The USA is a federation of 50 states, which was established by the Constitution of 1787. Each state has its own capital city, national motto, bird and flower as a symbol.
The Coat of Arms of the US represents an eagle with wings outspread, holding a bundle of rods – the symbol of administering – in the left claw and the olive twig – the emblem of love – in the right claw. The motto on the coat of arms is “E Pluribus Unum” (One of many)
The eagle received its name (“bald”) because the feathers on his head and neck are snow-white and give him, when seen at a distance, the appearance of being bald.
June 14 is Flag Day in the USA. On that day 1777 the Americans adopted their own flag. No one really knows who sewed the first American flag but many Americans believe it was made by Betsy Ross in her own home. Americans think about and treat their flag with respect. In American schools the day begins with solemn ceremony of raising the flag.
“ The Star-Spangled Banner”
is the national anthem of the USA. It was written by Francis Key in 1814.
The song “America the Beautiful” is not the national anthem, though many Americans insist that it should be.
The capital of the USA is Washington ,
situated on the Potomac River in the District
of Columbia. The district is named in honour
of Columbus, the discoverer of America.
Washington was founded in 1791.It is not a very large city, but it is very important as the political centre of the country. The population of the city is about a million people.
The city is divided into four sections: NW, NE, SW, and SE. Numbered streets run north and south: First Street, Second Street… Lettered streets such as A-street, B-street run east and west.
The White House
The memorial to
A. Lincoln The Washington Monument
The Supreme Court
The memorial to F.D. Roosevelt
The Capitol where the
The biggest cities of the USA are New York, Boston, Chicago, San Francisco, Los Angeles and Philadelphia. New York – the city of contrasts, financial and business centre
Boston has many universities and colleges.
Chicago is one of the biggest industrial centres and a grain centre.
San Francisco – a port city on the Pacific ocean, a centre of trade and finance.
Los Angeles is the biggest city in California, the city of Disneyland.
Philadelphia is an important commercial, manufacturing and shipping centre.
Detroit is one of the biggest centres of the automobile industry.
Las Vegas is a gambling centre, situated in the southeastern Nevada.