Eco design directive

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Eco design directive

  1. 1. Eco-Design Directive (EuP):Analysis of the Standby/Off Mode Implementing Measure Intertek 70 Codman Hill Road, Boxborough, MA 01719 www.intertek-etlsemko.com/EuP 1-800-WORLDLAB icenter@intertek.com
  2. 2. Eco-Design Directive (EuP): Analysis of the Stand by/Off Mode Implementing MeasureIntroductionThe Eco-design Directive for Energy-using Products (EuP) 2005/32/ECrequires manufactures and importers to demonstrate compliance with theDirective’s product-category-specific requirements outlined in so calledImplementing Measures (IMs). The EuP Directive is CE Marking legislationand differs from other EU legislation as it’s intended to encompass the entirelife cycle of energy using products.The Directive’s IMs provide the specific compliance requirements, segmentedby approximately 30 product categories with the promise of more productcategories to be identified in the future.On January 7, 2009 the EuP Directive’s first IM (Standby/Off Mode power)became the first enforceable IM under the EuP Directive. The intent of theStandby/Off Mode IM is to reduce the energy consumption of household andoffice products in standby and/or off mode power settings.Table of Contents1. The Eco-design Directive EuP ..................................................................... 3 Purpose and background of the Eco-design Directive .............................. 3 What is eco design? ................................................................................. 3 What will the Eco-design Directive mean to the consumer? ..................... 4 Criteria’s for selection of product categories ............................................. 42. Products covered by the Eco-design Directive............................................. 5 Product groups ......................................................................................... 5 Standby/Off mode..................................................................................... 8 How will the Directive be enforced?.......................................................... 8 Critical Dates for Standby/Off Mode ......................................................... 94. How to fulfil the requirements of the EuP Directive and stand by/off moderequirements for legal CE Marking................................................................... 9 Services to help you handle EuP .............................................................. 9For more information...................................................................................... 10 APPENDIX 1 Products Subject to the EuP Directive’s Standby/Off Mode IM............................................................................................................ 12www.intertek-etlsemko.com/EuP 2
  3. 3. Eco-Design Directive (EuP): Analysis of the Stand by/Off Mode Implementing Measure1. The Eco-design Directive EuPThe Eco-design Directive for Energy-using Products (2005/32/EC) wasadopted in 2005 and came into force in August 2007. It establishes aframework under which manufacturers of energy-using products (EuP) will, atthe design stage, be obliged to increase energy efficiency and reduceproducts’ negative environmental impacts. While the Directive itself is aframework, it makes specific provisions by product category calledimplementing measures (IM). Each IM is adopted and published as anindividual regulation which, together with applicable harmonized standard,provides the necessary conformity assessment regimen for a particularproduct category. Each implementing measure’s conformity assessmentregimen covers minimum energy performance standards and environmentalregulations by product category.Purpose and background of the Eco-design DirectiveThe purpose of the EuP directive is to decrease the environmental effects andto promote environmental sustainability. Long term the aim is to support asecured energy supply and promote sustainable development. Uniquely, theDirective goes beyond energy efficiency into the entire product lifecycle andaccounting for total lifecycle cost. The Directive aims to benefit both Businessand Consumers with better, more efficient products, an improvedenvironment, and reduced product lifecycle costs with a more rational use ofresources.The EU has determined that Energy-using products (EuPs) account for alarge proportion of the total consumption of natural resources and energywithin the Community.In fact, a preparatory study showed that in 2005, standby and off mode powerfunctionality existed in nearly 3.7 billion products across the EU, consuming47 TWh (Terra-Watt hours) in standby and off mode settings for a cost of €6.4billion ($8.4 billion USD). By 2020 it is anticipated that the number of productswith standby and off mode settings will increase with 24% to 4.6 billionproducts. Clearly the environmental impact of electricity consumption instandby / off mode is significant.What is eco-design?Eco design is a concept at product design which aims to reduce the overallenvironmental impact of a given product in various ways. This could translateto something as unique as placement of a TV’s on/off switch – thus making itwww.intertek-etlsemko.com/EuP 3
  4. 4. Eco-Design Directive (EuP): Analysis of the Stand by/Off Mode Implementing Measureeasier or more difficult to shut down and save energy – or as straightforwardas the metals contained or how the various parts of a worn out product can berecycled. Environmental performance and energy efficiency can be improvedby including environmental aspects at an early stage in the product design.The EU’s definition of the Eco-design DirectiveWith the Eco-design Directive, the Commission has developed a coherent andintegrated framework: all environmental impacts of a product are taken intoconsideration at once. This holistic approach aims at avoiding uncoordinatedaction, which could lead to an overall negative result for the environment: forexample eliminating a toxic substance from a product might lead to increasedenergy consumption, which on balance could have a negative impact on theenvironment. The Eco-design approach also integrates other aspects of theproduct into the analysis, such as functionality, safety, impact on health,affordability for the consumer. For example, a greater energy efficiency of aproduct should not result in a lower quality or a lower safety standard.What will the Eco-design Directive mean to the consumer?For the individual consumer, the Eco-design Directive will mean that theproducts sold on the market will meet higher standards of, for example,energy performance and other environmental factors. Certain implementingrequirements also contain requirements for information on such matters asenergy consumption and mercury content. The CE mark indicates that theproducts meet the eco-design requirement.Criteria for selection of product categoriesThere are many different product groups included in the EuP Directive. Theproducts should fulfil the following criteria in order to be included in an actionor to be self-regulating: • The product should represent a significant volume of sales and trade within the EU. Specifically, the total number of units on the EU market for a given product type will exceed 200,000. For example, if there are 5 manufacturers of electrical product “X”, each with a EU distribution of 100,000 units. The total market volume for product “X” equals 500,000 units. Therefore, product “X” meets the market volume criteria for EuP consideration. • The product should, in view of the quantities put on the market and/or used, have a substantial environmental impact within the EU.www.intertek-etlsemko.com/EuP 4
  5. 5. Eco-Design Directive (EuP): Analysis of the Stand by/Off Mode Implementing Measure • There should be significant opportunities for improving the product’s environmental impact without incurring unreasonable costs, in view of the fact that: • There is no other relevant common legislation for dealing with the problem in a suitable manner and it cannot be solved by market forces. • There is a large difference in the environmental performance of different Energy using Products on the market with equivalent functions.A special method is used to assess whether and to what extent differentEnergy using Products fulfil these criteria and to outline which eco-designrequirements can be established for each specific product.2. Products covered by the Eco-design DirectiveIn principle, the Eco-design Directive applies to all Energy using Products(except means of transport) and includes all energy sources.The basic elements of the eco-design requirement are compiled by a numberof groups of experts engaged by the Commission, which then put forwardproposals for product requirements. The Commission reviews these on aproduct-by-product basis and sends its proposals for product requirements ina consultation document to all EU Member States.Product requirements or so-called “implementing measures” are thenintroduced for each product group through separate regulations which goesdirectly into the national law of each member country under the Eco-designDirective.Product groupsThe Directive will affect practically all products because requirements areintroduced for various product groups. Requirements for standby/off-modepower functionality were the first to be issued and have been in effect sinceJanuary 2009. Other product groups adopted by the Commission are; street-and office lighting, domestic lighting, simple set-top boxes and external powersupply units. To view an EuP timeline, please turn to page 7.www.intertek-etlsemko.com/EuP 5
  6. 6. Eco-Design Directive (EuP): Analysis of the Stand by/Off Mode Implementing MeasureThe product groups currently under consideration or in effect are listed belowon the next page. The list conforms to the EU’s division of product groups intolots of 1-27. Requirements which are approved will be examined by the EUParliament for at least three months before formal adoption by theCommission.Product GroupsLot Product Category1 Boilers (gas/oil/electricity)2 Water heaters (gas/oil/electricity)3 Personal computers and monitors4 Imaging equipment: copiers, faxes, printers, scanners, etc.5 Televisions6 Standby and off-mode losses of Energy using Products7 External power supplies8&9 Street lighting and office lighting10 Residential room conditioning appliances Electric motors 0.75-375kW Circulating pumps11 Electric pumps Ventilation fans12 Commercial refrigerators and freezers13 Domestic refrigerators and freezers14 Domestic dishwashers and washing machines15 Boilers for solid fuels16 Domestic tumble dryers17 Vacuum cleaners18 Complex set-top boxes18a Simple set-top boxes Domestic lighting I19 Domestic lighting II (reflector lamps and electric fittings)20 Radiators and fan-heaters21 Appliances for room-heating using hot air22 Ovens for household and commercial use Cooking ranges and grills for household and commercial23 use Washing machines, tumble dryers and dishwashers for24 commercial use25 Coffee machines26 Network stand-by27 UPS for household usewww.intertek-etlsemko.com/EuP 6
  7. 7. Eco-Design Directive (EuP): Analysis of the Stand by/Off Mode Implementing MeasureThe Commission has also put forward a proposal to extend the Eco-designDirective to what it refers to as “energy-related products.” This would includeproducts which affect energy consumption without themselves using energy,such as car tires or windows.www.intertek-etlsemko.com/EuP 7
  8. 8. Eco-Design Directive (EuP): Analysis of the Stand by/Off Mode Implementing Measure3. Standby/Off Mode Power Implementing Measure (IM)The product requirement for standby and off-mode losses was adopted by theEU Commission on 17 December 2008 and applied from 7 January 2009. Theunique aspect of standby/Off mode is that it does not include a special productarea, but embraces over a number of product groups, also known as ahorizontal product group.Computers, microwave ovens, hi-fi equipment, televisions, DVD players,digital set-top boxes and other products which remain in standby/off-mode(i.e., the apparatus is connected to an electrical supply, but is in off mode)consume energy despite the fact that they are not actually being used. Inmany cases, products are not even equipped with an on/off switch.Standby/Off modeThese regulations establish requirements for eco-design for electricityconsumption in standby/Off mode. The regulations apply to electrical andelectronic domestic and office use products. See appendix 1, page 12.Power consumption by a product in standby/Off mode may not exceed 1.0Watt one year after the regulations have come into force. After four years, thehighest permitted limit will be 0.5 Watt. Higher values may be permitted forspecial functions. See below table for limits.Some companies already meet the proposed requirements for standby/offmode, whereas changes in construction and production may be required inother cases. The requirement for standby/Off mode may be replaced byspecific EuP requirements set forth in the IMs for specific product categories,such as digital set-top boxes or televisions.How will the Directive be enforced?Market surveillance will be conducted via market sampling and lab testing.Compliance will be determined if the tested samples’ values do not exceed10% of the limit values set forth in the IM.www.intertek-etlsemko.com/EuP 8
  9. 9. Eco-Design Directive (EuP): Analysis of the Stand by/Off Mode Implementing MeasureCritical Dates for Standby/Off Mode > Power consumption data in Watts rounded to the second decimal placeBy January 7, Off Mode not to exceed 1.00W consumption2010:By January 7, Standby Mode not to exceed 1.00W; or 2.00W if providing2010: information or status displayBy January 7, Off Mode not to exceed 0.50W consumption2013:By January 7, Standby Mode not to exceed 0.50W; or 1.00W if providing2013: information or status display 4. How to fulfil the requirements of the EuP Directive andstand by/Off mode requirements for legal CE MarkingThere are two ways to show that you fulfil the requirements of the Eco-designDirective. The first is through an environmental management system (theequivalent of ISO 14001 or EMAS), which covers all the technicalrequirements. The second is through a so-called “internal design control”where each product is verified individually using testing methods. Regardlessof which option you choose, you must have the technical documentation toprove the implementing measures have been fulfilled, a Declaration ofConformity and CE Marking.Services to help you handle EuPIntertek’s EuP Compliance Program: A GREENER way to marketThe EuP Directive is an expansive piece of environmental legislation; and iftaken on alone by manufacturers can seem onerous to achieve and difficult todocument compliance for legal CE Marking. Intertek’s depth of experts inenvironmental legislation and product compliance have untangled the EuPDirective and its implementing measures to help manufacturers realize themost cost-efficient, easy to understand and simple path to compliance andmarket access.Intertek’s EuP solutions are broken into two categories:1) EuP Training & Consulting • EuP Training & Consulting: Learn WHAT your quickest and most cost-efficient compliance options are. We’ll tell you IF, WHEN, and HOW EuP will affect your product.www.intertek-etlsemko.com/EuP 9
  10. 10. Eco-Design Directive (EuP): Analysis of the Stand by/Off Mode Implementing Measure • EuP Eco Software Analysis: Let Intertek perform an analysis of your product’s Ecological profile (Life Cycle Analysis) according to the EuP directive specifications.2) EuP Compliance • EuP Pre-Compliance Verification: Learn how your product measures up against proposed and future EuP regulations for R&D purposes, compliance planning and to determine market readiness. • EuP Compliance Verification: Receive full verification to the appropriate EuP Implementing Measures and we will deliver a test report for your product’s technical file and Statement of Compliance for legal CE Marking.Quality and Environmental Management Systems and EuP: In addition tothird-party testing, the EuP Directive allows for compliance via amanufacturer’s own Environmental or Quality Management System approach.For this, manufacturers must still meet the conformity assessmentrequirements of the applicable Implementing Measures. In short,manufacturers must still have the appropriate testing and eco-design data tosupport a compliance claim. But, manufacturers must have documentedprocesses within current EMS or QMS. Intertek can support manufacturerswith guidance on structuring their EMS or QMS to facilitate internal testing andproper documented procedures for EuP compliance and technical filepreparation, or provide support with the actual testing and Statement ofCompliance.www.intertek-etlsemko.com/EuP 10
  11. 11. Eco-Design Directive (EuP): Analysis of the Stand by/Off Mode Implementing MeasureFor more informationIf you have any questions or would like to start a new project, contact yourlocal Intertek account manager or call any of the numbers below.Americas Germany Sweden+1 800 967 5352 +49 711 27311 0 +46 8 750 00 00 info.etls-icenter@intertek.com info-sweden@intertek.com germany@intertek.comAsia Pacific Italy UK+86 21 6495 6565 +39 432 653 411 +44 1372 370900info.etls- info.ets-italy@intertek.com info.etls-uk@intertek.comchina@intertek.comwww.intertek-etlsemko.com/EuP 11
  12. 12. Eco-Design Directive (EuP): Analysis of the Stand by/Off Mode Implementing MeasureAPPENDIX 1Products Subject to the EuP Directive’s Standby/Off Mode IM HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES IT and CONSUMER EQUIPMENT Washing machines ITE equipment primarily for domestic use Defined as ‘any equipment which has a primary function of either entry, storage, display, retrieval, transmission, processing, switching, or control, of data and of telecommunication messages or a combination of these functions and may be equipped with one or more terminal ports typically operated for information transfer’ Clothes dryers Radios Dish washing machines Televisions Electric ovens Video cameras and recorders Hot plates Hi-fi recorders Microwaves Audio amplifiers Toasters Home theatre systems Fryers Music instruments Grinders, coffee machines and Any other equipment for the purpose of equipment for the opening or recording or reproducing sound or sealing containers or packages images, including signals or other technologies for the distribution of sound and image other than by telecommunications Electric knives Toys, leisure and sports equipment Other appliances for cooking, Electric trains or car racing sets food processing, cleaning, clothes maintenance; appliances for hair cutting, hair drying, tooth brushing, shaving, massaging and other body care appliances Scales Hand-held video game consoles Sports equipment with electric or electronic components Other toys, leisure and sport equipmentwww.intertek-etlsemko.com/EuP 12

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