Her majesty queen Elizabeth II, in full Elizabeth Alexandra Mary , was born on the 21 st of April in 1926 in London .
She is queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from February 6, 195 2. Her official name is Elizabeth II, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of her other realms and territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith .
Elizabeth II is now the longest-reigning British monarch since Victoria, who occupied the throne for over 63 years.
Elizabeth was the elder daughter of Albert, duke of York, and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon. As a child, her close family called her Lilibet. Her grandfather was King George V. In 1936 King George V died. Elizabeth's uncle, Edward VIII, became king, but months later he gave up the throne. Elizabeth's father then became King George VI, making Elizabeth the next in line for the throne. She was only 10 years old.
George VI , her father the Queen Mother George V , her grandfather The duke of Windsor (formerly Edward VIII) and his wife
From that time on, Princess Elizabeth was trained for her future duties. She and her younger sister, Margaret Rose, were educated at home in history, art, music, and horseback riding.
When Princess Elizabeth was 13, World War II broke out. Because London was heavily bombed during the war, she and her sister were sent to live in the safety of Windsor Castle, outside the city. In 1940 Princess Elizabeth gave her first radio address. This began her life in the public eye.
Princess Elizabeth became engaged to Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten in 1947. Before their wedding King George VI gave Philip the titles of duke of Edinburgh, earl of Merioneth, and Baron Greenwich. The marriage took place in Westminster Abbey in London on November 20, 1947.
Prince Philip, duke of Edinburgh
Their first child, Prince Charles, was born in 1948. The couple later had three more children: Princess Anne, born in 1950; Prince Andrew, born in 1960; and Prince Edward, born in 1964. The Queen is an affectionate wife, loving mother and grandparent.
Queen, her husband and her first son, P rince Charles Princess Anne Princess Margaret, Queen’s sister Prince Andrew the Queen Mother Prince Edward
Even before becoming queen, Elizabeth represented the royal family with visits to various countries. In January 1952 she and her husband left for a tour of Australia and New Zealand. In the first stage of the trip, however, King George died in his sleep . Princess Elizabeth automatically became Queen Elizabeth II. She flew back at once to England.
Queen Elizabeth's coronation, or crowning ceremony, was held at Westminster Abbey on June 2, 1953. She was 25 years old.
Elizabeth II is recognized as Queen or Head of the Commonwealth by no fewer than 51 countries. The Commonwealth is a free association of independent states which are former British colonies. She is Head of State of 16 countries. She makes one official visit to a Commonwealth country at least once every year.
Throughout her reign Queen Elizabeth travel l ed widely with her husband. Among the many places she visited were India, South Africa, Australia, the United States, and various countries in South America, the Middle East, and the Caribbean.
At home, she me e t s regularly with the British prime minister to discuss the political affairs of the country. She receive s visitors from around the world and present s honors to accomplished people. She also ma k e s appearances at many public events.
The Queen has no power in a political sense yet she is an integral part of the parliamentary system.
In 2002 Queen Elizabeth reached her Golden Jubilee, or 50 years as queen. To mark the anniversary, celebrations were held throughout the United Kingdom.
Queen Elizabeth II and her husband, Prince Philip, wave to well-wishers during celebrations of the queen's Golden Jubilee in June 2002.
Charles Philip Arthur George, prince of Wales was born on the 14 th of November, 1948, in Buckingham Palace, London . After private schooling, Charles entered Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1967. He took a bachelor's degree there in 1971. He also spent a term at the University College of Wales, learning Welsh . He then attended the Royal Air Force College (becoming an excellent flier) and the Royal Naval College .
Charles, prince of Wales
On July 29, 1981, Charles married Lady Diana Frances Spencer, daughter of the 8th Earl Spencer; the royal wedding was a global media event .
The couple's first child, Prince William of Wales , became at his birth (June 21, 1982) second in line of succession to the throne. Their second child, Prince Henry Charles Albert David, was born on September 15, 1984.
Princess Diana and her two sons
Marital difficulties led to a separation between Diana and Charles in 1992. They divorced on August 28, 1996. Diana’s great popularity as a member of the royal family, both in Britain and throughout the world, attracted considerable attention from the press, and she became one of the most photographed women in the world.
A year later Diana died in an auto accident, along with her companion, Dodi Fayed, and their driver, in an automobile accident in Paris.
On April 9, 2005, he married Camilla Parker Bowles (born 1947), with whom he had a long-standing relationship . A fter the wedding, Parker Bowles took the title of duchess of Cornwall.