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Public speaking


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Type of Public Speakingg

Type of Public Speakingg

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  • 1. Pertemuan-6 Public SpeakingAdapted from materials provided by Allyn and Bacon
  • 2. TUGAS Melakukan Public Speaking dalam melakukan PR Campaign Presentasi / Praktik Public Speaking Pendalaman Materi mengenai praktik Public Speaking
  • 3. Public Speaking Produces Anxiety in Most PeoplePeople’s Biggest Fears3. Death2. Snakes1. Public Speaking
  • 4. Overcoming Speech Anxiety Acknowledge Your Fear Act Confident Channel Nervous Energy
  • 5. Overcoming Speech Anxiety (con’t) Practice, Practice, Practice Simulate Setting at Home Ask Friends to Be Practice Audience
  • 6. Overcoming Speech Anxiety (con’t) Visualize Your Success Use Deep-breathing Techniques Focus on Message, not Fear Give Yourself a Mental Pep Talk
  • 7. Understand Audience and Listening People Think Faster Than Hear Have Short Attention Span Jump to Conclusions Easily Distracted
  • 8. Listening Remedies Keep Speech Focused Divide Speech into Compact Segments Analyze Audience Carefully Adapt to Situation
  • 9. Understand Audience Memory +Amount of Speech Remembered - + Time
  • 10. Understand The Speech Context Audience Setting
  • 11. Context –
  • 12. The Audience Size Demographics Beliefs and Values Receptive/Antagonistic
  • 13. Context - The Setting Indoor/Outdoor Size and Shape of Room Arrangement of Seating Equipment Available Lighting Acoustics
  • 14. Understand & Define Your Purpose Inform Inspire / Persuade Entertain Introduce Accept Pay Tribute
  • 15. Understand the Speech Making Process Choosing/Narrowing a Topic Researching Topic Organizing Your Speech Developing an Outline Rehearsing Speech Delivering Speech
  • 16. Choosing an Appropriate Topic Is It Important to You? Is It Important to Your Audience? Will It Hold Audience’s Attention? Is It Manageable in the Time Available? Is It Appropriate for Oral Presentation? Is It Clear?
  • 17. Develop Central IdeaWrite a one sentence Georgia 4-H provides us with the skills we need tosummary of speech. be successful in life.
  • 18. Generate Main Idea Does It Have Logical Divisions? A... Are There Reasons Why It Is True? B... C... Because... Can You Support It?
  • 19. Narrowing a Topic - Example Protecting the Environment Water Quality in My State Well Water ProblemsUtilizing Home Well Assessments to Reduce Contamination Risk
  • 20. Getting Topic Feedback From Members of Potential Audience From Friends From Family From 4-H’ers
  • 21. Researching Topic and Finding Supporting Material Sources of Supporting Material Types of Supporting Material Tests of Supporting Material
  • 22. Sources of Supporting Material Libraries – Books – Periodicals – Newspapers – Reference Materials – CD-ROM Data Bases – Government Documents
  • 23. Sources of Supporting Material (con’t) The Internet/World Wide Web – Search Engines  Infoseek  Yahoo  Lycos  HotBot  Google, etc. – Online Libraries
  • 24. Types of Supporting Material Common Knowledge Direct Observation Examples & Illustrations Explanations & Descriptions Documents
  • 25. Tests of Supporting Material Is Information Specific? Is Source an Expert? Is Source Unbiased? Is Information Timely?
  • 26. Tests of Supporting Material (con’t) Is Information Relevant to Point Made? Does Information Support the Point? Is Information Timely?
  • 27. Special Considerations for Online Information In Physical Print, Quality Is Controlled by Experts – Journals - Peer Review – Periodicals - Editors – Published Texts - Editors, Librarians Online, Must Do Own Quality Control – Beware! Everything On the Web Is Not ALL True
  • 28. Organizing Your Speech Chronological Topical Spatial Cause-Effect Problem-Solution Comparison- Contrast
  • 29. Types of Outlines Preliminary Outline Preparation Outline (Rough-Draft) Title & Topic – Main points to research Purpose Introduction Main and Sub-Points Transitions Conclusion Support/Evidence
  • 30. Types of Outlines Speaker’s Outline – Introduction – Main Point – Support – Transitions – Conclusion
  • 31. Ethics in Speech Preparation - Researching Take Accurate Notes When Researching Record Complete Source Citations Credit Source of Ideas When in Doubt, Cite Source
  • 32. Don’t Use Someone Else’s Speech!
  • 33. Introductions Types Functions
  • 34. Types of Introductions Identification with Audience Reference to Situation Statement of Purpose Statement of Importance of Topic Surprise Audience with Claim or Statistic
  • 35. Types of Introductions (con’t) Anecdotal Story Rhetorical Question Quotation Humor “So there I was at the summit of Mt. Killimanjaro, and I turned to the guide and said…”
  • 36. Functions of Introductions Get Attention Introduce Topic Provide Motivation Establish Credibility Preview Speech
  • 37. Conclusions Types Functions
  • 38. Types of Conclusions Summary Quotation Personal Reference Challenge to Audience Offer Vision of the Future
  • 39. Types of Conclusions Anecdotal Story Rhetorical Question Quotation Humor Remember what Dwight D. Eisenhower once said: “Things are more like they are now, than they have ever been before.”
  • 40. Functions of Conclusions Summarize Speech Reemphasize Main Idea Motivate Response Provide Closure
  • 41. Methods of Delivery Manuscript Reading Memorized Impromptu Extemporaneous
  • 42. Delivering Speech - Beginning Walk Calmly with Confidence to Front Establish Eye Contact Smile Naturally Deliver Introduction
  • 43. Delivering Speech - During Use Effective Eye Contact Use Effective Language Use Effective Gestures Be Enthusiastic Use Conversational Style Use Notes As Needed
  • 44. Delivering Speech - Ending “Frame” the Speech Pause before Returning to Seat – But Don’t Ask for Questions Accept Applause Graciously
  • 45. Elements of Vocal Delivery Speech Rate and Pauses Volume Inflection and Pitch Quality of Voice Pronunciation and Articulation
  • 46. Elements of PhysicalDelivery or Body Language Appearance Posture Facial Expression Eye Contact Movement Gestures
  • 47. Rehearsing Speech Recreate Setting Practice Without Memorizing Time Speech
  • 48. Rehearsing Speech Practice Out Loud Practice Standing Up Watch Yourself
  • 49. Rehearsing Speech Practice Gestures Practice Eye Contact Practice Volume
  • 50. Plan, Prepare, Polish, Practice, PresentThe better you know your material the less anxious you’ll be about presenting it.Smile and act natural. Don’t apologize for being nervous. No one will know you’re nervous unless you call attention to it.
  • 51. REMEMBER!!!! The 4-H Motto is “To Make the Best Better” and the 4-H Way is “Learn by Doing”! Keep these in mind as you prepare your speeches!
  • 52. Practice takes you from this..
  • 53. To this….