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"Introduction: The Dynamics of Happiness and the Dynamics of Happiness Research"
by Hilke Brockmann, Jan Delhey
(Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2009)

EDUC 510 Cognition and Learning
Dr.Michael Campbell
University of San Diego, 2010

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the Dynamics of Happiness research the Dynamics of Happiness research Presentation Transcript

  • The Dynamics of Happinessand the Dynamics of Happiness Research Hilke Brockmann • Jan Delhey (c) Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009 based on materials from the conference ‘‘Dynamics of Happiness’’, July 12-13, 2008 presented by Irina Isaeva
  • Happiness research is mushrooming!
  • Happiness researchesShort-term or emotional states, or long-term cognitive evaluations (Ryff1989; Veenhoven 1996a, b; Kahneman 2000)the ‘‘new science of happiness’’ (Layard 2005)the mysteries of ‘‘psychological wealth’’ (Diener and Biswas-Diener 2008)Frey (2008) even attests that happiness research has revolutionarypotential.the ‘‘new utilitarianism’’ advocates the maxi- mization of individual happinessas the guiding principle for public policy (Veenhoven 2004).
  • Subjective Well-Beingan individual and societal levelScandinavian countries at the top of the global well-being hierarchy(Inglehart et al. 2008). it is known that materialistic people derive less happiness from a givenincome than non-materialistic peopleincreasing one of the above mentioned determinants does not necessarilyraise happiness.WHAT ELSE TO BE DONE?
  • the dynamics of well-beingHow does happiness changeover time in individuals and in societies, if at all?
  • Me - Country - WorldEven if life circumstances objectively improve or worsen,people’s subjective well-being will bounce back to thepersonal set-point after a short period of time.Country-level researchers claim that SWB goes in tandemwith economic progress, although the gains in happinessare not great (Hagerty and Veenhoven 2003).With five waves of the World Values Study now available,Inglehart and colleagues show that SWB has increased inthe majority of countries, and remained stagnant in only afew (Inglehart et al. 2008).
  • tendencies... For China, Brockmann et al. (2009) have demonstratedthat the enourmous economic progress has hardlychanged Chinese sense of life satisfaction, whereas their‘‘recipes of happiness’’ did change dramatically: Financialsatisfaction was elevated from a moderate source of lifehappiness to the single most important source, whichperfectly mirrors the marketization andcommercialization of Chinese society.
  • new theories of happiness‘‘social clocks’’Mid-life ‘‘depression’’ is explained by a social investmentdilemmaa high risk of disappointment when former investmentsturn sour, and a high chance that new investments will payoff in a pro-longed future.
  • interesting...Christian Welzel and Ronald Inglehart broaden theperspective and draw an evolutionary bow from agencyand well-being to human development.Jan Delhey takes the composition of happiness to an acidtest. The most recent World Value Survey data from 48countries, covering the entire range of socio-economicdevelopment, provides convincing evidence that‘‘happiness recipes’’ change when we move from poor torich societies.
  • modern happiness recipeThe change is mainly driven by a devaluation of materialconcerns—financial satisfaction is less important for lifesatisfaction under the condition of affluence.Likewise, post-materialistic concerns, such as personalautonomy and job creativity, become somewhatmore important. Both trends cumulate to a shift towardsa more post-materialist ‘‘happiness recipe’’ in rich post-industrial countries.
  • differences in SWB between Europe and Asia. at the individual level, respondents’ income, national pride, and religiousness boost happiness similarly in Europe and Asia on the macro-level were found significant differences. In Europe, national income is the only significant contextual factor of the three tested here, whereas in Asia, political integration (level of national pride) and general religiousness contribute to individual SWB as well.
  • Ruut Veenhoven in his ‘‘Life Is Getting Better’His categorical system has a biological equivalent, prompting him to tiehappiness to longevity.Measured by happy life years, human history followed a non-linear trajectoryfrom pretty happy hunter and gatherer societies, to a less happy life inagrarian communities, and then back to longer and happier modern lives.Also during the last decades, Veenhoven traces an overall uptrend despitesingular negative developments, such as rising depression rates. Hence, thekey message is optimistic: life is getting better, since happypeople do a lot of good things to others.
  • dditional layers of understanding of the dynamics of happinessFirst, happiness levels are notfixed to the extent claimed byset-point theory and itsrelatives.Second, something importantmay be missed when gazing atSWB levels, such asfundamental changes takingplace in the deeperdetermination structure ofhappiness.
  • How to achieve and measure it? Should happiness come naturally?How do I make the people around me as happy as I am?What is happiness?
  • Thank You!