Risk Management


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  • Importance of water to humans.
  • Risk Management

    1. 1. Mark.H.V.Corps IFI Angling AdvisorMarine & Countryside Guiding FETAC Level 6
    2. 2. Risk Management
    3. 3. Unaware of any risks … but vigilant
    4. 4. This isnt dangerous I’ve crossed it many times…
    5. 5. What the duck!! Bugger!
    6. 6. I cant take the risk!• You can & do (every day), we all take risks, walking down stairs, crossing roads, driving, cooking• We manage risks by using our judgment, experience & following guidance where necessary• A risk assessment (RA) is simply a record that people have considered the risks & prepared for them
    7. 7. Keeping it in perspective• Living is dangerous - there is risk even when asleep, but from the moment we wake the risk increases• In Britain every year, 20 people are electrocuted by bedside lights /alarm clocks; 20 killed falling whilst getting out of bed; 30 drown in the bath; 60 are seriously injured putting on socks; 600 die from falling down stairs• To make the world safe we have to remove baths, socks & stairs. Zero risk is not a meaningful option, because zero in this case can only be obtained by not doing anything at all.
    8. 8. Managing Risk‘I’ve been doing this for Sensibly ‘It’s not worth the risk’twenty years without ahitch’ Reasonably Practicable ‘Where do you stop?’‘Someone else should Foreseeable ‘You have to riskdo this’ assess everything’ Suitable and Sufficient Focus on Significant Hazards ‘Duty of Care’Apathy Paranoia Not ‘Life’ Risks Simple Efficient Cost Effective Good PracticeNo consideration Overkill ‘We’ve done the best we Common Sense can’ ‘We can always review and improve this’
    9. 9. Active risk management• Involve clients & staff• Managing rather than eliminating risks• Guides / coaches with appropriate training & experience should feel confident in using their judgement• Flexibility in format
    10. 10. Sensible risk management IS about• Ensuring clients, workers & ‘others’ are properly protected• Providing overall benefit by balancing benefits & risks, with a focus on controlling real risks - either those which arise most often or those with the most serious consequences• Enabling innovation & learning not stifling them
    11. 11. • Ensuring that those who create risks manage them responsibly & understand that failure to manage serious risks responsibly is likely to lead to robust action• Enabling individuals to understand that as well as the right to protection, they also have to exercise responsibility HSE June 2006
    12. 12. It IS NOT about• Creating a totally risk free society• Generating useless paperwork• Scaring people by exaggerating / publicising trivial risks• Stopping recreational or learning activities for individuals where the risks are managed HSE June 2006
    13. 13. What is Risk Assessment?A RA should usually involve identifying thehazards present in any undertaking (whetherarising from work activities or from otherfactors, e.g. the layout of the premises) &then evaluating the extent of the risksinvolved, taking into account whateverprecautions are already been taken’
    14. 14. What is RA?• A RA is nothing more than a careful examination of what in the workplace could cause harm• It is a formal exercise required by law, where the employer has to identify the risks to employees & others associated with their business activities• It is about identifying what might go wrong, prioritising the possibilities & implementing control measures to prevent them from occurring
    15. 15. Risk Assessment• Suitable & sufficient• Identify significant risks arising out of work activities• Enable identification & prioritisation of the measures needed to comply with H & S legislation• Be appropriate to the work activities• Remain valid for a reasonable time period
    16. 16. Stages involved in RA• Identification of hazards• Identification of people at risk• Evaluation of the risk• Selection of additional control measures• Information & training• Record• Monitoring & review
    17. 17. Types ofRiskAssessment Site Generic Specific
    18. 18. Definition of an Accident (ROSPA)‘ an unplanned & uncontrolled event, which hasled to, or could have caused injury to persons,damage to plant or other loss’
    19. 19. Distinction between ‘accident’ &‘injury’A major difficulty in accident prevention is that‘accident’ and ‘injury’ has come to mean one & thesame thing. It is important to distinguish the two –an injury is the result of an accident Many accidents occur which have the potential tocause injury but do not
    20. 20. Definition of Hazarda hazard is something with aninherent potential to cause harm
    21. 21. Please list 10 angling hazards (3 minutes)
    22. 22. Weather PlantsWind Moving vehiclesCold *Slippery groundSun Water qualityCold , deep water Barbed wire fence ElectricFast flowing water fence SteepStranger danger banks Other*Uneven ground water users*Wet ground AnglersMoving lures *Uneven river bedAnimals *Soft river bedInsects Light qualityFish * Often grouped as STF
    23. 23. Definition of Riskis the likelihood or probability thata hazard will cause actual harm
    24. 24. Control Measuresare the arrangements made orprecautions taken to reduce risk
    25. 25. Risk assessment must be• Simple• Manageable• Proportional• Suitable• RA is a process, what you do is more importantYou should have a clear system of support documents
    26. 26. Reducing Risks
    27. 27. Reducing Risks• Employ / use experienced & competent Guides• Substitute actual high risk for perceived risk• Use alternative method(s)• Separate people from the risk• Reduce the period of exposure to the risk
    28. 28. • Increase training & qualification of guides• Apply stricter supervision ratios• Improve your briefings• Provide PPE• Discontinue the activity
    29. 29. Top Tips• Think of RA’s as the minutes of a meeting where issues regarding safety were raised & discussed• It is the discussion & sharing of ideas, experience & knowledge which will enhance safety & reduce risk – not the piece of paper• Keep it proportional• Include yourself in ‘who might be harmed’
    30. 30. • Use Generic RA’s carefully- it may be best to write your specific RA from scratch, then use the generic to check if you’ve left anything major out• Don’t let your RA’s become static – review them regularly or ‘as required’• Use other peoples’ accidents as a ‘near miss’ for your client / groups & revisit your RA’s – anything to change or add?
    31. 31. • There is no ‘right way’ to do RA’s. A dozen different RA’s could be done for one activity & they could all be equally valid• Most accidents occur on activities considered to be the lowest risk• It’s not what you write which drives safety, it’s what you do. Merely writing a RA will not protect people from harm. It is the operating procedure that comes out of RA that is important.
    32. 32. Make sure they understand you!
    33. 33. RA in practice• Prior to commencing thorough preparation is necessary• Brief all personnel involved• Ensuring risk assessors are competent
    34. 34. Priorities in Prevention• Avoid a risk altogether• Combat risks at source• Adapt work to the individual• Give priority to those measures which protect the whole workplace• Ensure everyone involved knows what they are expected to do• An active Health & Safety culture
    35. 35. Record RA• Practical• Use own format• Sub group exercise at suitable location• Share results
    36. 36. Questions?