Internetix 2010 - Brian Pinnock - The Internet of Things

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Brian Pinnock's presentation at Internetix 2010 on the Internet of Things. Also see http://blog.internetix2010.co.za/ for more.

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  • The Internet of things is a concept that has been around for over 10 years. It hasn't come about yet because of the cost of the components but these have now started coming down and a tidal wave is building up. These components are collectively called smart objects and can be anything from RFID tags, to cameras, sensors, etc There are potentially huge social consequences of having billions of sensors and actuators connecting cars, buildings, traffic lights, cameras, appliances like toasters and washing machines. Some of the more obvious uses will be appliances that only switch on when the power grid can handle them. But there's no reason why we won't buy certain appliances on contract like we buy cell phones now. So the appliances will be "free" and we will only pay as we use them. This is already being done with some manufacturers of jet engines where the engine is owned by the manufacturer and the airline gets charged for thrust.
  • ROLL = Routing over low power and lossyNetworks6LoWPAN = IPv6 over Low Power Wireless Personal Area Networks
  • Internetix 2010 - Brian Pinnock - The Internet of Things

    1. 1. The Internet of Things Brian Pinnock
    2. 2. The Internet of Things • Smart objects • Trillions of them • Unconventional networks • Maybe TCP/IP based • New business models • And lots of impacts • Everywhere
    3. 3. Agenda • Outline • Roadblocks • Enablers • Impacts • Opportunities • Conclusion
    4. 4. OUTLINE An outline of the Internet of Things
    5. 5. Tracking Monitoring the behavior of people and things through space and time Information & Analysis Situational Awareness Real-time awareness of situational environments Sensor Driven Analytics Assisting human decision making through deep analysis and data visualisation
    6. 6. Process Optimisation Automated control of closed environments Automation & Control Optimised Resource Consumption Smart meters and energy optimisation Complex Autonomous Systems Automated control in environments with great uncertainty
    7. 7. ROADBLOCKS The Organisational, Social and Technical Inhibitors
    8. 8. Organisational Roadblocks • Security • Device cost • Data storage • Data processing
    9. 9. Social Legal Roadblocks • Privacy • Jail-breaking • Legal frameworks • Cross border data • Coverage
    10. 10. Technology Roadblocks • Power consumption • Standards • Storage • Number crunching
    11. 11. TECHNOLOGY ENABLERS Critical success factors
    12. 12. Enablers - Smart Objects • Border control • 50 meter radius • Cost 8 rand • Reprogrammable • Magnetic • Temperature • Vibration • CO
    13. 13. Enablers • Moore’s Law • Low power chips (ARM) • Cloud • Social media platforms • Low Power Wireless • Lightweight OS (Contiki) • Standards
    14. 14. Enablers- Energy Harvesting • Ambient radiation • Blood sugar • Tree metabolic processes • Piezo/Pyro electrics
    15. 15. IMPACT The likely impacts on business, IT, society and Africa
    16. 16. Business Model Impact • Usage tracking • Usage & movement tracking • Usage & behavior tracking • Behavior discounting
    17. 17. Network Impacts • Resource constrained • Routing (ROLL) • IP for Smart Objects • 6LoWPAN
    18. 18. • Billing Systems • IPv6 • Unconventional networks • Security • Storage • Number crunching Enterprise Impact
    19. 19. African Impact • Insurance savings • Border control • Eskom & Toll Roads • Security – smart dust • TB & HIV • Road safety monitoring • Road safety enforcement
    20. 20. OPPORTUNITIES What are the technical and business opportunities?
    21. 21. • Smart Dew Sensors • ARM Embed programme • Contiki • 6LoWPAN & Zigbee • UbiCity Project (Oulu) Opportunities Today
    22. 22. Conclusion • Smart objects • Trillions of them • Unconventional networks • Maybe TCP/IP based • New business models • And lots of impacts • Lots of opportunity
    23. 23. The Internet of Things Brian Pinnock twitter.com/BrianPinnock BrianPinnock.posterous.com

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