Insee presentation_english editionDocument Transcript
Insee mobile www.insee.fr
France established its first statistical agency, Statistique
Générale de la France, in 1833. That same year, the SGF
began conducting population censuses. In 1907, it carried out
the first consumer survey; in 1911, its first periodic survey of
The SGF was replaced by the Service National des
Statistiques (SNS) in 1941. The new body shifted the focus
of statistical work toward the use of administrative records. It
opened its first regional offices between 1941 and 1944.
The SNS, in turn, was replaced by the Institut National
de la Statistique et des Études Économiques pour la
Métropole et la France d’Outre-Mer, under the terms of
the Budget Act of April 27, 1946.
The Act of June 7, 1951, on legal obligation, coordination,
and confidentiality in the field of statistics provided an
official framework for sample surveys, which were coming
into use. The Act also established the consultative forum
for statistical users and producers that became the National
Council for Statistical Information (Conseil National de
l’Information Statistique: CNIS) in 1984. The Council serves
as the venue for discussions on the statistical programs of
INSEE and ministerial statistical offices with organizations
representing the social partners (employers, employees, and
Around 1960, France began to apply statistics to economic
planning and regulation policies. INSEE took over the national-
accounting tasks previously performed by the Finance
Ministry’s Service des Études Économiques et Financières
(SEEF). The country expanded its use of national accounting
and medium-range projections. In a related development, the
École de Statistique et d’Économie, opened in 1942, became
the École Nationale de la Statistique et de l’Administration
Adding to the legal framework, the Act of January 6, 1978,
on Information Technology, Data Files, and Civil Liberties
established the National Commission on Information
Technology and Civil Liberties (Commission Nationale
Informatique et Libertés: CNIL).
The years 1992-2003 witnessed the construction of the
European Statistical System. In the early 1990s, demand
from European institutions intensified with the start of the
first phase of Economic and Monetary Union. Tracking the
convergence of Member States’ economies required a closer
comparability of their data. In France itself, decentralization,
deconcentration, and administrative simplification came to
pervade all spheres of policy-making. INSEE defined four
priorities for its work: expand its international outreach, build
closer ties between the statistical system and business firms,
adapt its methods to a now more cyclical economy, and widen
its Regional Offices’ scope of action.
In 2003, INSEE moved resolutely into the Internet world by
offering free online access to its ever-growing information
At the same time, the French statistical system adopted
a broader quality-oriented strategy. In 2006, INSEE
implemented a quality plan.
In August 2008, France established an Official Statistics
Authority (Autorité de la Statistique Publique: ASP) to oversee
compliance with the principle of professional independence in
the design, production, and dissemination of official statistics.
In 2012, INSEE set up a Directorate for Methodology and
Statistical and International Coordination. Its mission is
to promote best practices and methods in statistics, and to
develop a quality assurance framework in an incremental and
INSEE’s nationwide presence
NORD - PAS-
PROVENCE - ALPES -
La Réunion Mayotte
National Computing Center or Service
The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (Institut National de la Statistique et des Études
Économiques: Insee) collects, produces, analyzes, and disseminates information on the French economy and
society. This information is relevant to public decision-makers, government bodies, businesses, researchers,
the media, teachers, and private citizens. It enables them to enhance their knowledge, conduct studies,
prepare forecasts, and make decisions. To satisfy our users, we are attentive to their needs and adapt our
work programs accordingly.
INSEE organizes the population census and tracks demographic
changes. It produces France’s main economic data and indicators,
such as the national accounts, the consumer price index, and
other short-term economic indicators.
The Institute periodically conducts statistical surveys of
households on topics including employment, living conditions,
housing, and health.
We gather information from business firms on their
characteristics, and we work to improve collection methods.
To lessen the statistical burden, INSEE extracts data for purely
bodies, for example, transcripts of civil registration records,
employers’ annual declarations of payroll data, annual income-tax
returns, social-contribution records, tax returns for industrial and
commercial firms, and value-added-tax (VAT) returns.
INSEE also manages the SIRENE business register, the
national identification register of private individuals (RNIPP),
and voter rolls.
Using the data collected, INSEE prepares studies on the
national economy, in particular the production system. We
analyze economic conditions, the main economic and financial
aggregates, the situation and behavior of enterprises, and
economic activity by sector. We produce studies on French
society covering demographic events (births, deaths, migration),
education and training, employment and unemployment, income
and poverty, and living conditions.
Our studies often incorporate a spatial dimension such as
the geographic distribution of the population and economic
activities, or exchanges between territorial units.
INSEE analyzes current developments in the French economy
and prepares short-term forecasts. We develop and apply
macroeconomic and demographic models to contribute insights
on medium- and long-term changes in the French economy and
One main goal: to enlighten the economic and social debate
Six missions to help achieve our goal
> Collection and production
The statistics produced by INSEE are available to everyone,
free of charge, on www.insee.fr. Making the results of our work
accessible is an essential priority for our Institute.
Businesses, government agencies, local communities, but also
researchers, educators, journalists, and private citizens can
obtain all the economic and social information produced by
INSEE and the official statistical service, within the limits of
To complement its website offering, INSEE prepares made-to-
order products tailored to users’ specific needs. For example, we
can compile individualized tables, extract data, and even perform
surveys, studies, and analyses at the request of government
departments, local authorities, businesses, chambers of
commerce, and others.
One main goal and six missions
Most French ministries run their own statistical offices, which
engage in statistical operations within their ministry’s field of
competency. INSEE’s remit is to coordinate their work.
• The Institute acts as secretariat for the National Council for
Statistical Information (Conseil National de l’Information
Statistique: CNIS). The Council delivers opinions on the
programs of statistical offices, enforces quality standards
for surveys, and oversees the implementation of statistical
regulations concerning areas such as compliance with
statistical confidentiality and response to compulsory
• It supervises the instruments for ensuring consistency of
statistical information: it manages the registers of individuals
and enterprises; in the relevant international organizations,
it takes part in the definition of accounting concepts and
frameworks, as well as in preparing classifications.
• It develops tools for exchanging information in the official
statistical service and pooling the service’s investments.
• It helps to create an environment conducive to expanding
relations between the official statistical service and business
• It maintains the official-statistics portal, which gives access to
statistical information released online by all French ministerial
GENES—the Grouping of National Economics and Statistics
Schools—formed part of INSEE until 2010. On January 1,
2011, it became a “public institution in the field of science,
culture, and vocational education.” It provides training
for specialists in statistics, economics, and information
processing. Graduates from INSEE schools are highly sought
after by businesses, government agencies, and public
institutions. INSEE provides technical oversight of GENES on
behalf of the Ministry of the Economy and Finance.
CEFIL, INSEE’s training center in Libourne (south-west France)
is primarily devoted to training INSEE staff in the contrôleur
category. It also offers continuing education programs for
INSEE works daily with Eurostat and its national counterparts
in the European Union. We are thus helping to build the EU’s
statistical space. As part of this undertaking, our Institute is
involved in drafting statistical regulations and—in compliance
with the subsidiarity principle—in producing EU statistics.
On the international scene, INSEE participates in the statistical
work of the United Nations (UN), the International Monetary
Fund (IMF), the Organization for Economic Cooperation and
Development (OECD), and the World Bank.
Under bilateral and multilateral cooperation agreements,
INSEE provides assistance to foreign statistical agencies and
helps train statisticians in the developing countries as well as
in countries in transition to a market economy. We coordinate
these initiatives with national and international organizations,
notably the European Commission and Eurostat.
CEFIL organizes seminars and meetings with statisticians and
economists from abroad.
> Teaching and promotion of research
> Helping to build an international statistical space
INSEE is a Directorate-General of the French Ministry of the Economy and its status is therefore that of a
government agency. It has a workforce of approximately 6,000 in 2013. Operating under government accounting
rules, the Institute is funded from the State’s general budget.
INSEE resources are distributed across its Head Office
located in Paris and the new Statistics Center in Metz,
Regional Offices, and national computing centers and
services. In France’s overseas départements (DOMs), our
presence takes the form of Inter-Regional Offices supported
by regional services.
Our Head Office defines statistical and economic work
programs, allocating the tasks involved between its own
units, the Regional Offices, and the national computing
centers and services. It coordinates France’s official
statistical service, and manages the Institute’s human,
financial, and information-technology (IT) resources.
Our Statistics Center in Metz, which opened in 2011,
performs a range of functions in three areas: human
resources management, IT production, and social and local
INSEE Regional Offices collect most of the statistical data
and handle a large share of their processing. In continuous
contact with local stakeholders, they prepare studies and
disseminate economic and social information locally. Their
main interlocutors are decentralized central-government
units and local authorities.
Our national computing centers and services are in charge of
IT projects and make the necessary software, hardware, and
data-transmission resources available to the Institute.
Head Office organization chart
Demographic and Social
Economic Studies and
1 National Council for Statistical
Information (Conseil National
de l’Information Statistique)
Social Studies Unit
and Household Living
and Earned Income
and Structural Statistics
IT Production and
Department of Financial
Affairs and Work and
Living Environment and
and Earned Income
National Council for Statistical Information
The National Council for Statistical Information (Conseil National
de l’Information Statistique: Cnis) acts as a consultative forum for
producers and users of official statistics. It identifies new needs
in a forward-looking perspective. For this purpose, it relies on its
organizational units, including the executive committee, council,
and task forces, which allow the expression of social demand
for official statistics. CNIS thus helps to ensure the preparation
of an annual program of statistical studies and surveys that meet
stakeholders’ requirements. CNIS publicizes the program through a
variety of media. Every five years, it drafts a medium-term program
that sets the broad guidelines for the advancement of official
statistics. The CNIS comprises about fifty members representing
the key economic and social stakeholders: national and local
elected officials, employers’ organizations, employee unions,
non-profit organizations, academics, and qualified individuals.
public officials, government bodies, social partners, businesses,
researchers, the media, teachers, and private citizens. It helps
them to deepen their knowledge, conduct studies, prepare
forecasts, and take decisions. To satisfy our users, we listen to
their needs and adjust our work program accordingly.
> Our prime mission: to shed light on the economic and social debate,
and assist in decision-making
statistical offices (services statistiques ministériels: SSM),
which conduct statistical operations in their areas of expertise.
INSEE and the SSM, under the Institute’s coordination, decide
which methods, standards, and procedures to apply in preparing
and publishing statistics.
> INSEE coordinates the work of the official statistical service
The reference document for official statistics is Act no. 51-711
of June 7, 1951 (amended), on legal obligation, coordination,
and confidentiality in the field of statistics. The Act defines the
broad principles that guarantee the quality of official statistics
production. The National Council for Statistical Information
(CNIS) is the forum for consultation between producers
and users of official statistics (see box), while the Official
Statistical Authority (Autorité de la Statistique Publique: ASP)
enforces compliance with the ethical principles of professional
independence, objectivity, impartiality, quality, and relevance
of the data produced. INSEE acts as the secretariat for both
bodies. France has also enacted specific legislation concerning
the processing of nominative data, which applies to statistical
processing as well: the 1978 Act on Information Technology and
Civil Liberties (“Informatique et Libertés”).
>> INSEE acts as the secretariat for the official statistics governance bodies
INSEE works daily with Eurostat (the Statistical Office of the
European Communities) and its national counterparts in the EU.
We thus contribute to the construction of the EU’s statistical space.
The Institute also participates in the statistical activities of the UN
(United Nations), the IMF (International Monetary Fund), OECD
(Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development), and the
World Bank. INSEE is a member of the UN Statistical Commission,
the Geneva-based UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE),
and the OECD Committee on Statistics (STD).
> INSEE represents France in EU and international bodies responsible
for statistical harmonization
The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies
(Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques:
Insee) was established by the Budget Act of April 27, 1946. The
Institute is a Directorate-General of the Ministry of the Economy
and Finance. It is therefore a public agency whose personnel
are government employees. INSEE operates under government
accounting rules and is funded from the State’s general budget.
and no external authority has inspection rights on the statistical
results that it publishes. This professional independence is
enshrined in law. The Economic Modernization Act of August 4,
2008, established the Official Statistical Authority (Autorité de
la Statistique Publique: ASP) to “oversee compliance with the
principle of professional independence in the design, production,
and dissemination of official statistics.”
INSEE and official statistics
In France, official statistics are produced by the statistical offices of government departments. The official
statistical service produces the official data that form the basis for public debate. The data allow an
assessment of demographic, economic, social, and environmental conditions in France and in the French
population. Compliance with legislation goes hand in hand with continuous implementation of practices
aimed to guarantee the quality of statistical production in its most varied forms.
Simulate a personalized price index: Visitors can use a
simulator to calculate a price index reflecting their specific
Access official statistical data: The www.statistique-
publique.fr portal offers a single access to information
released online by all units of France’s official statistical
Learn and teach with INSEE data: Éducnet offers students
and teachers a set of guides and materials for supervised-
work projects, developed by INSEE and the Education Ministry.
Order a data table: In the “customized products” section of
our online store, users can order data tables compiled from
designated statistical sources for series unavailable on www.
Start a business: The special section for businesses offers
new entrepreneurs a range of statistical tools for their market
research (such as the ODIL, SINE, and ALISSE databases) and
for registering their enterprise (SIRENE).
Respond to a survey online: Firms can opt to answer several
INSEE surveys by means of electronic questionnaires.
Twitter: the InseeFr twitter account gives access
to the latest national and regional statistics, new
features and interactive tools on our website, and
INSEE news. http://twitter.com/InseeFr
Slideshare: offers slideshows explaining how
INSEE does its work.
INSEE disseminates most of its work free of charge on its
website www.insee.fr, including quantitative data, statistics,
studies, and analysis on the French economy and society.
A range of localized information is available in the form of fact
sheets, tables, and interactive maps.
Users can also download many survey microdata files,
which have been anonymized before release to comply with
statistical confidentiality rules.
www.insee.fr: access to INSEE data for everyone
A range of online services
INSEE on social networks
INSEE data, services, and news online
• INSEE Première reports initial results of INSEE surveys and
• Note de conjoncture (English edition: “Conjoncture” in
France) analyzes current economic conditions in France and
presents six-month forecasts. 4 issues a year.
• Informations rapides gives the latest figures for key
economic indicators. 370 issues a year.
• INSEE Analyses provides four-page summaries of results of
methodological studies initially published in full in working
papers or dossiers.
• INSEE Références deals with major economic and social
issues through in-depth dossiers and fact sheets.
• Économie et Statistique is the Institute’s scholarly journal.
• INSEE Résultats supplies the latest results of surveys and
extraction of data from administrative sources in table form.
• INSEE Méthodes describes the methodology of INSEE’s
main statistical projects.
• INSEE en bref offers a simple presentation of statistics and
indicators for the general public.
Like the national series, our regional series comprise four-
page digests, dossiers, and other documents presenting
the key figures for the region, local economic conditions,
annual assessments, and studies conducted jointly with local
We routinely produce regional versions of our national surveys
(without necessarily involving all regions). For example, we
will publish national results and regional results on the same
topic on the same day.
Supply key figures, microdata, analyses, and methodological
information on topical subjects such as sustainable
development, employment, and purchasing power.
Users can subscribe to publication series or purchase single
issues from our online store (http://www.webcommerce.
insee.fr/) or our mail-order department. The INSEE Références
series is sold in bookstores.
> National series
> Regional series
> Online shopping
All INSEE publications are available on www.insee.fr
Cité administrative Gaujot
14 rue du Maréchal Juin
67084 STRASBOURG Cedex
+33 3 88 52 40 40
33 rue de Saget
33076 BORDEAUX Cedex
+33 5 57 95 05 00
3 place Charles de Gaulle - BP 120
63403 CHAMALIÈRES Cedex
+33 4 73 19 78 00
2 rue Hoche - BP 1509
21035 DIJON Cedex
+33 3 80 40 67 67
36 place du Colombier - CS 94439
35044 RENNES Cedex
+33 2 99 29 33 33
Cité administrative Coligny
131 rue du faubourg Bannier
45034 ORLÉANS Cedex 1
+33 2 38 69 52 52
10 rue Édouard Mignot
51079 REIMS Cedex
+33 3 26 48 60 00
Résidence du Cardo
Rue des Magnolias - BP 907
20700 AJACCIO Cedex 09
+33 4 95 23 54 54
Immeuble Le Major
8 rue Louis Garnier - CS 11997
25020 BESANÇON Cedex
+33 3 81 41 61 61
ÎLE-DE-FRANCE (Paris region)
7 rue Stephenson
+33 1 30 96 90 00
274 allée Henri II de Montmorency
34064 MONTPELLIER Cedex 2
+33 4 67 15 70 00
29 rue Beyrand
87031 LIMOGES Cedex
+33 5 55 45 20 07
15 rue du Général Hulot - CS 54229
54042 NANCY Cedex
+33 3 83 91 85 85
36 rue des 36 Ponts - BP 94217
31054 TOULOUSE Cedex 4
+33 5 61 36 61 36
NORD - PAS-DE-CALAIS
130 avenue du Président J.F. Kennedy
59034 LlLLE Cedex
+33 3 20 62 86 29
5 rue Claude Bloch - BP 95137
14024 CAEN Cedex
+33 2 31 45 73 33
8 quai de la Bourse
76037 ROUEN Cedex 1
+33 2 35 52 49 11
PAYS DE LA LOIRE
105 rue des Français Libres - BP 67406
44274 NANTES Cedex 2
+33 2 40 41 75 75
1 rue Vincent Auriol - CS 90402
80040 AMIENS Cedex 1
+33 3 22 97 32 00
5 rue Sainte-Catherine - BP 557
86020 POITIERS Cedex
+33 5 49 30 01 01
PROVENCE - ALPES - CôTE D’AZUR
17 rue Menpenti
13387 MARSEILLE Cedex 10
+33 4 91 17 57 57
Cité administrative de la Part-Dieu
165 rue de Garibaldi - BP 3196
69401 LYON Cedex 03
+33 4 78 63 28 15
(French West Indies - French Guiana)
Inter-Regional Office (DIRAG)
41 rue Bébian - BP 300
97158 POINTE-À-PITRE Cedex
+33 5 90 21 47 00
Guadeloupe Regional Service
34 chemin des Bougainviliers
Cité Guillard - BP 96
97102 BASSE-TERRE Cedex
+33 5 90 99 36 36
Guiana Regional Service
23 ter avenue Pasteur - BP 6017
97306 CAYENNE Cedex
+33 5 94 29 73 00
Martinique Regional Service
Centre Delgrès - Entrée C
Les Hauts de Dillon
Boulevard de la Pointe des sables - BP 641
97262 FORT-DE-FRANCE Cedex
+33 5 96 60 73 60
Parc technologique de Saint-Denis
10 rue Demarne - BP 13
97408 SAINT-DENIS MESSAG Cedex 9
+33 2 62 48 89 00
Pôle d’affaire Kawéni - BP 1362
+33 2 69 61 36 35
> INSEE units in French regions and overseas départements
To contact INSEE nationwide:
• by online form: • by phone: • by e-mail:
www.insee.fr 09 72 72 40 00 email@example.com
09 72 72 20 00 (“local call” rate)
Provides monthly consumer price index and quarterly rent
09 72 72 60 00 (“local call” rate)
Dedicated server for handling telephone queries on SIRENE
business register. Provides administrative information concerning:
• Identification of an enterprise or local unit with its SIREN or
• SIRENE registration procedures
• Directory of “Enterprise Formalities Centers” (CFEs) for filing
paperwork for new businesses. www.sirene.fr > Contacter
Requests for INSEE data, studies, and publications are handled
by a specialized service: INSEE Contact. Visitors are guided
by a counselor who will help them to access information
available on the INSEE website. However, the service does
not provide any statistical data by telephone.
INSEE Contact is available:
- by online form at www.insee.fr > Contacter l’INSEE
- by phone (France only), Monday to Friday, 9 AM – 5 PM
on 09 72 72 40 00 (“local call” rate)
Where to find information
INSEE disseminates most of its work on its website free of
charge. Visitors will find quantitative data, statistics, studies,
and analyses on the French economy and society.
For periodic updates on site news, visitors can subscribe to:
• RSS feeds
• release announcements for INSEE’s main indices and
• Insee.net actualités, a twice-monthly newsletter, as well
as regional newsletters.
• news from our www.insee.fr website on Twitter
• slideshows on how INSEE does its work on Slideshare
>> Voice servers (France only)
>> “INSEE Contact” service
base de données
Insee mobile www.insee.fr