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar                                                   ...
It takes all kinds to make the world
It takes all kinds to make the world
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It takes all kinds to make the world

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We offer you to expore the nature of Belarus, Russia, Canada and Pakistan, to learn more about the flora and fauna of these regions.

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It takes all kinds to make the world

  1. 1. Learning circles (September – December 2012) ppm1 Slonim gymnasium 1 Belarus
  2. 2. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perchCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  3. 3. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perchCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  4. 4. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perch The European BisonCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon Description:  The European bison is similar in appearance to its North American relative. Although smaller in size, it has the characteristic thickset body shape with a short neck and a pronounced shoulder hump. There is a longer mane of hair underneath the neck and also on the forehead. The dense coat is dark to golden brown in colour. Size:  A typical European bison is about 2.1 to 3.5 m (7 to 10 ft) long, not counting a tail of 30 to 60 cm (12 to 24 in) long, and 1.6 to 2 m (5 to 7 ft) tall. Weight:  Weight typically can range from 300 to 920 kg (660 to 2,000 lb), with an occasional big bull to 1,000 kg (2,200 lb) or more tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  5. 5. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perchCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon Habitat  The European bison inhabits mixed and deciduous forests, with undergrowth and open spaces Food  European bison feed predominantly on grasses although they will also browse on shoots and leaves. European bison need to drink every day and in winter can be seen breaking ice with their heavy hooves tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  6. 6. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perchCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon Interesting facts  The European bison is the heaviest surviving wild land animal in Europe.  Extremely large ones may weigh as much as 1,400 kilograms.  The bison is active throughout the day, though the distribution of activity is affected by food supply. Over a 24 hour period, an average of 30% of the time is spent feeding, 60% resting, and 10% moving and/or playing. Although movements are generally slow, short gallops are rarely observed. Despite their size, they can jump across 3 m / 10 feet wide streams and 2 m / 6 foot tall fences from a standing position. tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  7. 7. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perch The BeaverCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon Description  The beaver is a primarily nocturnal, large, semi -aquatic rodent. They are the second- largest rodent in the world (after the capybara). Size:  Head and body, 23 to 39 in (60 to 100 cm); tail, 7.75 to 12 in (20 to 30.5 cm) Weight:  60 lbs (27 kg) tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  8. 8. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perchCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon Food  Beavers are herbivores, and prefer the wood of quaking aspen, cottonwood, willow, alder, birch, maple and cherry trees. They also eat sedges, pondweed, and water lilies. Average life span in the wild:  Up to 24 years Habitat  Beavers burrow in the banks of rivers and lakes. But they also transform less suitable habitats by building dams. Domelike beaver homes, called lodges, are also constructed of branches and mud. They are often strategically located in the middle of ponds and can only be reached by underwater entrances. tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  9. 9. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perch Interesting factsCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon  Beavers are famously busy, and they turn their talents to reengineering the landscape as few other animals can. They are known for building dams, canals, and lodges (homes). Their colonies create one or more dams to provide still, deep water to protect against predators, and to float food and building material.  They are known for their alarm signal: when startled or frightened, a swimming beaver will rapidly dive while forcefully slapping the water with its broad tail, audible over great distances above and below water. This serves as a warning to beavers in the area. Once a beaver has sounded the alarm, nearby beavers will dive and may not reemerge for some time.  Beavers are slow on land, but are good swimmers, and can stay under water for as long as 15 minutes.  They can swim at speeds of up to five miles (eight kilometers) an hour. tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  10. 10. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perchCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon The Roe deer is the smallest and the most widespread from all European deer. It is The Roe Deer widespread in Western Europe, from the Mediterranean to Scandinavia, and from the British Isles to the Caucasus. It is relatively small, reddish and grey- brown, and well-adapted to cold environments. The weight of a big male is about 27 kg. It has rather short, erect antlers and a reddish body with a grey face. Its hide is golden red in summer, darkening to brown or even black in winter, with lighter undersides and a white rump patch; the tail is very short and barely visible. The Roe Deer is primarily crepuscular, or primarily active during the twilight, very quick and graceful, lives in woods although it may venture into grasslands and sparse forests. It feeds mainly on grass, leaves, berries and young shoots. It particularly likes very young, tender grass with a high moisture content, i.e., grass that has received rain the day before. tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  11. 11. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perch The Grey CraneCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon Cranes are large, long-legged and long- necked birds. Unlike the similar-looking but unrelated herons, cranes fly with necks outstretched, not pulled back. Most have elaborate and noisy courting displays or "dances". There are 15 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Belarus. The grey crane is a medium-sized crane species. Males are about 115 cm long, have a wing span of 180-200 cm and weigh about 5-6 kg. Females are slightly smaller. The plumage is mainly grey with a cloak of loose feathers falling over tail. The head is darker grey with a red cap on top, the upper neck marked by a white band from the eye to the upper back. The flight feathers are black. tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  12. 12. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perchCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon The Woodpecker Woodpeckers live in forests or woodland habitats. They possess predominantly white,black and brown, green and red plumage and exhibit patches of red and yellow on their heads and bellies. They have strong bills for drilling and drumming on trees and long sticky tongues for extracting food. They eat mainly insects and their grubs taken from living and dead trees, and other arthropods, along with fruit from live trees, nuts and sap both from live trees. Their role ecologically is thereby keeping trees healthy by keeping them from suffering mass infestations. tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  13. 13. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perch The Oak The oak is any of a large variety of trees orCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon shrubs that bear acorns. There are more than 600 species of oaks. Nearly all of them grow naturally in the Northern Hemisphere only. Oaks vary in size and the way they grow. Some oaks never become taller than shrubs. Other reach height of more than 30 metres. Oaks grow slowly and usually do not bear acorns until they are about 20 years old. But these trees live a long time. Most oaks live for 200 to 400 years. Oaks are an important source of timber. Oak wood is heavy, hard and strong and it has a beautiful grain. Manufactures use it for furniture, barrels, boats, and railway sleepers. Acorns are an important source of food for wildlife. In some countries pigs and poultry are fed on acorns. Cortex Quercus is used as medicine for diarrhoea, pulmonary tuberculosis, women’ s diseases, and eczema, for strengthening teeth and gaggling a throat. tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  14. 14. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perch Birch is the name of a group of about 40 The BirchCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon slender trees and shrubs that grow in parts of Europe, northern Asia and North America. They have a thin bark that peels in horizontal layers. Some birches have bark that separates into sheets almost like paper. Birches produce long catkins,which contain tiny flowers. Their leaves grow alternately on the twig, and are generally bright green, turning yellow in autumn. The birch is a tall, graceful tree with delicate branches. The slender trunk of the birch has thin peeling bark. Silver birch grows in the country where I live. Silver birch is a graceful Old World species. It is easily recognized by its papery, peeling, black-and-white bark and the ragged base to the trunk. The brunches of the silver birch usually droop at the tips Silver birch grows mainly on sandy and gravelly soils. In Belarus the sap from a variety of silver birch called weeping birch is used in spring to make syrup. tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  15. 15. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perch CranberryCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon Cranberries are low, creeping shrubs or vines up to 2 metres (7 ft) long and 5 to 20 centimetres (2 to 8 in) high; they have slender, wiry stems that are not thickly woody and have small evergreen leaves. The flowers are dark pink, with very distinct reflexed petals, leaving the style and stamens fully exposed and pointing forward. They are pollinated by bees. The fruit is a berry that is larger than the leaves of the plant; it is initially white, but turns a deep red when fully ripe. It is edible, with an acidic taste that can overwhelm its sweetness. They can be found in acidic bogs throughout the cooler regions of the northern hemisphere. Most cranberries are processed into products such as juice, sauce, jam, and sweetened dried cranberries Since the early 21st century within the global functional food industry, raw cranberries have been marketed as a "superfruit" due to their nutrient content and antioxidant qualities. tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  16. 16. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perch Rhododendron Yellow or Rhododendron luteumCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon Rhododendron luteum is a bushy fully hardy perennial It grows in bog mires of deciduous shrub with yellow Belarusian Polesya in Gomel and flowers in late Spring and Brest regions. early Summer. It grows well in semi-shade and direct sun, and prefers medium levels of water. The flowers are rotate shaped. It looks best in Spring and Summer. This rounded shrub has an ultimate height of 3m / 9.8ft and spread of 3m / 9.8ft. It can take 16-20 years to reach its ultimate height. A strong pleasant scent is emitted from the flower. tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  17. 17. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perchCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon Sleep- grass or Pulsatilla patens This flower is widely spread in Belarus but its area is reducing because of deforestation. tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  18. 18. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perchCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon The Lynx Prepared by Natasha Matveeva 10th grade student Gymnasia #1 Starye Dorogi Lynx is a typical cat, but in Belarus size about a large dog. It is orange with dark stains on a back and a white belly. The length of a body of males is 76 - 106 centimetres and of females on some (3 - 6) centimetres less. A tail is from 10 to 20 centimetres. The weight of adult animals is from 16 - to 20 kgs . tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  19. 19. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perchCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon Basis of its food are hares, various birds, rodents and also young wild boars and elks. Hunting on deep snow and an ice crust, the lynx overcomes large adult animals. It also catches martens. It always kills foxes even when there is no special necessity but it tries to avoid the sites mastered by wolves: a wolf for a lynx is the same dangerous enemy as a lynx for a fox. The lynx conducts mainly settled way of life, but during hard frosts with deep snow when becomes not only cold, but also very hungry, it is started up in long trips. And a day it passes to 30kms. The lynx does not afraid of people. tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  20. 20. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perchCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon At a meeting lynx execute greeting ritual. They sniff each other at noses, they rise opposite and start to butt foreheads so strongly that the bone sound is distributed. Lynx has a solitary lifestyle. A pet lynx attacks rarely. Relation to the person is rather strange. In the forest, it always avoids people, but at the same time it sometimes carelessly, even brazenly comes into populated areas, breaks into the fold, in the barnyard, hunts dogs. tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  21. 21. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perchCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  22. 22. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perch Elk IslandCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon We live near the most beautiful forest in the Moscow region, which is called Elk Island. Elk Island National Park is one of the oldest national parks in Russia. The National park is the natural habitat for hedgehogs, moles, shrews, storks, woodpeckers, muskrats, ducks, foxes , wolves, wild boars, deer, beavers, swans, and owls, snakes and squirrels. tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  23. 23. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perch ELKSCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon Near our city there is National park Elk Island. It is not hard to guess why it has that name. There are real elks! They are so big, about 3m long and 2m tall. Most of them live near rivers for water and eat water plant or grass. Elks have nice horns about 1,8m long! They are in danger. Wolves and bears are strongest animals hunting elks and 50% elks ‘cubs die on the first year of life. In our National park there are no wolves and bears and there elks are not in danger. tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  24. 24. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perchCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon We can come and feed our Elks! tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  25. 25. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perchCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon Green Woodpecker 1) It’s about 9-56 cm. There are about 210 species but in our woods they almost died out. They weigh about 90-170 g. 2) They eat ants, larvae from the ground and trees, and they eat berries. 3) It flies, eats, and builds nest like other birds. 4) It lives in its nest in woods. 5) It is olive-green color. On its head it has a red stripe. Its feathers around the eyes are black. 6) They are endangered. We are very proud that in our National park Elk Island this bird is preserved. tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  26. 26. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perch We are very proud that in our National parkCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon Elk Island this bird is preserved. tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  27. 27. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perchCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon Blue Ribbon Its a very nice butterfly. Its not very big like all butterflies. Is eats honeydew. It lives in forests. There are some of them in our national park Elk island. But they endangered. They are very nice and people kill they for herbarium. But I think if this butterfly lives, it is better than one herbarium, isnt it? tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  28. 28. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perchCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon Next to our Lily of the valley city there is a national park Elk Island. In Elk Island there are many different plants, but many plants are in danger. Such as lily of the valley. tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  29. 29. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perch Ladys slipperCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon This plant is very beautiful and it has delicious smell. This is great! The flower ladys slipper is in danger too. tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  30. 30. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perch FernsCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon This plant must be protected. In Elk island there are very popular ferns. Ferns is a plant like a bush. This fern’s black and white color but basically ferns are green. tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  31. 31. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perchCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  32. 32. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perchCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon About the small white lady slipper The small  The small white lady slipper grows naturally in Manitoba.  It is perennial/surviving from one year to another to as an underground stem.  In May the petals usually open. white Lady Slipper Habitat  They grow in calcium rich places or alkyne prairie openings in wooded grasslands. The small white lady slipper can grow in damp or shady places. Facts  The lady slipper is also known as the moccasin flower because of the shape of the bloom.  Its part of the orchard family.  It can grow up to 10 to 35 cm. What we’re going to do to help  Grow them in a park where your not allowed to pick them.  Plant more of them.  Fence them off. tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  33. 33. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perchCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon Endangered plants in Manitoba Western Prairie Fringed Orchid tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  34. 34. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perchCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon Growth  The Prairie Fringed Orchid need butterflies and moths for pollination so that it can grow. Facts about the Western Prairie Fringed Orchid  One flower can hold up 4- 40 white creamy feathers  Approximately 50 percent of all known plants occur in Manitoba, in a 48 km2. Why is the western prairie fringed orchid endangered?  The western prairie fringed orchid is endangered because of habitat loss caused by cattle grazing and the stopping of wildfires. tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  35. 35. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perch What can we do to help western prairieCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon fringed orchid To help the western prairie fringed orchid we could build a provincial park around it so that people will have no choice but to leave it alone. We could also have a rule that people are not allowed to pick them, but if they do they will be punished. tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  36. 36. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perch The Burrowing OwlsCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon By. Sean, Haley, Vinny Room 22 Food Burrowing Owls eat insects, scorpions, small mammals, birds, amphibians and reptiles. Size/Weight The Burrowing Owl weight is 5.3 Oz 55 cm The length is 7.5-9.8 in tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  37. 37. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perchCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon Habitat  Burrowing Owls like grasslands dry open areas with no trees and short grass and live in burrows that other animals made. Facts!  When the young owls are scared they will make a hissing call that sounds like a rattlesnake.  Burrowing owls were common in summer residents in the southern regions of the prairie provinces. tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  38. 38. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perchCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon Endangered  The Burrowing owls lost their habitat to farm land and this gave them no food to survive and the predators killed the Burrowing Owls. How We Can Help  When they are found they are sent to a zoo and bred and set free. tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  39. 39. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perch Polar BearsCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon Weight:  Male: Over 1400 pounds!  Female: 500-600 pounds!  When a cub is born they weigh about 1 kg. Size:  Polar bears can get up to 10 feet tall.  They can up to 3 meters long. Habitat:  Polar bears usually live in the tundra or the Arctic. But when they’re in Manitoba their natural habitat is Churchill, Manitoba. The most polar bears in the world live in Churchill. tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  40. 40. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perchCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon Color:  Polar bears change color according to their environment. Their fur is actually translucent. The sun reflects against the snow and because the snow is white the polar bears fur turns the color of its surroundings. Food:  Polar bears eat fish, seal, beluga whales, walruses, narwhals, bo whead whales, caribou and sea birds.  Larger males will eat smaller polar bears. tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  41. 41. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perchCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon Habits:  Polar bears enjoy swimming in the water and hunting. While they are not swimming and hunting they are usually sleeping and resting.  They have webbed feet to help them swim and a long neck longer than most bears making them streamlined for swimming. Their fur is water repellent so they don’t get too wet. Interesting facts:  Only humans hunt Polar bears.  Polar bears tend to overheat more than being cold.  They can swim up to 6 miles per hour.  They can swim up to 100 miles.  Largest living land carnivores.  Polar bears can live up to 30 years old. tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  42. 42. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perchCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon Why are they endangered?  Because of pollution the Earth is going through global warming which the polar bears cannot live in. They will overheat and die and the ice is melting which causes the polar bears to drown.  There are only 935 left in Manitoba. How can we help save the polar bears?  We can take care of the Earth instead of polluting it.  We can protest against pollution.  At the Assiniboine Zoo in Winnipeg, Manitoba, they are making a habitat for the polar bears that is based on Churchill, Manitoba. This will make a new habitat for the polar bears so they don’t become extinct. tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  43. 43. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perch CoyotesCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon By Liam and Alexis Weight and Length  The coyote weighs 10 to16 kg. They have a body measuring 1.5 meters, including the tail. They are about 60cm high at the shoulders. The male is larger the female. Fur  Their fur is red, gray, and orange. They have three fur coats. tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  44. 44. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perchCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon Food  The coyotes eat rats, mice, rabbits, fruit, gras s, plants, and fish. They also hunt in packs to get food. Habits  They take care of the babies and find food  They hunt at night.  They stalk their prey tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  45. 45. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perch HabitatCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon  The coyotes habitat is forest, parkland, and grass meadows.  The coyote’s habitat is moving farther north due to an increase in human population.  In Manitoba, coyotes range from the U.S. border to Thompson, Manitoba but they are most common in southern farming areas.  Coyotes are also now seen more frequently near cities and towns. Interesting facts  There are 19 kinds of coyotes.  Coyotes have excellent hearing.  The coyote’s lonely voice can carry across a great distance.  The coyote’s territory has moved farther north due to increase in the human population. tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  46. 46. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perchCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant
  47. 47. Forests Of Pakistan Presentation made by: Attia Shuaib Mehar-un-Nisa Mehreen Shabbir
  48. 48. Contents:• Plants in our forests.• Animals in our forests.• Insects in our forests.
  49. 49. Plants in our forests• Yew• Ash
  50. 50. YEWScientific name : Taxus baccataLocal name : BarmiYew is a small to medium sized evergreen treewith an average height of 10-20 meters and withan astounding maximum age ,estimated to be2000-4000 years . It is now on the verge ofextinction because of the fact that it has verydelicate seeds , which often can’t survive in harshclimatic conditions prevailing in the highnorthern mountains of Pakistan ,which is theirland of growth . Secondly due to heavy rainfall, the tree top usually breaks , causing the waterto penetrate through and cause decay . Lastly theovergrazing by local herds of goat is also causinga great harm.USES : 1)Used in medicines for cancertreatment. 2)A wide range of musical instruments.
  51. 51. ASHScientific name: Fraxinus excelsiorLocal name : SumAsh is a large deciduous tree with anaverage height of 20 -35 meters and amaximum age of 250 years . It is a veryvaluable hardwood but is endangereddue to overharvesting for commercialand industrial uses.Uses: 1) High value furniture 2) Timber for fuel 3) Bows and commonly usedtools like hammers , axes etc. 4) Sports items .
  52. 52. Animals in our forests• Markhor• Snow Tiger
  53. 53. Fauna : MARKHOR(Capra falconeri)SIZE:65 to 115cm at the shoulders,132 to 186 cm in length and weigh from 32 to 110 Kg.APPEARANCE:light brown to black grizzled coat which is smooth and short in summer and long and thick inwinter.horns of males can grow upto 160cm and 25cm in females.FOOD:their diets shift seasonally ,in spring and summer periods the graze and turn to browsing inwinter, sometimes stand on their hind legs to reach branches.HABITAT:Found in Central and South-Eastern Asia.adapted to mountainous terrain, and can be found between 600 to 3600metres in elevation.inhabit scrub forests made up of oaks, pines and junipers.HABITS:live in flocks of nine usually consisting adult females and their youngs,adult males are largelysolitary.FACTS:Markhor is the national animal of Pakistan.They can kill snakes.Killed for game and for their horns which are considered to have medicinal properties.
  54. 54. SIZE: Fauna: SNOW LEOPARD(Panthera unica)75 to 130 cm from head to tail, tail is 80 to 100 com long, weight is 27 to 55 Kg.APPEARANCE:have long , thick fur and their base colour varies from smoky grey to yellowish tan with whitishunderpants.Unusually among cats , their eyes are pale green or gray in colour.FOOD:eat whatever meat they can find.can kill animals more than 3 to 4 times their weight.also eat a significant amount of vegetation including grass and twigs.HABITAT:Found in Central and South Asia.live above tree lines(2700 to 6,000 m) in summer and come down to forests(1,200 to 2,000m) inwinter.HABITS:leads a largely solitary life although mothers may rear cubs in dens for extended periods.FACTS:Known for being extremely well secretive and camouflaged.The Snow Leopard cannot roar.Hunted for their skin and bones which have a high commercial value and are used formedicinal purposes.
  55. 55. Insects in our Forests• Attacus atlas• Pararge menava
  56. 56. Attacus Atlas• Size: These are considered the largest moths in the world. Their wingspans are also amongst the largest, reaching over 25 cm . Females are appreciably larger and heavier.• Appearance: Mostly tawny to maroon in colour with roughly triangular, thin "eyes" on both forewing and hind wing, bordered in black.• Life Cycle: Eggs Catterpillar Pupa Imago Fully grown
  57. 57. Pararge menava• Size: Adults vary in size from small to large. Wing shape is also highly variable.• Appearance: Browns, oranges, yellows, and blacks are frequent colors, while iridescent colors such as purples and blues are rare.• Lifespan: Adults of some groups are the longest-lived butterflies, surviving 6-11 months.
  58. 58. • red ant Earthworm frog European bison lynx beetle beaver birch poplar panther crocodile willow seaweed eucalyptus lion snail perch Special thanks to the studentsCactus camel fir-tree pine daffodil passenger pigeon Created by and their teachers Kate Dyatlova, from Kate Sinitsa,  school 7, Korolyov, Russia; Kate Risunova,  Gymnasia №1,Starye Kseniya Sosnovskaya, Dorogi,Belarus; Dasha Belevich, Artem Golubets,  Army Burn Hall School and Denis Vorotynets, College, Abbottabad,Pakistan; Maxim Moroz,  General Vanier school, Slava Tsydik Winnipeg,Canada Teacher – Irina Volynets Slonim gymnasium 1 Belarus tiger hawk elephant oak narwhal spider lobster stork rose aluminum plant

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