The 2010 Infosys Prize Winners

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The Infosys Science Foundation announced the winners of the Infosys Prize 2010 on the 25th October 2010. The award recognizes outstanding contributions to scientific research in five categories: …

The Infosys Science Foundation announced the winners of the Infosys Prize 2010 on the 25th October 2010. The award recognizes outstanding contributions to scientific research in five categories: Mathematical Sciences,
Physical Sciences, Engineering and Computer Science, Life Sciences and Social Sciences. Visit http://www.infosys-science-foundation.com/ for more information.

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  • 1.
  • 2. Physical Sciences
    Citation by the Infosys Prize Physical Sciences Jury
    Sandip Trivedi has made important original contributions to several areas of theoretical physics. In recent years a large community of physicists has pursued the possibility of achieving a unified account of all the known forces of physics — including gravity as well as the strong, electromagnetic, and weak interactions — using the concepts of Superstring Theory. But it had proved difficult to construct solutions of the equations of Superstring Theory that did not contain massless particles of a kind not observed in Nature (‘moduli problem’), and that describes an accelerating or inflating Universe, which seem to be required by cosmological observations. Through an ingenious construction, which introduced several theoretical innovations, Professor Trivedi showed that these difficulties are connected, and can be overcome simultaneously. His work has revolutionized this field and forms the basis of much ongoing research throughout the world.
    www.infosys-science-foundation.com
  • 3. Engineering and Computer Sciences
    Citation by the Infosys Prize Engineering and Computer Sciences Jury
    Ashutosh Sharma has made scholarly scientific contributions in the broad areas of nanoscale surface pattern evolution, instability, and the dynamics of thin liquid and solid films and soft matter. These scientific studies have provided fundamental contributions to the fields of surfaces and interfaces, adhesion, structure evolution, nanocomposites, and hydrodynamics. His work also has important applications in energy storage, filtration, micro-electro-mechanical systems and optoelectronics. Professor Sharma’s research carried out entirely in India, has combined elegant experiments with theory and simulation, and has been widely published and cited in major international journals.
    www.infosys-science-foundation.com
  • 4. Mathematical Sciences
    Citation by the Infosys Prize Mathematical Sciences Jury
    Number Theory is one of the central areas of mathematics that often establishes connections between analysis, algebra and geometry. Historically such connections can be traced back to the work of the great Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan, who discovered completely new number-theoretic aspects of modular forms, and whose ideas eventually led to the modern revolution in Number Theory.
     The Serre conjecture, formulated by Jean-Pierre Serre, who is one of the greatest living mathematicians and winner of the Abel Prize, postulates one such connection between modular forms and representations of Galois groups. The conjecture is strong enough to imply among other things, Fermat's last theorem, a problem that had remained unsolved for more than three hundred years until it was solved by Andrew Wiles a few years back. Partly in collaboration with Wintenberger, Chandrashekhar Khare settled the Serre conjecture in the affirmative. Professor Khare's work is a major breakthrough in the field with many spectacular consequences, and the many new ideas introduced in it are expected to dominate the field for years to come.
    www.infosys-science-foundation.com
  • 5. Social Sciences – Sociology
    Citation by the Infosys Prize Social Sciences Jury
    Amita Baviskar is widely recognized as the premier sociologist of social movements involving environment, information and development in contemporary India. This is a remarkable accomplishment in view of the fact that the mobilization of civil society beyond the boundaries of State and of routine party politics, has had a bigger impact in India than in most major democracies. Professor Baviskar has brought the richest combination of comparative, theoretical and methodological skills to our understanding of the dynamics of these social phenomena. Her studies have shown that the best intended efforts of major government interventions for rural development in India often fail because they become implicated in local patronage politics whose own forms are rapidly changing. Baviskar’s published work offers us a wonderful lens into those forces that make the awakening of democratic impulses in Indian society subject to the risks of exclusion, prejudice and hate which are still deeply entrenched in the mechanisms through which the benefits of growth are currently distributed.
    www.infosys-science-foundation.com
  • 6. Social Sciences – Social Anthropology
    Citation by the Infosys Prize Social Sciences Jury
    Nandini Sundar is an outstanding social anthropologist of South Asia, who has made major and original contributions to our understanding of environmental struggles, of the impact of central and state policies on tribal politics, and of the moral ambiguities associated with subaltern political movements in contemporary India. These contributions are anchored in her deep grasp of the legacies of colonial rule for cultural politics in contemporary India, and in theoretically innovative understanding of the relationship of major historical events to persistent structural tensions in Indian society. Professor Sundar has placed her detailed studies of tribal politics in Central India in the broader frame of studies of the law, bureaucracy and morality in modern India. In so doing, she has combined innovative empirical and ethnographic methods and cutting-edge approaches to those sociological debates which link the study of social change in modern India to central debates in comparative social theory.
    www.infosys-science-foundation.com
  • 7. Life Sciences
    Citation by the Infosys Prize Life Sciences Jury
    Each year, there are nearly 100 million cases of Plasmodium vivax malaria worldwide. Dr. Chetan E. Chitnis is credited for the identification of the erythrocyte binding protein on malarial parasite that binds to the Duffy protein on the host blood cell. Dr. Chitnis’ work helped in narrowing the region of association and development of antibodies to prevent this association and infection. Based on this work, clinical trials on the vaccines to eradicate the malarial parasite are underway and offer hope of the first viable malarial vaccine.
    www.infosys-science-foundation.com
  • 8. www.infosys-science-foundation.com
    Winners of the Infosys Prize 2010will be felicitated by the honorable Prime Minister of India Dr. Manmohan Singh in Mumbai on January 6, 2011visit www.infosys-science-foundation.com to know more about the work of our winners and the stellar jury panels who decided on them.
  • 9. Thank You