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The Impact of Information andCommunication Technologies on        Social Welfare           Alexis Milo                   M...
Impact of ICTs: Productivity                ICT Capital Contribution to Labor Productivity Growth, 2000 - 2009            ...
Impact of ICTs: Education          Fixed Broadband Penetration and                             Wireless Broadband Penetrat...
Impact of ICTs: Health                                                                                                    ...
Impact of ICTs                • Mobile services help rural producers (fishermen, farmers,   Rural          etc.) to coordi...
Impact of ICTs: Growth                                          Growth Effects of ICTs, 1980 - 2006                       ...
ICT Penetration in Mexico                              Fixed Phone                                                        ...
Mobile Phone Rates* in Mexico                                   Average Mobile Phone Rates (prepaid)                 mexic...
0.5                                                                           1.0                                         ...
Household ICT Availability                            Change in Availability by Income Decile: 2006 - 2010                ...
Household ICT Availability      Mobile Phone Availability in Households                                                   ...
The Impact of Information andCommunication Technologies on        Social Welfare           Alexis Milo                   M...
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The Impact of Information and Communication Technologies on Social Welfare

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Transcript of "The Impact of Information and Communication Technologies on Social Welfare"

  1. 1. The Impact of Information andCommunication Technologies on Social Welfare Alexis Milo Miami, Florida. December 5th, 2011
  2. 2. Impact of ICTs: Productivity ICT Capital Contribution to Labor Productivity Growth, 2000 - 2009 (percentage points) 4.5 4.0 ICT capital Non-ICT related inputs 3.5 3.0 2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0.0 Switzerland France Korea Japan Sweden Canada Portugal USA Germany UK Ireland Austria New Zealand Spain Denmark Finland Netherlands Belgium Australia 2Source: OECD.
  3. 3. Impact of ICTs: Education Fixed Broadband Penetration and Wireless Broadband Penetration and PISA Scores PISA Scores (OECD countries) (OECD countries)PISA score, PISA score,2009 2009600 Reading Science 600 Reading Science Math Lineal (Reading) Math Lineal (Reading)550 550500 500450 450400 400350 350 5 15 25 35 45 0 25 50 75 100 Fixed broadband penetration (%, 2010) Wireless broadband penetration (%, 2010) 3Source: Own estimations based on OECD/PISA data.
  4. 4. Impact of ICTs: Health • India. Through aRadiocommunications and email Videoconference SMS and Mobile Apps • Peru. Health • Ghana. Through centers in remote SMS, the broadband areas have been “Childcount+” network able to reduce the program facilitates specialists number of detection and diagnose and patients treatment of treat eye channeled to severe deseases diseases. emergency such as malaria. rooms. • Spain. The app • Brazil. Personnel “Dermamóvil” in health centers allows receive training dermatologists to and are able to track treatment of contact patients with skin specialists affections. located in other facilities. 4
  5. 5. Impact of ICTs • Mobile services help rural producers (fishermen, farmers, Rural etc.) to coordinate with the sales point, contributing to the efficiency of rural markets. areas • Examples: Burkina Faso, India, Niger. Mobile • People without access to banks can get basic financial services using their mobile phone. banking • Examples: Philippines, Kenya, South Africa. Business • Broadband fosters the development of new services. • Example: United States.opportunities Property • The availability of broadband increases the value of real estate assets. value • Example: United States. 5
  6. 6. Impact of ICTs: Growth Growth Effects of ICTs, 1980 - 2006 (percentage points increase in GDP per capita growth per 10 percentage points increase in ICTs penetration) High-income economies 1.4 1.4 Low-and middle-income 1.2 1.2 1.1 economies 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.0 Fixed Mobile Internet Broadband 6Source: Qiang (2009) as reported by the World Bank (2009).
  7. 7. ICT Penetration in Mexico Fixed Phone Mobile Phone (lines per 100 inhabitants) (subscriptions per 100 inhabitants) 25 100 20 80 15 60 10 40 5 20 0 0 2010 p/ 1992 2002 2004 2000 2008 1990 1994 1996 1998 2000 2006 2008 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2002 2004 2006 2010 p/ Internet (subscriptions per 100 inhabitants) 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 2000 2005 2001 2002 2003 2004 2006 2007 2008 2010 p/ 2009 p/p/ preliminary data. 7Source: COFETEL.
  8. 8. Mobile Phone Rates* in Mexico Average Mobile Phone Rates (prepaid) mexican pesos per minute % change from february to november 2011 $4.0 0% feb-11 nov-11 -10% -7% $3.0 -20% -16% $2.0 -30% -40% $1.0 -45% -50% -49% $- -60% $50 $120 $150 $300 $50 $120 $150 $300 Value of airtime card Value of airtime card* Includes “frequent numbers” and “bonus minutes”. 8Source: Own estimations using operators’ data.
  9. 9. 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 0.0 3.5 France Poland New Zealand Belgium SpainSource: OECD Broadband Statistics. Hungary Switzerland Luxembourg Korea Portugal United Kingdom Czech Republic Austria Japan Mexico Germany Ireland Italy Slovak Republic United States Canada Estonia Slovenia (subscriptions per 100 inhabitants) Netherlands Chile Turkey Norway Australia Change in Fixed Broadband Penetration, 2009 - 2011 Iceland Denmark OECD Average = 2.02 Israel Sweden Finland 9 ICT Penetration
  10. 10. Household ICT Availability Change in Availability by Income Decile: 2006 - 2010 Mobile Phone Internet (change in percentage points) (change in percentage points)30 3020 2010 10 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Income decile Income decile 10Source: Own estimation based on INEGI data.
  11. 11. Household ICT Availability Mobile Phone Availability in Households Internet Availability in Households (% of households per income decile) (% of households per income decile) EU (10)* 90 Mexico (10) Spain (11) Mexico (10) Ecuador (09) Chile (06) 80 Brazil (09) EU (08)* Honduras (07) Greece (10) Costa Rica (05)100 70 Peru (09) Bulgaria (10) 60 Bolivia (05) 80 Paraguay (00) 50 Colombia (10) Chile (08) El Salvador (09) Mozambique (08) 60 40 Nicaragua (09) Namibia (08) Peru (09) 40 30 20 20 10 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Income decile Income decile* Average of European Union (EU) countries. 11Source: Own estimation based on ECLAC, Eurostat and INEGI data.
  12. 12. The Impact of Information andCommunication Technologies on Social Welfare Alexis Milo Miami, Florida. December 5th, 2011
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