Presidents of the USA№ President Date of the term(s) Additional information1 George Washington 1789-1797 The only president to receive every vote. He had to borrow money to go to his own inauguration. "The Father of the Nation"2 John Adams 1797-1801 "The Father of the US Navy", the first president to live in the White House. Learned and thoughtful, John Adams was more remarkable as a political philosopher than as a politician.3 Thomas Jefferson 1801-1809 He was appointed to write the Declaration of Independence. In the thick of party conflict in 1800, Thomas Jefferson wrote in a private letter, "I have sworn upon the altar of God eternal hostility against every form of tyranny over the mind of man."4 James Madison 1809-1817 "The Father of the US Constitution", because he was instrumental in its creation. At his inauguration, James Madison, a small, wizened man, appeared old and worn; Washington Irving described him as "but a withered little apple- John."5 James Monroe 1817-1825 He created the Monroe Doctrine: no new colonies are to be started in America.6 John Quincy Adams 1825-1829 He helped to establish the Smithsonian Institution. The only President who was the son of a President, John Quincy Adams in many respects paralleled the career as well as the temperament and viewpoints of his illustrious father.7 Andrew Jackson 1829-1837 When he was a boy of 13, he was cut on the face by a British officers sword for his refusing to polish his shoes. As President he sought to act as the direct representative of the common man.8 Martin van Buren 1837-1841 The first president to be born after the USA had become an independent nation. Only about 5 feet, 6 inches tall, but trim and erect, Martin Van Buren dressed fastidiously. His impeccable appearance belied his amiability--and his humble background. Of Dutch descent, he was born in 1782, the son of a tavern keeper and farmer, in Kinderhook, New York.9 William Henry 1841-1841 The first president to die in office. He served Harrison (Died in office) only one month.10 John Tyler 1841-1845 The "president without a party" because of his actions. Nobody wanted him. He had 15 children. Dubbed "His Accidency" by his detractors, John Tyler was the first Vice President to be elevated to the office of President by the death of his predecessor.11 James K. Polk 1845-1849 During his term California became part of the USA. Often referred to as the first "dark horse" President, James Polk was the last of the Jacksonians to sit in the White House, and the last strong President until the Civil War.12 Zachary Taylor 1849-1850 He was simply a soldier. Northerners and Southerners disputed sharply whether the territories wrested from Mexico should be opened to slavery, and some Southerners even threatened secession. Standing firm, Zachary Taylor was prepared to hold the Union together by armed force rather than by compromise.13 Millard Fillmore 1850-1853 He opened trade with Japan. In his rise from a log cabin to wealth and the White House, Millard Fillmore demonstrated that through
methodical industry and some competence an uninspiring man could make the American dream come true.14 Franklin Pierce 1853-1857 He tried to take over Hawaii and buy Cuba, but nothing came of these actions.15 James Buchanan 1857-1861 He was the only US president who never married.16 Abraham Lincoln 1861-1865 He gave freedom to the slaves. (Assassinated)17 Andrew Johnson 1865-1869 He had been a tailor before he became president. He was the only president who made his own clothes.18 Ulysses S. Grant 1869-1877 He helped to set up Yellowstone National Park.19 Rutherford B. Hayes 1877-1881 During the Civil War he was wounded 4 times and had 4 horses killed under him.20 James A. Garfield 1881-1881 He could write Latin with one hand and Greek (Assassinated) with another. A man whom he had denied a government job shot him.21 Chester A. Arthur 1881-1885 He enacted the first effective civil service laws.22 Grover Cleveland 1885-1889 He was married in the White House.23 Benjamin Harrison 1889-1893 He was the grandson of W.H. Harrison.24 Grover Cleveland 1893-1897 He was elected to non-consecutive terms.25 William McKinley 1897-1901 He was shot by a deranged anarchist while (Assassinated) shaking hands at a big fair.26 Theodore Roosevelt 1901-1909 He established many national parks. The original Teddy bear, which was named for him was presented to him in 1903.27 William H. Taft 1909-1913 He was the heaviest president. He weighed more than 136 kilograms. He kept cows on the White House lawn.28 Woodrow Wilson 1913-1921 He suffered a stroke in his office.29 Warren G. Harding 1921-1923 He had the most corrupt administration. (Died in office)30 Calvin Coolidge 1923-1929 He became known as "Silent Cal" because of his short speeches.31 Herbert C. Hoover 1929-1933 He was the president of the Great Depression.32 Franklin D. 1933-1945 He was the fifth cousin of Theodore Roosevelt Roosevelt (Died in office) and the only president to be elected 4 times. He served 12 years and 39 days.33 Harry S. Truman 1945-1953 He gave orders to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki to end World War II.34 Dwight D. 1953-1961 The "Space Race" between Russia and the US Eisenhower began during his term.35 John F. Kennedy 1961-1963 He was the youngest and the wealthiest (Assassinated) President the USA has ever had. He was the first Catholic ever elected President. He was the fastest speaker (327 words per minute). Once he said: "My fellow Americans: ask not what your country can do for you – ask what you can do for your country."36 Lyndon B. Johnson 1963-1969 He passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibited racial discrimination.37 Richard M. Nixon 1969-1974 To avoid impeachment as a result of the (Resigned) "Watergate Scandal", he resigned the office.38 Gerald R. Ford 1974-1977 He was once a male model. He granted a full pardon to former president R. M. Nixon.
39 James E. Carter 1977-1981 He failed to win reelection.40 Ronald Reagan 1981-1989 He was the oldest man (69, 73) to take that office. He was a former actor. He also received the greatest number of electoral votes.41 George Bush 1989-1993 During the World War II he became the youngest pilot in the US Navy.42 Bill Clinton 1993-2001 He was the only president to be elected twice without ever receiving 50% of the popular vote (43% - 1992, 49% - 1996). He was much criticized not only for his foreign policy but also for his private life. His extramarital affairs aroused much gossip and nearly led him to impeachment.43 George W. Bush 2001- The son of George H. W. Bush. President Bush: "And part of the cornerstone of America is the ability for somebody, regardless of where theyre from, regardless of where they were born, to say, this is my home; I own this home, it is my piece of property, it is my part of the American experience."Answer the questions. 1. Which presidents were elected for a second term? 2. Which president stayed longest in office? 3. Who held the shortest presidency? 4. Which presidents did not complete their terms? Why? 5. Who of the presidents had been an actor? 6. Who of the presidents was not married? Years Ending in Zero Since 1840, American presidents elected in years ending in zero have been destined to die in office.William H. Harrison, the man who served the shortest term, died of pneumonia several weeks after hisinauguration. Abraham Lincoln was one of four presidents who were assassinated. He was elected in 1860, and hisuntimely death came just 5 years later. James A. Garfield, a former union army general from Ohio, was shot during his first year in office(1881) by a man to whom he wouldnt give a job. While in his second term of office (1901), William McKinley, another Ohioan, attended the Pan-American Exposition at Buffalo, New York. During the reception, he was assassinated while shakinghands with some of the guests. Three years after his election in 1920, Warren G. Harding died in office. Although it was never proved,many believe he was poisoned. Franklin D. Roosevelt had been elected four times (1932, 1936, 1940, and 1944), the only man toserve so long a term. He had contracted polio in 1921 and died of the illness in 1945. John F. Kennedy, the last of the line, was assassinated in 1963, only three years after his election. Will the next president elected in a year ending in zero suffer the same fate? A Presidential Curiosity How does one explain the many similarities in the lives of Abraham Lincoln and John F. Kennedy? Consider: o Both were married in their thirties to women in their twenties. o Lincoln won election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1846. Kennedy was elected to the House in 1946. o Lincoln tried and failed to get his partys nomination for Vice President in 1856. Kennedy failed in his bid to get his partys nomination for Vice President in 1956. o Lincoln was elected President in 1860, defeating Stephen A. Douglas, born in 1813. Kennedy was elected President in 1960, defeating Richard Nixon, born in 1913. o Lincoln was younger than his Vice President, Andrew Johnson, a Southerner, born in 1808. Kennedy was younger than his Vice President, Lyndon B. Johnson, a Southerner, born in 1908. o Lincoln was shot on a Friday (April 14, 1865) as he sat next to his wife. Kennedy was shot on a Friday (November 22, 1963) as he sat next to his wife. o Lincolns assassin, John Wilkes Booth, fled and was killed before he could be brought to trial. Kennedys assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald, fled and was killed before he could be brought to trial. George Washington G. Washington is known in American history as "The Father of His Country".
G. Washington was born on February 22, 1732 in Virginia, where he spent the first three or fouryears of his childhood. After his fathers death, 11-year-old George became the ward of his halfbrother, Lawrence. His favourite subject in school was arithmetic. When he was 14, he wanted tobecome a sailor, but his mother would not allow it. He enjoyed farming. His interests includedriding, fox hunting, fishing, dancing and theatrical performances. He also played billiards andcards and ran his own horses in races. He was rather rich and as a landowner, he owned slaves,as was the custom of the times, but he was a model master. George Washington was a respected military leader, and he did much to help his young nationachieve its independence. Because of the leading role he had played in the Revolution and in defining the new governmentGeorge Washington was elected first President of the United States and served 2 terms. He sawhimself serving his country, not leading it. On December 12, 1799 he rode his horse for several hours in cold, snowy weather and returnedhome quite ill. He died 2 days later. The news of his death was received with sorrow, both in theUSA, and in Europe. Washington was one of the U.S. greatest heroes. Read the story carefully and replace the figures (1 – 10) with one of the followingvariants: A. a, B. an, C. the, D. no article. Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln, (1) sixteenth President of (2) United States, was born on (3) farm in (4)Kentucky, on February 12, 1809. Abrahams father made his living by farming and by working, fromtime to time, as (5) carpenter. His mother died when he was only nine years old. Lincoln had nomore than (6) years education, but during that time he managed to learn (7) reading, writing andarithmetic. As (8) young man, Abraham had many jobs, some of which involved him in journeysdown (9) Mississippi where he could see auctions of Negro slaves. From that time he becameopposed to (10) idea of slavery. o When A. Lincoln died, one of those watching at his bed announced, "Now he belongs to the ages," Can you explain the meaning of this phrase? Old Abe Lincoln I. Old Abe Lincoln came out of the wilderness, (3 times) Old Abe Lincoln came out of the wilderness, down in Illinois. II. Old Abe Lincoln was our sixteenth President, (3 times) Old Abe Lincoln was our sixteenth President many long years ago. III. Old Abe Lincoln freed our nation from slavery, (3 times) Old Abe Lincoln freed our nation from slavery, many long years ago.Write an essay about Franklin Delano Roosevelt consulting FDR: A Brief Chronology. Saywhat F.D. Roosevelt did for the American people. FDR: A Brief Chronology 1882 – Born January 30, Hyde Park, N.Y. 1904 – Graduates from Harvard; enters Columbia Law School. 1905 - Marries Anna Eleanor Roosevelt; five surviving children born 1906-1916. 1911-13 – State Senator, New York. 1913-20 – Assistant Secretary of the Navy; U.S. involved in World War I, 1917-18. 1920 – Democratic nominee for Vice President; Cox-Roosevelt ticket loses. 1921 – Stricken with polio at Campobello; never again walks unaided. 1929-33 – Governor of New York. 1929 – Onset of Great Depression. By the early 1030s, about 30% of the nations workforce isunemployed. 1933-45 – 32nd President of the U.S. In "First 100 Days" FDR initiates New Deal programs toprovide immediate relief, create jobs, and foster economic recovery. In next few years, he leadsreform efforts in civil rights, labor relations, banking, and civil service; creates Social SecurityAdministration in 1935. 1939 – World War II breaks out in Europe. In 1941 АВК signs Lend-Lease Act to aid Alliedpowers. U.S. enters war in December 1941; FDR launches nationwide war effort, sends morethan 16 million troops to war. 1945 – Dies at Warm Springs, Ga., April 12; allied forces victorious by August.