Virtualization and Cloud Computing Guide to Building Private IaaS


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An IT manager guide for building on virtualization and cloud computing technologies to implement private cloud infrastructure as a service (IaaS).

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Virtualization and Cloud Computing Guide to Building Private IaaS

  1. 1. Virtualization and Cloud Computing From Virtualization to Private Cloud Infrastructure as a Service
  2. 2. The Latest Talk about Cloud 2 Today cloud computing is a proven delivery model with impressive agility and efficiency benefits. The trend is to expand to more flexible models to expand the scope of innovative, value-added business services. “Should we do it?” “How should we do it to get the most value?” Yesterday Today
  3. 3. 3 Based on The NIST Definition of Cloud Computing. National Institute of Standards and Technology Special Publication 800-145 (September 2011). Cloud Computing Models
  4. 4. Virtualization as an Enabler for Cloud Most enterprises are already virtualizing their IT environment.  Improves resource utilization  Lowers total cost of ownership  Enhances speed and flexibility Logical next step: private cloud.  Provides user interface to automated, self-service catalogs of standard services  Autoscales to user demand  Delivers even greater agility and efficiency  Controls sensitive workloads 4
  5. 5. Delivering Cloud Services—Fast 5 Best Practices for Building an Enterprise Private Cloud. Intel IT (December 2011). Thanks to Intel’s construction of a private cloud on a highly virtualized foundation, time to provision infrastructure dropped from 90 days to an average of 45 minutes.
  6. 6. Five Steps: Virtualization to Private Cloud Services 6 1. Develop a cloud strategy 2. Manage business process change 3. Organize IT around service delivery 4. Put the right technology in place 5. Manage a data-driven cloud
  7. 7. 1. Develop a Cloud Strategy Establish where you want to go.  Describe the anticipated benefits and return on your investment  Set short-, mid-, and long-term goals  Identify workloads and user groups for each project phase  Describe your cloud architecture and its components  Identify client devices you will support  Define monitoring and management approach; define success 7 CLOUD TIP: Intel IT developed a strategy that provided a logical evolution to a hybrid cloud model. Source: Best Practices for Building an Enterprise Private Cloud. Intel IT (December 2011).
  8. 8. 2. Manage Business Process Change Get the business on board and create strong partnerships.  Communicate benefits and milestones to users  Develop a plan to manage expectations for each project phase  Engage business users to define and document new and existing business processes  Document workflows to minimize human control points  Implement new IT processes (for example, capacity provisioning and chargeback) 8 CLOUD TIP: Strong partnerships encourage cloud adoption and are essential to your success.
  9. 9. 3. Organize IT around Service Delivery Evolve IT’s role to a broker of cloud services.  Determine how joint business-IT teams will work together  Hire or train for cloud-related skills  Weigh user needs against the delivery options to reduce organizational risk, improve resource utilization, and monitor demand 9 CLOUD TIP: By offering private cloud services, you gain experience that you can extend later to brokering public services in a hybrid cloud model.
  10. 10. 4. Put the Right Technology in Place Implement each phase to build on the previous one.  Determine technology requirements for short-, medium-, and long-term goals  Use reference architectures and out-of-the-box workflow templates and building blocks to save time and effort  Implement proof of concepts to build success and gain momentum 10 CLOUD TIP: Intel® Cloud Builder Solutions include reference architectures, or recipes, on how to deploy ecosystem solutions built on offerings from leading systems and solutions providers based on Intel technologies. Visit
  11. 11. 5. Manage a Data-Driven Cloud Monitor health and performance end to end.  Measure against goals for availability and performance  Ensure compliance with security and privacy regulations  Inform decisions to add capacity  Troubleshoot problems  Review integrated operational analytics for:  Facilities  Network  Storage  Compute  Applications 11 CLOUD TIP: If you choose to offer externally hosted cloud services in the future, you will have already established a way to measure the overall service availability stipulated in third-party service-level agreements.
  12. 12. Five Requirements: Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) Technology 1. Pervasive virtualization 2. A cloud management platform (CMP) 3. Automated workflows and other system capabilities 4. Orchestrated services end to end 5. Cloud security 12 CLOUD TIP: Although clouds are built with IaaS, PaaS, and SaaS service layers, infrastructure services are the most typical private cloud services offered today.
  13. 13. 1. Pervasive Virtualization Virtualization provides several key cloud capabilities.  Resource sharing  Virtual machine (VM) isolation  Load balancing Pervasive virtualization broadens the opportunity for cloud adoption across the organization. 13 Infrastructure as a service is built on pooled resources for computing, storage, and networking. From An Enterprise Private Cloud Architecture and Implementation Roadmap. Intel IT (June 2010).
  14. 14. 2. Cloud Management Platform Integrated software that delivers high service quality, security, and availability for workloads should provide at minimum:  Direct user access to the system  Self-service capabilities and interfaces  A workflow engine  Automated provisioning  Metering and chargeback functionality 14 CLOUD TIP: More advanced capabilities might include performance and capacity management, interoperability between private and public IaaS offerings, connectivity to and management of external clouds, application life-cycle support, back-end service catalogs, and integration with external enterprise management systems.
  15. 15. Leading Cloud Management Platforms  Apache* CloudStack*  Eucalyptus* cloud platform  Microsoft* Hyper-V* software and Microsoft System Center  OpenStack* cloud software  VMware* vCloud Director* 15
  16. 16. 3. Automated Workflows  Minimize manual processes  Provide integration across heterogeneous and disparate systems  Manage provisioning, scaling, VM configuration, identity and access controls, network resources, workflow monitoring, patching, and backup  Optimize and manage resources faster, deliver services, manage service life cycles, and respond to changing conditions 16 CLOUD TIP: Intel IT’s private cloud infrastructure uses a modular, extensible framework to simplify system integration and provide the prerequisites for fully functional, self-provisioned VMs with compute, storage, and network resources. This enables Intel IT to introduce additional automation capabilities as business and technical needs change. Source: Best Practices for Building an Enterprise Private Cloud.
  17. 17. Intel IT Hosting Framework  Users request and consume services through a self-service portal  IT manages and measures service consumption on a highly utilized resource pool of virtualized assets 17 Source: Implementing On-Demand Services Inside the Intel IT Private Cloud. Intel IT (October 2010).
  18. 18. 4. Orchestrated Services End to End Automated intelligence that dynamically coordinates and manages across different systems to:  Connect and automate workflows  Manage configuration, capacity, metering, and chargeback  Track and report cloud performance and availability  Monitor and manage power  Monitor security threats and adherence to security policies  Take effective actions and make adjustments  Predict potential issues and address proactively 18 CLOUD TIP: Intel® Intelligent Power Technology orchestrates power management with Intel Data Center Manager (Intel DCM) and Intel Node Manager (Intel NM), technology built into Intel Xeon® processor-based servers. Together they monitor and cap power in real time at server, rack, zone, and data center levels and manage aggregated power consumption and load migration.
  19. 19. 5. Cloud Security  Challenges: Resource isolation, security event management, and data protection, including VM isolation, secure VM migration, virtual network isolation, and security event and access monitoring  Visibility into secure data flow and compliance with business-specific security policies is critical 19 CLOUD TIP: Provide security as a set of on-demand, scalable services. In this approach, policies are tied to logical attributes that create adaptive trust zones to separate multiple tenants.
  20. 20. Intel Cloud Security Recommendations Intel recommends prioritizing these physical and virtual controls.  Protect data – Use pervasive encryption, secure connections, and data loss prevention policies  Establish and verify identities – Control access from client devices and systems you trust, and manage API control points at the network edge  Establish trusted compute pools – Secure data center platform, infrastructure, and client devices  Build higher assurance into compliance – Streamline auditing and increase visibility into your cloud environment  Enable secure migration – Protect movement between a private cloud environment and public cloud providers 20
  21. 21. Intel® and McAfee* Cloud Security Technologies  Intel® Trusted Execution Technology (Intel TXT) and McAfee* Data Center Security Suites  Helps detect server systems booting with unknown BIOS, firmware, and hypervisors  Provides hardware-based verification for use in meeting compliance requirements  Intel Data Protection Technology with AES-NI and Secure Key  Enables faster and stronger encryption and decryption of the McAfee Endpoint Encryption product  Intel Expressway API Manager (Intel EAM)  Includes a leading SaaS API sharing portal from Mashery with Intel’s on-premises service gateway for API management  Available integrated with several McAfee technologies, including McAfee ePolicy Orchestrator* (McAfee ePO*) for monitoring security events 21
  22. 22. Next Steps: The Path to Hybrid Cloud 22 The path to building hybrid cloud service delivery begins with private cloud IaaS on top of a highly virtualized data center. When you’re ready to go further, read about how platform as a service can expand your cloud environment into a more flexible and elastic hybrid model.
  23. 23. Virtualization and Cloud Planning Guide Everything You Need to Get Started 23 Read the complete Planning Guide: Virtualization and Cloud Computing at
  24. 24. Legal 24 This presentation is for informational purposes only. THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED “AS IS” WITH NO WARRANTIES WHATSOEVER, INCLUDING ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY, NONINFRINGEMENT, FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE, OR ANY WARRANTY OTHERWISE ARISING OUT OF ANY PROPOSAL, SPECIFICATION, OR SAMPLE. Intel disclaims all liability, including liability for infringement of any property rights, relating to use of this information. No license, express or implied, by estoppel or otherwise, to any intellectual property rights is granted herein. Copyright © 2013 Intel Corporation. Intel, the Intel logo, the Look Inside. logo, and Xeon are trademarks of Intel Corporation in the U.S. and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others.