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Innhotep - Contribution of ICTs in Sustainable Development (2008)

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Les TIC sont une source notable d'émissions de GES et à la fois une composante majeure des solutions innovantes pour le développement durable, permettant des réductions de coûts et d'empreinte …

Les TIC sont une source notable d'émissions de GES et à la fois une composante majeure des solutions innovantes pour le développement durable, permettant des réductions de coûts et d'empreinte carbone. Qu'en est-il précisément ?

Pour plus de publications d'Innhotep, veuillez vous rendre à cette adresse : http://www.innhotep.com/fr/publications

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  • 1. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 1 Innovation as a strategic priority ICTs and Sustainable development Be green and cost effective with ICTs 2008
  • 2. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 2 Executive Summary ICTs are a noticeable source of GH G emissions, and a major component of innovative solutions for sustainable development. Many abatements in costs and carbon footprint are made possible by undertaking innovative solutions in ICTs, in both direct and indirect ways. Leveraging technologies and people behaviors enables value creation. Existing and planned regulations create more and more constraints, which can be shifted into strength if addressed correctly (gain in competitiveness, product range widening ). ICTs and sustainable development Innhotep proposes analyses and solutions to help firms integrate innovation in their strategy and organization and benefit from it in various fields, including ICTs.
  • 3. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 3 Agenda I. ICTs: high benefits, few problems II. About us III. Appendix
  • 4. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 4 If appropriately managed, ICTs enable large abatements by 2020, about five times their own emissions Emissions ICT Footprint Selected ICT-enabled abatements Other abatements GtCO2e Buildings and transport are the most important areas where ICT can contribute to emission reductions Source: SMART2020, The Climate Group * Please note that dematerialisation is not a sector, but occurs in all sectors and was seperated here for illustrative reasons ** See Appendix SplitbyAreaSplitbyabatementtype 1** 2** 3** 5** 4** Share of ICTs emissions in the global emissions (GtCO2)
  • 5. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 5 Product range/Services offer diversification Benefits for our clients Energy consumption management GHG emissions reduction Increased brand awareness and competitiveness Problems CO2 EMISSIONS ENERGY CONSUMPTION CLEANTECH (Renewable energies, eco- efficiency technologies, green IT,..) SENSITIVITY TO ENVIRONMENT AL ISSUES • Strategies • Partnerships • Market insights Change management Levers Our capabilities Source: Innhotep We can help firms tackle sustainability issues through innovation, including in ICTs
  • 6. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 6 ICT contribution to emission reduction / energy saving Direct (reducing the ICT sector’s own energy requirements) Indirect (using ICTs for displacement of carbon emissions) Energy management systems ICTs’ other contributions to sustainable development and « systemic effects » Next generation networks More efficient production processes Device materials Use of renewable energy in produciton Modern radio technology Catastrophy detection and warning Crisis management Montitoring of climate change Knowledge base & repository on climate change Remote Appliance Power Management Presence Based Power (via RFID & Sensors) Decentralised Business Districts Real Time Freight Management Personalised Public Transport ‘In-Person’ Conferencing Increased Renewable Energy Re-usage/replacement NGNs Dematerialisation (e.g. online phone bills, online movie rental etc.) Reduction of power requirements of devices and network equipment Easyness of implementation Impact on CO2 emissions Source: Innhotep We can provide analyses of potentialities and manage adequate changes
  • 7. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 7 • Local binding regulation and legislation – National – International (EU, ) – Others • National voluntary standards established by workgroups on demand of policy-makers • International voluntary standards established by international organizations and insitutions (European Standard Organizations (ESOs) for example) We can help our clients shift legislation and standards from constraints to opportunities Source: www.ce.org, June 2008 Industry Commitments & Initiatives State-side regulation and standardization • The number of standards and regulations is continuously increasing • The firms which do not adapt their product offer to the new standards will quickly be left behind • Innovation lets firms anticipate forward regulations and take a competitive advantage on the market • Voluntary, market-oriented programs • Standards developed by industry • Research and analysis • Consumer education • Promotion of energy-efficient products • Outreach and coordination Proposals Incentives
  • 8. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 8 Agenda I. ICTs: high benefits, few problems II. About us III. Appendix
  • 9. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 9 Our positioning : value creation through innovation : « Business Innovation Accelerator » Innhotep Ventures is a fast growing professional services firm, dedicated to innovation strategy and management. We support our clients to achieve high impact projects that create value through innovation. We have two complementary activities: 1. Independant consulting firm for large companies: • Innovation strategy design and implementation to create value and stimulate growth, mainly in two main areas: Energy and Clean technologies Information technologies • Strategy and business innovation management Organisation (R&D conception and/or optimisation, strategic marketing, etc.) Managerial innovation and associated tools (collaborative intelligence, etc.) 2. Startup coaching • Accelerating startup growth during all their stages of development
  • 10. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 10 Our ambition : instill technical and business innovation to serve the vision of our clients Integrate innovation within the strategic vision Identify concrete ways of innovation Help our client implement operational strategy VISION Innovation strategy Organizations / process Change management Ideas generation Business and feasibility study Projects portefolio Implementation plan Business Intelligence Partnerships Define strategy VISION
  • 11. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 11 Our ambition: support our clients to address their key strategic business issues New strategic issues What are the main weak signals in my market today, but crucial within 2 - 5 years? How to detect real business gems ? (ideas, startups, products, services ...) How to get organized to design and deploy new offers? What new offers can be designed to conquer new markets? Business innovation identification Projects implementation New activities and offers to invent ?
  • 12. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 12 Our ambition: support our clients to address their key organization and management issues New organisational and management issues How to capitalize on key internal and external resources to feed my strategy ? How to come across operational barriers to optimize the strategy implementation ? How to best detect and leverage internal and external innovation ? How to take advantage of the new possibilities offered by Enterprise 2.0 innovations and tools ? New management approaches New tools and innovative methods
  • 13. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 13 Benchmark Opportunity analysis Strategic intelligence Business models Partnership targeting Offer design Startups identification Market studies THINK BUILD Project feedback New business projects Deployment OPERATE Strategic positioning Brainstorming sessions Strategic roadmaps Project management Processus (creation ) Tools (audit, sourcing, etc.) Support our clients : 3 main types of mission
  • 14. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 14 Some of our clients Strategy and Innovation Management Energy and Cleantechs Information Technologies
  • 15. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 15 Experience Claire Bacquart Associate Director Innhotep Innhotep Yahoo! Marketing Manager, Small Business (SMB), Europe (10 countries, 100M$ managed) One Plus One Filmfestivals.com • Numerous missions in the field web and digital innovation : opportunity identification, conduct of innovative studies and benchmarks, client needs specification, new offerings development, brainstorming and think tank animation • More than 10 years of operational experience as an IT manager, with international teams • Various expertise including : Innovation management (open innovation, enterprise social networks, mobile financial services, etc.), business model assessment (notably for numerous IT and web startups), innovative market assessment, etc. Demba Diallo Associate Director Innhotep Innhotep Colombus Consulting Cap Gemini Ernst & Young Arthur Andersen • More than 10 years in strategic, organisation and management (Arthur Andersen, Cap Gemini Ernst &Young, Colombus Consulting) • Numerous missions in the field of IT and cleantechs, growth strategies, including technology and business model assessment • Vast experience in the design and implementation of new business with strong technological components • Seminar, brainstorming and think tank session animation • Co-founder of startup Stribe Experience Our team : some of our consultants ESCP-EAP Graduate : Oxford, Madrid, Paris. Marketing specialization Education Education Ph.D Telecom Paris in innovation management Sciences Po Paris Graduate Research stays in Harvard, MIT, UC Berkeley
  • 16. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 16 Innhotep / Expert Scientipôle Initiative Colombus Consulting BearingPoint Arthur Andersen BC Thales International Venezuela, Air France • Numerous missions in the field of IT project management, growth strategies and project implementation, cleantechs strategies, technology and business model assessment • Vast experience in the design and implementation of business, technologic and operational projects • Numerous benchmarks and studies concerning the value chain of knowledge and information : idea management, content management, enterprise social networks, etc. • Startup assessment for public funding : internet, data management, M2M, waste, smart grids, energy, etc. Sidney Delourme Consultant Innhotep Innhotep – Consultant Intelleco – Consultant Strategic Intelligence Strategic Scout – Junior Consultant Energy & Telecom Edu-Performance Canada –Marketing Manager • Numerous missions in the field of business and strategic intelligence, innovation identification and screening, startup analysis, new product and services assessment, emerging market assessment • Vast experience in strategic and operational marketing, business development, technology assessment • Various expertise : information technologies, home automation, cleantechs, renewable energies, energy efficiency, smart grids, etc. Our team : some of our consultants Johann Girard Senior Project Manager Innhotep Experience Experience Education Education ESSEC Arthur Andersen University, Chicago MBA Sustainable Performance, ISC Paris Double Degree Superior School of International Business and London South Bank University, Master in Strategic Marketing
  • 17. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 17 What does Innhotep mean ? • The word Innhotep was chosen in resonance with the name Imhotep, « He who comes in peace » or « the one who is welcome » • Vizier of Pharaoh Djoser, Imhotep designed in Africa, at Saqqara (Egypt), the first pyramid in history. • Aside architecture, Imhotep was a scholar in medicine, mathematics, astrology and religion, exemplifying the breadth of knowledge needed to achieve successful innovation • He contributed to the existence of a single language and scripture, foundations for the administration and the religion of one of the most impressive civilizations of mankind Site web : innhotep.com Blog : innhotep.blogspot.com Twitter : twitter.com/Innhotep
  • 18. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 18 Agenda I. ICTs: high benefits, few problems II. About us III. Appendix
  • 19. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 191 The global problem of climate change also involves ICTs Though emitting GH G, ITCs enable large abatements through various channels Many regulations and standards are already in force and still to be issued by different institutions B C A Appendix
  • 20. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 20 The global problem of climate change also involves ICTs Since 1970, the production of greenhouse gases has risen by more than 70%, which results in consequences such as – Rise in planet temperature – Changing weather patterns – Rising sea-levels – Desertification – Shrinking ice cover – Those consequences have serious impact on the lives of millions of people and political stability in many parts of the world Energy efficiency is the fastest and most cost effective way to reduce GHG emissions Climate change is a concern for all of humanity and requires efforts on the part of all sectors of society, including the Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) sector GtCO2-eq/yr Source: IPPC Climate Challenge Synthesis Report 2007 A
  • 21. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 21 ICTs contributed an estimated 0,9 tonnes GtCO2e in 2007, their current 2% share in global emissions is expected to rise as ICTs become more widely available Source: The Climate Group « Smart 2020 » Source: ETSI (European Telecommunications Institute) 2007 ICT contribution to GHG Emission 2007 (GtCO2) 2% of global footprint ICT contribution to GHG Emission 2007 (GtCO2) The impact of ICTs on global GHG emissions is to rise sharply in the following years (1/2) A
  • 22. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 22 Source: Gartner Group (2007) 0,53 0,82 1,43 Source: The Climate Group, Smart 2020 Footprint by ICT subsector PCs and peripherals will be responsible for 50% of ICT emissions in 2020, while data centers will experience the fastest growth The impact of ICTs on global GHG emissions is to rise sharply in the following years (2/2) A
  • 23. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 23 The global impact of building related abatements enabled by ICT Two main drivers of buildings’ emissions – Surface area – Energy intensity Biggest reduction potential in building design, BMS and Voltage optimisation Importance of Benchmarking BMS can adapt the building to changes in the way it is used US and Canada have come up with very innovative companies in the area of smart building technology Source: SMART2020, The Climate Group HVAC = Heating, ventilation and airconditioning BMS = Building Management systems B
  • 24. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 24 The global impact of grid related abatements enabled by ICT The power sector accounted for 24% of global emissions 2002 Smart meters allow consumers to know more about their consumption habits and allows for automatic metering Advanced Grid Management systems (e.g. refrigerators which reduce their performance during peak times) Sensors for remote metering High importance for countries like India, where Grid inefficiencies seriously hinder economic development Source: SMART2020, The Climate Group T&D = Transmission and Distribution B
  • 25. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 25 The global impact of motor & industrial processes related abatements enabled by ICT Motor systems are devices which convert electricity into mechanical power They can be inefficient as they operate on full capacity, independent of the actual load ICTs role is to monitor energy use and provide real-time energy data for optimization Simulation software for plant and manufacturing process design Inter-system communication Source: SMART2020, The Climate Group HVAC = Heating, ventilation and airconditioning BMS = Building Management systems B
  • 26. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 26 The global impact of logistics related abatements enabled by ICT Transport sector is responsible for 14% of global emissions Software for design of transport systems Optimisation of route planning would comprise avoidance of congestion etc. Other interesting opportunities include – CO2e emissions tracking platforms – Electronic freight exchanges (EFX) to allow for the ‘auction’ of spare space on vehicles – Reverse logistics platforms – Protocols for system interoperability – CO2e route optimization standards Source: SMART2020, The Climate Group B
  • 27. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 27 The global impact of dematerialisation enabled by ICT Telecommuting has the highest impact but faces corporate doubts about adoption, and those are not technical: – Perceived disadvantage concerning ‘employee performance management’ – The necessary cultural shift in collaboration for the employees Impact of telecommuting depends on the efficiency of the country looked at (decreases impact) and the relation between workhours and free-time (the more work hours, the more impact) There is a need to establish blueprints for roll-out in the companies where most impact is to be had, as well as policy support Source: SMART2020, The Climate Group B
  • 28. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 28 Concrete examples of positive ICT impact on emissions in Europe Source: WWF Flexi-work CO2savings(milliontonnes) Number of Flexiworkers (millions) CO2savings(milliontonnes) Number of Calls (millions) CO2savings(‘000tonnes) Number of Customers (millions) AudioconferencingVirtual answering machines CO2savings(‘000tonnes) Number of customers (millions) Web-based tax return Replaced business travelOnline Phone Bills CO2savings(‘000tonnes) Number of Users (millions) Replaced business travel (%) CO2savings(milliontonnes) B
  • 29. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 29 EU « Code of Conduct » (CoC) Voluntary commitment of individual companies, with the aim of reducing energy consumption of products and/or systems through – the setting of agreed targets – in a defined development timescale Energy consumption levels are complemented by general commitments of power and energy management Serves as basis for other EU policy initiatives Source: European Commission DG JRC, June 2008 Digital TV External Power Supplies Uninterrup tible Power Supplies Broadban d Equipment Data Centers * CoC * Under Development Day to day operations (energy management) Normal replacement cycle/adding new servers Retrofit/ dedicated energy efficiency programme Designing new data centres and equipment end-use equipment network equipment set-top boxes TVs with integrated receiver / decoder internet TV and converters PVR (Personal Video Recording) For mobile phones For domestic appliances For power tools For IT equipment C
  • 30. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 30 Overview of Regulations and Standards (EU) Name Organiz ation Type Goal /Topic Content/Actions Further Info EU Targets for Sustainable Energy Eco-Design of Energy Using Products Directive (Directive 2005/32/EC) Restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment (Directive 2002/95/EC) and Waste electrical and electronic equipment (Directive 2002/96/EC) EU Energy Star Programme EU Codes of Conduct European Commissi on EU EU EU EU (EC Joint Research Centre) EU Target Framework Directive Directive Voluntary label Voluntary Enable an organization to Reduce energy consumption by 20% by 2020 Focus on energy-using products over life-cycle Tackle the fast increasing waste stream of electrical and electronic equipment and complements Help eco products to gain higher market shares Identify and focus on key issues and agree solutions, initiate and develop policy, Set ambitious voluntary standards and commitments 1. Double the share of renewable energy in national gross energy consumption from 6% to 12% by 2010 and 20% by 2020 2. Increase the share of green electricity in total electricity consumption from 14% to 22% by 2010 3. Raise the share of biofuels in the transport fuel market to 5,75% by 2010. Proposed 10% minimum market share of biofuels in 2020. No directly binding requirements for specific products, but conditions and criteria for setting of such requirements and possibility for the commission to implement via directives Producers will be responsible for taking back and recycling electrical and electronic equipment Requires the substitution of various heavy metals and brominated flame retardants or polybrominated diphenyl ethers Voluntary energy efficiency labelling of office equipment and other devices Forum for industry, experts and Member States, Open and continuous dialogue on market and product Performance. Voluntary commitment of individual companies http://ec.europa .eu/enterprise/e co_design/inde x_en.htm http://ec.europa .eu/environment /waste/weee/ind ex_en.htm www.eu- energystar.org C
  • 31. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 31 European Standards Organisations (ESOs) Directive 98/34/EC: Formal recognition of 3 European Standards Organisations (ESOs) CEN CENELEC ETSI Financial support at the European level 21 Proposals for Standardization Work Programme Standards resulting from an open consensus building process and published by recognised standardisation bodies are by nature voluntary and non binding documents 14 Proposals passed evaluation process 11 Grant Agreements for execution 8 contracts signed This 2008 ICT Standardisation Work Programme follows the previous year’s exercise. The expected results include European standards, Technical Specifications, ETSI Standards, ETSI Group Specifications, CEN Workshop Agreements (CWAs), CENELEC Workshop Agreements (CWA), ETSI Guides, Technical Reports, guidelines, organisation of events, and actions that aim at supporting the implementation of the standardisation deliverables. Source: European Comission document on 2008 ICT Standardisation Work Programme C
  • 32. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 32 Overview of Regulations and Standards (ESOs) Name Organization Type Goal /Topic Content/Actions Further Info 'DTR/EE-00002 Work Item‘ TR 102 530 'DTR/EE-00004' Work Item; TR 102 532 'DTS/EE-00005' Work Item ; TS 102 533 ETSI (European Telecommunicati ons Standards Institute) ETSI (European Telecommunicati ons Standards Institute) ETSI (European Telecommunicati ons Standards Institute) Voluntary standard Voluntary standard Voluntary standard The reduction of energy consumption in telecommunications equipment and related infrastructure. The use of alternative energy sources in telecommunication installations Energy consumption in BB Telecom Network Equipment Study and produce a report on the various methods (hardware and software) of controlling/reducing energy consumption in telecommunications network equipment and related infrastructure Study the use of alternative energy source in the telecommunication installation/application. (Solar, wind, fuel cell, etc.) To define energy consumption targets and measurement methods for fixed and wireless broadband telecom network equipment. - In first phase, DSL, ISDN and combined NW equipment. - In second phase, Wimax, PLC and Cable Service Provider equipment. Phase 1 proposed target dates are stated in table below. Reference documents: 1. Network Equipment part of: EC, JRC, institute for the Environment and Sustainability, Renewable Energies Unit, "Broadband Equipment Code of Conduct - Draft Nov. 2005 2. ETSI work item WI-DTR/EE-00002 "Reduction of energy consumption in telecommunications equipment and related infrastructure. C
  • 33. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 33 Overview of Regulations and Standards (ESOs) Name Organization Type Goal/Topic Content/Actions Further Info 'DTS/EE-00006‘ 'DTS/EE-00007‘ 'DTR/ATTM-06002' ETSI (European Telecommunicati ons Standards Institute) ETSI (European Telecommunicati ons Standards Institute) ETSI (European Telecommunicati ons Standards Institute) Voluntary standard Voluntary standard Voluntary standard Environmental consideration for equipment installed in outdoor location Energy efficiency of wireless access network Equipment Power Optimization for xDSL transceivers To write a technical report on the applicability of ETSI environmental classes to equipment installed in outdoor cabinet. Also acoustics noise emission will be considered. To define wireless access network energy efficiency metrics, define efficiency parameters and measurement methods for wireless access network equipment. In first phase GSM/EDGE, WCDMA/HSPA and WiMAX is addressed. Possibilities to optimize the power consumption of the xDSL transceiver shall be investigated. These investigations may include power modes that are beyond the currently existing modes. The potential influence of power optimization schemes on the stability and performance of each line of the network due to power optimization, e.g. non-stationary noise, shall be an important part of the WI. This WI will aim at building coherence with other ETSI documents relating to the topic. Therefore, a close collaboration with other WI in TM6 (e.g. ADSL, VDSL, SpM), with other ETSI technical bodies (e.g. ETSI EE) and other standardization bodies (e.g. SG15/Q4) is needed for that WI. C
  • 34. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 34 Overview of Regulations and Standards (International) Name Organization Type Goal /Topic Content/Actions Further Info ISO 14001:2004 ISO 14004:2004 ISO 14020:2000 ISO 14021:1999 ISO 14024:1999 ISO 14025:2006 Intl. Organization for Standardization Intl. Organization for Standardization Intl. Organization for Standardization Intl. Organization for Standardization Intl. Organization for Standardization Intl. Organization for Standardization Voluntary standard Voluntary standard Voluntary standard Voluntary standard Voluntary standard Voluntary standard enable an organization to develop and implement a policy and objectives which take into account legal and other requirements General guidelines on principles, systems and support techniques of EMS Specifies the requirements for environmental management systems. Guidelines on the elements of an environmental management system and its implementation, discusses principal issues. Establishes guiding principles for the development and use of environmental labels and declarations Environmental labels and declarations -- Self-declared environmental claims (Type II environmental labelling) Environmental labels and declarations -- Type I environmental labelling -- Principles and procedures Establishes the principles and specifies the procedures for developing Type III environmental declaration programmes and Type III environmental declarations. It specifically establishes the use of the ISO 14040 series of standards in the development of Type III environmental declaration programmes and Type III environmental declarations. www.iso.org www.iso.org www.iso.org www.iso.org www.iso.org www.iso.org C
  • 35. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 35 Overview of Regulations and Standards: Initiatives Name Organization Type Goal/Topic Content/Actions Further Info EPA Energy Star DoE Save Energy Now WattWatt Gridwise IEE E-Server project The Green Grid US EPA and Department of Energy (DoE) US DoE IEC US Dept of Energy Consortium of AMD, Intel, Dell, Sun HP, IBM and others Voluntary label US national initiative community website Industry initiative Help eco products to gain higher market shares drive a 25% reduction in industrial energy intensity in 10 years Harness ideas and raise awareness improve coordination between supply and demand, and enable a smarter, more efficient, secure and reliable US electric power system Advancing energy efficiency in data centers and business computing ecosystems Voluntary energy efficiency labelling of office equipment and other devices Industrial companies can participate in no- cost energy assessments and utilize ITP resources to reduce energy use while increasing profits Community for individuals interested in electrical energy efficiency remote control of virtual thermostats via a web interface defining meaningful, user-centric models and metrics; developing standards, measurement methods, processes and new technologies to improve data center performance against the defined metrics; and promoting the adoption of energy efficient standards, processes, measurements and technologies www.energyst ar.gov http://www1.ee re.energy.gov/i ndustry/savee nergynow/ http://wattwatt. com/ http://www.gri dwise.pnl.gov/ http://www.the greengrid.org/ home C

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