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  1. 1. Nation-States and the Scramble for Colonies The Legacy of Industrialization
  2. 2. India: East India Company in Bengali Region: 1782-1859 <ul><li>LO: SWBAT compare and contrast select Bengali worker’s point of </li></ul><ul><li>View concerning indigo production with that of the select British </li></ul><ul><li>Industrialists? </li></ul><ul><li>Aim: How would you compare and contrast the Bengali and </li></ul><ul><li>British points of view of indigo production? </li></ul><ul><li>Do now: 1.What is indigo, and why has it been such </li></ul><ul><li>a profitable produce? 2. Predict an answer to the Aim </li></ul>
  3. 4. Timeline: read and review: handout <ul><li>Side A: Read documents 4 and 6. Answer questions </li></ul><ul><li>Side B: Read documents 5 and 6. Answer questions </li></ul><ul><li>Side C: Read and answer document 7 together. Compare </li></ul><ul><li>and contrast the different intepretations. Why is there </li></ul><ul><li>a difference? </li></ul>
  4. 5. Point of view: Bengali workers Perspectives: Begali
  5. 6. Perspectives: Bristish Capitalists Perspectives: British Industrialists
  6. 7. Excerpt from “Nil Darpan” (“The Indigo Planting Mirror”), a satirical Bengali play, 1861 <ul><li>Read play together/review </li></ul><ul><li>Questions together: why might </li></ul><ul><li>colonial oppression lead to </li></ul><ul><li>Many oppressed becoming the </li></ul><ul><li>oppressors? </li></ul><ul><li>Summary: Answer aim. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Case Study: China and the West <ul><li>LO: SWBAT predict how China would challenge British colonial strength during the 19 th Century, and compare their responses to the actual historical events. </li></ul><ul><li>Aim: How did the Chinese heads of state and citizenry challenge British imperial designs on China? </li></ul><ul><li>Do Now: Explain why China avoided contact with outsiders. Do you think this was wise policy? Explain your conclusions. </li></ul><ul><li>China under the Qing: Agricultural Economy (11 th C) </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese trade with Portuguese/Spanish: (17 th C): Maize, peanuts, sweet potatoes from Americas: fed 300,000,000 people </li></ul><ul><li>Degree of Self Sufficiency </li></ul><ul><li>British: Clocks, gadgets, opium </li></ul><ul><li>Problems?: Predict the response Qing Emperor. </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Prediction: Write a letter to “The Barbarian Queen Victoria of England.” </li></ul><ul><li>Read actual letter: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Copy quotes/paraphrase: what is similar. </li></ul><ul><li>Highlight new ideas: write new ideas, and what they are in common language </li></ul>
  9. 10. Review: conclusions <ul><li>Compare and contrast: Evaluate emperor’s response. How effective do you think it will be? </li></ul>
  10. 11. The Citizens Response: Foreign Pressures: <ul><li>LO: SWBAT explain the different responses to colonial imperialism during the 19 th and 20 th Centuries. </li></ul><ul><li>Aim: How did the Chinese respond to the Western colonial presence during the 19 th and 20 th Centuries? </li></ul><ul><li>Do Now: 1.Take out your homework assignments. Answer: What reasons did the Chinese have to challenge Western imperialism? </li></ul>
  11. 12. Domestic Responses: Compare and contrast your responses to what really happened: the Mandate of Heaven? <ul><li>Group I: Read “Taiping Rebellion: pp. 584-585. </li></ul><ul><li>Group II: Read “Failure of the Late Manzhou Restoration” (585) </li></ul><ul><li>Group III: Read about the Boxers: “Chinese Disintegration after 1895.” </li></ul><ul><li>Group IV: Read about Sun-Yat Sen/May 4 th Movement (1866-1925): “The Chinese Republic.” </li></ul>
  12. 13. Taiping Rebellion/Self Strengthening Movement: 1870’s
  13. 14. Summary <ul><li>Answer the Aim </li></ul>
  14. 15. Boxer Rebellion: 1900
  15. 16. Sun Yat-Sen: Modernization and the Chinese Republic/May 4 th Movement
  16. 19. Opium Wars: 1839-1842 British East India Company in China I. 18th Century trade: Opium II. Public Health Crisis III . Response from
  17. 20. The Opium Wars: 1840-1842 <ul><li>British East India Company-China: 18 th C </li></ul>
  18. 22. Belgium in the Congo: End of the 19 th C <ul><li>Aim: Why was the Congo’s involvement in the Congo considered by many scholars to be “the most horrid example of all?” </li></ul><ul><li>LO: SWBAT discuss why the Congo’s involvement in the Congo considered by many scholars to be “the most horrid example of all?” </li></ul><ul><li>Do Now: Read Document 3,4 : What does this tell you about Cecil Rhodes and King Leopold? </li></ul>
  19. 23. Great Britain : South Africa 1815: Congress of Vienna <ul><li>Aim:How did the British and the Boers rule South Africa? </li></ul><ul><li>LO:SWBAT explain how the British and Boers ruled South Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Do Now: Take out homework #38.a. Why are diamonds and gold so profitable? b. Define “apartheid.” Can you think of any modern-day and/or historical examples of the practice? </li></ul>
  20. 24. Natural Resources: do now-hmk review <ul><li>Precious Stones </li></ul><ul><li>Boer-British War: </li></ul>
  21. 25. Boer War:1899-1902: homework review <ul><li>British Victory: 1902 </li></ul><ul><li>Boer Rule: Legacies: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  22. 26. Video: <ul><li>Take notes: Write down chart: </li></ul><ul><li>Scene/Image: </li></ul><ul><li>Your commentary/connections </li></ul>
  23. 27. Cecil Rhodes: British Explorer
  24. 30. Cecil Rhodes: “Europeanization of Africa” <ul><li>British Capitalist-Explorer </li></ul><ul><li>Quest for Mineral Wealth and Industrial Development </li></ul><ul><li>Contact with Leopold II </li></ul>
  25. 31. King Leopold II: The Most Horrid Crimes of All? <ul><li>Late 19 th Century: Quest for “A piece of the African cake.” </li></ul><ul><li>“Rule from afar.” </li></ul><ul><li>“Rescue from Arab slavers/Civilizing Mission. </li></ul><ul><li>Belgium: Quest for Capital, Prestige </li></ul>
  26. 33. Industrialization and the Quest for Raw Materials and Markets: 16 th -20 th Centuries
  27. 34. Participation of African Government <ul><li>Powerful African Armies </li></ul><ul><li>Achievements: Mali, Songhai, Ghana </li></ul><ul><li>Well-established Trade Networks: Gold, Ivory </li></ul><ul><li>Slave Trade: Mutual Benefits. Case Study: King of Dahomey. </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-Racist Ideologies </li></ul>
  28. 35. Summary Exercise <ul><li>Do you agree with Kipling’s point of view? </li></ul><ul><li>Explain. </li></ul><ul><li>Answer the Aim: notebooks </li></ul>
  29. 36. The White Man’s Burden <ul><li>LO: SWBAT understand how “The White Man’s Burden” thesis justified the practice of colonialism. </li></ul><ul><li>Aim: How did imperial nations justify their presence in African, American, and Asian regions? </li></ul><ul><li>Do Now: Agree or disagree: The Iraq War was justified because we brought democracy to this nation. </li></ul>
  30. 37. Missionaries and Mercenaries <ul><li>What do you think “White Man’s Burden” means? </li></ul><ul><li>Predict what Rudyard Kipling’s poem is about. </li></ul><ul><li>Read and answer: 1. which of your predictions were correct? 2. Highlight two quotes. Margins: write your interpretation. </li></ul>
  31. 38. White Man’s Burden: Rudyard Kipling <ul><li>Take up the White Man's burden-- Send forth the best ye breed-- Go bind your sons to exile To serve your captives' need; To wait in heavy harness, On fluttered folk and wild-- Your new-caught, sullen peoples, Half-devil and half-child. Take up the White Man's burden-- In patience to abide, To veil the threat of terror And check the show of pride; By open speech and simple, An hundred times made plain To seek another's profit, And work another's gain. Take up the White Man's burden-- The savage wars of peace-- Fill full the mouth of Famine And bid the sickness cease; And when your goal is nearest The end for others sought, Watch sloth and heathen Folly Bring all your hopes to nought. Take up the White Man's burden-- No tawdry rule of kings, But toil of serf and sweeper-- The tale of common things. The ports ye shall not enter, The roads ye shall not tread, Go mark them with your living, And mark them with your dead. Take up the White Man's burden-- And reap his old reward: The blame of those ye better, The hate of those ye guard-- The cry of hosts ye humour (Ah, slowly!) toward the light:-- &quot;Why brought he us from bondage, Our loved Egyptian night?&quot; Take up the White Man's burden-- Ye dare not stoop to less-- Nor call too loud on Freedom To cloke your weariness; By all ye cry or whisper, By all ye leave or do, The silent, sullen peoples Shall weigh your gods and you. Take up the White Man's burden-- Have done with childish days-- The lightly proferred laurel, The easy, ungrudged praise. Comes now, to search your manhood Through all the thankless years Cold, edged with dear-bought wisdom, The judgment of your peers! </li></ul>
  32. 39. Brown Man’s Burden: <ul><li>The Brown Man's Burden </li></ul><ul><li>By Henry Labouchère </li></ul><ul><li>Truth (London); reprinted in Literary Digest 18 (Feb. 25, 1899). </li></ul><ul><li>Pile on the brown man's burden </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To gratify your greed; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Go, clear away the &quot;niggers&quot; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who progress would impede; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Be very stern, for truly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>'Tis useless to be mild </li></ul></ul><ul><li>With new-caught, sullen peoples, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Half devil and half child. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Pile on the brown man's burden; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>And, if ye rouse his hate, </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Meet his old-fashioned reasons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>With Maxims up to date. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>With shells and dumdum bullets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A hundred times made plain </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The brown man's loss must ever </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Imply the white man's gain. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Pile on the brown man's burden, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>compel him to be free; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Let all your manifestoes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reek with philanthropy. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>And if with heathen folly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He dares your will dispute, </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Then, in the name of freedom, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don't hesitate to shoot. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Pile on the brown man's burden, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>And if his cry be sore, </li></ul></ul><ul><li>That surely need not irk you-- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ye've driven slaves before. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Seize on his ports and pastures, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The fields his people tread; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Go make from them your living, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>And mark them with his dead. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Pile on the brown man's burden, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>And through the world proclaim </li></ul></ul><ul><li>That ye are Freedom's agent-- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There's no more paying game! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>And, should your own past history </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Straight in your teeth be thrown, </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Retort that independence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is good for whites alone. </li></ul></ul>
  33. 41. Justification <ul><li>Great Britain: </li></ul><ul><li>Post Industrialization:Advanced Technology </li></ul><ul><li>“ Enlighten the Savage” </li></ul><ul><li>Racism </li></ul>
  34. 42. Do Now: put in chronological order AIM: Why did certain natural resources attract Europe to Africa? <ul><li>The Agricultural Revolution led to farming innovations. </li></ul><ul><li>Population Boom </li></ul><ul><li>Factory Boom in England </li></ul><ul><li>New Technological Innovations </li></ul><ul><li>Shortage of raw materials </li></ul><ul><li>Colonialism: Nations Scramble for Colonies. </li></ul>
  35. 43. The Scramble for Asia: 15-20 th Centuries
  36. 44. Homework Review <ul><li>What were the causes of 19 th and 20 th Century colonialism? </li></ul>
  37. 45. Research <ul><li>In pairs: go to </li></ul><ul><li>Click on African countries. Use the Atlases as a resource. </li></ul><ul><li>What resources do these countries have? Why would you be interested in these natural resources? </li></ul><ul><li>Maps: Check for accuracy/Take note of country whom colonized the region. </li></ul>
  38. 46. Group Work Review <ul><li>Notes: </li></ul><ul><li>Why would these resources be considered so valuable? </li></ul><ul><li>Resource: value </li></ul>