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Raunio inno work-9-5_2012
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Raunio inno work-9-5_2012

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  • 1. InnoWork 9.5.2012 TAMPERECome and Stay!Communities for global nomads Mika RaunioUnit for Science, Technology and Innovation Studies Institute for Social Research University of Tampere, Finland Channels and Platforms of Innovation and Competence (CHAPS) Research Programme of TaSTI/UTA 1/11
  • 2. 1 Connectivity and rewards Outflow CONNECTIVITY Renewing inflow REWARDS Human capitalCONNECTIVITY Social capitalComplenting inflow Cultural capital Outflow REGION Channels and Platforms of Innovation and Competence (CHAPS) Research Programme of TaSTI/UTA 2/11
  • 3. Philologists, translators & interpreters (Professionals) 20,3 (772)Cleaners (Elementary occupations) 14,6 (7 479)Clearing & forwarding agents (Technicians and associate professionals) 14,5 (373)Newspaper & adv. deliverers and messengers (Elementary occupations) 11,6 (745)Housekeeping & restaurant supervisors (Service, Care and Shop workers) 11,5 (2 025) 2Waiters, waitresses & bartenders (Service, Care and Shop sales workers) 10,7 (3 116) OccupationsTravel consultants & organisers (Technicians and associate professionals) 10,5 (123) with highestFruit & veget processing-machine operators (Plant and machine operators) 10,5 (98) percentage ofManagers of SMEs of restaurants & hotels (Senior officials and managers) 10,4 (149) foreigners asLecturers & senior assistants (Professionals) 10,3 (378) a share ofChoreographers & dancers (Professionals) 9,5 (78) totalTeaching professionals not elsewhere classified (Professionals) 9,2 (964) employedBleaching- & cleaning-machine operators (Plant and machine operators) 8,9 (295) 2009Other medical doctors (Professionals) 8,4 (799) (Statistics Finland 2009)Biologists, botanists, zoologists & related professionals (Professionals) 8,3 (207)Gardeners & horticultural workers (Skilled agricultural & fishery workers) 8,2 (512)Sewing-machine operators (Plant and machine operators) 8,2 (153)Cooks (Service, Care and Shop sales workers) 8,1 (1 651)Central government professionals (Professionals) 8,0 (1 296)Beauticians (Service, Care and Shop sales workers) 7,7 (239) Channels and Platforms of Innovation and Competence (CHAPS)Assistants & part-time lecturers (Professionals) Research Programme of TaSTI/UTA 7,3 (181)
  • 4. 3 Why to connect?• The firms follow the people or are started by them. Cities should strive to become broadly creative communities, not just centres of technological innovation and high-tech industry.”(Florida 2002)• Properly managed economic and cultural diversity may create new ideas and modes of operations. (Niebuhur 2006), not just fulfill the missing pieces.• Connections with strangers are (weak ties) likely to contain new information. (Martin & Sunlay 2006, 416; Granovetter 1973)• Mobility may open exclusiveness and lock-in situations of too closed networks where traditional solutions and routines are not questioned. (Uzzi 1996; Bathelt et al 2002)• Face-to-face time minimize communication and trust related principal-agent problems within the firms (Rosenblum 2001, 887).• Mobility helps researchers and professionals to keep up the pace of advancements (OECD 2000.)• When product life cycles are months national educational institutions may be too slow• Knowledge flows and knowledge spillovers may be strongly based on to social networks and labor mobility ; Geographical proximity as such is not compulsory or sufficient condition for knowledge spillovers. (Glaeser, et al. 1992; Breschi and Lisson 2003) Channels and Platforms of Innovation and Competence (CHAPS) Research Programme of TaSTI/UTA 3/11
  • 5. 4 How to connect? Channels and Platforms of Innovation and Competence (CHAPS) Research Programme of TaSTI/UTA 4/11
  • 6. 5 Why community building? Define the value of knowledge and related transaction costs for regional innovation economy Human capital Social capital Cultural capital Define value and rules of the rewarding feedback from the use of professional skills for individuals Regional economy Channels and Platforms of Innovation and Competence (CHAPS) Research Programme of TaSTI/UTA 5/11
  • 7. 8a Community building: how? Channels and Platforms of Innovation and Competence (CHAPS) Research Programme of TaSTI/UTA 6/11
  • 8. 8b Community building: how? Channels and Platforms of Innovation and Competence (CHAPS) Research Programme of TaSTI/UTA
  • 9. 9 Nourishing policy measures; why?•No new MNCs to Finland – Nokia’ R&D from over 2Be below 1,3Be during 2000 s•Global small firms/entrepreneurs – Rovio 2003 (turnover 2010: 10,5 Me (80M 2011?), employees approx. 300) – Beneq 2005 (turnover 2011: 15 Me, employees 82)•New generation, promising experiences – In Demola (Tampere) about 30 percent of students are foreigners. New products and service concepts are produced in cooperation with companies. – Aalto Venture Garage (Helsinki region), connect with Silicon Valley and Stanford University, students have been very active in setting up the activities• Markets in BRIC & Developing countries Channels and Platforms of Innovation and Competence (CHAPS) Research Programme of TaSTI/UTA 7/11
  • 10. Policy issues 1Social and transnational competences 1. Analytical competence: Understanding of the central beliefs, values and practices and ability to link foreign conditions to one’s own circumstances, and to discern transnational strategies. 2. Emotional competence: Motivation and ability to open oneself up continuously to divergent cultural influences and experiences with genuine interest and respect, ability to manage multiple indentities. 3. Creative/imaginative competence: Ability to foresee the synergistic potential of diverse cultural perspectives in problem solving and to articulate transnational synthesis 4. Behavioral competence: communicative facility: Interpretation skills and proficiency in relaxed use of intercultural nonverbal clues and codes, to discern different cultural messages 5. Functional (project/task) adroitness: Ability to relate to counterpart(s) and to develop and maintain positive interpersonal relationships, to adapt sensitivity and imagination in transnational interactions, accommodative organizational strategies (Koehn and Rosenau 2002) Channels and Platforms of Innovation and Competence (CHAPS) Research Programme of TaSTI/UTA 8/11
  • 11. Policy issues 2 Matching channels and platformsPlatforms integrate the global flows with the regional economy [Global CHAP] National policy for [Global CHAP] Human Capital CHAP National policy for National policy for Corporate CHAP System CHAP Regional integrative platform (Ely, NF, programs, etc ) Firms & other organizations Channels and Platforms of Innovation and Competence (CHAPS) Research Programme of TaSTI/UTA 9/11
  • 12. Policy issues 3Innovation and immigration converging? Channels and Platforms of Innovation and Competence (CHAPS) Research Programme of TaSTI/UTA 10/11
  • 13. Thanksfor your attention! Q&A http://www.uta.fi/tasti/ Mika.M.Raunio@uta.fi Channels and Platforms of Innovation and Competence (CHAPS) Research Programme of TaSTI/UTA 11/11