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With focus of private players shifting from K-12 to other forms of education such as skill and vocational training, Indian Education sector is expected to touch a value of USD 45
bn by 2015 rising from USD 30 bn in 2012 [main revenue streams being: K-12(USD 20 bn), technical education (USD 12 bn), coaching (USD 8 bn), and pre-school (USD 3 bn)].
Government spends on Indian Education sector is valued at USD 600 Bn every year and is expected to have a CAGR of 19% between 2011-15. The reasons for such high CAGR
and valuations are the investable opportunities and recession proof nature of the industry. India is 9th in position in terms of education spending. Urban affluent (top 10% by
spend) spending is around 10.4% per month of total consumer spend and that of rural poorest (bottom 10%) is just 1.4% of wallet on education. Another key driver for the
increment in spend on education is the fact that with every 1% increment in per capita income there is a rise of 2% on private education.
India: Amongst top-10 Markets By Education Spend
Source: World Bank & Anand Rathi Research, 2013
Price of Education in India
Source: World Bank & Anand Rathi Research, 2013
US Japan France UK Germany Italy Brazil Canada India
175 190 175
120 105 100 100
US $ Bn
India Russia Poland Brazil Spain
20 23 25 30
Indian Education: Want a Slice?
By: Sunny Garg
Anatomy: Indian Education Sector
& Online Content
Indian Education Sector
Core Parallel Ancillar
Leaders: Respective Segment
K-12 – The size of spend in this sector is around USD 75 bn per year, predominantly
being public spend. Revenues from this segment are expected at USD 20 bn in 2015.
It is the most regulated segment of India’s education sector. An opportunity for
private players in this segment is valued at around USD 15 bn with a CAGR of 15%.
Despite the non for profit clause, 24% of the primary, 21% of the middle and 24% of
the secondary and higher secondary students attend private schools. The business
model can run both on asset heavy business model as well as asset light business
model also called dry management.
Tutorials/Coaching – Most unregulated and unorganized segment of the Indian
Education Sector. The yearly revenue size of this segment was USD 4.5 bn in 2012
and is expected to touch USD 8 bn by 2015. The unregulated nature of this segment
has attracted a lot of PE/VC investment in this area. Integrated classroom coaching,
the dominant part of the industry accounts for over 80% of this segment. This
segment has been showing a CAGR of 20% per annum. It is mainly an urban
phenomenon and accounts for nearly 75% of the overall coaching market.
Online Coaching – Four types of test preparation institutes in India. These comprise:
a) Integrated classroom programs – Personalized coaching is the key driver. Key market players in this segment are FIITJEE, IMS, Career Point etc. This currently shares
80% of the overall segment contribution and is expected to fall to 70% over the coming years.
b) Technology aided – virtual class – Virtual classes replicate a real classroom with the help of VSAT/VPN/broadband via tie-ups with technology partners. Audio and
video conferencing is used for the students to interact with the professional tutors, thus helping in minimizing the costs and time for both.
c) Portal-based learning – A social networking platform is used to bring alumni, teachers and students together. Services provided include discussion forums, ranking of
schools and colleges, application forms of institutes, entrance test preparation material etc.
d) Distance Learning – This mode helps reach geographies where full fledged classes are not present. It is one of the most profitable segments in Indian Education sector
as it does not involve investment in infrastructure or teachers, content once ready does not involve much cost.
• Public spend in education accounts for over 60% of overall education spend
• Seats available for post –higher-secondary (tertiary) education are sufficient for just 12% of the population
• Lack of public funding, household’s willingness and ability to pay for quality education and public authorities’ pro-active stance on education reform are driving private
investment in the sector
• Technical and professional education receives only 4% of budgetary spend
• Perceived quality gap in public education
• Large number of unemployable people because of lack of skilled technicians
Problems With Growth
• RTE (Right To Education) Act requires that for elementary education private schools offer 25% of seats to weaker sections and disadvantaged groups leading top
defocusing of private players from this segment
• The Act also puts severe teaching and non-teaching infrastructure requirements on private schools, failing which a penalty will be imposed and hence this deters fresh
private investment in this segment
• Higher education majorly the one which requires heavy capex limits the entry of private players as the returns generated are giving breakeven in 5-6 years timeframe
• In India, private schools, colleges or deemed universities can be set up only by a trust, society or a company under Section 25 of the Companies Act, 1956, this in turn
hindrances the growth of the sector and also the entry of private players in the sector
• Non-for Profit Tag in the elementary, secondary and higher secondary segment prohibits the entry of private funding which creates a lacuna for the growth of the
segment in the sector
The Australian dollar fell below parity with its U.S. counterpart for the first time in 10 months after the central bank lowered its inflation forecast following an
interest-rate cut last week (May 7, 2013). Australia has finally bitten the bullet and joined the global currency war. The Board decided to act on its 'scope to ease',
afforded by a subdued inflation outlook.
Last week brought what appears to be a critical trend change in the Australian Dollar’s path against its US namesake. Meanwhile, the U.S. dollar was in demand
amid mounting speculation over an earlier-than-expected end to the Federal Reserve's quantitative easing program, following the release of upbeat U.S. economic
data in recent weeks. AUDUSD put in a critical break below the bottom of a range that had contained prices since September of last year, seemingly opening the
door for meaningful decline in the days and weeks ahead. Prices will have a hard time sustaining aggressive near-term bearish momentum without a fundamental
catalyst however, the absence of which may produce a corrective bounce for the battered currency before the larger decline resumes.
The outlook for rates will have to continue to deteriorate. That may prove to be a tall order in the immediate term in the wake of April’s impressive employment
figures and an absence of top-tier scheduled event risk in the coming days that might have represented an inflection point. In fact, there is a probability of another
25bps rate cut at June’s RBA meeting at just 22 percent at present (according to data from Credit Suisse).
The Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA), in its monetary policy statement lowered its 2013 inflation forecast to 2%, compared to 3% forecasted
earlier. The central bank also predicted that, the nation would grow about 2.5% in 2013.
Consequently, the Aussie came under pressure ad AUD/USD hit 0.9960 on last Friday (May 10), the pair's lowest since June 14; the pair subsequently consolidated
at 1.0021 by close of trade on May 10, 2013.
The pair is expected to find support at 1.0003 in the near term.
Reflation is the act of stimulating the economy by increasing
the money supply or by reducing taxes, seeking to bring the
economy (specifically price level) back up to the long-term
trend, following a dip in the business cycle.
India’s growth Forecast
Outlook- Australian Dollar
Emerging Country- Thailand
Thailand officially the Kingdom of Thailand, formerly known asSiam , is a country located at the centre of the Indochina peninsula in
Southeast Asia. The country is a constitutional monarchy, currently headed by King Rama IX. Thailand is the world's 51st-largest
country in terms of total area, and is the 20th-most-populous country, with around 64 million people. Thailand is the 2nd largest
economy in Southeast Asia, after Indonesia. It functions as an anchor economy for the neighboring developing economies of Laos,
Burma, and Cambodia.
Thailand is an emerging economy and considered as a newly industrialized country. After enjoying the world's highest growth rate from
1985 to 1996 – averaging 12.4% annually –the economy contracted by 1.9% which led to a crisis that forced floating of the currency.
The baht was pegged at 25 to the US dollar from 1978 to 1997; however, the baht reached its lowest point of 56 to the US dollar in
January 1998 and the economy contracted by 10.8% that year. This collapse prompted the Asian financial crisis. Thailand's economy
started to recover in 1999, expanding 4.2% and 4.4% in 2000, thanks largely to strong exports.
The economy of Thailand is an emerging economy which is heavily export-dependent; with exports accounting for more than two thirds
of GDP Thailand exports an increasing value of over $105 billion worth of goods and services annually. Major exports include Thai rice,
textiles and footwear, rubber, cars, computers and electrical appliances. Thailand is the world's no.1 exporter of rice. Thailand also
ranks high among the world's automotive export industries along with manufacturing of electronic goods.
Diplomatic relations between India and Thailand were established in 1947, soon after India gained independence. In 2009-10, two-
way commerce between India and Thailand stood at $4.5 billion. India’s Major Exports to Thailand includes Natural or Cultured
Pearls, Precious and Semi Precious Stones, Organic Chemicals, Nuclear Reactor, Boiler, Machinery and Mechanical appliances, Fish and
Crustaceans, Mineral fuels, mineral oils and Electrical Machinery & Equipment & Parts. India’s Major Imports from Thailand includes
Machinery and Mechanical appliances, Electrical Machinery & Equipment & Parts, Plastics, Rubber, Pharmaceutical Products and sugar.
Negotiations for FTA are underway between both the countries. Thai economy has grown at 6.4% in 2012 a rebound for the country
which has faced massive floods in the previous year. Growth was supported by an upsurge in household consumption and much higher
investment outlays by both government and private fixed capital spending as inflows of FDI capital resumed. Inflation remained low and
stabilized at about 3%. Export growth fell to 3.6%, and is expected to recover only moderately (5.5%) in the course of 2013. Cheap
capital is flooding into Asia, including Thailand. The baht has since gained about 2.5% this year against the US dollar. It remains one of
Asia's strongest currencies and is helping to hold down inflation to complement the government's price control and subsidies efforts
which as a whole cost the budget 3.5% of GDP. The World Bank forecasts the Thai economy will grow 5.3% this year, up from its 5%
prediction in December, with a strong performance next year. The economy in 2013 is expected to continue to expand as manufacturing
production fully recovers from floods and natural disasters, and as the global economy. However, the Thai economy remains vulnerable
to weak growth among its major trading partners, especially China and Asean. Domestically, political tensions and capacity constraints
in public spending on reconstruction, including adverse climate change could work against its growth outlook.
Vital Economic Statistics of
GDP (nominal) $365.564 billion
GDP growth rate 6.4% (2012)
Currency Thai Baht
Credit Rating BBB+ S&P and
Fiscal Deficit 2.7% of GDP (2012
2.4% of GDP (2012
India Outsourcing Industry Under Scanner
A recent Incident that has been making the News Rounds these Days is the $45-million
worldwide ATM heist apparently breaching computer systems of a payment processing
firm in India. This is the fourth major instance in less than a year because of which
Outsourcing of jobs by global financial institutions to Indian shores has come under
It was found out last week that RAKBANK & Bank of Muscat Oman were hacked by a global
cyber-crime ring that first breached the computers at an outsourced Indian credit card
processor (Pune-based Electra Card Services )in December & then the computers of a
similar American processor to gain access to critical data that made the crime possible.
After hacking into the card processor's computer network, the hackers compromised the
bank's prepaid card accounts, manipulated the balances and withdrawal limits, while
casher cells across the globe operated a coordinated ATM withdrawal campaign.
The incident has brought in limelight the ineffective controls against suspicious
transactions. As per an advisory issued by the Financial Conduct Authority, UK , India does
not have the electronic database infrastructure in place to allow fast, effective checking of
the bona fides of individuals. So firms need to apply a wide range of strategies to fill this
Fraudsters have singled out the weak link in the payment system as banks are willing to
pass on their entire database to the processing company as these are not linked to
customer accounts in case of Pre Paid Cards. Bankers say that although RBI has guidelines
on outsourcing of banking functions, evolving technology makes it difficult to draw clear
lines. RBI has sought to address this issue by making it clear that even in outsourced
transactions; it is the bank that will be held responsible.
The heist, which was predicated on the breach of an Indian outsourcing company, comes at
a time when the sector is facing immense scrutiny about its cyber-security.
The European Union has been unwilling to give India the Data Secure Status ,which will
enable India to attract more work ,given the lack of enforcement, accountability and
penalty guidelines in the country's existing Information Technology rules.
Gold (10 gm) Silver (1 Kg)
Crude Oil ($/barrel) Dollar/INR
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