LECTURER CENTERED Is an approach to education focusing on the lecturer‟s teaching Assumption that students have little or no understanding Lecturer is the source of knowledge-direct learning Summative assessment recall/indentify/define „facts‟ The student therefore expects lecturer to teach them-passive learner
STUDENT CENTERED Is an approach to education focusing the needs of the students It focus on how learning is achieved Recognition that students learn in different ways Formative assessment Student build on their prior knowledge Learning become active and more social
LECTURER CENTERED STUDENTFOCUS IS ON WORK LECTURER ALONE LECTURER CHOOSE THE TOPIC LECTURER CLASSROOM TALKS : IS QUIET STUDENT LISTEN
STUDENT CENTERED STUDENTS FOCUS IS ON WORK IN BOTH STUDENT PAIR, GROUP OR AND LECTURER ALONE STUDENT HAVE SOME CHOICE OF TOPIC CLASSROOM IS LECTURER AND OFFEN NOISY STUDENTS AND BUSYINTERACT WITH ONEANOTHER
ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES Teachers can be experts Doesn‟t suit all learning and transmit knowledge style Doesn‟t require “good Poor motivation and teaching” attendances Simple structure for Discrete boundaries lecture and students between subjects It has history of Retention problems successful use
ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES develop learning and cannot relate well the other skills purpose of different discover that learning is styles of learning interesting and fun have to work in team more attentive and hard to corporate within willing to participate in team members class reports by students increase a teacher‟s information.
So we ask our self do we need to change? As the profile , lecturer-centered approaches are becoming less and less effective as students are different from 10 or 20 years ago. Therefore , as changes student-centered is more suitable as learning technique in university.
“Tell me , and I will forget. Show me, and I may remember. Involve me, and I will understand”