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Changement climatique et transition énergetique - 2009
Changement climatique et transition énergetique - 2009
Changement climatique et transition énergetique - 2009
Changement climatique et transition énergetique - 2009
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Changement climatique et transition énergetique - 2009

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Un article sur les mutations climatiques et énergétiques en cours et leurs impacts sur la croissance économique, les opportunités d’innovations et de créations d’emplois. Paru dans la Revue de …

Un article sur les mutations climatiques et énergétiques en cours et leurs impacts sur la croissance économique, les opportunités d’innovations et de créations d’emplois. Paru dans la Revue de l’Association Telecom ParisTech, n°154, juin 2009

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  • 1. Technologie et Pénurie Changement climatique et transition énergétique :une Révolution technologique en marche Par Demba DIALLO3UqV GH PLOOLDUGV G·HXURVF·HVW VHORQ OD EDQTXH +6%& TXL YLHQWGH FRQVDFUHU XQH pWXGH DX VXMHW OH PRQWDQWDOORXp SDU XQH GL]DLQH GH SDV GDQV OH PRQGHDX YROHW © &OHDQWHFK ª pFR WHFKQRORJLHVGHV SODQV GH UHODQFH DGRSWpV SDU OHV (WDWVFRQWUH OD FULVH pFRQRPLTXH j O·±XYUH/ HV WURLV TXDUWV GH FH PRQ WDQW SRUWHQW VXU OH GpYHORSSHPHQW GHV QRXYHOOHV WHFKQRORJLHV pQHUJpWLTXHV HW OHV DFWLRQV G·HIÀFDFLWp pQHUJpWLTXH /H UHOLTXDW HVW DIIHFWp DXWUDLWHPHQW GHV GpFKHWV GH O·HDX HW DX WUDLWHPHQW GH OD SROOXWLRQ(Q YROXPH OD &KLQH HW OHV (WDWV 8QLV VRQWHQ WrWH DYHF UHVSHFWLYHPHQW HWPLOOLDUGV G·HXURV 3DU FRQWUH HQ SRXUFHQWDJH GX SODQ GH UHODQFH OD &RUpH GX 6XG OD &KLQH HW O·$OOHPDJQHIRQW OD FRXUVH HQ WrWH(Q UHQIRUW GHV LQYHVWLVVHPHQWV SXEOLFVOH FDGUH OpJLVODWLI HVW pJDOHPHQW DGDSWp$LQVL VHORQ OD HXWVFKH %DQN QRX GDQV OHV FRPSRUWHPHQWV GHV HQWUHSULVHV HW GHV FLQTXDQWH GHUQLqUHV DQQpHV OH WDX[ GHYHOOHV ORLV HW UqJOHPHQWDWLRQV RQW pWp DGRS GHV LQGLYLGXV DX TXRWLGLHQ UpFKDXIIHPHQW D pWp OH GRXEOH GH FHOXL REWpHV GHSXLV MXLOOHW SRXU UHQIRUFHU OD VHUYp DX FRXUV GX VLqFOH /D FRQFHQWUDWLRQPDvWULVH GH OD GHPDQGH G·pQHUJLH HW OD OXWWH 0DLV TXHOV VRQW OHV PRWHXUV GHV SURIRQGHV GH &2 GDQV O·DWPRVSKqUH HVW SDVVpH GHFRQWUH OHV JD] j HIIHW GH VHUUH PXWDWLRQV DPRUFpHV YLVDQW j PDvWULVHU OD SSP DYDQW OD UpYROXWLRQ LQGXVWULHOOH j GpSHQVH pQHUJpWLTXH JOREDOH" (W TXHOOHV SSP HQ HW HOOH FRQWLQXH G·DXJ/H VHFWHXU SULYp Q·HVW SDV HQ UHVWH 4X·RQ LQQRYDWLRQV PDMHXUHV DXJXUHQW HOOHV " PHQWHU DX UWKPH GH SSP SDU DQHQ MXJH SOXV GH PLOOLDUGV GH GROODUVRQW pWp LQYHVWLV FHV GHUQLqUHV DQQpHV 0RWHXUV GHV PXWDWLRQV HQ FRXUV (QYLURQ j GHV HVSqFHV LGHQWLÀpHV jGDQV OH VHFWHXU GHV © OHDQWHFK ª SDU OHV FH MRXU VRQW VXVFHSWLEOHV G rWUH H[SRVpHV j XQFDSLWDX[ ULVTXHXUV HW OH PRQGH LQGXVWULHO /·+XPDQLWp HVW IDFH j XQH GRXEOH PXWD ULVTXH DFFUX G H[WLQFWLRQ VL O DXJPHQWDWLRQGDQV VRQ HQVHPEOH HOD HVVHQWLHOOHPHQW WLRQ FOLPDWLTXH HW pQHUJpWLTXH GH JUDQGH GX UpFKDXIIHPHQW PRQGLDO PRHQ GpSDVVHSRXU WLUHU SURÀW GHV VXEYHQWLRQV SXEOLTXHV DPSOHXU ³ ƒ SDU UDSSRUW jTXL FUpHQW GH QRXYHDX[ PDUFKpV HW DXVVL 8QH PXWDWLRQ FOLPDWLTXH WRXW G·DERUG FDUSRXU UpSRQGUH j XQH GHPDQGH QRXYHOOH GH OD FLYLOLVDWLRQ DFWXHOOH DYHF VHV PRGHV GH 6HORQ OH *URXSH G H[SHUWV LQWHUJRXYHUQHFRQVRPPDWHXUV GH SOXV HQ SOXV VHQVLEOHV YLH WHFKQLTXHV WHFKQRORJLHV HW KDELWXGHV PHQWDO VXU O pYROXWLRQ GX FOLPDW *,( GHVDX[ FRQWUDLQWHV HQYLURQQHPHQWDOHV GH FRQVRPPDWLRQ Q·HVW SOXV VRXWHQDEOH HQ 1DWLRQV 8QLHV LO FRQYLHQW GRQF GH OLPLWHU UDLVRQ GHV pPLVVLRQV GH JD] j HIIHW GH VHUUH GH PDQLqUH GUDVWLTXH OHV pPLVVLRQV DQWKUR$XWDQW GH WHQGDQFHV IRUWHV TXL DQQRQFHQW *(6 TX·HOOH JpQqUH SLTXHV GX WRWDO
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