TRAINING PACKAGE 3- Image, Branding and Cultural HeritageModule 3 Environment, health and safetyGiuseppe Gori (Theme 1 + 2...
Intelligent Furniture                                                               Project                 Image, Brandin...
HEALTH AND SAFETY                          AS           PRODUCT CONTENT               Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,...
IntroductionAfter garments and footwear, FURNITURE include most of objects incloser contact with the human body (skin, art...
Healthy furniture? Let’s think…  What                            Where                                Effects  Formaldehyd...
Healthy furniture? Let’s think…  What                            Where                                  Effects  Heavy met...
Safe furniture? Let’s think…What                        Possible consequences                  ForSeat stability          ...
Safe furniture? Let’s think…  What                         Possible consequences                 For  Armchair relax      ...
Safe furniture? Let’s think…  What                         Possible consequences                 For  Chaise-long         ...
COMFORT-ORIENTED      UPHOLSTERD FURNITURE                 DESIGN               Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/...
IntroductionPeople and furniture spend a lot of time together!Dining room: breakfast, dinner (lunch too for lucky ones!)  ...
IntroductionWe will focus on UPHOLSTERED FURNITURE, that – being aimed atrest and relax time - should be the quintessence ...
Comfort furniture?                     From: http://gold.libero.it/ANNOTANDO/commenti.php?msgid=7771637&id=129578         ...
Comfort furniture?                         From: http://contessalupealberti.splinder.com                          • Should...
Comfort furniture?                                                           • Shoulders support?                         ...
Comfort furniture?                                                        • Back slope?                                   ...
Comfort furniture?                                                                  Comment on the web forum:             ...
Comfort furniture?                                                                      Some doubt……      http://iod.forum...
Comfort furniture?                                                                      Some doubt……      http://iod.forum...
Comfort furniture?                                                                      Some doubt……      http://iod.forum...
Comfort – oriented design criteria“A” path (Hor + Vert) ~ 90 cm“B” Seat angle:   - deviation from Hor in the forepart = 5 ...
Comfort assessmentBody pressure, i.e. the pressure betweenupholstery and human body, on a sofa orarmchair can be measured,...
Comfort assessmentColour scale proportional to local pressureshows pressure concentration on red –orange areas: e.g. femor...
Comfort foresight Since style design is more and more commonly computer-aided, 3D models are easily available for further ...
A “wider” Comfort concept                                    ComfortTraditional concept                                   ...
Brainstorming…• Are we “thinking comfortable” ?• Are we “thinking relaxing” ?• Are we able to “put ourselves in others’ sh...
Brainstorming…What is our idea of connection of comfort with…            • Product image ?            • Company or product...
SWOT Analysis                         Strenghts                                                          Opportunities    ...
SWOT Analysis     HIGH        Market appeal     LOW                                                                       ...
SWOT Analysis     HIGH        Producibility (feasibility)     LOW                                                         ...
Intelligent Furniture                                                                        Project                Image,...
THE IMPORTANCE OF ECO-   DESIGN FOR THE COMPANY           Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12     Branding and Cu...
Currently, we are living into a “consuming” societyAll the products and services have an environmental impactduring the re...
Systematic consideration of the design function related  with the environmental, safety and security objectives  during th...
CICLO DE VIDA DEL PRODUCTO:     Source: green paper on    integrated product policy                                Intelli...
Brainstorming Do we need Eco-Design? Why? Open discussion                   Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12  ...
How put in practice Eco-design     Considering the                    Considering all the   environmental impact          ...
Which are the benefits of Eco-design for the company?                            Eco-design          How to make product w...
Environmental communication: Eco-Label  Very often the results coming from the  environmental analysis and the eco-design ...
Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12     Branding and Cultural Heritage                                           ...
The ISO has issued standards referred to the main existent eco-labels:• Certified Eco-Label which guarantees the accomplis...
Example Type I eco-Label:                                                                       Environmental             ...
Example Type III EPD:                        Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,  06/03/12                Branding and Cu...
Other Eco-Design advantage for Company           Facilitate the environmental legislation           accomplishment (: pack...
Other Eco-Design advantage for Company           Improve the product and the company Brand ,           access to new marke...
ECO-DESIGN STRATEGY           INT HE FURNITURE              SECTOR.               Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/0...
Strategies of Ecodesign   0. New Concept development.   2. Select low impact materials.   3. Reduction of material.   4. O...
RAW MATERIALS                   Wood and derivates                                    Chemical products                   ...
Eco-design strategy wheel (Brezet and Van Hemel)     0.     New Concept development: dematerialization, Shared use of prod...
0. New Concept developmentFunction Integration                     • space efficient use                                  ...
1. Select low impact materials     Selection of renewable materialVegetal material stores CO2 thought photosynthesis, redu...
Wood origin: forestall sustainable management  FORESTAL CERTIFICATION  It is a market instrument which allows, producers a...
Extension of certified woods and number of chain of custody certifications                according to different schemes (...
CARDBOARD FURNITURE      Child furniture                    Chairs for events      www.mueblesdecarton.com            www....
Selection of material with low energy content.                 Chairs with recycled aluminum : Emeco.80 % recycled aluminu...
Selection of recycled/recycling material.                                    100% recycled Plastic            The benefits...
Selection of recycled/recycling material.Table- Matt Gagnon,             GagnonRecycled cardboard block mechanizedwith las...
Reducing hazardous substances.                           Painting and coatings with less                            Volati...
Reducing hazardous substances. Adhesives for plywood fabrication, which contains formaldehyde. Formaldehyde (toxic substan...
Reducing hazardous substances.                  Avoiding metal covering, specially                            chromate.   ...
2. Reduction of materials             Reduction in the use of raw material:                                               ...
Volume reductionFlexilove:Benderingand flexiblechair.        • Reducing the transport and storage impact        • It needs...
3. Optimization of production technique     Cutting optimization Software                                             It s...
More efficient coating application systems; High volume lowpressure (HVLP) pistol           Conventional system           ...
4. Efficient distribution system      Less packaging / clean / reusable.      More energetically efficient transport mod...
5. Reduction of the environmental impact during  the user stage     Assuring a low energetic consumption.      (some furn...
6. Optimization of initial lifetime    Furniture could be adapted to user.                                                ...
Made to last Nowadays very ancient furniture are            preserved                       Very high relationship        ...
7. Optimization of the end of life system          Furniture to made furniture                                            ...
Chair “Think”  pieces:                                               Chair Think Steelcase                                ...
biodegradability design      If compost has been foreseenChair Bio+, 100% vegetal (polymerelaborated with corn and linen)....
Synthesis and final discussion0.   New Concept development: dematerialization, Shared use of product, Integration of funct...
This project has been funded with support from the European    Commission. This publication reflects the views only of the...
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Tp3 Image, Branding and Cultural Heritage part3

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Environment, health and safety in furniture design

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Transcript of "Tp3 Image, Branding and Cultural Heritage part3"

  1. 1. TRAINING PACKAGE 3- Image, Branding and Cultural HeritageModule 3 Environment, health and safetyGiuseppe Gori (Theme 1 + 2)Solitario Nesti (Theme 1+ 2)Michele Vavallo (Theme 3) "DE-SME - Intelligent Furniture - Training for Design, Environment and New Materials in SMEs" Agreement n. 2009 - 2196 / 001 – 001 www.IntelligentFurniture.eu © 2012, not for publication, only for use in direct relation to the project
  2. 2. Intelligent Furniture Project Image, Branding and Cultural Heritage Module 3 Environment, health and safety Theme 3.1 - Health and safety as product content Theme 3.2 - Comfort-oriented upholstered furniture design Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 2
  3. 3. HEALTH AND SAFETY AS PRODUCT CONTENT Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 3
  4. 4. IntroductionAfter garments and footwear, FURNITURE include most of objects incloser contact with the human body (skin, arts, etc.).This make Health and Safety (H&S) issues particularly important forthe customers’ (independently of their awareness), as a significantpart of our H&S depends on how furniture is: conceived designed manufactured“Design for All” is a great tool for this and is already dealt with insideIntelligent Furniture Project.Here we would like to think of image and branding issues connectedto H&S. Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 4
  5. 5. Healthy furniture? Let’s think… What Where Effects Formaldehyde Leather, Fabrics Carcinogenic for human beings Wood derived panels Irritating for respiration Adhesives, Paints & Lacquers Chromium VI Leather, Fabrics Carcinogenic Colours Allergenic Volatile Organic Panels Unhealthy or irritating for Compounds Paints (as solvents) respiration, mouth and eyes (VOC’s) Easily adsorbed by skin Leather Adhesives Possible effects on nervous system, internal organs, reproduction Phtalates PVC, PVC coatings Noxious for reproduction Used as plasticizers in Particularly effective on babies and plastic materials children under 12 yrs old Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 5
  6. 6. Healthy furniture? Let’s think… What Where Effects Heavy metals Plastics Noxious for the environment (Cr, Co, Sb, Cd, Pb) Leather Noxious or allergenic for humans Fabrics Carcinogenic (e.g. Cd) Effects on nervous system and internal organs Azo-dyes Fabrics, Leather Carcinogenic (limited by EC Plastics directives) Dimethylfumarate Preserving salt bags (to Allergenic (DMF) protect from humidity Strong dermatitis during stock time) Nickel Metallic coatings Allergenic for a wide percentage of humans when in direct and prolonged contact with skin Wood powders From machining of wood Noxious for respiration if released in and wood-derived panels the environment during machining or left in furniture when delivered … Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 6
  7. 7. Safe furniture? Let’s think…What Possible consequences ForSeat stability Tilt; tip-over Everybody Head shock (esp. elders Fractures and kids) (esp. legs and arms) DeathStorage Tip-over Kidsfurniture Possible death for kidsstability (see CPSC campaign in USA)For kids’s risks see also US CPSC website: www.cpsc.gov Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image, 06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 7
  8. 8. Safe furniture? Let’s think… What Possible consequences For Armchair relax Sudden opening and leg Everybody mechanism shock (esp. elders and kids) Bed-sofa Finger entrapment in Esp. Kids mechanism closure Drawers and Arm entrapment Kids doors Finger scissoring Elder or ill people Sudden closure (spring mechanism) Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 8
  9. 9. Safe furniture? Let’s think… What Possible consequences For Chaise-long Failure of locking Everybody Chairs with mechanism and consequent (esp. elders) locking fall mechanism Small Detachment & swallow (e.g. Kids (esp. for elements, by teeth shear and pull off) babies fittings Choking furniture) A wide range of examples can be found on RAPEX EC service: http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/dyna/rapex/rapex_archives_en.cfm Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 9
  10. 10. COMFORT-ORIENTED UPHOLSTERD FURNITURE DESIGN Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 10
  11. 11. IntroductionPeople and furniture spend a lot of time together!Dining room: breakfast, dinner (lunch too for lucky ones!) 1-2 hrs/dayLiving room: rest periods, weekends aver. 2-4 hrs/dayBedroom: one third of lifetime! 8 hrs/dayOffice: about one third of lifetime! 7 hrs/day TOTAL: 18 to 21 hrs /dayFor a lot of people furniture covers at least ¾ of lifetime!Isn’t it enough to re-think comfort-weight in furniture design?Nevertheless, comfort and style are often seen as antithetic in design. Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image, 06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 11
  12. 12. IntroductionWe will focus on UPHOLSTERED FURNITURE, that – being aimed atrest and relax time - should be the quintessence of comfort!Is this really true?Let’s try to investigate just a bit looking around us….! Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image, 06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 12
  13. 13. Comfort furniture? From: http://gold.libero.it/ANNOTANDO/commenti.php?msgid=7771637&id=129578 • Backbone support? • Shoulders support? • Arm rest? From: http://www.soggiorno.com/divani-poltrone/poltrona.html Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 13
  14. 14. Comfort furniture? From: http://contessalupealberti.splinder.com • Shoulders support? • Arm rest? • Centre of gravity? • Equilibrium? From: http://contessalupealberti.splinder.com From: http://www.soggiorno.com/divani-poltrone/poltrona.html Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 14
  15. 15. Comfort furniture? • Shoulders support? • Depth? • Backbone support? http://www.guidaprodotti.com/casa-arredamento/poltrona.html Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 15
  16. 16. Comfort furniture? • Back slope? • Height of seat? From: http://www.riminibeach.it Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 16
  17. 17. Comfort furniture? Comment on the web forum: “… I must be sincere: the one I tried on was really uncomfortable!” http://www.arredamento.it/forum/viewtopic.php?f=7&t=74520 • Back slope? • Seat depth? Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 17
  18. 18. Comfort furniture? Some doubt…… http://iod.forumfree.it/?t=53173490 Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 18
  19. 19. Comfort furniture? Some doubt…… http://iod.forumfree.it/?t=53173490 Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 19
  20. 20. Comfort furniture? Some doubt…… http://iod.forumfree.it/?t=53173490 Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 20
  21. 21. Comfort – oriented design criteria“A” path (Hor + Vert) ~ 90 cm“B” Seat angle: - deviation from Hor in the forepart = 5 to 15° (sloping back) - deviation from Hor in the back = ± 5° A D C“C” Back pitch angle = 5 to 15°“D” Min Height of shoulders support: B just a few cm below scapula Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image, 06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 21
  22. 22. Comfort assessmentBody pressure, i.e. the pressure betweenupholstery and human body, on a sofa orarmchair can be measured, both statically(during rest) and dynamically (while seatingor standing up) by special equipment,widely experimented in car seat design. A pressure measuring membrane, connected to a PC through a special interface, provides “point-by-point” pressure values along time. A dedicated SW allows easy data processing and display, even in graphical form; hence, evaluation of critical points (excessive pressure, highly non-uniformity, etc.) can be pointed out, and countermeasures adopted. Standardized mannequins can also be used to get assessment independent of testing people. Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 22
  23. 23. Comfort assessmentColour scale proportional to local pressureshows pressure concentration on red –orange areas: e.g. femoral and left scapulararea here in the right picture. Pressure vs time plots help evaluating comfort in standing or seating phases, or during movement of motorized armchair movements (e.g. for disabled or elder or ill people). Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 23
  24. 24. Comfort foresight Since style design is more and more commonly computer-aided, 3D models are easily available for further processing. A new approach to comfort optimization would therefore be possible, joining geometrical information (coming form 3D model of style design) and material performance information (coming form foam suppliers or from a testing laboratory) into a numerical simulation software (FEM = Finite Element Modeling). FEM Comfort Simulation Feedback to new material choice Feedback to new style The result would be a numerical forecasting of pressure values and distribution before prototyping, with significant time and cost savings. Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 24
  25. 25. A “wider” Comfort concept ComfortTraditional concept New “global” concept Physical Global interaction interaction with with furniture adn furniture sorroundings - Ergonomy - Colours / Touch / Hearing - Usability - Symbolic values - Pressure - Cultural values - Movements - Coherence with user’s feelings, character, lifesyle Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 25
  26. 26. Brainstorming…• Are we “thinking comfortable” ?• Are we “thinking relaxing” ?• Are we able to “put ourselves in others’ shoes” ?• What prevents us from doing that (if we do not)?• Has comfort some value for us?or• How much “does it pay” (in customers’ satisfactioncurrency)? Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 26
  27. 27. Brainstorming…What is our idea of connection of comfort with… • Product image ? • Company or product brand ?• Are there opportunities for re-thinking our products?• Are there opportunities for thinking a new brand? Or to empower our present brand? Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 27
  28. 28. SWOT Analysis Strenghts Opportunities Weaknesses Threats / Risks SWOT Analysis shall be carried out with specific focus onto LOCAL situation (companies, cluster, infrastructures, etc.) Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 28
  29. 29. SWOT Analysis HIGH Market appeal LOW HIGH Innovation SWOT Analysis shall be carried out with specific focus onto LOCAL situation (companies, cluster, infrastructures, etc.) Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 29
  30. 30. SWOT Analysis HIGH Producibility (feasibility) LOW HIGH Efficiency (costs) SWOT Analysis shall be carried out with specific focus onto LOCAL situation (companies, cluster, infrastructures, etc.) Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 30
  31. 31. Intelligent Furniture Project Image, Branding and Cultural Heritage Module 3 Environment, health and safety Theme 3.3 - Sustainability and Environmental EU strategy - Eco design for furniture design Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 31
  32. 32. THE IMPORTANCE OF ECO- DESIGN FOR THE COMPANY Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 32
  33. 33. Currently, we are living into a “consuming” societyAll the products and services have an environmental impactduring the resources extraction, production, use and finalmanagement afterward the end use The effects of this impact is difficult to estimate, even though his consequences are evident Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image, 06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 33
  34. 34. Systematic consideration of the design function related with the environmental, safety and security objectives during the complete product/process life cycle. Joseph Fiksel Eco-design definitionHis main objective is obtaining a general improvement intothe quality and eco-efficiency of the product, reducing theenvironmental impact during all his life cycle, improvingwhere possible the rest of the product characteristics:technical, economic, functional, etc. Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 34
  35. 35. CICLO DE VIDA DEL PRODUCTO: Source: green paper on integrated product policy Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 35
  36. 36. Brainstorming Do we need Eco-Design? Why? Open discussion Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 36
  37. 37. How put in practice Eco-design Considering the Considering all the environmental impact aspects which impose during all the product limits or conditions to life cycle the design and the product development Eco-design = compromise solution Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 37
  38. 38. Which are the benefits of Eco-design for the company? Eco-design How to make product with less environmental impact It aims achieving Other benefits. benefits•Forthcoming Ecodesign Eco-Labels  Product InnovationStandard ISO 14.006 Communication of  Access into new markets the product (green publicCertification of the procurement)environmental environmental improvement  Brand improvement.management system  Energy and resourcerelated to the design exploitation efficiencyprocess and the product  Customer satisfactiondevelopment improvement . Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image, 06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 38
  39. 39. Environmental communication: Eco-Label Very often the results coming from the environmental analysis and the eco-design process are used as a communication instrument targeting the customer, and consequently influencing the buying elections. The mean more used for that is the Eco-Label, in all his versions. Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 39
  40. 40. Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 40
  41. 41. The ISO has issued standards referred to the main existent eco-labels:• Certified Eco-Label which guarantees the accomplishment of certain product category criteria (Type I). I 2. Auto-declarations (Type II), for ex. II 3. Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) based on the quantitative results of the life cycle analysis (Type III). III4. Other Eco-labels certified out the prior classification, close to Type I, which do not take all the product life cycle, or are limited to only one environmental aspect. Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image, 06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 41
  42. 42. Example Type I eco-Label: Environmental Distintiu de Garantia Choice European Union AENOR de Qualitat Ambiental (Canada) Ecolabel Medio Ambiente (Cataluña) NF Environnement Nordic Swan (France) Green Seal Blue Angel (Germany) (Scandinavia) (EEUU) Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image, 06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 42
  43. 43. Example Type III EPD: Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image, 06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 43
  44. 44. Other Eco-Design advantage for Company Facilitate the environmental legislation accomplishment (: packaging, electronics, energy consumption products - LEED, etc.) Increase the product quality, Improve the product life cycle. Is an important innovation and knowledge factor. Potential in cost reduction Resource and energy consumption improvement. Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 44
  45. 45. Other Eco-Design advantage for Company Improve the product and the company Brand , access to new market (green procurement) Improve the communication during all the value chain (Design team, providers and clients). It aims meeting the customers needs, and improving product functionality. Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 45
  46. 46. ECO-DESIGN STRATEGY INT HE FURNITURE SECTOR. Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 46
  47. 47. Strategies of Ecodesign 0. New Concept development. 2. Select low impact materials. 3. Reduction of material. 4. Optimization of production technique. 5. Efficient distribution system. 6. Reduction of the environmental impact during the user stage. 7. Optimization of initial lifetime. 8. Optimization of the end of life system. Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 47
  48. 48. RAW MATERIALS Wood and derivates Chemical products Wood treatment Virgin wood Adhesives Painting and coating Covering, textiles, lather, etc. Other wood metallics frame Wood plywood PRODUCTIONFurniture packaging Life Cycle. Cycle Mechanized: cutting, etc. finishing: coating, etc. packaging DISTRIBUTION USE AND MANTEINANCE furniture END LIFE recycled Energy valorization landfill Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image, 06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 48
  49. 49. Eco-design strategy wheel (Brezet and Van Hemel) 0. New Concept development: dematerialization, Shared use of product, Integration of function, Functional optimization of product (components) 1. Select low impact materials: Non-hazardous, non-exhaustive, Low energy content, recycled and recyclable materials 2. Reduction of material: reduction in weight, volume transportation and in number of material. 3. Optimization of production technique: Alternative production technique, Fewer production process, low/clean energy consumption, Low generation of waste, Few/clean production consumable. 4. Efficient distribution system: Less/clean packaging, Efficient transport mode and logistic. 5. Reduction of the environmental impact during the user stage: Low energy consumption, Clean energy source, few consumable needed during use, Clean consumable during use. 6. Optimization of initial lifetime: Reliability and durability, Easy maintenance and repair, Modular product structure, improve product lifetime, User taking care of the product. 7. Optimization of the end of life system: Reuse of product, remanufacturing, recycling of material, Clean incineration Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image, 06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 49
  50. 50. 0. New Concept developmentFunction Integration • space efficient use • 1 furniture rather than 2 Working table CDs/DVDs storage. Sofa-bed. Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 50
  51. 51. 1. Select low impact materials Selection of renewable materialVegetal material stores CO2 thought photosynthesis, reducing the climate change Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 51
  52. 52. Wood origin: forestall sustainable management FORESTAL CERTIFICATION It is a market instrument which allows, producers and consumers , identifying the products coming from forests responsibly managed. Buying product coming from this woods, is assured the the purchasing is not fostering the forest destruction. Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 52
  53. 53. Extension of certified woods and number of chain of custody certifications according to different schemes (source: UNECE/FAO)• FSC=Forest Stewardship Council; FSC• PEFC=Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification Schemes; PEFC• CSA=Canadian Standards Association Sustainable Forest Management Program (endorsed by PEFC in 2005);• SFI=Sustainable Forestry Initiative (endorsed by PEFC in 2005);• ATFS=American Tree Farm System. Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image, 06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 53
  54. 54. CARDBOARD FURNITURE Child furniture Chairs for events www.mueblesdecarton.com www.okupakit.com cardboard chair: www.laplana.com Handcrafted cardboard furniture: Gorka Jiménez. Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 54
  55. 55. Selection of material with low energy content. Chairs with recycled aluminum : Emeco.80 % recycled aluminum (40% post-consume and 40% industrial residues).Easy to be recycled.The virgin aluminum chair have 17 times energy embedded than one of theEmeco’s chair.Piling design. Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image, 06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 55
  56. 56. Selection of recycled/recycling material. 100% recycled Plastic The benefits of the Syntrewood (de Lasentiu) Product are:• Is a recycled product (urban residues) and 100% recyclable.• It could be adapted to the customer needs. Very good mold payback time.• could be used screws.• could be used glue and foam.• is hydrophobic and impermeable. Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image, 06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 56
  57. 57. Selection of recycled/recycling material.Table- Matt Gagnon, GagnonRecycled cardboard block mechanizedwith laser and treated with oils.Max McMurdo of Reestore: createsfurniture recycling other products. products Chair Favela from Hermanos Campana Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image, 06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 57
  58. 58. Reducing hazardous substances. Painting and coatings with less Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC). (VOC) alternatives Coatings : Water Powder coating Solvent • Powder coating (for medium Coating Water based density fiber plywood - MDF) • water basedHigh solid content • with high solid contentConventional coating • natural finishing (wax, oils, etc.) Source: IHOBE Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image, 06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 58
  59. 59. Reducing hazardous substances. Adhesives for plywood fabrication, which contains formaldehyde. Formaldehyde (toxic substance) is released in the atmosphere.  Animal glue  dextrinAlternatives  Adhesives proteins based (caseins,naturals etc,)  Tanninsadhesives :  natural rubber o latex  cellulose Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image, 06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 59
  60. 60. Reducing hazardous substances. Avoiding metal covering, specially chromate. chromateDue to the Cr VI high toxicity, EU directives regulate his use into theautomobile and electronics industry.It could be substituted with powder coating, cleaned aluminum or alternative metals. Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image, 06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 60
  61. 61. 2. Reduction of materials Reduction in the use of raw material: Lighter plywood Aeron de Herman Miller Chair.Elimination of foams. Central side substitution withmoreover: cardboard•62% content of recycled materials: back in recycledplastic, metallic frame in recycled aluminum. It could be got high• metal sides coated with powder dust. thickness with high compression resistance• dissembling in 5 min. 94 % Recyclable. propierties Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 61
  62. 62. Volume reductionFlexilove:Benderingand flexiblechair. • Reducing the transport and storage impact • It needs less quantity of packaging materials Thut Möbel. Mealbox, Alet and Dag Igland (Ignald Design) Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image, 06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 62
  63. 63. 3. Optimization of production technique Cutting optimization Software It saves material, in the packaging, inWith the software the trunk is the storage and distribution. This iosexploited ad maximum the objective of the French companyaccording to the foreseen woodlayer functions Studio Lo. Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image, 06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 63
  64. 64. More efficient coating application systems; High volume lowpressure (HVLP) pistol Conventional system • it saves raw material • it creates less fog (“overspray”) = •Less dangerous residues •Less VOC emissions. • saving money. Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image, 06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 64
  65. 65. 4. Efficient distribution system  Less packaging / clean / reusable.  More energetically efficient transport mode.  More energetically efficient logistic (km reduction).Piling product Chair: Voxia Eco Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image, 06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 65
  66. 66. 5. Reduction of the environmental impact during the user stage  Assuring a low energetic consumption. (some furniture uses LED like decorative illumination).  Clean energy source.  Reduction of consumables. Cleaning products  Clean consumables. normally, furniture causes a low or null environmental impact in this stage. Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 66
  67. 67. 6. Optimization of initial lifetime Furniture could be adapted to user. Stokke: versatile and adaptable furniture Chair SITTI™, of Stokke, Controlled wood, 7 years guarantee, accomplish with stability and security standards. Craddle Conver Dream of Micuna Very resistant and easy to assemble. It could be converted into bed, table, shelving Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 67
  68. 68. Made to last Nowadays very ancient furniture are preserved Very high relationship with the user. Handcrafted according to the client requirement Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 68
  69. 69. 7. Optimization of the end of life system Furniture to made furniture It is a new artisan line. Made by handicap persons Fabricated only with recycled material, reusing old furniture to produce a modern one.Shelding “ Re-Design” Recyclingbörse Herford. Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 69
  70. 70. Chair “Think” pieces: Chair Think Steelcase 99% potential reconcilability Chair Chair Aeron“Aeron”Herman 94% potential Miller reconcilability Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 70
  71. 71. biodegradability design If compost has been foreseenChair Bio+, 100% vegetal (polymerelaborated with corn and linen).Could be arranged a compost.Molding fabrication, easy and cheap, donot need coating or surface treatment.Surface is water and dirtiness resistant. Chair Bio+, Michael Strom and Lasse Svensson Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image,06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 71
  72. 72. Synthesis and final discussion0. New Concept development: dematerialization, Shared use of product, Integration of function, Functional optimization of product (components)• Select low impact materials: Non-hazardous, non-exhaustive, Low energy content, recycled and recyclable materials2. Reduction of material: reduction in weight, volume transportation and in number of material.3. Optimization of production technique: Alternative production technique, Fewer production process, low/clean energy consumption, Low generation of waste, Few/clean production consumable.4. Efficient distribution system: Less/clean packaging, Efficient transport mode and logistic.5. Reduction of the environmental impact during the user stage: Low energy consumption, Clean energy source, few consumable needed during use, Clean consumable during use.6. Optimization of initial lifetime: Reliability and durability, Easy maintenance and repair, Modular product structure, improve product lifetime, User taking care of the product.7. Optimization of the end of life system: Reuse of product, remanufacturing, recycling of material, Clean incineration SURVEY and SWOT analysis Intelligent Furniture – TP 3: Image, 06/03/12 Branding and Cultural Heritage 72
  73. 73. This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.06/03/12 73

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