Geography ofUnited Kingdom Erika Diana Erlinta Ira Rahmawati Irma Laili F Siti Aisyah Didin Asyharudin
• The British Isles lie off the north- west coast of continental Europe• The UK is made up of “Great Britain, Northern Ireland”• Great Britain consists of “England, Wales, and Scotland”
• The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy• English country adopted a parliamentary system of government in which the powers of government are the prime minister and ministers• While power as head of state in the hands of the Queen
• The total area of the UK is 241,752 square kilometers.• The area of England is 130,423 sq km• Scotland 78,080 sq km• Wales 20,766 sq km• Northern Ireland 13,483 sq km• The UK coastline is 4057 km long.
• Northern Ireland is also home to the UKs largest lake, Lough Neagh, which covers an area of 396sq.km (153 sq miles).
• Englands best known river is, of course, the Thames which flows through London. It is also the longest, at 346km, in England• The River Severn is the longest in total, but its source is in the mountains of Wales, and the parts which run through England are shorter than the Thames
The Longest Rivers in the UK2 River Country Length (miles) (km)1 River Severn Wales and 220 354 England2 River Thames England 215 3463 River Trent England 185 2974 River Great England 143 230 Ouse, East Anglia5 River Wye Wales and 135 215 England6 River Ure / England 129 208 River Ouse,
• temperatures not much lower than 0ºC in winter and not much higher than 32ºC in summer• July and August are normally the warmest month in England.• Around the coasts, February is normally the coldest month, but inland there is little to choose between January and February as the coldest month.
• The ten tallest mountains in the UK are all found in Scotland. The highest peaks in each part of the UK are:• Scotland: Ben Nevis, 1,344 metres• Wales: Snowdon (Snowdonia), 1,085 metres• England: Scafell Pike (Cumbrian Mountains), 978 metres• Northern Ireland: Slieve Donard (Mourne Mountains), 852 metres• The ranges of mountains and hills in the UK include:• Scotland: Cairngorms, Scottish Highlands, Southern Uplands, Grampian Mountains• Wales: Brecon Beacons, Cambrian Mountains, Snowdonia, Black Mountains, Preseli Hills• England: Cheviot Hills, Chilterns, Cotswolds, Dartmoor, Lincolnshire Wolds, Exmoor, Lake District, Malvern Hills, Mendip Hills, North Downs, Peak District, Pennines, South Downs, Shropshire Hills, Yorkshire Wolds• Northern Ireland: Mourne Mountains, Antrim Plateau, Sperrin Mountains• The lowest point of the UK is in the Fens of East Anglia, in England, parts of which lie up to 4 metres below sea level.
• Historically, much of the United Kingdom was forested• Since prehistoric times, man has deforested much of the United Kingdom• The UK has a variety of natural resources including: Geological: coal, petroleum, natural gas, limestone, chalk, gypsum, silica, rock salt, china clay, iron ore, tin, silver, gold, lead. Agricultural: arable land, wheat, barley, sheep