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Internet networks ver00
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Internet networks ver00

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internet networks was the course designed to introduce networks with special look to social networks.

internet networks was the course designed to introduce networks with special look to social networks.

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  • 1. ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬ ‫اراﺋﻪ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﺗﻬﻴﻪ‬:‫اﻟﻠﻬﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﻒ‬ ‫رﺿﺎ‬ ‫اﻳﺮان‬ ‫اﺳﻼﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻬﻮري‬ ‫ﺳﻴﻤﺎي‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﺻﺪا‬ ‫ﺳﻔﺎرش‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬
  • 2. ‫آﻣﻮزﺷﻲ‬ ‫دوره‬ ‫اﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﺰاري‬ ‫ﺑﺮ‬ ‫از‬ ‫ﻫﺪف‬ ‫ﭼﻴﺴﺖ؟‬ ‫صفر‬ ‫ويرايش‬ ‫اينترنتی‬ ‫ھای‬ ‫شبکه‬2
  • 3. ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎن‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻔﺮﻣﺎﺋﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﺼﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻄﻮر‬ ‫را‬ ‫ﺧﻮد‬. ‫ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻼت‬ ‫ﻛﺎر‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎزﻣﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﭘﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻳﻖ‬‫ﻋﻼﻳﻖ‬ ‫اﺳﺖ؟‬ ‫اﻧﺪازه‬ ‫ﭼﻪ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻠﻂ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰان‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴﺪ؟‬ ‫ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﺎر‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ‬ ‫روز‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻋﺖ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫رادﻳﻮﻳﻲ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬ ‫از‬ ‫روز‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻋﺖ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴﺪ؟‬ ‫ﻣﻲ‬ ‫اﺳﺘﻔﺎده‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬3
  • 4. ‫دوره‬ ‫ﻣﺪرس‬ ‫اﻟﻠﻬﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﻒ‬ ‫رﺿﺎ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮژي‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ارﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎرﺷﻨﺎس‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻤﻬﺎي‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﻤﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺪوﺳﺘﺎن‬ ،‫ﭘﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎن‬ ،‫ﭼﻴﻦ‬ ،‫اﻳﺮان‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻴﺰي‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎوره‬ ،‫ﺗﺪرﻳﺲ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ‬‫ﻫﻨﺪوﺳﺘﺎن‬ ،‫ﭘﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎن‬ ،‫ﭼﻴﻦ‬ ،‫اﻳﺮان‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻴﺰي‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎوره‬ ،‫ﺗﺪرﻳﺲ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺑﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺤﺪه‬ ‫اﻣﺎرات‬ ‫و‬ ‫از‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫آﻣﻮزش‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﻛﺎر‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ‬1372 ‫ﺳﺮاﺳﺮي‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫روزﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻼت‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺎري‬ ‫روزﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ‬ ‫از‬ ‫رادﻳﻮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎري‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ‬1369 ‫از‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮن‬ ‫ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎري‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ‬1378 ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬4
  • 5. ‫ﺳﺮﻓﺼﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫اﻃﻼﻋﺎﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ،‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫اي‬ ‫رﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺎه‬ ‫ﻫﺎ‬ ‫رﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫در‬ ‫اﺳﺘﺮاﺗﮋﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ارﺗﺒﺎﻃﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫رﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎرﻳﺦ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬ ‫اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻠﻲ‬Facebook, Twitter, ،‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫و‬ ‫اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫در‬ ‫اﻃﻼﻋﺎت‬ ‫ارزﻳﺎﺑﻲ‬ ،‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﺮﺋﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬ 5 ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻧﻲ‬ ‫و‬ ‫رادﻳﻮﺋﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬
  • 6. ‫ﺟﻤﻌﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫رﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬(Mass media) ‫اي‬ ‫رﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ورﻳﻬﺎي‬Ĥ‫ﻓﻨ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ‬ ،‫ﺟﻤﻌﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫رﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫از‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻈﻮر‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮن‬ ،‫رادﻳﻮ‬ ،‫ﻓﻴﻠﻢ‬ ،‫روزﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫اﺳﺖ‬ ‫ورﻳﻬﺎ‬Ĥ‫ﻓﻨ‬ ‫اﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎزﻣﺎﻧﻬﺎﺋﻲ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻌﻲ‬ ‫ارﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎت‬ ‫ﺑﺮاي‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫اﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﻮد‬ ‫ﻣﻲ‬ ‫اﺗﻼق‬ ،‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺘﺮل‬ ‫را‬. ‫از‬1950‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻲ‬ ‫از‬ ‫اي‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻄﺢ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮرﻫﺎﺋﻲ‬ ‫در‬ ‫و‬ ‫رادﻳﻮ‬ ،‫ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻌﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫رﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ،‫ﺑﻮدﻧﺪ‬ ‫رﺳﻴﺪه‬ ‫ﺷﺪن‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬ ‫از‬1950‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻲ‬ ‫از‬ ‫اي‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻄﺢ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮرﻫﺎﺋﻲ‬ ‫در‬ ‫و‬ ‫رادﻳﻮ‬ ،‫ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻌﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫رﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ،‫ﺑﻮدﻧﺪ‬ ‫رﺳﻴﺪه‬ ‫ﺷﺪن‬ ‫دارﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺪرت‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪي‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺶ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮن‬. ‫از‬ ‫اﻓﺰاﻳﺸﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫رو‬ ‫ﺳﻄﺢ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫اﺳﺖ‬ ‫داده‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎن‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎت‬ ‫از‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪاد‬ ‫ﺳﻠﻄﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺖ‬ ‫رﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﻫﺎ‬ ‫رﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫اﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺮار‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺘﻬﺎ‬. 6
  • 7. ‫دردﻫﻪ‬ ‫رﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫واژه‬1920،‫ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎر‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫در‬ ‫رﻳﺸﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫داﺷﺖ‬ ‫اﺷﺎره‬ ‫ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫اﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺎرﻳﺨﭽﻪ‬ ‫در‬ ‫رﻳﺸﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫داﺷﺖ‬ ‫اﺷﺎره‬ ‫ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫اﻣﺎ‬ ‫داﺷﺖ‬ ‫دور‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬. ‫صفر‬ ‫ويرايش‬ ‫اينترنتی‬ ‫ھای‬ ‫شبکه‬7
  • 8. ‫ﭘﺎﻧﺰدﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻗﺮن‬ ‫اواﺧﺮ‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﭼﺎپ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦ‬ ‫اﺧﺘﺮاع‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫از‬ ‫را‬ ‫اﻧﺒﻮه‬ ‫ارﺗﺒﺎﻃﻲ‬ ‫اﺷﻜﺎل‬ ‫اوﻟﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺎرﻳﺨﭽﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫از‬ ‫را‬ ‫اﻧﺒﻮه‬ ‫ارﺗﺒﺎﻃﻲ‬ ‫اﺷﻜﺎل‬ ‫اوﻟﻴﻦ‬ ‫اﺑﻌﺎدي‬ ‫در‬ ‫را‬ ‫ﻫﺎ‬ ‫روزﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎب‬ ‫اﻧﺘﺸﺎر‬ ‫ﻓﺮاﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻮد‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺴﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻼ‬ ‫آﻧﭽﻪ‬ ‫از‬ ‫ﺑﺰرﮔﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎر‬ ‫ﻛﺮد‬. ‫صفر‬ ‫ويرايش‬ ‫اينترنتی‬ ‫ھای‬ ‫شبکه‬8
  • 9. ‫ﻫﺎ‬ ‫رﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎرﻳﺨﭽﻪ‬ ‫روزﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ •‫اواﻳﻞ‬ ‫در‬ ‫آﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﺮق‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮده‬ ‫ﺗﻮزﻳﻊ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻ‬ ‫ﺗﻴﺮاژ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫روزﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫اوﻟﻴﻦ‬ 1800‫ﺗﻮزﻳﻊ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻋﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ‬ ‫روﺗﺎري‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺳﻬﺎي‬ ‫اﺧﺘﺮاع‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺎﻃﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺴﺮ‬ ‫آﻫﻦ‬ ‫راه‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻂ‬.‫ﻃﺮﻓﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ‬ ‫رﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫را‬ ‫روزﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ،‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮده‬ ‫ﺗﻮزﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻛﺮد‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ‬. ‫ﺗﻠﮕﺮاف‬‫ﺗﻠﮕﺮاف‬ •‫دﻫﻪ‬ ‫در‬1840‫از‬ ‫ﻓﺮاﺗﺮ‬ ‫ارﺗﺒﺎط‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﺷﺪ‬ ‫درﺳﺖ‬ ‫اﻟﻜﺘﺮﻳﻜﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎري‬ ‫ﺗﻠﮕﺮاف‬ ‫اوﻟﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺮد‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺴﺮ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎر‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻴﺮﻫﺎي‬ ‫در‬ ‫را‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻞ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬. ‫ﻓﻴﻠﻢ‬ •‫در‬ ‫ﺳﺮﮔﺮﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮان‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎ‬1894‫ﺗﺠﺎري‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻠﻢ‬ ‫اوﻟﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺮد‬ ‫ﻛﺎر‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫آﻏﺎز‬. ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬9
  • 10. ‫ﻫﺎ‬ ‫رﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎرﻳﺨﭽﻪ‬ ‫رادﻳﻮ‬ •‫دﻫﻪ‬ ‫در‬ ‫آﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺤﺪه‬ ‫اﻳﺎﻻت‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎري‬ ‫ﭘﺨﺶ‬ ‫اوﻟﻴﻦ‬1920‫ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﺮوع‬. ‫ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮن‬ •‫در‬ ‫اﻧﺒﻮه‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺐ‬ ‫ﺑﺮاي‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮن‬ ‫ﭘﺨﺶ‬ ‫اوﻟﻴﻦ‬1936‫آﻟﻤﺎن‬ ‫و‬ ‫اﻧﮕﻠﺴﺘﺎن‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﺮوع‬.‫ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﺮوع‬. •‫در‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺤﺪه‬ ‫اﻳﺎﻻت‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮده‬ ‫روزاﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﺨﺶ‬1948‫ﺷﺪ‬ ‫آﻏﺎز‬. ‫وﻳﺪﺋﻮﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺎزﻳﻬﺎي‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺑﺎﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰات‬ ،‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬10
  • 11. ‫ﻣﺪرن‬ ‫ﺟﻮاﻣﻊ‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺶ‬ ‫دﻫﻪ‬ ‫از‬50‫ﻋﻨﻮان‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮن‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎ‬ ‫وﻗﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻼدي‬ ‫ﺑﺰرﮔﻲ‬ ‫درﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮاي‬ ‫اﻃﻼﻋﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﺘﻲ‬ ‫و‬ ‫اﺻﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻤﺮﻛﺰ‬ ‫اﺑﺰار‬ ‫ﺑﺼﻮرت‬ ‫ﻫﺎ‬ ‫رﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫اﻳﻦ‬ ،‫آﻣﺪﻧﺪ‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﻣﺮدم‬ ‫از‬ ‫آﻣﺪﻧﺪ‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻲ‬ ‫اﻓﻜﺎر‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺘﺮل‬ ‫ﺑﺮاي‬. ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮري‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺮح‬ ‫اﻳﺪه‬ ‫اﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻄﻪ‬ ‫اﻳﻦ‬ ‫در‬‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮري‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺮح‬ ‫اﻳﺪه‬ ‫اﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻄﻪ‬ ‫اﻳﻦ‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮر‬ ‫آن‬ ،‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬ ‫رﺳﻴﺪه‬ ‫ﺷﺪن‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻲ‬ ‫از‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﺋﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﻄﺢ‬ “‫ﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺘﺮل‬ ‫را‬ ‫ارﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎت‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫اﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻖ‬.” ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬11
  • 12. ‫ﻣﺪرن‬ ‫ﺟﻮاﻣﻊ‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺶ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪي‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺶ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻲ‬ ‫اﻓﻜﺎر‬ ‫دادن‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮي‬ ‫از‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫اﻃﻼﻋﺎت‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫از‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫اﻃﻼﻋﺎﺗﻲ‬ ‫آﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﺷﻮد‬ ‫ﻣﻲ‬ ‫اﺷﺎﻋﻪ‬ 12
  • 13. ‫ﻣﺪرن‬ ‫ﺟﻮاﻣﻊ‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺶ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬ ‫در‬ ‫آﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮده‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺶ‬ ،‫ﻫﺎ‬ ‫رﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫دﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺰرگ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺶ‬ ‫از‬ ‫اي‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ‬ ‫و‬ ‫اﻧﺘﺨﺎب‬ ‫ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﮔﻴﺮي‬ ‫رﺳﻮم‬ ‫و‬ ‫ارزﺷﻬﺎ‬ ،‫اﻋﺘﻘﺎدات‬)‫زﻧﺪﮔﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫روش‬(‫اﺳﺖ‬. ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬13
  • 14. ‫اﻣﺮوز‬ ‫ﻣﺪرن‬ ‫دﻧﻴﺎي‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫روﺷﻲ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﻛﺮدن‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫روش‬ ،‫ﻛﺮدن‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺮ‬ ‫روش‬ ‫رﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫دﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬ ‫را‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ‬ ‫زﻧﺪﮔﻲ‬! ‫ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪﮔﺎن‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬ ‫از‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫دﻫﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺟﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺮوان؟‬ ‫از‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻲ‬‫ﭘﻴﺮوان؟‬ ‫از‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻲ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ‬ ‫رﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎره‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ،‫اﺳﺖ‬ ‫اوﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺳﺨﺘﺎن‬ ‫اﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻜﺎش‬! ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬14
  • 15. ‫ﻫﺎ‬ ‫رﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫در‬ ‫اﺳﺘﺮاﺗﮋﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﺼﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﺎ‬ ‫رﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﻴﺮي‬ ‫ﺳﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ‬ ‫اﻣﺮوز‬ ‫دﻧﻴﺎي‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺘﮕﺰاران‬ ‫دارﻧﺪ‬ ‫را‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻲ‬ ‫اﻓﻜﺎر‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺘﺮل‬ ‫واﻗﻊ‬ ‫در‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﻫﺪاﻳﺖ‬. ‫ﻗﺼﺪ‬ ‫اي‬ ‫رﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻏﻮﻟﻬﺎي‬ ‫اﻳﺠﺎد‬ ‫ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺮدوخ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫اﻓﺮادي‬ ‫دارﻧﺪ‬ ‫را‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻲ‬ ‫اﻓﻜﺎر‬ ‫دﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺖ‬. ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬15
  • 16. ‫ﻫﺎ‬ ‫رﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫در‬ ‫اﺳﺘﺮاﺗﮋﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫و‬ ‫اﻧﺪاز‬ ‫ﭼﺸﻢ‬ ،‫ﻣﺎﻣﻮرﻳﺖ‬ ‫داﺷﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ‬ ‫اي‬ ‫رﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﮔﺮوه‬ ‫ﻗﺼﺪ‬ ،‫اﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪه‬ ‫اﻧﺘﺨﺎب‬ ‫دﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫اﺳﺘﺮاﺗﮋي‬ ‫دارﻧﺪ‬ ‫را‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮرﻫﺎ‬ ‫از‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎري‬ ‫در‬ ‫اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻲ‬. ‫اﻫﺪاف‬ ‫درراﺳﺘﺎي‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮرﻫﺎي‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫رﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬‫اﻫﺪاف‬ ‫درراﺳﺘﺎي‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮرﻫﺎي‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫رﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺪوﻳﻦ‬ ‫را‬ ‫ﺧﻮد‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ،‫ﻛﺸﻮرﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﻼن‬. ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬16
  • 17. ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ارﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎت‬ ‫ﻗﺮن‬ ‫اﺻﻠﻲ‬ ‫رﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫صفر‬ ‫ويرايش‬ ‫اينترنتی‬ ‫ھای‬ ‫شبکه‬17
  • 18. ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬ ‫از‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫اﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﻮﺳﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﭙﻴﻮﺗﺮي‬. ‫ﭼﻴﺴﺖ؟‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫صفر‬ ‫ويرايش‬ ‫اينترنتی‬ ‫ھای‬ ‫شبکه‬18
  • 19. ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫اﻟﻜﺘﺮوﻧﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﭘﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮي‬ ‫ﮔﺮوﻫﻬﺎي‬ Gopher FTP ‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎن‬ ‫ﺗﺎر‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬19
  • 20. World Wide Web ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰ‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺮز‬ ‫ﺗﻴﻢ‬ ،‫اﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪس‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻂ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺋﻴﺲ‬ ‫اي‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺰﻳﻚ‬(CERN)‫ﺳﺎل‬ ‫ﻣﺎرس‬ ‫ﻣﺎه‬ ‫در‬ 1989‫ﺷﺪ‬ ‫اﺑﺪاع‬. ‫اﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺼﻮرت‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫اﺳﺖ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫از‬ ‫اي‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺼﻞ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﺗﻬﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻦ‬. ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬20
  • 21. ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫در‬ ‫اﻃﻼﻋﺎﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻎ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺮاي‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫وﺑﮕﺎه‬ ‫دوﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫و‬ ‫دوﻟﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫وﺑﮕﺎه‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮي‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﮔﺮوه‬ ‫و‬ ‫اﻧﺠﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﮕﻮ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻻرﻫﺎي‬ ‫اﻃﻼﻋﺎﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻬﺎي‬ ‫اﻧﺘﻔﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮ‬ ‫و‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﺎزﻣﺎﻧﻬﺎي‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫وﺑﮕﺎه‬ ‫اﻃﻼﻋﺎﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻬﺎي‬ ‫اﻧﺘﻔﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮ‬ ‫و‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﺎزﻣﺎﻧﻬﺎي‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫وﺑﮕﺎه‬ ‫ﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺷﺖ‬ ‫وب‬ ‫ﻫﺎ‬ ‫رﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮي‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫وﺑﮕﺎه‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﮔﺬاﺷﺘﻦ‬ ‫اﺷﺘﺮاك‬ ‫وﺑﻪ‬ ‫اﻃﻼﻋﺎت‬ ‫ذﺧﻴﺮه‬ ‫وﺑﮕﺎﻫﻬﺎي‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﺮﺋﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬21
  • 22. ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﺟﺴﺘﺠﻮ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪواژه‬ ‫اﻧﺘﺨﺎب‬ ‫ﺟﺴﺘﺠﻮ‬ ‫اﺳﺘﺮاﺗﮋي‬ ‫داﺷﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬ ‫ﺟﺴﺘﺠﻮي‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮر‬ ‫اﻧﺘﺨﺎب‬‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬ ‫ﺟﺴﺘﺠﻮي‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮر‬ ‫اﻧﺘﺨﺎب‬ ‫ﺟﺴﺘﺠﻮ‬ ‫آﻣﺪه‬ ‫دﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ارزﻳﺎﺑﻲ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬22
  • 23. ‫ﺟﺴﺘﺠﻮ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮرﻫﺎي‬ ‫اﻧﻮاع‬ ‫ﺟﺴﺘﺠﻮ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮر‬ google ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬ Meta Search Engine Mamma.com ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻲ‬ ‫داﻳﺮﻛﺘﻮري‬ Dmoz.org ‫در‬ ‫اﻃﻼﻋﺎت‬ ‫ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻦ‬‫در‬ ‫اﻃﻼﻋﺎت‬ ‫ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ 23
  • 24. DEEP WEB ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﺮﺋﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻤﺖ‬ ‫صفر‬ ‫ويرايش‬ ‫اينترنتی‬ ‫ھای‬ ‫شبکه‬24
  • 25. ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﺮﺋﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﺎل‬ ‫در‬2000‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﺮﺋﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻤﺖ‬ ،7500‫داده‬ ‫ﺗﺮاﺑﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫و‬550‫اﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﺪه‬ ‫ﺑﺮآورد‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎرد‬. ‫ﺳﺎل‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻛﻠﻲ‬ ‫داﻧﺸﮕﺎه‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ‬2000‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫داد‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎن‬91000 ‫ﺣﺠﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﺑﻮده‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﺮﺋﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺣﺠﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﺮاﺑﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫وب‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺪاي‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻤﺖ‬167‫اﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻮده‬ ‫ﺗﺮاﺑﺎﻳﺖ‬. ‫وب‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺪاي‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻤﺖ‬167‫اﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻮده‬ ‫ﺗﺮاﺑﺎﻳﺖ‬. ‫ﺳﺎل‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻂ‬1996،3000‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺨﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫اﻃﻼﻋﺎت‬ ‫ﺗﺮاﺑﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫اﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻮده‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﺮﺋﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻤﺖ‬ ‫در‬ ‫آﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﮕﺮه‬. ‫ﺳﺎل‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫داد‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎن‬ ‫ﺷﺴﺘﺎﻛﻮف‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎت‬2006،14000 ‫اﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻮده‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﺮﺋﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻤﺖ‬ ‫در‬ ‫روﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﺖ‬. ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬25
  • 26. ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﺮﺋﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻤﺖ‬ Deep Web resources may be classified into one or more of the following categories: Dynamic content: dynamic pages which are returned in response to a submitted query or accessed only through a form, especially if open-domain input elements (such as text fields) are used; such fields are hard to navigate without domain knowledge. Unlinked content: pages which are not linked to by otherUnlinked content: pages which are not linked to by other pages, which may prevent Web crawling programs from accessing the content. This content is referred to as pages without backlinks (or inlinks). Private Web: sites that require registration and login (password-protected resources). Contextual Web: pages with content varying for different access contexts (e.g., ranges of client IP addresses or previous navigation sequence). ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬26
  • 27. ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﺮﺋﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻤﺖ‬ Limited access content: sites that limit access to their pages in a technical way (e.g., using the Robots Exclusion Standard, CAPTCHAs, or no-cache Pragma HTTP headers which prohibit search engines from browsing them and creating cached copies[9]). Scripted content: pages that are only accessible through links produced by JavaScript as well as content dynamically downloaded from Web servers via Flash or Ajax solutions.downloaded from Web servers via Flash or Ajax solutions. Non-HTML/text content: textual content encoded in multimedia (image or video) files or specific file formats not handled by search engines. Text content using the Gopher protocol and files hosted on FTP that are not indexed by most search engines. Engines such as Google do not index pages outside of the HTTP protocol.[10] ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬27
  • 28. ‫ﻧﺎﻣﺮﺋﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺟﺴﺘﺠﻮي‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﺘﻬﺎي‬ Clusty.com www.surfwax.com www.archive.org www.scirus.com/srsapp www.usa.gov infomine.ucr.edu vlib.org www.intute.ac.uk ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬28
  • 29. ‫ﻧﺎﻣﺮﺋﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺟﺴﺘﺠﻮي‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﺘﻬﺎي‬ aip.completeplanet.com www.infoplease.com www.deeppeep.org www.incyvincy.com www.deepwebtech.com www.techxtra.ac.uk ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬29
  • 30. ‫اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬‫اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬ ‫روش‬ ‫ﭘﺎراداﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺮور‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ‬ ‫را‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎن‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫و‬ ‫رواﺑﻂ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ،‫ارﺗﺒﺎط‬ ‫دادﻧﺪ‬.‫آﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫از‬ ‫اﺳﺘﻔﺎده‬ ‫در‬ ‫درﺳﺖ‬ ‫اﺳﺘﺮاﺗﮋي‬ ‫اﻣﺎ‬ ‫اﺳﺖ؟‬ ‫ﻛﺪام‬ ‫صفر‬ ‫ويرايش‬ ‫اينترنتی‬ ‫ھای‬ ‫شبکه‬30
  • 31. ‫اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬facebook ‫صفر‬ ‫ويرايش‬ ‫اينترنتی‬ ‫ھای‬ ‫شبکه‬31
  • 32. ‫اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬twitter ‫صفر‬ ‫ويرايش‬ ‫اينترنتی‬ ‫ھای‬ ‫شبکه‬32
  • 33. ‫اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬myspace ‫صفر‬ ‫ويرايش‬ ‫اينترنتی‬ ‫ھای‬ ‫شبکه‬33
  • 34. ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬you tube ‫صفر‬ ‫ويرايش‬ ‫اينترنتی‬ ‫ھای‬ ‫شبکه‬34
  • 35. ‫دﻫﺨﺪا‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻐﺖ‬ ‫صفر‬ ‫ويرايش‬ ‫اينترنتی‬ ‫ھای‬ ‫شبکه‬35
  • 36. ‫اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬ ‫از‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻲ‬ www.linkedin.com www.facebook.com www.twitter.com ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬36
  • 37. ‫اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬ ‫از‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻲ‬ www.flickr.com www.myspace.com www.youtube.com ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬37
  • 38. 25‫ﻃﺮﻓﺪار‬ ‫ﭘﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮي‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬ ‫صفر‬ ‫ويرايش‬ ‫اينترنتی‬ ‫ھای‬ ‫شبکه‬38
  • 39. ‫اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬ ‫درﺑﺎره‬ ،‫ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﺆال‬ ‫ﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻏﺮﺑﻲ‬ ‫از‬ ‫اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫رﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫درﺑﺎره‬ ‫وﻗﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬Digg،StumbleUpon‫ﺷﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ‬ ،Mixx ‫ﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻮر‬ ‫ذﻫﻨﺸﺎن‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬.‫اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮي‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﺘﻬﺎي‬ ‫اﻣﺎ‬ ،‫دارﻧﺪ‬ ‫وﺟﻮد‬ ‫دارﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ‬ ‫زﻳﺎدي‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪه‬ ‫ﺑﺎزدﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻌﺪدي‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺨﺼﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺣﻮزه‬ ‫در‬ ‫آﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫از‬ ‫ﺧﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬.‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺨﺼﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺣﻮزه‬ ‫در‬ ‫آﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫از‬ ‫ﺧﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬. ‫ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪي‬ ‫اﺳﻼﻳﺪﻫﺎي‬ ‫در‬25‫رﺗﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ‬ ‫اي‬ ‫رﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫اﺳﺖ‬ ‫آﻣﺪه‬ ‫آﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺮاﻓﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﻨﺎي‬ ‫ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺪي‬ ‫ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻳﺎدآوري‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﺘﻬﺎي‬ ‫و‬ ‫اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫اﺧﺒﺎر‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﺘﻬﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﻮد‬.‫ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬ ‫اﻣﺎ‬Facebook‫ﻳﺎ‬ Twitter‫اﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺮار‬ ‫ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ‬ ‫در‬. ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬39
  • 40. 1) Digg (digg.com) Alexa Rank: 135 Main Topics: Everything including technology, news, and business Launched in November 2004 Digg hasLaunched in November 2004 Digg has become a hugely popular source of information online and has become the leading social media news website. Also includes separate image, video and podcast sections. ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬40
  • 41. 2) StumbleUpon (www.stumbleupon.com) Alexa Rank: 556 Main Topics: Users can submit and rate any website More of a social network rather than aMore of a social network rather than a social news site but users still submit and rate web pages. As of September 2008 StumbleUpon has far in excess of 5 million users. ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬41
  • 42. 3) Propeller (www.propeller.com) Alexa Rank: 948 Main Topics: Everything including news, politics and science A social news site, similar to Digg,A social news site, similar to Digg, which has ‘channels’ on almost every topic. Has a new unusual design which has received widespread criticism but it’s still one of the most popular social news sites on the web. ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬42
  • 43. 4) Del.icio.us (del.icio.us) Alexa Rank: 1,582 Main Topics: Any website can be submitted and rated Similar to StumbleUpon where you canSimilar to StumbleUpon where you can submit and tag websites that you like. Not as large as StumbleUpon but still a very popular site. ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬43
  • 44. 6) MetaFilter (www.metafilter.com) Alexa Rank: 2,130 Main Topics: News Describing themselves as a weblog, MetaFilter allows anyone to contributeMetaFilter allows anyone to contribute a link or comment on existing news stories. As of March 2008 MetaFilter was receiving 3.5 million unique users each month. ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬44
  • 45. 7) Fark (www.fark.com) Alexa Rank: 2,890 Main Topics: Humour A social news community focusing on alternative news and amusing links.alternative news and amusing links. Links can be submitted but must be approved first, unless you join TotalFark for a fee. This allows you to post links in real time and see and comment on upcoming stories. ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬45
  • 46. 8 ) I Am Bored (www.i-am-bored.com) Alexa Rank: 3,338 Main Topics: Entertainment, technology, and off-beat news In their words their aim is to “provide aIn their words their aim is to “provide a list of sites we think will help to cure your boredom.” Their aim is to provide content which is cool, interesting or funny. Anyone can submit a link once signed in. ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬46
  • 47. 9) IndianPad (www.indianpad.com) Alexa Rank: 3,563 Main Topics: South-Asia news A very popular community covering all topics but with a special emphasis ontopics but with a special emphasis on those stories in India and South-Asia as a whole. ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬47
  • 48. 10) Care2 (www.care2.com/news) Alexa Rank: 4,111 Main Topics: Environment and Politics An active community with a special emphasis on environmental issues –emphasis on environmental issues – “news for a conscious world.” ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬48
  • 49. 11) Slashdot (slashdot.org) Alexa Rank: 5,176 Main Topics: Technology An extremely popular niche website used predominantly by web developersused predominantly by web developers and programmers. ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬49
  • 50. 12) Reddit (reddit.com) Alexa Rank: 5,608 Main Topics: News, technology A basic looking site but has an extremely large user base, although itsextremely large user base, although its popularity has been declining over recent months. Includes sections, known as subreddits, on almost all topics including politics, programming and science. ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬50
  • 51. 13) ShowHype (showhype.com) Alexa Rank: 6,081 Main Topics: Entertainment News, Videos & Blogs The place where celebrity gossip andThe place where celebrity gossip and general entertainment news and videos are voted on and discussed. ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬51
  • 52. 14) NowPublic (www.nowpublic.com) Alexa Rank: 6,776 Main Topics: News A slightly different format to normal social news sites, NowPublic has asocial news sites, NowPublic has a ‘newspaper-style’ layout, with users shaping the news that is displayed. ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬52
  • 53. 15) Newsvine (www.newsvine.com) Alexa Rank: 6,903 Main Topics: News and politics Not a standard social news website in that stories aren’t listed in order ofthat stories aren’t listed in order of number of votes, but users can vote on stories and write articles. ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬53
  • 54. 16) BallHype (ballhype.com) Alexa Rank: 7,466 Main Topics: Sports The most popular social news site focused around the area of sports – it’sfocused around the area of sports – it’s experienced rapid growth over the past few months and is a ‘must-join’ if you blog about sport. ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬54
  • 55. 17) Linkinn (www.linkinn.com) Alexa Rank: 10,586 Main Topics: Popular photos and videos Includes the ability to create specific topics.specific topics. ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬55
  • 56. 18) Killer Startups (www.killerstartups.com) Alexa Rank: 13,909 Main Topics: Business startups As the name suggests KillerStartups features a range of innovative businessfeatures a range of innovative business startups each day. It’s unlike most social news sites in that users can only suggest startups rather than actually publishing links to vote on. ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬56
  • 57. 19) AutoSpies (www.autospies.com) Alexa Rank: 14,910 Main Topics: Automotive A fast-growing site discussing auto news and reviews. A must-join if younews and reviews. A must-join if you blog about cars or motoring. ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬57
  • 58. 20) Shoutwire (www.shoutwire.com) Alexa Rank: 17,687 Main Topics: Internet news A social community that also features both photos and videos prominently.both photos and videos prominently. ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬58
  • 59. 21) SWiK (swik.net) Alexa Rank: 20,216 Main Topics: Software Designed for those who use open source software. An excellent place tosource software. An excellent place to promote and find new open source applications. ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬59
  • 60. 22) BuzzFlash (www.buzzflash.net) Alexa Rank: 24,634 Main Topics: Political News Describing themselves as ‘News and Commentary with an Attitude’ it’s aCommentary with an Attitude’ it’s a place to vote on political stories which are slightly different from the norm. ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬60
  • 61. 23) Lipstick (lipstick.com) Alexa Rank: 24,862 Main Topics: Celebrity Stories A similar design to Reddit, just with a focus on celebrity stories and gossip.focus on celebrity stories and gossip. ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬61
  • 62. 24) Dzone (www.dzone.com) Alexa Rank: 28,125 Main Topics: Web Design, Developers A link-sharing community for developers where you can submit anddevelopers where you can submit and vote on links. ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬62
  • 63. 25) Searchles (searchles.com) Alexa Rank: 30,556 Main Topics: Politics, Technology, News Covers all topics with users able toCovers all topics with users able to create specific groups. Similar to Mixx although it has a significantly smaller userbase. ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬63
  • 64. ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮاﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﻮد؟‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﺻﺪا‬ ‫ﺑﺮاي‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫از‬ ‫اﺳﺘﺮاﺗﮋﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﮔﻴﺮي‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮه‬ ‫صفر‬ ‫ويرايش‬ ‫اينترنتی‬ ‫ھای‬ ‫شبکه‬64
  • 65. ‫ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻧﻲ‬ ‫و‬ ‫رادﻳﻮﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬ ‫صفر‬ ‫ويرايش‬ ‫اينترنتی‬ ‫ھای‬ ‫شبکه‬65
  • 66. ‫ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻧﻲ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ِﻲ‬‫ﻳ‬‫رادﻳﻮ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬ ‫و‬ ‫رادﻳﻮﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬ ‫از‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎري‬ ،‫وب‬ ‫ﺷﺪن‬ ‫ﻓﺮاﮔﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫وب‬ ‫اﻧﺪازي‬ ‫راه‬ ‫ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﭘﺮداﺧﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﺧﻮد‬. ،‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﻫﺎ‬ ‫رﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ‬ ‫و‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫رﺷﺪ‬،‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫در‬ ‫ﻫﺎ‬ ‫رﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ‬ ‫و‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫رﺷﺪ‬ ‫و‬ ‫رادﻳﻮﻳﻲ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬ ‫اﻧﺪازي‬ ‫راه‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻋﺚ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻧﻲ‬. ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫وﻳﺮاﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎي‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬66
  • 67. ‫واﻗﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻧﺮم‬ ‫ﺟﻨﮓ‬ ‫صفر‬ ‫ويرايش‬ ‫اينترنتی‬ ‫ھای‬ ‫شبکه‬67
  • 68. seifollahy@irantraining.org

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