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Innhotep - Contribution of ICTs in Sustainable Development (2008)

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Les TIC sont une source notable d'émissions de GES et à la fois une composante majeure des solutions innovantes pour le développement durable, permettant des réductions de coûts et d'empreinte ...

Les TIC sont une source notable d'émissions de GES et à la fois une composante majeure des solutions innovantes pour le développement durable, permettant des réductions de coûts et d'empreinte carbone. Qu'en est-il précisément ?

Pour plus de publications d'Innhotep, veuillez vous rendre à cette adresse : http://www.innhotep.com/fr/publications

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    Innhotep - Contribution of ICTs in Sustainable Development (2008) Innhotep - Contribution of ICTs in Sustainable Development (2008) Presentation Transcript

    • Innovation as a strategic priorityICTs and Sustainable development Be green and cost effective with ICTs 2008 ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 1
    • Executive Summary ICTs and sustainable development ICTs are a noticeable source of GH G emissions, and a major component of innovative solutions for sustainable development. Many abatements in costs and carbon footprint are made possible by undertaking innovative solutions in ICTs, in both direct and indirect ways. Leveraging technologies and people behaviors enables value creation. Existing and planned regulations create more and more constraints, which can be shifted into strength if addressed correctly (gain in competitiveness, product range widening ).Innhotep proposes analyses and solutions to help firms integrate innovation in their strategy and organization and benefit from it in various fields, including ICTs. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 2
    • AgendaI. ICTs: high benefits, few problemsII. About usIII. Appendix ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 3
    • If appropriately managed, ICTs enable large abatements by 2020, about five times their own emissions Share of ICTs emissions in the global emissions (GtCO2) Split by AreaGtCO2e Split by abatement type 1** 5** 4** 2** 3** Emissions ICT Footprint Buildings and transport are the most important areas Selected ICT-enabled abatements where ICT can contribute to emission reductions Other abatements * Please note that dematerialisation is not a sector, but occurs in all sectors and was seperated here for illustrative reasons Source: SMART2020, The Climate Group ** See Appendix ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 4
    • We can help firms tackle sustainability issues through innovation, including in ICTsProblems Levers Our capabilities Benefits for our clients CLEANTECH • Strategies CO2 (Renewable • Partnerships Energy consumption EMISSIONS energies, eco- • Market insights management efficiency ENERGY technologies, GHG emissionsCONSUMPTION green IT,..) reduction Product range/Services offer diversification SENSITIVITY TO Change ENVIRONMENT management Increased brand AL ISSUES awareness and competitiveness Source: Innhotep ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 5
    • We can provide analyses of potentialities and manage adequate changes ICT contribution to emission reduction / energy saving Direct (reducing the ICT Indirect (using ICTs for ICTs’ other contributions to sustainable sector’s own energy displacement of carbon development and « systemic effects » requirements) emissions) Energy management Next generation networks systems Catastrophy detection and More efficient production Presence Based Power warning processes (via RFID & Sensors) Use of renewable energy Decentralised Business Crisis management in produciton Districts Real Time Freight Device materials Management Montitoring of climate change Personalised Public Modern radio technology Transport Knowledge base & repository Re-usage/replacement ‘In-Person’ Conferencing on climate change Increased NGNs Renewable Energy Reduction of power Dematerialisation (e.g. requirements of devices online phone bills, online and network equipment movie rental etc.) Remote Appliance Power Management Easyness of implementation Impact on CO2 emissionsSource: Innhotep ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 6
    • We can help our clients shift legislation and standards from constraints to opportunitiesIndustry Commitments & Initiatives State-side regulation and standardization • Local binding regulation and • Voluntary, market-oriented programs legislation • Standards developed by industry • Research and analysis – National • Consumer education – International (EU, ) • Promotion of energy-efficient products Proposals – Others • Outreach and coordination • National voluntary standards established by workgroups on demand Incentives of policy-makers • International voluntary standards established by international organizations and insitutions (European Standard Organizations (ESOs) for example) • The number of standards and regulations is continuously increasing • The firms which do not adapt their product offer to the new standards will quickly be left behind • Innovation lets firms anticipate forward regulations and take a competitive advantage on the market Source: www.ce.org, June 2008 ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 7
    • AgendaI. ICTs: high benefits, few problemsII. About usIII. Appendix ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 8
    • Our positioning : value creation through innovation : « Business Innovation Accelerator »Innhotep Ventures is a fast growing professional services firm, dedicatedto innovation strategy and management.We support our clients to achieve high impact projects that create valuethrough innovation. We have two complementary activities: 1. Independant consulting firm for large companies: • Innovation strategy design and implementation to create value and stimulate growth, mainly in two main areas: Energy and Clean technologies Information technologies • Strategy and business innovation management Organisation (R&D conception and/or optimisation, strategic marketing, etc.) Managerial innovation and associated tools (collaborative intelligence, etc.) 2. Startup coaching • Accelerating startup growth during all their stages of development ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 9
    • Our ambition : instill technical and business innovation to serve the vision of our clients VISION VISION Innovation strategy Integrate innovation within Projects portefolio the strategic vision Business and Implementation Identify concrete ways ofIdeas generation feasibility study plan innovation Business Intelligence Define strategy Partnerships Help our client implement Organizations / process operational strategy Change management ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 10
    • Our ambition: support our clients to address their key strategic business issues New strategic issues What are the main weak How to detect signals in my market real business gems ? today, but crucial within 2 - 5 years? (ideas, startups, products, services ...) New activitiesBusiness innovation Projectsidentification and offers to implementation invent ? What new offers can be designed to How to get organized to conquer design and deploy new new markets? offers? ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 11
    • Our ambition: support our clients to address their key organization and management issues New organisational and management issues How to capitalize on key How to come across internal and external operational barriers resources to feed my to optimize the strategy ? strategy implementation ?New management New tools andapproaches innovative methods How to take advantage of the new possibilities offered How to best detect and by Enterprise 2.0 leverage internal and innovations and tools external innovation ? ? ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 12
    • Support our clients : 3 main types of mission Strategic Strategic Benchmark intelligence positioningTHINK Startups Opportunity Brainstorming identification analysis sessions Partnership Strategic Market studies targeting roadmapsBUILD Business Offer design models New business Processus Deployment projects (creation )OPERATE Project Project Tools (audit, feedback management sourcing, etc.) ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 13
    • Some of our clients Strategy and Innovation ManagementEnergy and InformationCleantechs Technologies ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 14
    • Our team : some of our consultants Claire Bacquart Demba Diallo Associate Director Associate Director Innhotep Innhotep• Numerous missions in the field web and digital innovation : • More than 10 years in strategic, organisation and management opportunity identification, conduct of innovative studies and (Arthur Andersen, Cap Gemini Ernst &Young, Colombus benchmarks, client needs specification, new offerings Consulting) development, brainstorming and think tank animation • Numerous missions in the field of IT and cleantechs, growth• More than 10 years of operational experience as an IT manager, strategies, including technology and business model with international teams assessment• Various expertise including : Innovation management (open • Vast experience in the design and implementation of new innovation, enterprise social networks, mobile financial services, business with strong technological components etc.), business model assessment (notably for numerous IT and • Seminar, brainstorming and think tank session animation web startups), innovative market assessment, etc. • Co-founder of startup Stribe Experience Experience Innhotep Innhotep Yahoo! Marketing Manager, Small Business (SMB), Europe Colombus Consulting (10 countries, 100M$ managed) Cap Gemini Ernst & Young One Plus One Arthur Andersen Filmfestivals.com Education Education ESCP-EAP Graduate : Oxford, Madrid, Paris. Ph.D Telecom Paris in innovation management Marketing specialization Sciences Po Paris Graduate Research stays in Harvard, MIT, UC Berkeley ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 15
    • Our team : some of our consultants Johann Girard Sidney Delourme Senior Project Manager Consultant Innhotep Innhotep• Numerous missions in the field of IT project management, • Numerous missions in the field of business and strategic growth strategies and project implementation, cleantechs intelligence, innovation identification and screening, startup strategies, technology and business model assessment analysis, new product and services assessment, emerging• Vast experience in the design and implementation of business, market assessment technologic and operational projects • Vast experience in strategic and operational marketing,• Numerous benchmarks and studies concerning the value chain business development, technology assessment of knowledge and information : idea management, content • Various expertise : information technologies, home automation, management, enterprise social networks, etc. cleantechs, renewable energies, energy efficiency, smart grids,• Startup assessment for public funding : internet, data etc. management, M2M, waste, smart grids, energy, etc. Experience Experience Innhotep / Expert Scientipôle Initiative Innhotep – Consultant Colombus Consulting Intelleco – Consultant Strategic Intelligence BearingPoint Strategic Scout – Junior Consultant Energy & Telecom Arthur Andersen BC Edu-Performance Canada –Marketing Manager Thales International Venezuela, Air France Education Education ESSEC MBA Sustainable Performance, ISC Paris Arthur Andersen University, Chicago Double Degree Superior School of International Business and London South Bank University, Master in Strategic Marketing ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 16
    • What does Innhotep mean ?• The word Innhotep was chosen in resonance with the name Imhotep, « He who comes in peace » or « the one who is welcome »• Vizier of Pharaoh Djoser, Imhotep designed in Africa, at Saqqara (Egypt), the first pyramid in history.• Aside architecture, Imhotep was a scholar in medicine, mathematics, astrology and religion, exemplifying the breadth of knowledge needed to achieve successful innovation• He contributed to the existence of a single language and scripture, foundations for the administration and the religion of one of the most impressive civilizations of mankind Site web : innhotep.com Blog : innhotep.blogspot.com Twitter : twitter.com/Innhotep ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 17
    • AgendaI. ICTs: high benefits, few problemsII. About usIII. Appendix ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 18
    • AppendixA The global problem of climate change also involves ICTsB Though emitting GH G, ITCs enable large abatements through various channelsC Many regulations and standards are already in force and still to be issued by different institutions ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 1 19
    • A The global problem of climate change also involves ICTs Since 1970, the production of greenhouse gases has risen by more than 70%, which results in consequences such as GtCO2-eq / yr – Rise in planet temperature – Changing weather patterns – Rising sea-levels – Desertification – Shrinking ice cover – Those consequences have serious impact on the lives of millions of people and political stability in many parts of the world Energy efficiency is the fastest and most cost effective way to reduce GHG emissions Climate change is a concern for all of humanity and requires efforts on the part of all sectors of society, including the Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) sectorSource: IPPC Climate Challenge Synthesis Report 2007 ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 20
    • A The impact of ICTs on global GHG emissions is to rise sharply in the following years (1/2) ICT contribution to GHG Emission 2007 (GtCO2) ICT contribution to GHG Emission 2007 (GtCO2) 2% of global footprint Source: ETSI (European Telecommunications Institute) 2007 Source: The Climate Group « Smart 2020 » ICTs contributed an estimated 0,9 tonnes GtCO2e in 2007, their current 2% share in global emissions is expected to rise as ICTs become more widely available ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 21
    • A The impact of ICTs on global GHG emissions is to rise sharply in the following years (2/2) Footprint by ICT subsector 1,43 0,82 0,53 Source: Gartner Group (2007) Source: The Climate Group, Smart 2020 PCs and peripherals will be responsible for 50% of ICT emissions in 2020, while data centers will experience the fastest growth ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 22
    • B The global impact of building related abatements enabled by ICT Two main drivers of buildings’ emissions – Surface area – Energy intensity Biggest reduction potential in building design, BMS and Voltage optimisation Importance of Benchmarking BMS can adapt the building to changes in the way it is used US and Canada have come up with very innovative companies in the area of smart building technology HVAC = Heating, ventilation and airconditioning BMS = Building Management systems Source: SMART2020, The Climate Group ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 23
    • B The global impact of grid related abatements enabled by ICT The power sector accounted for 24% of global emissions 2002 Smart meters allow consumers to know more about their consumption habits and allows for automatic metering Advanced Grid Management systems (e.g. refrigerators which reduce their performance during peak times) Sensors for remote metering High importance for countries like India, where Grid inefficiencies seriously hinder economic development T&D = Transmission and Distribution Source: SMART2020, The Climate Group ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 24
    • B The global impact of motor & industrial processes related abatements enabled by ICT Motor systems are devices which convert electricity into mechanical power They can be inefficient as they operate on full capacity, independent of the actual load ICTs role is to monitor energy use and provide real-time energy data for optimization Simulation software for plant and manufacturing process design Inter-system communication HVAC = Heating, ventilation and airconditioning BMS = Building Management systems Source: SMART2020, The Climate Group ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 25
    • B The global impact of logistics related abatements enabled by ICT Transport sector is responsible for 14% of global emissions Software for design of transport systems Optimisation of route planning would comprise avoidance of congestion etc. Other interesting opportunities include – CO2e emissions tracking platforms – Electronic freight exchanges (EFX) to allow for the ‘auction’ of spare space on vehicles – Reverse logistics platforms – Protocols for system interoperability – CO2e route optimization standards Source: SMART2020, The Climate Group ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 26
    • B The global impact of dematerialisation enabled by ICT Telecommuting has the highest impact but faces corporate doubts about adoption, and those are not technical: – Perceived disadvantage concerning ‘employee performance management’ – The necessary cultural shift in collaboration for the employees Impact of telecommuting depends on the efficiency of the country looked at (decreases impact) and the relation between workhours and free-time (the more work hours, the more impact) There is a need to establish blueprints for roll-out in the companies where most impact is to be had, as well as policy support Source: SMART2020, The Climate Group ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 27
    • B Concrete examples of positive ICT impact on emissions in Europe Virtual answering machines Flexi-work Audioconferencing CO2 savings (‘000 tonnes) CO2 savings (million tonnes) CO2 savings (million tonnes) Number of customers (millions) Number of Flexiworkers (millions) Number of Calls (millions) Online Phone Bills Web-based tax return Replaced business travel CO2 savings (‘000 tonnes) CO2 savings (million tonnes) CO2 savings (‘000 tonnes) Number of Users (millions) Replaced business travel (%) Number of Customers (millions) Source: WWF ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 28
    • C EU « Code of Conduct » (CoC) Voluntary commitment of individual companies, with the aim of reducing energy consumption of products and/or systems through – the setting of agreed targets – in a defined development timescale Energy consumption levels are complemented by general commitments of power and energy management Serves as basis for other EU policy initiatives TVs with integrated internet TV and PVR (Personal Video set-top boxes receiver / decoder converters Recording) Day to day operations Digital TV (energy management) For mobile phones Normal replacement For domestic cycle/adding new servers External appliances Data Power Centers * Supplies For power tools Retrofit/ dedicated energy efficiency programme CoC For IT equipment Designing new data centres and equipment Uninterrup Broadban tible d Power Equipment Supplies end-use equipment network equipment* Under DevelopmentSource: European Commission DG JRC, June 2008 ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 29
    • C Overview of Regulations and Standards (EU) Organiz Name ation Type Goal /Topic Content/Actions Further Info EU Targets for European EU Target Enable an organization to 1. Double the share of renewable energy in Sustainable Energy Commissi Reduce energy consumption by national gross energy consumption from 6% to on 20% by 2020 12% by 2010 and 20% by 2020 2. Increase the share of green electricity in total electricity consumption from 14% to 22% by 2010 3. Raise the share of biofuels in the transport fuel market to 5,75% by 2010. Proposed 10% minimum market share of biofuels in 2020. Eco-Design of Energy EU Framework Focus on energy-using products No directly binding requirements for specific http://ec.europa Using Products Directive Directive over life-cycle products, but conditions and criteria for setting .eu/enterprise/e (Directive 2005/32/EC) of such requirements and possibility for the commission to implement via directives co_design/inde x_en.htm Restriction of the use of EU Directive Tackle the fast increasing waste Producers will be responsible for taking back http://ec.europa certain hazardous stream of electrical and and recycling electrical and electronic substances in electrical electronic equipment and equipment .eu/environment and electronic equipment complements Requires the substitution of various heavy /waste/weee/ind (Directive 2002/95/EC) metals and brominated flame retardants or ex_en.htm and Waste electrical and polybrominated diphenyl ethers electronic equipment (Directive 2002/96/EC) EU Energy Star EU Voluntary Help eco products to gain higher Voluntary energy efficiency labelling of office www.eu- Programme label market shares equipment and other devices energystar.org EU Codes of Conduct EU (EC Voluntary Identify and focus on key issues Forum for industry, experts and Member Joint and agree solutions, States, Open and continuous dialogue on Research initiate and develop policy, market and product Centre) Set ambitious voluntary Performance. Voluntary commitment of standards and commitments individual companies ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 30
    • C European Standards Organisations (ESOs) Directive CEN 98/34/EC: Financial support at the CENELEC European Formal recognition of 3 level European Standards Organisations (ESOs) ETSI 21 Proposals for Standardization Work Programme 14 Proposals passed evaluation process 11 Grant Agreements for execution 8 contracts signed This 2008 ICT Standardisation Work Programme follows the previous year’s exercise. The expected results include European standards, Technical Specifications, ETSI Standards, ETSI Group Specifications, CEN Workshop Agreements (CWAs), CENELEC Workshop Agreements (CWA), ETSI Guides, Technical Reports, guidelines, organisation of events, and actions that aim at supporting the implementation of the standardisation deliverables. Standards resulting from an open consensus building process and published by recognised standardisation bodies are by nature voluntary and non binding documents ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012Source: European Comission document on 2008 ICT Standardisation Work Programme 31
    • C Overview of Regulations and Standards (ESOs) Name Organization Type Goal /Topic Content/Actions Further Info DTR/EE-00002 Work ETSI (European Voluntary The reduction of energy Study and produce a report on the various Item‘ TR 102 530 Telecommunicati standard consumption in methods (hardware and software) of ons Standards telecommunications controlling/reducing energy consumption in Institute) equipment and related infrastructure. telecommunications network equipment and related infrastructure DTR/EE-00004 ETSI (European Voluntary The use of alternative energy Study the use of alternative energy source Work Item; TR 102 Telecommunicati standard sources in in the telecommunication 532 ons Standards telecommunication Institute) installations installation/application. (Solar, wind, fuel cell, etc.) DTS/EE-00005 Work ETSI (European Voluntary Energy consumption in BB To define energy consumption targets and Item ; TS 102 533 Telecommunicati standard Telecom measurement methods for ons Standards Network Equipment Institute) fixed and wireless broadband telecom network equipment. - In first phase, DSL, ISDN and combined NW equipment. - In second phase, Wimax, PLC and Cable Service Provider equipment. Phase 1 proposed target dates are stated in table below. Reference documents: 1. Network Equipment part of: EC, JRC, institute for the Environment and Sustainability, Renewable Energies Unit, "Broadband Equipment Code of Conduct - Draft Nov. 2005 2. ETSI work item WI-DTR/EE-00002 "Reduction of energy consumption in telecommunications equipment and related infrastructure. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 32
    • C Overview of Regulations and Standards (ESOs) Name Organization Type Goal/Topic Content/Actions Further Info DTS/EE-00006‘ ETSI (European Voluntary Environmental consideration To write a technical report on the Telecommunicati standard for applicability of ETSI environmental ons Standards equipment installed in classes to equipment installed in outdoor Institute) outdoor location cabinet. Also acoustics noise emission will be considered. DTS/EE-00007‘ ETSI (European Voluntary Energy efficiency of wireless To define wireless access network energy Telecommunicati standard access network efficiency metrics, define efficiency ons Standards Equipment Institute) parameters and measurement methods for wireless access network equipment. In first phase GSM/EDGE, WCDMA/HSPA and WiMAX is addressed. DTR/ATTM-06002 ETSI (European Voluntary Power Optimization for xDSL Possibilities to optimize the power Telecommunicati standard transceivers consumption of the xDSL transceiver ons Standards shall be investigated. These investigations Institute) may include power modes that are beyond the currently existing modes. The potential influence of power optimization schemes on the stability and performance of each line of the network due to power optimization, e.g. non-stationary noise, shall be an important part of the WI. This WI will aim at building coherence with other ETSI documents relating to the topic. Therefore, a close collaboration with other WI in TM6 (e.g. ADSL, VDSL, SpM), with other ETSI technical bodies (e.g. ETSI EE) and other standardization bodies (e.g. SG15/Q4) is needed for that WI. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 33
    • C Overview of Regulations and Standards (International) Name Organization Type Goal /Topic Content/Actions Further Info ISO 14001:2004 Intl. Organization Voluntary enable an organization to Specifies the requirements for www.iso.org for standard develop and implement a environmental management systems. Standardization policy and objectives which take into account legal and other requirements ISO 14004:2004 Intl. Organization Voluntary General guidelines on Guidelines on the elements of an www.iso.org for standard principles, systems and environmental management system and Standardization support techniques of EMS its implementation, discusses principal issues. ISO 14020:2000 Intl. Organization Voluntary Establishes guiding principles for the www.iso.org for standard development and use of environmental labels and declarations Standardization ISO 14021:1999 Intl. Organization Voluntary Environmental labels and declarations -- www.iso.org for standard Self-declared environmental claims (Type Standardization II environmental labelling) ISO 14024:1999 Intl. Organization Voluntary Environmental labels and declarations -- www.iso.org for standard Type I environmental labelling -- Principles Standardization and procedures Establishes the principles and specifies ISO 14025:2006 Intl. Organization Voluntary the procedures for developing Type III www.iso.org for standard environmental declaration programmes Standardization and Type III environmental declarations. It specifically establishes the use of the ISO 14040 series of standards in the development of Type III environmental declaration programmes and Type III environmental declarations. ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 34
    • C Overview of Regulations and Standards: Initiatives Name Organization Type Goal/Topic Content/Actions Further Info EPA Energy US EPA and Voluntary Help eco products to gain Voluntary energy efficiency labelling of www.energyst Star Department of label higher market shares office equipment and other devices ar.gov Energy (DoE) DoE Save Energy US DoE US national drive a 25% reduction in Industrial companies can participate in no- http://www1.ee Now initiative industrial energy intensity cost energy assessments and utilize ITP re.energy.gov/i in 10 years resources to reduce energy use while ndustry/savee increasing profits nergynow/ http://wattwatt. WattWatt IEC community Harness ideas and raise Community for individuals interested in com/ website awareness electrical energy efficiency Gridwise US Dept of improve coordination remote control of virtual thermostats via a http://www.gri Energy between supply and web interface dwise.pnl.gov/ demand, and enable a smarter, more efficient, secure and reliable US electric power system IEE E-Server project The Green Grid Consortium of Industry Advancing energy defining meaningful, user-centric models http://www.the AMD, Intel, Dell, initiative efficiency in data centers and metrics; developing standards, greengrid.org/ Sun HP, IBM and and business computing measurement methods, processes and new home others ecosystems technologies to improve data center performance against the defined metrics; and promoting the adoption of energy efficient standards, processes, measurements and technologies ICTs and Sustainable development – Copyright Innhotep 2012 35