McCarthyism and the Red Scare OH MAN THAT GUY’S A COMMUNIST
Why Were Citizens Afraid of Communists? <ul><li>It threatened our way of life. Communism was associated with Russia, and the Red Scare occurred during the cold war, which was an era of high tension between the United States and Russia. </li></ul>
What exactly did McCarthy do? <ul><li>McCarthy’s call to power was a fluke. He listed 205 “communists,” many of which worked in the state department. This was a preposterous claim, as he didn’t really know anything about communism. He used bold shock tactics, and was often vulgar. </li></ul>
Charlie Chaplin, comedian, accused by McCarthy. <ul><li>Charlie Chaplin was born in London on April 16 th , 1889. </li></ul><ul><li>He acted in many films, and by his thirteenth film, Caught in the Rain , he had began to direct his own movies. Chaplin redirected comedy into an art form. </li></ul><ul><li>He was falsely accused of communism by McCarthy. </li></ul>
Samuel (Zero) Mostel, also accused. <ul><li>Born in Brooklyn, NY on February 28 th , 1915. </li></ul><ul><li>Joined the Federal Art Project in 1937, and taught art, gave various lectures, and got the nickname Zero for being “The guy who started from nothing.” </li></ul><ul><li>Joined the US army in 1943 but was discharged for an unspecified physical disability. </li></ul>
Samuel (Zero) Mostel <ul><li>Mostel held left-wing political views, and when the House of Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) began an investigation on the Hollywood Motion Picture Industry, it was not long before he was called to give evidence. He denied affiliation with the Communist party, but refused to provide political opinions of his friends. </li></ul><ul><li>For this, he was blacklisted, which made it difficult to work in the entertainment industry. </li></ul>
Samuel (Zero) Mostel Okay, this guy may have been a communist.
What were the end results once the Red Scare was over? <ul><li>Thousands of “communists” had been arrested. The raids took place in several cities and became known as the “Palmer Raids.” Palmer Washington and President Hoover found no evidence of a proposed revolution but a large number of these suspects continued to be held without trial. </li></ul>
What were the end results once the Red Scare was over? <ul><li>Palmer announced that the communist revolution was likely to take place on May 1st. There was a mass panic. In New York, five elected Socialists were expelled from the legislature. </li></ul><ul><li>When the May revolution failed to occur, the general population started to see that the Red Scare, McCarthyism, and all of the things that Palmer pulled were a hoax of sorts. Some even said that Palmer used the “Red Scare” to help him become the Democratic presidential candidate in 1920. </li></ul>
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